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CAS open glam_teil2_20150910

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Presentation used in the context of continous education for GLAM personnel in Chur (Switzerland): Practical Introduction in OpenGLAM

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CAS open glam_teil2_20150910

  1. 1. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Praktische Einführung in OpenGLAM Beat Estermann, 10. September 2015, CAS IS Information Topics, HTW-Chur Chur 1820, David Alois Schmid, Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek (GS-GUGE-SCHMID-DA-C-2) Wo nicht anders vermerkt, unterstehen die Inhalte dieser Präsentation der CC-by-sa 4.0 Lizenz. Bitte Markenrechte auf Logos beachten.
  2. 2. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Auftakt ▶ Einführung in OpenGLAM ▶ Vorstellungsrunde: Teilnehmende + Daten ▶ Praktische Aufgabenstellung ▶ Grundlagen ▶ Open-Data-Prinzipien, Rechtliches ▶ OpenGLAM-Vorgehensmodell / Datenmonitoring ▶ Hochladen von Digitalisaten auf Wikimedia Commons ▶ Veröffentlichung von Daten als Open Data ▶ Open Cultural Data Hackathons ▶ Praxis ▶ Erstellen eines Benutzerkontos auf Wikipedia/Wikimedia Commons (P) ▶ Hochladen eines eigenen Bildes auf Wikimedia Commons (P) ▶ Hochladen kleinerer Mengen von Digitalisaten (Demo) ▶ Wahl des richtigen Templates auf Wikimedia Commons (Demo) Kursunterlagen: http://tinyurl.com/openglamchur Programm Teil 1 (Rückblende)
  3. 3. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Ausgewählte Ergebnisse der OpenGLAM-Umfrage 2015 ▶ Erfahrungsaustausch bezüglich der Hausarbeit ▶ Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der hochgeladenen Inhalte fördern? ▶ Einführung ins Kategorien-System auf Wikimedia Commons ▶ Templates auf Wikimedia Commons ▶ Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der hochgeladenen Inhalte nachverfolgen? ▶ Offenes Atelier: Praktisches Üben Programm Teil 2
  4. 4. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences OpenGLAM Benchmark Survey • Selected Results Source: Estermann, Beat (2015) Diffusion of Open Data and Crowdsourcing among Heritage Institutions. Based on data from Finland, Poland, Switzerland, and The Netherlands. Paper Presented at the EGPA 2015 Conference, held on 26-28 August 2015 in Toulouse, France.
  5. 5. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Early Adopters 13.5% Shareofinstitutions(%) Innovators 2.5% Early Majority 34% Late Majority 34% Laggards 16% Research Questions Where do heritage institutions stand with regard to… …Open Data? …Linked Data / Semantic Web? …Digitization …Open Content? …Engaging Audiences on the Internet …Collaborative Content Creation What are the perceived risks and opportunities? (drivers vs. hindering factors) What are the expected benefits? What are the differences between different types of heritage institutions? A further goal of the “OpenGLAM Benchmark Survey” are international comparisons: In what ways does the situation in the different countries vary? Awareness Evaluation AdoptionTrialInterest Innovation Diffusion Model, Everett Rogers, 1962
  6. 6. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied SciencesFinland, Poland, Switzerland, The Netherlands, all institution types combined, N = 584. Cases with «stagnation» / «discontinuance» have been ignored. Shareofinstitutions(%) Innovators 2.5% Early Majority 34% Late Majority 34% Early Adopters 13.5% Laggards 16% Collaborative content creation Social media Open content Digitization Linked data Open data Advanced implementation Adoption Trial Evaluation Interest No interest Diffusion of Innovative Practices among Heritage Institutions
  7. 7. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences 37% 2% 44% 12% 45% 16% 18% 5% 59% 20% 57% 12% 39% 14% 23% 9% 66% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Open data Linked data / semantic web Digitization Open content Social media Collaborative content creation Archives Museums Libraries Adoption Rates According to Institution Type N = 584
  8. 8. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Adoption Rates – Country Comparison 30% 6% 58% 15% 74% 26% 28% 6% 38% 12% 75% 13% 18% 4% 44% 12% 34% 8% 38% 10% 71% 31% 70% 17% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Open data Linked data / semantic web Digitization Open content Social media Collaborative content creation Finland Poland Switzerland The Netherlands N = 584
