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Wikidata and performing_arts_20170811

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Presentation held at Wikimania 2017 in Montreal, Canada, on the topic of Wikidata and performing arts data.

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Wikidata and performing_arts_20170811

  1. 1. Modelling and Ingesting Performing Arts Related Data into Wikidata Beat Estermann, Montreal, 11 August 2017 ▶ Bern University of Applied Sciences, E-Government Institute Mosaic depicting the choregos and tragic actors from the tablinum in the House of the Tragic. Roman Theatre Pompeii, Italy (Pinterest)
  2. 2. ▶ Swiss Performing Arts Platform & Data Model ▶ Towards an international performing arts platform based on Wikidata ▶ Synergies and potential for cross-pollination ▶ Current challenges and insights Overview
  3. 3. Swiss Performing Arts Platform & Data Model
  4. 4. Data / Content: ▶ Inventory of performing arts productions in Switzerland (> 55’000 professional theatre productions) ▶ Inventories of organizations, venues, events, etc. related to the performing arts in Switzerland ▶ Inventory of heritage objects related to the performing arts ▶ Media repository with digitized heritage objects Vision: ▶ interlink the data with data/content from other providers ▶ facilitate data ingestion (efficiency gains) ▶ improve the access to the data (single-point of access) ▶ facilitate data (re-)use ▶ enable online collaboration (community sourcing / involvement of online volunteers) ▶ provide the data basis for an attractive digital collection (retro-digitization; digital born material) Swiss Performing Arts Platform
  5. 5. Swiss Performing Arts Data Model Coverage: • Theatrical, musical & choreographic works (FRBR) • Performance works, performing arts productions • Creators, contributors, artists • Performance roles • Venues • Organizations • Theatre seasons • Festivals, competitions, events • Awards • Heritage objects • Archival collections (RiC, ISAD(G)) Technological approach / philosophy: • RDF-based ontology with a focus on linked data • Integration of dominant and emerging data models in the different heritage domains (archives, libraries, museums) • Mapping to ontologies widely used within the LOD community
  6. 6. SPA-E17 Corporate Body Theater Matte (a theatre production company) SPA-E29 Theatre Operations Theater Matte, Season 2016-2017 (theatre operations of the "Theater Matte" during the season 2016-2017) SPA-E22 Venue Theater Matte (theatre venue in Bern) SPA-E9 Performing Arts Production Villa Danserault, eine Familiengeschichte (performing arts production, staged at "Theater Matte" in Bern between 15 Oct. and 13 Nov. 2016) SPA-E9 Performing Arts Production Die Grönholm-Methode (performing arts production, staged at "Theater Matte" in Bern between 5 April and 7 May 2017) SPA-E9 Performing Arts Production Mumien (performing arts production, staged at "Theater Matte" in Bern between 10 Dec. 2016 and 15 Jan. 2017) SPA-E9 Performing Arts Production Nachruf oder jung sterben hat mich auch nicht besser gemacht (performing arts production, staged at "Theater Matte" in Bern between 11 Feb. and 12 March 2017) SPA-E38 Time Span Theatre Season 2016-2017 (Swiss theatre season, running from September 2016 through June 2017) SPA-E10 Performance Premiere of "Villa Danserault" (premiere of the performing arts production "Villa Danserault" by "Theater Matte" on 15 Oct. 2016) SPA-E10 Performance Premiere of "Mumien" (premiere of the performing arts production "Mumien" by "Theater Matte" on 10 Dec. 2016) SPA-E10 Performance Premiere of "Nachruf" (premiere of the performing arts production "Nachruf" by "Theater Matte" on 11 Feb. 2017) SPA-E10 Performance Premiere of "Die Grönholm-Methode" (premiere of the performing arts production "Die Grönholm- Methode" by "Theater Matte" on 5 April 2017) SPA-R has representation (SPA-R is representation of) SPA-R has representation (SPA-R is representation of) SPA-R has representation (SPA-R is representation of) SPA-R has representation (SPA-R is representation of) "21" SPA-R has part (SPA-R is part of) SPA-R has part (SPA-R is part of) SPA-R has part (SPA-R is part of) SPA-R manages (SPA-R is managed by) SPA-R performs (SPA-R is performed by) SPA-Q date SPA-R has part (SPA-R is part of) SPA-R is location of (SPA-R is located at) SPA-P number of representations SPA-P first performance date +2017-04-05 Theatre Programmes (Theatre Season)
  7. 7. Specific Plays
  8. 8. Guest Performances / Touring Theatre Companies
  9. 9. Guest Appearances / Substitute performers Richard Tauber, colored b/w photography on cigarette card, Public Domain Youtube: Richard Tauber - Dein ist mein ganzes Herz aus Land des Lächelns (Lehàr)
  10. 10. Theatre Organizations & Venues Stadttheater Bern Photo: Wladislaw Sojka, CC BY-SA 3.0 (Wikimedia Commons) Union of Swiss Theatres Website
  11. 11. Documents in Their Archival Context
  12. 12. Towards an International Performing Arts Platform based on Wikidata
  13. 13. ▶ Realize an international performing arts database on the basis of Wikidata ▶ Provide a powerful finding aid for performing arts related content on Wikimedia Commons ▶ Promote Wikidata-powered performing arts related information in the various language versions of Wikipedia ▶ Get heritage institutions to make their performing arts related data and content available through Wikidata & Wikimedia Commons Vision
  14. 14. Status Quo – Wikidata • First experiences with the data ingestion process • Case reports • Guidelines • Performing Arts Data Model partly implemented • Initiated an overview of existing data sources • Data cleansing & linking is a great challenge • Still very little performance data ingested
