Severe Weather Presentation

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Presentation from Carlisle County, Kentucky High School - March 19, 2012 - By Beau Dodson

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Severe Weather Presentation

  1. 1. Severe Weather Safety Keeping Your Family Safe By Meteorologist Beau Dodson
  2. 2. Many people in our region are fascinated by weather.There is rarely a dull moment in our regions weather – it is active – it can be extreme. We live in an active region of the country…
  3. 3. Weather can be beautifulPeople ask me if I storm chase…I chase snowstorms – to photograph themI cover severe weather for emergency management, media, and for you – behind a computer and radar screen People in our region are “weather-aware”…
  4. 4. So, yes – I do chase – snowstorms!But when it comes to severe storms and tornadoes – I am committed to emergency management, media, and others…
  5. 5.  Find me on Facebook under Beau Dodson Weather Facebook and Twitter
  6. 6.  EXTREME weather – are you used to it yet? Weeeeeee Weeeee Weeeeeeeeeeeeeeee…
  7. 7. Extreme Weather Events! Jena Hillebrand Photograph We should be used to it by now!
  8. 8. Extreme Weather Events! Ohio Valley Pre-Christmas Blizzard!
  9. 9. Extreme Weather Events!Chris Ellis Photograph Ice Storm
  10. 10. Extreme Weather Events! Remnants of Hurricane Ike
  11. 11. Extreme Weather Events! Catastrophic Ice Storm
  12. 12. Extreme Weather Events! Severe drought hits our region…
  13. 13. Extreme Weather Events! The Great Flood…
  14. 14. Extreme Weather Events! Larrah Workman Photograph 2011 Tornado Strikes Bardwell, Kentucky!
  15. 15. Extreme Weather Events! Larrah Workman Photograph 2011 Tornado Strikes Bardwell, Kentucky!
  16. 16. The Bardwell Tornado Radar images from the NWS Radar from April 23, 2011
  17. 17. Bardwell
  18. 18. The Bardwell Tornado Bardwell Radar from April 23, 2011
  19. 19. Bardwell
  20. 20. Leap Year Outbreak 48 Tornadoes 2012
  21. 21. Paducah, KY NWS Forecast Area11 Confirmed Tornadoes & 13 Killed in the regional outbreak…
  22. 22. Ogden Landing Road National Weather Service Photograph
  23. 23. Bandana, KY National Weather Service Photograph
  24. 24. Harrisburg, Illinois The Southern Illinoisan
  25. 25. Harrisburg, Illinois The Southern Illinoisan
  26. 26. Harrisburg, Illinois
  27. 27. Ridgway, Illinois
  28. 28. Then a few days later Rare event March 2, 2012
  29. 29. March 2nd Event160 TORNADOES
  30. 30. March 2nd Event 37 Lives lost 21 Lives lost in Kentucky
  31. 31. Historic? Top 3 largest outbreaks so early in the year Most EF3 tornadoes in the month of March in Kentucky
  32. 32. Henryville, Indiana Tornado Jenn Brindley Photograph
  33. 33. Social Media Photograph
  34. 34. Unheard of March Temperatures Extremely Rare
  35. 35. 2163 Records Last Week
  36. 36. Fourth Warmest Winter For the United States 117 Years Of Record Keeping
  37. 37. But wait! It isn’t warm everywhere
  38. 38. Blue and green areas are below normal
  39. 39. Is the weather broken? Global warming or normal cycles?
  40. 40. What’s causing this? Global warming or normal cycles?
  41. 41. It is a complex issue An important issue
  42. 42. What’s causing this? Global warming or normal cycles?
  43. 43.  Our region experiences some of the nations most extreme weather!Not uncommon to have snow and tornadoes in the same week! Expect the unexpected!
  44. 44. What has all of the above meant for you?Fear of weatherCostly for your families $$$
  45. 45. Tornadoes are not sexy… Hollywood version of disasters…
  46. 46. You and I know this…
  47. 47. This is Hollywood…
  48. 48. This is reality… AP Photo/Mike Gullett
  49. 49. This is reality… AP Photo/Mike Gullett
  50. 50. This is reality… Chris Landsberger Photograph
  51. 51. This is reality…Scary…Tragic…Painful… Chris Landsberger Photograph AP Photo/Mike Gullett
  52. 52. 2011 The Year Of The Tornado… Chris Landsberger Photograph Tuscaloosa, Alabama – AP Photo
  53. 53. Fighting back… First responders Volunteers Working together Educating ourselves Preparing our families Chris Landsberger PhotographThe National Weather Service needs your help!
