Superintendent Training 2008 - Meeting #7


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  • Superintendent Training 2008 - Meeting #7

    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Discussion regarding Vision Statement and Guiding Principles—Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Common Safety Hazards on our Jobsites </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Accident Investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffold Safety Video </li></ul>
    3. 3. VISION STATEMENT “ We continually build a legacy of trust by delivering buildings of value grounded on a supportive culture that promotes success for our employees, client and industry partners.”
    4. 4. GUIDING PRINCIPLES RESPECT We develop relationships through mutual respect and cooperation. RESPONSIBILITY We fulfill commitments and accept responsibility for our actions. FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY We manage money responsibly for the company and our clients. PROCESS We acknowledge, understand and adhere to established protocols and procedures. REPUTATION We continually build our reputation for exceptional work and quality of character. LIFE BALANCE We seek balance between our personal and corporate lives. LEARNING We support continual personal and professional growth. SAFETY AND HEALTH We create a work atmosphere that emphasizes safe work practices and individual well being.
    5. 5. Ongoing common Safety Hazards on our sites <ul><li>Damaged Electrical Cords </li></ul><ul><li>Improper and/or incomplete fall protection </li></ul><ul><li>Improper and/or incomplete scaffold erection </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of proper eye wear </li></ul><ul><li>Improper application of Residential Fall Protection Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Roofers, Framers and Masons are our biggest problem groups </li></ul>
    6. 13. So we have ongoing issues, so what? <ul><li>2005 we were cited for the following items by OSHA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper fall protection $2500 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stairways w/4 or more risers did not have handrail and stair rail $350.00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of eye protection $300 </li></ul></ul>
    7. 14. OSHA & Repeat Violations <ul><li>July 8, 2008 OSHA fines construction contractor more than $157,000 for alleged safety violations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall protection repeat violations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing Contractor with 19 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>July 15, 2008 Contractor faces $140,000 in fines for fall hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall protection repeat violations </li></ul></ul>
    8. 15. Pinnacol Assurance Recent Inspection <ul><ul><li>Un-announced visit to site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple electrical cords were damaged and needed to be cut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-adequate access to electrical panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roofers had multiple problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Letter sent directly to the roofing company by Pinnacol Assurance due to seriousness of violations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not wearing fall protection properly (Attached to front D-ring) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lanyard too long-extended to ground </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improper storage of materials on roof edge </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 16. What do we need to do going forward to avoid fines <ul><li>Document, document, document </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“If your warning isn’t written down, it didn’t happen” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start to give verbal and written warnings to subs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are having ongoing problems with a particular sub, get Jackie involved to start a formal process of notification to the sub-contractor’s main office </li></ul></ul>
    10. 17. Excavation Safety <ul><li>Great websites for additional information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offers free online excavation competent person class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    11. 18. What is OSHA’s definition of an excavation? Of a Trench?
    12. 19. 1926.650 Subpart P Excavations <ul><li>Excavation means any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in an earth surface, formed by earth removal. </li></ul><ul><li>Trench is a narrow excavation. The depth is greater than the width, but not wider than 15feet </li></ul>
    13. 20. Excavation Hazards <ul><li>All excavations are hazardous because they are inherently unstable. </li></ul><ul><li>If the space is restricted, in addition to cave-in potential risks include: oxygen depletion, toxic fumes and water accumulation </li></ul><ul><li>Most accidents occur in trenches 5-15 feet deep </li></ul><ul><li>There is usually no warning before a cave-in </li></ul>
    14. 21. Excavation Competent Person <ul><li>Who is the excavation competent person on your site? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have specific training in, and be knowledgeable about, soil analysis, the use of protective systems, and the requirements of OSHA Subpart P </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have the authorization to take prompt corrective measures if needed </li></ul></ul>
    15. 22. Beck Safety Form 13 Competent Person List <ul><li>You should have this printed and filled out on your jobsite </li></ul><ul><li>Lists all areas that OSHA requires a “competent person” to oversee specific activities </li></ul>
    16. 24. Who is on your site? Who is responsible for training them? <ul><li>The owner of the excavation company has probably had training, but what about their laborers? </li></ul><ul><li>Our laborers? </li></ul><ul><li>Temp Labor? </li></ul><ul><li>Most accidents and deaths happen to people who have been on the job less than two weeks </li></ul>
    17. 25. How to Avoid Hazards in Excavations <ul><li>Pre Job Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate soils conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use protective systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-plan contact utility companies for locates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-800-922-1987 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe access and egress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect site daily and as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep excavations open the minimum amount of time needed to complete operations </li></ul></ul>
    18. 26. Surface encumbrances are the greatest hazards to an excavation or trench
    19. 27. Inspections of Trench and Protective Systems <ul><li>Must be done by a competent person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before construction begins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily before each shift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As needed throughout the shift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following rainstorms or other hazard-increasing events (such as a vehicle or other equipment approaching the edge of the excavation) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 28. Requirements for Protective Systems <ul><li>A well-designed protective system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct design of sloping & benching systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct design of support systems, shield systems, and other protective systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate handling of materials and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention to correct installation and removal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of employees at excavations </li></ul></ul>
