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Integrating information literacy


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Integrating information literacy

  1. 1. Integrating Information Literacy Standards for the 21st Century Learner:Standard 3<br />Rebecca Crouse<br />LIS 5503<br />ILI Lesson for Teachers<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Definition of information literacy<br />Reasons for integration<br />Overview of Standard Three<br />Skills<br />Dispositions in action<br />Responsibilities<br />Self-reflection strategies<br />In-school resources<br />Additional resources<br />
  3. 3. What is information literacy, really?<br /> May be called:<br /><ul><li>Library instruction
  4. 4. Bibliographic instruction
  5. 5. Computer skills</li></ul>Information literacy is these things and more!<br />Information literate students:<br />Know when, where and why to search for information<br />Can evaluate, classify and organize information<br />Apply, create and share information<br />
  6. 6. 21st Century Skills<br />Changes in technology and resources have led to a more complex view of information literacy. <br />The American Association of School Librarians (AASL) created four “Standards for the 21st Learner”.<br />“An emphasis on what students can do with knowledge, rather than what units of knowledge they have, is the essence of 21st-century skills” (Silva, 2009).<br />
  7. 7. 21st Century Skills<br />Information literacy skills need to be integrated into core subject matter.<br />“To successfully face rigorous higher-education coursework and a globally competitive work environment, schools must align classroom environments and core subjects with 21st century skills. By combining both skills and content, educators can impart the expertise required for success in today’s world” (Johnson, 2009).<br />Major findings of a report published by the National Mathematics Advisory Panel note that integrating skills and content leads to more successful learning (U.S. Department of Education, 2008).<br />
  8. 8. 21st Century Skills<br />“The debate is not about content versus skills…Outlining the skills in detail and merely urging that content be taught, too, is a recipe for failure. We must plan to teach skills in the context of particular content knowledge and to treat both as equally important” (Rotherham and Willingham, 2009). <br />So what are these skills and how can they be integrated into core subjects?<br />
  9. 9. Standards for the 21st Century Learner<br />The four AASL standards correspond to “think, create, share and grow”.<br />This lesson covers Standard 3:<br />“Share knowledge and participate ethically and productively as members of our democratic society” (AASL, 2007).<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  10. 10. Standards for the 21st Century Learner<br />Each standard has <br />Skills<br />Dispositions in action<br />Responsibilities<br />Self-reflection strategies.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  11. 11. Skills<br />Skills<br />The key abilities needed for understanding, learning, thinking, and mastering subjects.<br />Six skills for Standard 3.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  12. 12. 3.1 Skills <br />3.1.1 Conclude an inquiry- based research process by <br />sharing new understandings and reflecting on the <br /> learning. <br />3.1.2 Participate and collaborate as members of a social and <br /> intellectual network of learners. <br />3.1.3 Use writing and speaking skills to communicate new <br /> understandings effectively. <br />3.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to organize and <br /> display knowledge and understanding in ways that others <br /> can view, use, and assess.<br />3.1.5 Connect learning to community issues. <br />3.1.6 Use information and technology ethically and responsibly.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  13. 13. Integration Ideas: Skills<br />Task students with creating and sharing a blog discussing individual findings from an inquiry-based history project.<br />Have groups create and contribute to a wiki focused on an issue related to environmentalism.<br />Allow groups to make a webcast of a news broadcast for Spanish class and view each as a class.<br />Show students how to create a LiveBinder and have each collect online resources related to an animal habitat.<br />Assign each student a different city, task them with searching local newspaper coverage of that city for a health-related issue to share with the class.<br />Instruct students to search for diagrams or pictures that illustrate a mathematic concept or theory and cite the source.<br />
  14. 14. Dispositions in Action<br />Dispositions in Action:<br />Ongoing beliefs and attitudes that guide thinking and intellectual behavior that can be measured through actions taken.<br />Three Dispositions in Action for Standard 3.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  15. 15. 3.2 Dispositions in Action <br />3.2.1 Demonstrate leadership and confidence by <br />presenting ideas to others in both formal <br /> and informal situations.<br />3.2.2 Show social responsibility by participating <br /> actively with others in learning situations <br /> and by contributing questions and ideas <br /> during group discussions. <br />3.2.3 Demonstrate teamwork by working productively with others. <br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  16. 16. Integration Ideas: Dispositions<br />Challenge the class to brainstorm ideas to make the school more environmentally friendly. Have the students vote on the top four ideas and form four groups based on these ideas. Assign each group with creating a persuasive argument for why the school should implement that ‘green’ idea. Have each group practice in front of the class, give constructive feedback and revise as necessary. Then present to the school administration.<br />Task groups with creating a short online survey and collecting data from every student and then presenting the statistics to the class. Examples of data to collect – pet preferences, food likes and dislikes, dream jobs.<br />