  54. 54. The National Weather Service needs your help!The NWS depends on spotters for ground truth reports! They need your reports!
  55. 55. TEAM WORK! We need you to be on our team! Spotters Relaying information Work together!
  56. 56.  Paducah, KY NWS And ears!
  57. 57.  Paducah, KY NWS Ground Truth Reports!
  58. 58. What is happening on the ground…
  59. 59.  Paducah, KY NWS The Paducah NWS Office covers these counties
  60. 60.  Who are storm spotters? A loosely organized group of volunteers who provide ground truth severe weather information to the NWS, often in real time. Every NWS depends on spotter groups for information – including hail reports, wind reports, tornadoes, and damage assessment.The Paducah, KY NWS Depends on YOU and YOUR reports!
  61. 61.  Who are storm spotters?. Wide range of individuals…
  62. 62.  Who are storm spotters?. Young and old alike can help with spotting…
  63. 63.  Who are storm spotters?. Normal people like you and me!
  64. 64.  Of course the first storm chasers didn’t have the technology we have today! First storm chaser – 1939
  65. 65.  Things have changed quite a bit over the century! Storm Spotting in 2012
  66. 66.  Who Can Be A Storm Spotter? Anyone can be a severe weather spotter. Policemen, firemen, ham radio operators, weather enthusiasts and general public!
  67. 67.  Why Are Spotters Needed? Confirmation! Better warnings Those downstream from your county We need more spotters!
  68. 68. The NWS depends on your reports to bridge the gap between what radar is showing and what is actually happening on the ground. Spotters are important to the warning process…
  69. 69. What the NWS doesn’t see can hurt you! Why should you care? Tornado Deaths From 2008-2011
  70. 70. This is why we careTo help reduce deaths and injuries from severe weather Tornado Deaths From 2008-2011
  71. 71.  2011 Was a tragic and devastating year – marked with frequent and deadly severe weather outbreaks…Disheartening for emergency management, first responders, forecasters, and the general public Joplin, Missouri –Channel 13
  72. 72. This is why we need more spotters…You can help by joining the team! Become a STORM spotter Help keep your community safer We need more spotters!
  73. 73. What do you report?I am going to make this easy! We need more spotters!
  74. 74. Spotter reports!Please do not assume the NWS knows what is happening on the ground. They depend on your reports 1-270-744-6440 Twitter - #nwspah #tristatewx NWS stands for National Weather Service
  75. 75. Chris Noles photograph Leonard Costanzo Photo
  76. 76. When reporting hail size… Compare hail size to coins!Try to avoid saying “marble size hail” – the reason for this Is because marbles come in many sizes.
  77. 77. When reporting a tornado… Remember that it must be rotating in order for it to be a tornado!A funnel cloud is a rotating column of air that is not touching the ground.Once it touches the ground – THEN it is a tornado
  78. 78. What we need most from you… Wind damage reports… Trees down – size of trees – trees blocking roadways Large branches – size of branches if possible Power lines downed by high winds Power poles snapped by high winds Hail – nickel size or greater Hail covering the ground Hail causing damage to structures or windows/windshields
  79. 79. What we need most from you… Structural damage… Windows blown out of houses or businesses Damage to property – including roofs blown off buildings (be as specific as possible – if it just a few shingles off a business or house then say that) Semi-trucks blown over Vehicles blown off the road Barns blown down Outbuildings damaged
  80. 80. What we need most from you… Flash flooding Is the water swift?Are roads being closed because the water is rising and covering them? Vehicles swept off the road? Are there any injuries or missing people?
  81. 81. If you are experiencing quarter size or larger hail – report itIf trees and large limbs are being blown down – report itIf you see a tornado - it is rotating – then report itSignificant flash flooding – report it We need more spotters!
  82. 82. I encourage you to spot from home or work…
  83. 83. I encourage you to spot from home or work! We don’t need more people on the road!
  84. 84. 50-100 people scattered over a county is great coverage for gathering reports… Spotters scattered over a county are valuable…
  85. 85. 50-100 people scattered over a county is great coverage for gathering reports… Spotters scattered over a county are valuable…
  86. 86. Protecting your family!Most important to you… Chris Landsberger Photograph
  87. 87. First – who issues thewatches and warningsSecond – the safety plan Chris Landsberger Photograph
  88. 88. UNDERSTANDINGEducation – this is key!
