Palace of Knossos http://www.google.com/images?q=palace+of+kn ossos&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE- SearchBox&prmd=ivns&source=lnms&tbs=isch:1 &ei=sf9STbGNNcugtgeb_sWdCQ&sa=X&oi=mod e_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBEQ_AUoAQ&bi w=1259&bih=847While in Crete, Daedaluscreated the plan for theMinoan Palace of Knossos, oneof the most importantarchaeological sites in Creteand Greece today. It was amagnificent architecturaldesign and building, of 1,300rooms, decorated withstunning frescoes and artifacts,saved until today. Thesculpture of Ariadne in Knossosand many others in Elounda and Karia are also his.
The Icaraus and Daedalus story The Labyrinth was a maze built by Daedalus; King Minos wanted a building suitable to imprison the mythical monster Minotaur, and according to the myth, he used to imprison his enemies in the labyrinth, making sure that they would be killed by the monster. King Minos and Daedalus great relationship deteriorated; the most common explanation is that Daedalus was the one who advised Princess Ariadne to give Theseus the thread that helped him escape the Labyrinth, after killing the Minotaur. Minos was infuriated when found out about the betrayal and imprisoned Daedalus and his son Icarus in the Labyrinth. Knowing that his architectural creation was too complicated, Daedalus thought they could not come out on foot before the Minotaur got them. And even if they did, the shores of Crete were perfectly guarded, thus, the only way left was the air. Daedalus managed to create gigantic wings. He taught Icarus how to fly, but told him to keep away from the sun so the wax would not melt, destroying the wings. He also needed to avoid the water, which would weigh down the wings. The flight of Daedalus and Icarus was the first time that man managed to fight the laws of nature and beat gravity.
The story, continued Although he was warned, Icarus was too young and too enthusiastic about flying. He got excited by the thrill of flying and carried away by the amazing feeling of freedom and started flying high to salute the sun, diving low to the sea, and then up high again. His father Daedalus tried in vain to make young Icarus to understand that his behavior was dangerous, but Icarus soon saw his wings melting. Icarus fell into the sea and drowned. The Icarian Sea, where he fell, was named after him and there is also a nearby small island called Icaria.
"Icarus" Matisse, Henri 1947 This bold and playful image is one of twenty plates Matisse created to illustrate his groundbreaking book "Jazz." The illustrations derive from maquettes of cut and pasted colored papers, which were then printed using a stencil technique known as "pochoir." Image: 16-1/2 x 10-1/2 inches Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York http://www.metmuseum.org/
"The Lament for Icarus" Herbert Draper 1898 Oil on canvas 72 inches x 61 inches (roughly 6 x 5 ft) Tate Museum, London
"Icarus and Daedalus" D. Piola Oil on canvas 1670 (roughly 3 8" x 4 6") Private collection
"The Fall of Icarus"Rubens1636Oil on wood10 inches by 10 inchesMusées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels Web Gallery
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Pieter Bruegel the Elder c. 1558 Oil on canvas, mounted on wood, 29 in x 44 in Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels
W. H. AudenAmerican poet, (British born) 1907-1973 http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/120 http://poetrypages.lemon8.nl/life/musee/mus eebeauxarts.htm The following slides contain the poem published in 1938 about Bruegels painting:
Musee des Beaux ArtsAbout suffering they were never wrongThe Old Masters; how well, they understoodIts human position; how it takes placeWhile someone else is eating or opening a window or just walking dully along;How, when the aged are reverently, passionately waitingFor the miraculous birth, there always must beChildren who did not specially want it to happen, skatingOn a pond at the edge of the wood:
They never forgotThat even the dreadful martyrdom must run its courseAnyhow in a corner, some untidy spotWhere the dogs go on with their doggy life and the torturers horseScratches its innocent behind on a tree.In Breughels Icarus, for instance: how everything turns awayQuite leisurely from the disaster; the ploughman mayHave heard the splash, the forsaken cry,
But for him it was not an important failure; the sun shoneAs it had to on the white legs disappearing into the greenWater;and the expensive delicate ship that must have seenSomething amazing, a boy falling out of the sky,Had somewhere to get to and sailed calmly on.
Map of the Odysseyhttp://www.lindberglce.com/2009/1001_Getty/Getty2.htm