  15. 15. ▶ Project framework established for Performing Arts Productions, Corporate Bodies, Venues and Events: • WikiProject « Performing Arts » • WikiProject « Cultural Venues » • WikiProject « Cultural Events » Status Quo – Wikidata Achievements & Current Challenges • First experiences with the data ingestion process • Case reports • Guidelines • Performing Arts Data Model partly implemented • Initiated an overview of existing data sources • Data cleansing & linking is a great challenge • Still very little performance data ingested PLUS: synergies with existing projects in the area of bibliographic records (works) and authority control (persons)
  16. 16. ▶ There is plenty of relevant material, but it needs organizing and curation ▶ Structured data on Wikimedia Commons is expected to be a great enabler Status Quo – Wikimedia Commons
  17. 17. ▶ Current examples show a great potential for the inclusion of Wikidata-powered content in the field of the performing arts. ▶ Current initiatives may benefit from improved coordination – also across linguistic borders. ▶ Despite many examples of how structured data is used, the data is usually not pulled from Wikidata. ▶ Large parts of the structured data in Wikipedia related to the performing arts is not available on Wikidata. Status Quo – Wikipedia
  18. 18. Example: List of Productions of « Les Galas Karsenty » (French Wikipedia)
  19. 19. Example: Infobox « Das Land des Lächelns » (German Wikipedia)
  20. 20. Example: Infobox « Aksandr Golovin » (Russian Wikipedia)
  21. 21. Example: Listing of the scenographic work of Aleksandr Golovin (Russian Wikipedia)
  22. 22. Example: List of theatrical works by William Shakespeare (German Wikipedia)
  23. 23. Example: Infobox Opéra Bastille (French Wikipedia)
  24. 24. Example: List of Artistic Directors and Well-Known Artists at Stadttheater Bern (German Wikipedia)
  25. 25. ▶ Numerous Wikipedians & Wikidataists (partly organized through WikiProjects) ▶ Swiss Theatre Collection (data provider) ▶ Various Belgian institutions (data providers) ▶ Carnegie Hall (data provider) ▶ Various existing data/content providers not explicitly linked to the project ▶ Bern University of Applied Sciences (students’ projects in the area of data ingestion) Status Quo – Contributors
  26. 26. ▶ Implementation of elements of the Swiss Performing Arts Data Model on Wikidata; mapping between the two data models ▶ Implementation of data modelling examples on Wikidata ▶ Data ingestion (Swiss & Belgian performing arts related data, etc.) ▶ Community building Further tasks down the road: • Ingest structured data from Wikipedia to Wikidata • Monitor data quality and completeness on Wikidata • Change existing templates to pull the data directly from Wikidata; create additional templates where they are missing • Enhance the metadata of performing arts related media objects on Wikimedia Commons (linking them to a performance database implemented on Wikidata) Next Steps – Join us!
  27. 27. Synergies & Potential for Cross-pollination
  28. 28. Wikidata, Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons • Complementary data (artists, works, etc.) • Potential for crowdsourcing / community- sourcing certain aspects of data maintenance • Application of the data model in an international context • Visibility, exposure of performing arts related information Swiss Performing Arts Platform • Plenty of performance data from Switzerland • Comprehensive data model for the performing arts domain • Plenty of know-how and source material in the area of the performing arts • Digital content (in the longer term, due to copyright issues) Areas for Cooperation • Mutual interlinking of data & content • Community building and outreach to further data providers • Establishing a widely accepted data modelling practice in the area of the performing arts • Organization of editathons and similar events
  29. 29. Current Challenges & Insights
  30. 30. ▶ Data Cleansing (many legacy issues) ▶ Data Linking (persons, organizations, works, heritage objects from other institutions) ▶ Data Model Development, Introduction, and Establishment • How to hide the model’s complexity in standard user interfaces for data entry and visualization? • How to find the right balance between the descriptive power of the data model and the need for abstraction and simplification? • How to move from an empirically grounded theoretical model towards an accepted practice of description? • How to establish the model in the wider community? • How to manage the further development of the model as other models evolve? ▶ Efficiency Gains: Saving Costs / Improving Services • How to quickly achieve the efficiency gains that are at the core of the platform’s business case? (= important prerequisite of the platform’s further development) • How best to leverage crowdsourcing / community sourcing approaches? Current Challenges (Swiss Performing Arts Platform)
  31. 31. ▶ Incorrect / incoherent data in Wikidata ▶ Lack of an explicit ontology; varying interpretations of how to use certain properties; no explicit master language when it comes to defining properties and classes in a multilingual environment ▶ Can Wikidata be used as the main database for heritage institutions? (as opposed to mirroring data that is maintained in other databases) ▶ Monitoring data quality and data completeness ▶ Lack of ergonomic, customizable user interfaces for manual data entry ▶ Tools for data ingestion and monitoring need to be improved ▶ The evolving tools landscape constitutes a challenge when establishing processes and working with guidelines ▶ How to improve guidelines, community structures, etc. in order to be able to involve more GLAM personnel in Wikidata? Challenges related to Wikidata
  32. 32. Thank You for Your Attention! See also: Birds of a Feather Session: « Wikidata & Heritage Data: Where do We Stand? What’s Next? » Sunday, 13 August, 14:00 – 15:30, Salon 1 Contact Beat Estermann Bern University of Applied Sciences beat.estermann@bfh.ch +41 31 848 34 38

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