  89. 89. Aware NOT ScaredEducation – this is key!
  90. 90. We fearthe unknownEducation – this is key!
  91. 91. I want youto be aware! Aware!
  92. 92. I am going to teach youhow to be INFORMED! Knowledge
  93. 93. When you leave here you should have a better understanding of… How the process worksOrganized way to view information to help keep your family safer! Knowledge
  94. 94. Weather may seem chaotic BUT – forecasters do a greatjob of giving you at least a headsup as to when severe storms may occur… Knowledge
  95. 95. Not perfect… Forecasters are not perfect andthere will be times when warnings are missed… Knowledge
  96. 96. HOWEVER… We usually do have a decent handle on whena weather setup may produce severe storms… Knowledge
  97. 97. First I want to remind you thedifference between a WATCH and a WARNING Knowledge
  98. 98. Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm WATCHES…Watches mean stay alertand monitor for updates…
  99. 99. Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm WARNINGS…Warnings mean TAKE ACTION… Seek shelter when warnings are issued…
  100. 100. Watch = monitorWarning = TAKE ACTION Seek shelter when warnings are issued…
  101. 101. Each day there is a process to learning whether or not we have a threat for severe storms.Your handout has those steps to help you make decisions!
  102. 102. Step 1Check the National Weather Service web-siteYOUR NWS Office is located In Paducah, Kentucky!
  103. 103. Paducah, KY NWS National Weather Service - Paducah, Kentucky
  104. 104. Step 1 NWSThese are the people that issue the WARNINGS
  105. 105. They offer you dozens of weatherproducts to help keep you better informed!
  106. 106. This is not some distant government agencyThese are local forecasters!They CARE about you and your community.
  107. 107. Local – caring - forecasters
  108. 108. The forecasts and warnings that you hear on your weather radio are made by humans – these are your neighbors www.weather.gov
  109. 109. Local – caring - forecasters www.weather.gov
  110. 110. www.weather.gov Then click on your state/location…
  111. 111. National Weather Service Web-Site
  112. 112. Step 1Click your location on the regional map…
  113. 113. Step 1 There is your forecast…Also notice the HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK… CLICK ON IT!
  114. 114. Step 1You are finished with step 1… These products areupdated several times a day Made by a local forecaster
  115. 115. Step 1At this point you either see that there is no threat for severe weather or that you need to move on to step number 2 Decision?
  116. 116. Step 2 Check the Storm Prediction Center’s web-site These ar e t he peopl e t hat i ssuesever e t hunder st or mand t or nado w ches at
  117. 117. Storm Prediction Center They are located in Norman Oklahoma
  118. 118. Storm Prediction Center (SPC) www.spc.noaa.gov 1. Severe Weather Outlooks 2. Severe Weather Watches Check it daily – more than once!
  119. 119. Check it daily – more than once!
  120. 120. CONVECTIVE OUTLOOKSCheck it daily – more than once!
  121. 121. CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK Is a fancy name forThunderstorm Outlook! Check it daily – more than once!
  122. 122. Convective Outlooks FOUR RISK LEVELS! GENERAL thunderstorms SLIGHT risk for severe stormsMODERATE risk for severe storms HIGH risk for severe storms Check it daily – more than once!
  123. 123. CONVECTIVE OUTLOOKS Click on itCheck it daily – more than once!
  124. 124. Check it daily – more than once!
  125. 125. Check it daily – more than once!
  126. 126. Day 1 Severe Storm Outlook
  127. 127. Day 1 Severe Storm Outlook
  128. 128. Day 1 Severe Storm Outlook
  129. 129. Day 1 Severe Storm Outlook
  130. 130. Day 1 Severe Storm Outlook
  131. 131. Storm Prediction Center (SPC) FOUR RISK LEVELS! GENERAL thunderstorms SLIGHT risk for severe storms MODERATE risk for severe storms HIGH risk for severe storms Check it daily – more than once!
  132. 132. Storm Prediction Center (SPC) Do not get hung up on the word SLIGHT RISK! It means severe thunderstorms are likelyto occur but should be scattered in nature Check it daily – more than once!
