Stanisław WyspiańskiGreat Polish painter, writer and poet
Stanisław Wyspiański was born on 15 January 1869 in Krakow.
His father was an artist. His father, Franciszek Wyspiański, was a sculptor. His mother’s name was Maria Rogowska. She died when her son Stanisław was only 7.Franciszek Wyspiański’s work
Stanisław was adopted by his aunt Joanna Stankiewiczowa and her husband Kazimierz when his father was not able to take care of the son.
He met a great painter Wyspiański became acquainted with an outstanding painter Jan Matejko, who was a frequent visitor at Stankiewicz’s home. Matejko soon recognized that the boy had artistic talent and gave him the first artistic guidance.
Wyspiański attended SaintSchool Anne’s Secondary School.The school was unique for several reasons. Firstly, although Polish language was forbidden in educational institutions under foreign rule, the lectures in Saint Anne’s Gymnasium were delivered in Polish. Secondly, the teacher’s goal was to equip the students with a thorough knowledge of Polish history and literature.
In 1887 Wyspiański enrolled in the Philosophy Department at the Jagiellonian University and the School of Fine Arts in Kraków. While studying at the University, he attended lectures in art, history and literature. Jan Matejko, the dean of the School of Fine Arts soon recognized Wyspiański’s talent and asked him to join in the creation of a polychrome inside the Mariacki Church in Krakow.
Traveller The years 1890-1895 were devoted to travelling. Wyspiański visited Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Prague and France. The stay in France was regarded to be the major point in his artistic life. He studied at the private atelier Academie Colarossi.
He got married. In 1900 Wyspiański married the mother of his four children Teodora Pytko.
He was a professor. In 1906 Wyspiański became a professor of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, he was also a member of the City Council.
Modernizm In August 1894 he returned to Kraków, where he got involved in the modernist movement. It was then he designed and partially made a polychrome for the Franciscan Church that was composed of flowery, geometrical and heraldic motifs.
Wyspiański’s artistic output is very rich. He made o lof of drawings, sketch-books, oil- paintings, pastel drawings, portraits and self- portraits, designs of stained glass windows and paintings, illustrations, graphic art. and plans of furniture. He also created a herbarium by drawing plants. Most frequently he was using the technique of pastel. He made o lot of portraits of his children.