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SETTING CLEAR OBJECTIVESSETTING CLEAR OBJECTIVES
FOR YOUR LESSONSFOR YOUR LESSONS
Conceição Machado
Isabela Villas Boas
Our goal is to empower teachers to write
clear and complete learning objectives for
their lessons and, if it is the case,
...
In order to help teachers reach this goal, our
OBJECTIVE for this session is that, given
examples of clear and unclear obj...
What are instructionalWhat are instructional
objectives?objectives?
“ An objective is a description of a
performance you want LEARNERS to
be able to exhibit before you consider
them competen...
Let’s see what you already know about
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: On
your handout you have a list of
objectives. Check the o...
Can you think of some
reasons for stating
objectives?
Let’s work in pairs.
TASK 2TASK 2
If you don´t know where
you are going, it is difficult
to select a suitable means
for getting there.
Did you mention...?Di...
They help us find whether the
objective has, in fact, been
accomplished.
Test items designed to measure
whether important instructional
outcomes have been accomplished can
be selected or created ...
They provide students with a means
to organize their efforts toward the
accomplishment of those objectives.
OF OBJECTIVES
THE WHOTHE WHO.
Your objectives had better say,
“The students will be able to...”“The students will be able ...
An objective always
says what a learner is
expected to be able
TO DOTO DO.
BEHAVIORBEHAVIOR
An objective always
describes the importantimportant
conditionsconditions (if any) under
which the performance is
to happe...
Whenever possible, an
objective describes the criterion
of acceptable performanceacceptable performance by
identifying how...
Now let’s go back to the
objective of our
workshop.
Our OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE for this session is that,
given examples of clear and unclear
objectives and characteristics of wel...
AUDIENCEAUDIENCE
Participants...Participants...
... will be able to write a clear
objective for a specific lesson...
OBSERVABLE BEHAVIORSOBSERVABLE BEHAVIORS
... will be ...
... given examples of clear and unclear
objectives and characteristics of well-
elaborated objectives...
CONDITIONCONDITION
...four......four...
...five......five...
DEGREEDEGREE
Our OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE for this session is that,
given examples of clear and unclear
objectives and characteristics of wel...
Given a list, find 9
verbs that show
OBSERVABLEOBSERVABLE
BEHAVIORBEHAVIOR
TASK 3TASK 3
An instructional objective describes
an intended outcome of instruction
rather than an instructional procedure.
An objecti...
To state an objective clearly, you will sometimes
have to state THE CONDITIONS you will
establish when students are demons...
• If you can specify the acceptable level of
performance for each objective, you will have a
standard against which to tes...
TASK 4
Now look back at the list of
objectives you judged in the
beginning of this workshop.
Have you changed your mind
ab...
TASK 5
Now think about a lesson
you’ve taught recently and
write an instructional
objective for it.
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Setting clear objectives 2013 conference

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Setting clear objectives 2013 conference

  1. 1.   SETTING CLEAR OBJECTIVESSETTING CLEAR OBJECTIVES FOR YOUR LESSONSFOR YOUR LESSONS Conceição Machado Isabela Villas Boas
  2. 2. Our goal is to empower teachers to write clear and complete learning objectives for their lessons and, if it is the case, participate more actively in pre and post- observation conferences .
  3. 3. In order to help teachers reach this goal, our OBJECTIVE for this session is that, given examples of clear and unclear objectives and characteristics of well-elaborated objectives, participants will be able to: a) Identify the four characteristics of clear objectives; b) Write a clear objective for a specific lesson.
  4. 4. What are instructionalWhat are instructional objectives?objectives?
  5. 5. “ An objective is a description of a performance you want LEARNERS to be able to exhibit before you consider them competent. An objective describes an intended RESULT OF INSTRUCTION, rather than the process of instruction itself ”. Mager, R. F. (1994). Preparing instructional objectives. Belmont, CA: Dandlake
  6. 6. Let’s see what you already know about INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: On your handout you have a list of objectives. Check the ones that are clear and complete. TASK 1TASK 1
  7. 7. Can you think of some reasons for stating objectives? Let’s work in pairs. TASK 2TASK 2
  8. 8. If you don´t know where you are going, it is difficult to select a suitable means for getting there. Did you mention...?Did you mention...?
  9. 9. They help us find whether the objective has, in fact, been accomplished.
  10. 10. Test items designed to measure whether important instructional outcomes have been accomplished can be selected or created intelligently only when those instructional outcomes have been made explicit.
  11. 11. They provide students with a means to organize their efforts toward the accomplishment of those objectives.
  12. 12. OF OBJECTIVES THE WHOTHE WHO. Your objectives had better say, “The students will be able to...”“The students will be able to...” AUDIENCEAUDIENCE
  13. 13. An objective always says what a learner is expected to be able TO DOTO DO. BEHAVIORBEHAVIOR
  14. 14. An objective always describes the importantimportant conditionsconditions (if any) under which the performance is to happen. CONDITIONCONDITION
  15. 15. Whenever possible, an objective describes the criterion of acceptable performanceacceptable performance by identifying how well the learner must perform in order for his performance to be considered acceptable. DEGREEDEGREE
  16. 16. Now let’s go back to the objective of our workshop.
  17. 17. Our OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE for this session is that, given examples of clear and unclear objectives and characteristics of well- elaborated objectives, participants will be able to: a) Identify the four characteristics of clear objectives; b) Write a clear objective for a specific lesson.
  18. 18. AUDIENCEAUDIENCE Participants...Participants...
  19. 19. ... will be able to write a clear objective for a specific lesson... OBSERVABLE BEHAVIORSOBSERVABLE BEHAVIORS ... will be able to identify clear objectives...
  20. 20. ... given examples of clear and unclear objectives and characteristics of well- elaborated objectives... CONDITIONCONDITION
  21. 21. ...four......four... ...five......five... DEGREEDEGREE
  22. 22. Our OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE for this session is that, given examples of clear and unclear objectives and characteristics of well- elaborated objectives, participantsparticipants willwill be able to:be able to: >> identifyidentify the four characteristics of clear objectives; >> writewrite a clear objective for a specific lesson.
  23. 23. Given a list, find 9 verbs that show OBSERVABLEOBSERVABLE BEHAVIORBEHAVIOR TASK 3TASK 3
  24. 24. An instructional objective describes an intended outcome of instruction rather than an instructional procedure. An objective always states performance, describing what the learner will be doing when demonstrating mastery of the objective. SUMMARYSUMMARY
  25. 25. To state an objective clearly, you will sometimes have to state THE CONDITIONS you will establish when students are demonstrating their mastery of the objective. Here are some examples: • Given a list of irregular verbs … • Given a set of guided questions … • When participating in a role-playing situation … CONDITIONCONDITION
  26. 26. • If you can specify the acceptable level of performance for each objective, you will have a standard against which to test your instruction. Therefore, you will have the means for determining whether your instruction is successful in achieving your intent. • You would know, and the student would know, the quality of performance necessary to work for or exceed in. • What you must try to do ,then, is indicate in your objectives what the acceptable performance is. DEGREEDEGREE
  27. 27. TASK 4 Now look back at the list of objectives you judged in the beginning of this workshop. Have you changed your mind about any of them?
  28. 28. TASK 5 Now think about a lesson you’ve taught recently and write an instructional objective for it.

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