    21. 29. Protect Employees Exposed to Potential Cave Ins <ul><li>Slope or bench the sides of the excavation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type A ¾:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type B 1:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type C 1 ½:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support the sides of the excavation, or </li></ul><ul><li>Place a shield between the side of the excavation and the work area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When a protective system has been installed in an excavation, but the system does not reach ground level, then if sloping is selected as the option to protect workers, the protective system must extend above the vertical side of the trench a minimum of 18 inches </li></ul></ul>
    22. 30. Cave In Hazard <ul><li>This excavation has inadequate support posts and egress access </li></ul>
    23. 31. Inadequate Protective System <ul><li>This worker is in a trench with no protective system, that is not sloped or benched and has no means of egress </li></ul>
    24. 32. Unsafe Spoil Pile Placement <ul><li>Don’t place spoils within 2 feet from edge of excavation </li></ul><ul><li>Measure from nearest part of the spoil to the excavation edge </li></ul><ul><li>Place spoils so rainwater runs away from the excavation </li></ul><ul><li>Place spoils well away from the excavation </li></ul>
    25. 33. Unsafe Access/Egress <ul><li>A stairway, ladder, or ramp must be present in excavations that are 4 or more feet deep, and within 25 feet of each employee </li></ul><ul><li>The ladder should extend 3 feet above the excavation </li></ul>
    26. 34. Water = Cave-in Hazard <ul><li>When water is present in an excavation it is extremely hazardous to enter </li></ul><ul><li>Competent Person must determine if it is safe </li></ul>
    27. 35. Danger Signs at Sloped or Benched Excavation Sites <ul><li>Factors like weather, traffic vibrations and pressure from nearby loads, make the soil less stable. Excavations-sloped or benched- need to be re-inspected for signs of distress after any disturbance. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cracking excavation walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulging of material from trench sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of small clumps from trench sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fissures in ground at surface near trench </li></ul></ul>
    28. 36. In Case of Cave In <ul><li>Evacuate all able workers from trench </li></ul><ul><li>Account for all workers to determine who might be trapped </li></ul><ul><li>Call 9-1-1 </li></ul>DO collect materials and equipment that may be useful to the emergency responders DO NOT use a backhoe or excavator to dig victim (s) out. You may injure or kill them. DO MOVE vehicles and equipment away from trench and shut down DO NOT move anything at the edge of the trench that might help locate the victim. (Tools, rope) DO mark the location of the trapped workers. Place a hardhat on the ground. DO NOT enter or allow anyone else to enter the trench. You may also become a victim. DO look to make sure victim is trapped, they may not be DO NOT panic. You need to be as calm as possible to be effective NEXT ACTIONS TO DO WHAT NOT TO DO!!!!
    29. 37. Accident Investigations <ul><li>Accident Investigations should always be about finding facts, not faults </li></ul><ul><li>“To solve a problem, one must first recognize and understand what is causing the problem” </li></ul>
    30. 38. Reasons to Investigate Accidents <ul><li>$ Prevent it from happening again </li></ul><ul><li>$ Reduce losses </li></ul><ul><li>$ Improve quality of the working environment </li></ul><ul><li>$ Keep the pace of production </li></ul><ul><li>$ Comply with the law </li></ul><ul><li>$ Protect workers and raise their awareness </li></ul><ul><li>$ Identify out-dated procedures and improve others </li></ul><ul><li>$ Maintain a positive business image </li></ul><ul><li>$ Create a legal defense </li></ul>
    31. 40. When do we have to report an accident to OSHA? How soon after the incident must it be reported to OSHA?
    32. 41. Required Reporting to OSHA <ul><li>Within 8 hours of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death of any employee from a work related incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-patient hospitalization of 3 or more employees as a result of work related incident </li></ul></ul>
    33. 42. Contributing Factors to Accidents <ul><li>Workplace layout </li></ul><ul><li>Design of tools </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Company Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Training </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of PPE </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Industry/Trade Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Horseplay </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and Social Issues </li></ul>
    34. 44. Hazard Correction <ul><li>Hazards should be corrected as soon as they are identified </li></ul><ul><li>Review and prioritize hazard correction based on severity </li></ul><ul><li>As a Multi-Employer worksite, all hazards are our responsibility!! </li></ul>
    35. 45. Accident Investigation Procedures <ul><li>Find Facts, Not Fault!! </li></ul><ul><li>Who (was involved, else was there, are they)? </li></ul><ul><li>What (was the condition, equipment, materials involved, known hazards)? </li></ul><ul><li>Where (did it happen, layout, temperature, environmental conditions)? </li></ul><ul><li>When (was the accident reported, time, day, date)? </li></ul><ul><li>How (did it happen, answers clear, ask more questions to ensure clarity of response)? </li></ul><ul><li>Why (evolves from all the above questions/answers)? </li></ul>
    36. 46. Accident Investigation Procedures <ul><li>Require the prompt reporting of all accidents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate all accidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Near-Miss” Incidents happen all the time, they could prevent a death or serious injury if properly reported and investigated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visit the scene with a camera, tape measure, PPE, flashlight </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Gather and record facts </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct a thorough investigation </li></ul>
    37. 47. Field Management and Accident Investigations <ul><li>Superintendents are usually the first person to assume control at the scene of an accident </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remain calm, don’t place blame or fault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call 911 if needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not enter an unsafe scene to begin an investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Notify the main office immediately </li></ul>
    38. 48. Field Management and Accident Investigations <ul><li>Separate witnesses as quickly as possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign someone to begin taking written witness statements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Photograph the entire area from multiple directions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not move equipment until photo documentation is complete </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If a Beck employee is injured, complete the Pinnacol Assurance First Report of Injury Form (in Safety Manual & on Website) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Send Drug testing kit with injured worker to medical clinic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notify sub-contractors that a representative from Beck may be contacting the injured worker and/or witnesses for additional follow up interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with the root cause investigation to determine ways to prevent re-occurrence </li></ul>
    39. 49. Scaffold Safety <ul><li>This video is available with English or Spanish, if you have scaffolds on your site, contact Jackie to use the video </li></ul>