  9. 9. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Independent Variable(s) Open Data Linked Data Digitization Open Content Social Media Use Collab. Cont. Creation Institution Type +++ Country ++ ++ ++ +++ ++ Typical Objects + ++ (+) Main Users +++ Geographical Reach ++ Size (paid FTE) +++ Size (revenues) Pct of Volunters in Workforce +++ Revenue Sources ++ ++ Form of Organization Number of Metadata Types +++ ++ Skills / Skills Acquisition ++ ++ ++ Attitudes reg. Open Content ++ ++ ++ Ordinal Logistic Regression – Synthesis of Results
  10. 10. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Attitudes: Conditions for Releasing Content N = 457
  11. 11. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Three Estimators: ▶ Perceived importance and desirability (opportunities vs. risks) ▶ Presence (absence) of important prerequisites (or « show-stoppers ») ▶ Indications regarding institutions’ future practice ▶ Projection: ▶ 70% of institutions will have adopted open data as a practice in ca. 10 years from now. (limit to diffusion: ca. 30% don’t have metadata for their objects) ▶ 70% of institutions will have adopted open content as a practice in ca. 15 years from now. (limits to diffusion: advancement of digitization; copyright) ▶ Ca. 20% of institutions are using crowdsourcing today; the data suggest that the adoption rate will be lower than for open data and open content. Expected Dynamics of Adoption of Open Data, Open Content and Crowdsourcing
  12. 12. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences 25 23 11 50 21 21 10 28 23 16 21 20 23 16 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Exchanging data Open data Linked data / semantic web Digitization Open content Engaging audiences on the Internet Collaborative content creation 1 - Not important at all 2 3 4 5 - Very important Importance of Various Practices N = 584 Data Content Participation
  13. 13. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences 42 24 28 62 24 35 23 32 27 28 23 26 29 30 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Exchanging data Open data Linked data / semantic web Digitization Open content Engaging audiences on the Internet Collaborative content creation 1 - Risks clearly prevail 2 3 4 5 - Opportunities clearly prevail Desirability of Various Practices (Opportunities vs. Risks) N = 584 Data Content Participation
  14. 14. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences 3% 6% 7% 15% 20% 4% 3% 7% 7% 3% 11% 6% 4% 3% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 1 - Not important at all 2 3 4 5 - Very important Open data: importance vs. desirability (in % of institutions; N = 475) Risks prevail Equal risks and opportunities Opportunities prevail 35% 21% Open Data: Importance vs. Desirability Motors
  15. 15. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Open Content: Importance vs. Desirability 3% 5% 8% 16% 18% 5% 4% 7% 5% 2% 11% 7% 6% 2% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 1 - Not important at all 2 3 4 5 - Very important Open content: importance vs. desirability (in % of institutions; N = 466) Risks prevail Equal risks and opportunities Opportunities prevail Motors 34% 24%
  16. 16. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Collaborative Content Creation: Importance vs. Desirability 9% 10% 9% 15% 9% 9% 8% 8% 2% 1% 10% 5% 2% 1% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 1 - Not important at all 2 3 4 5 - Very important Collaborative content creation: importance vs. desirability (in % of institutions; N = 438) Risks prevail Equal risks and opportunities Opportunities prevail 24% 17% Motors
  17. 17. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Digitization as a Prerequisite for Open Content 5% 2% 2% 1% 2% 4% 19% 21% 9% 4% 1% 7% 11% 6% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 0% 1-19% 20-49% 50-79% 80% or more Average percentage of objects already digitized Expected digitization activities over the next 5 years (in % of institutions; N = 457) 80% or more 50-79% 20-49% 1-19% 0%
  18. 18. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Digitization: Different types of objects (today / in 5 years)
  19. 19. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Digitization Today – Country Comparison 1% 17% 0% 30% 50% 10% 2% 6% 1% 7% 0% 0% 2% 10% 1% 10% 5% 10% 13% 50% 10% 50% 25% 50% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Text based resources (365) Two-dimensional visual resources (357) Archival resources (281) Three-dimensional man-made movable objects (314) Natural resources (47) Geography based resources (119) Time based resources (220) Percentage of resources already digitized by the average institution (median) (N is indicated for each object type; the values for natural resources are not shown due to the small sample size) Finland Poland Switzerland The Netherlands