  17. 17. Responsibilities<br />Responsibilities:<br />Common behaviors used by independent learners in researching, investigating, and problem solving.<br />Seven Responsibilities in Standard 3.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  18. 18. 3.3 Responsibilities <br />3.3.1 Solicit and respect diverse perspectives while <br /> searching for information, collaborating with others, and <br /> participating as a member of the community. <br />3.3.2 Respect the differing interests and experiences of others, <br /> and seek a variety of viewpoints.<br />3.3.3 Use knowledge and information skills and dispositions to <br />engage in public conversation and debate around issues <br /> of common concern.<br />3.3.4 Create products that apply to authentic, real-world <br /> contexts. <br />3.3.5 Contribute to the exchange of ideas within and beyond <br /> the learning community. <br />3.3.6 Use information and knowledge in the service of <br /> democratic values. <br />3.3.7 Respect the principles of intellectual freedom. <br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  19. 19. Integration Ideas: Responsibilities<br />Task groups with researching the three branches of the U.S. government, comparing and contrasting our government with other world governing bodies. Hold a class discussion on different forms of government. Allow class to participate in a conversation via Skype with a class in England or Sweden. After Skype session invite the other class to participate in creating a joint-class wiki discussing forms of government.<br />Have students select a book to read for an oceanography project and write a review to post in the school library’s book review database.<br />
  20. 20. Self-Assessment Strategies<br />Self-Assessment Strategies:<br />Reflections on one’s own learning to determine that the skills, dispositions, and responsibilities are effective.<br />Three self-assessment strategies in Standard 3.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  21. 21. 3.4 Self-Assessment Strategies <br />3.4.1 Assess the processes by which learning <br /> was achieved in order to revise strategies <br /> and learn more effectively in the future. <br />3.4.2 Assess the quality and effectiveness of <br /> the learning product. <br />3.4.3 Assess own ability to work with others in <br /> a group setting by evaluating varied <br /> roles, leadership, and demonstrations of<br /> respect for other viewpoints.<br />From Standards for the 21st Century Learners —AASL, 2007.<br />
  22. 22. Integration Ideas: Self-Assessment<br />Provide a grading rubric for an assignment and allow students to evaluate their efforts.<br />Task students with writing in their blog about their research process and results.<br />After writing a book report, have students find other reviews of the same book online and compare their efforts.<br />Challenge students to find several real-world applications of a mathematical theory or unit to demonstrate their understanding. <br />Have students write a guide to research for the next class based on what they learned from their own efforts.<br />
  23. 23. In-School Resources<br />Your friendly School Library Media Specialist is ready and willing to assist in the integration process!<br />Library Media Center resources:<br />Webcams and voice recorders<br />Notepads and laptops available for classroom use<br />Digital camcorders<br />Large collection of fiction, non-fiction, DVDs, CDs, and online databases.<br />Many research-related software programs<br />Two separate classrooms<br />Computer lab with 20 workstations and whiteboard<br />
  24. 24. In-School Resources<br />School Library Media Specialist resources:<br />Available for:<br />In-class tutorials or lesson assistance<br />Library Media Center tutorials or lessons<br />One-time lessons or recurring instruction<br />Demonstrations of:<br />Library Media Center resources<br />Online resources<br />Connections to classes around the U.S. and the world<br />Many U.S. public, private and federal schools<br />Foreign schools in England and Sweden <br />
  25. 25. Additional Resources<br />Literature<br />American Association of School Librarians. 2007. Standards for the 21st-Century Learner.<br />Johnson, Paige. 2009. The 21st Century Skills Movement. Educational Leadership 67 (1): 11.<br />Rotherham, Andrew J. and Daniel Willingham. 2009. 21st Century sills: The challenge ahead. Educational Leadership 67 (1): 16-21. <br /><br />Silva, Elena. 2009. Measuring skills for 21st-century learning. Phi Delta Kappan 90 (9): 630-634.<br />U.S. Department of Education. 2008. The Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel. <br /><br />
  26. 26. Additional Resources<br />Online Resources<br />Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD)<br />Noodle Tools<br />21st Century Information Fluency<br />ClassTools<br />Information Literacy<br />Geometry: The online learning center<br /><br />
  27. 27. Please Join the Discussion!<br />A blog has been created at<br />and is a dedicated forum for discussing the integration of information<br />literacy into your classroom. Please visit the site to:<br />Share your experiences<br />Provide feedback on lesson plans/ideas<br />Give suggestions, comments or advice<br />Read about how other educators are successfully integrating IL<br />Find additional information and resources<br />Communicate with your SLMS for collaboration ideas and planning<br />