  133. 133.  May 23, 2011 – SPC started with slight risk a few days in advance Issued May 23rd Example
  134. 134.  Then SPC upgraded to a moderate risk Issued May 24th Upgraded to a moderate
  135. 135.  Then finally a high risk was outlined Issued May 25th Then upgraded to a high risk
  136. 136. Major outbreak occurred…
  137. 137. Remember I told you notTo get hung up on the word SLIGHT risk? This is why… !
  138. 138. April 23, 2011
  139. 139. February 29, 2012Another SLIGHT risk event !
  140. 140. Slight risk days canproduce big outbreaks! !
  141. 141. End of step 2 Now you know what bothThe NWS and the SPC are thinking!
  142. 142. End of step 2 You checked the hazardousweather outlook from the NWSYou checked the severe weather outlook from SPC
  143. 143. End of step 2 These are two of yourweather partners – get to know them!
  144. 144. Step 3 Let’s assume there issevere weather expected… Now what?
  145. 145. Severe thunderstorm and Tornado watches Chris Landsberger Photograph
  146. 146. Listen to your NOAAAll Hazards Weather Radio! Watches are broadcast live! Chris Landsberger Photograph
  147. 147. Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm Watches… Storm Prediction Center, Norman Oklahoma
  148. 148. If you want to view the watches…www.spc.noaa.gov Storm Prediction Center, Norman Oklahoma
  149. 149. Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm Watches…Watches mean STAY ALERT and MONITOR UPDATES… Storm Prediction Center, Norman Oklahoma
  150. 150. What aboutWARNINGS…
  151. 151. Listen to your NOAAAll Hazards Weather Radio! Warnings are broadcast live! Chris Landsberger Photograph
  152. 152. If you want to view the WARNINGS… www.weather.gov Then click on your state/location…
  153. 153. National Weather Service Web-SiteClick your location
  154. 154. National Weather Service Web-Site
  155. 155. Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm WARNINGS…Warnings mean TAKE ACTION… National Weather Service - Paducah, Kentucky
  156. 156. Polygon Warnings
  157. 157. Also known as storm based warnings
  158. 158. What is the definition of a SEVERE THUNDERSTORM?
  159. 159.  Severe Thunderstorm Definition 2 Parts – HAIL and WIND Hail 1” or largerOR Winds of 58 MPH or greater Or a tornado Severe Thunderstorms Have A Definition!
  160. 160. Storm Based Warnings
  161. 161. Protecting your family!I am going to tell you severalways to help keep you safer! Chris Landsberger Photograph
  162. 162. You should have an emergency kit with at least 3 days worth of water and food (per person).Flashlight – after a tornado it can be extremely dark Keep shoes by the bed at night Battery powered radio Medicines First aid kit
  163. 163. Keep a helmet Keep blankets - pillowKeep a flashlight – shoes – battery powered radio
  164. 164. If your safe spot is not moisture proof then keep all of the above in a duffle bag – plastic wrapped if necessary
  165. 165. WEATHER RADIO This may save your life!
  166. 166. EVERY family should have a NOAA ALL HAZARDS WEATHER RADIO!!!!
  167. 167. Midland 300 or 301 This is the model I use each and every day!Midland 300 All Hazards Weather Radio
  168. 168. Around $1 a month - WeatherCallWeatherCall delivers NWS warnings to any type of phone, SMS text, or email address – 24 hours a day!ONLY calls you if YOUR home is in the warning.
  169. 169. Will call you ONLY if you are in the warning box!
  170. 170. How do you receive your warnings? Have more than one avenue for information…
  171. 171. Trust our local storm teams! Local TV Stations Local Radio Stations Have more than one avenue for information…
  172. 172. When I say TEAM – I mean it Phone Online NWS Chat Conference Calls Texting Radio communication Twitter/Facebook We work together!
  173. 173. And while I am on the subject of media… Social
  174. 174. Social Media Updates!Have more than one avenue for information…
  175. 175. Our local storm teams also have Facebook and Twitter Local Radio Stations Have more than one avenue for information…
  176. 176. Weatherobservatory.com – click EMAIL UPDATES
  177. 177. RadarScopewww.basevelocity.com
  178. 178. Imap Weather Radioimapweatherradio.com
  179. 179. Imap Weather Radioimapweatherradio.com
  180. 180. Home Page
  181. 181. We are constantly looking for new ways to keep you informed and aware!
  182. 182. Storm-Ready Supporter

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