  20. 20. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Digitization in 5 Years – Country Comparison 3% 45% 10% 50% 50% 30% 12% 30% 15% 35% 28% 20% 10% 50% 10% 50% 45% 50%50% 80% 25% 80% 40% 50% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Text based resources (318) Two-dimensional visual resources (317) Archival resources (251) Three-dimensional man-made movable objects (279) Natural resources (39) Geography based resources (99) Time based resources (196) Percentage of resources expected to be digitized in 5 years by the average institution (median) (N is indicated for each object type; the values for natural resources are not shown due to the small sample size) Finland Poland Switzerland The Netherlands
  21. 21. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Open Content: Different types of objects (today / in 5 years; in % of digitized objects)
  22. 22. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Open Content Today – Country Comparison 3% 5% 3% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Percentage of resources already made available as open content by the average institution (median) (N is indicated for each object type; the values for natural resources are not shown due to the small sample size; “0%” value tags have been suppressed) Finland Poland Switzerland The Netherlands
  23. 23. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Open Content in 5 Years – Country Comparison 0% 5% 2% 5% 10% 1% 3%5% 8% 2% 10% 30% 0% 0%0% 5% 0% 5% 10% 0% 5% 15% 50% 20% 25% 18% 10% 19% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Percentage of resources expected to be made available as open content in 5 years by the average institution (median) (N is indicated for each object type; the values for natural resources are not shown due to the small sample size) Finland Poland Switzerland The Netherlands
  24. 24. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Copyright Clearance as a Prerequisite for Open Content Note: The data may be somewhat biased as it does - by definition - not include the data from institutions who weren’t able to provide numbers regarding the copyright status of their objects. 31% 29% 47% 42% 59% 44% 18% 28% 27% 35% 35% 40% 29% 37% 37% 50% 33% 23% 10% 12% 8% 13% 34% 15% 8% 13% 8% 7% 4% 6% 11% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% What is the copyright situation of the objects in your collection? (average percentages for each object type; N is indicated for each object type) copyright status unknown copyright controlled by third parties copyright controlled by the institution public domain
  25. 25. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Driving and Hindering Factors of Open Content and Crowdsourcing Driving Factors1 Hindering Factors1 Open Content Improving the visibility of the institution and its holdings Making content more easily available for existing users and attract new users Facilitating networking among institutions Improving interactions with users Doing a better job at fulfilling the institution’s core mission Extra time effort and expenses (digitization, documentation, rights clearance) Feeling of loss of control Wish to prevent commercial use of content by third parties without due compensation Technical issues and insufficient staff skills Crowdsourcing Intention to get access to external expertise and to have certain tasks carried out by volunteers Quest for an improved relationship with users/visitors (trust, loyalty, public ownership and responsibility) Extensive preparation and follow-up Difficulties to estimate the time scope; low planning security; continuity of data maintenance is not guaranteed 1 Factors which are of relevance for more than 50% of responding institutions
  26. 26. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Hochladen von Bildern aus den Beständen einer Institution auf Wikimedia Commons
  27. 27. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Hochladen von mind. 20 Digitalisaten aus Ihrer Institution oder einer Drittinstitution auf Wikimedia Commons ▶ Neu-Publikation von Daten aus Ihrer Institution gemäss Open Data-Kriterien (auf der Website der eigenen Institution oder auf datahub.io) zur Verwendung anlässlich des nächsten Open Cultural Data Hackathons Praktische Aufgabenstellung (Hausarbeit)
  28. 28. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Wir haben Inhalte auf Wikimedia Commons hochgeladen. – Was nun? • Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der Inhalte fördern? • Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der Inhalte nachverfolgen?
  29. 29. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Möglichst ausführliche Metadaten (evtl. auch auf Englisch) ▶ Information der Wikipedia-Community (speziell bei umfangreichen Uploads) ▶ Wikipedia-Kurier / The Signpost / Regards sur l'actualité de la Wikimedia ▶ Mailinglisten ▶ Einordnung der Inhalte: Kategorisierung / Verwendung von Templates ▶ Anleitung für die Kategorisierung ▶ Beispiel für Template:Institution und Template:Creator ▶ Bereitstellung von Tools (speziell bei umfangreichen Uploads) ▶ Template {{Institution XY}} / Category:Media contributed by Institution XY (Beispiel) ▶ GLAM Dashboard (Sign-up Page, Beispiel) ▶ Veranstaltungen für (neue) Benutzer: Edit-a-thons, Hackathons, etc. ▶ Einbinden von Bildern in Wikipedia in Eigenregie (bei kleineren Uploads) Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der Inhalte fördern?
  30. 30. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Statistik-Tools: ▶ BaGLAMa 2: Page-View-Statistik der Artikel, in denen Medien-Inhalte aus einer bestimmten Kategorie zugeordnet wurden (z.B. Category:Media contributed by Institution XY) ▶ Im Zeitverlauf ▶ Aufgeschlüsselt nach einzelnen Sprachversionen und Artikel ▶ GLAMorous: Anzahl der Medien-Dateien, die in den verschiedenen Wikipedia-Versionen aktuell genutzt werden ▶ Aufgeschlüsselt nach einzelnen Sprachversionen und Artikel ▶ Ranking der Medien-Dateien nach Anzahl Nutzungen ▶ Prozentsatz der genutzten Dateien (im Vergleich zu allen Dateien in einer bestimmten Kategorie) ▶ GLAM-Dashboard: ▶ Am häufigsten vergebene Kategorien ▶ Die am häufigsten genutzten Dateien ▶ Die Commons-Benutzer mit den meisten Beiträgen auf den Beschriebsseiten ▶ Die am häufigsten editierten Dateien ▶ Die grössten Dateien Wie lässt sich die Nutzung der Inhalte nachverfolgen?
  31. 31. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ In March and April 2013 Zentralbibliothek Zürich uploaded ca. 100 images from their prints and photography collection to Wikimedia Commons ▶ By the end of April 2014, 56 out of 96 uploaded files (58%) have been used in 159 Wikipedia articles belonging to 42 different language versions of Wikipedia ▶ In April 2014 these 159 Wikipedia articles were viewed over 500’000 times Source: http://tools.wmflabs.org/glamtools/baglama2/ Measure the impact and talk about it… Zürich, Sechseläuten fire around 1900. Anonymous artist, Public Domain (Wikimedia Commons). Chamonix. Crossing the Sea of ​​Ice, between 1902 and 1904. Anonymous artist, Public Domain (Wikimedia Commons). The Iron Bridge across the Thur, view from east from Regensdorf, 1857. Jakob Eggli, Public Domain (Wikimedia Commons). WP-de: Schweizerische Nordostbahn WP-fr: Chamonix-Mont-Blanc; Recul des glaciers depuis 1850 WP-ru: Шестизвонье
  32. 32. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Statistik zu Mobile-Zugriffen (werden in der aktuellen Statistik nicht berücksichtigt, treten aber mehr und mehr an die Stelle von klassischen Zugriffen) ▶ Zusammenfassende Länder-Statistiken: ▶ Beispiel Niederlande ▶ Forschungsergebnisse: ▶ Beispiel: Borowiecki / Navarrete (forthcoming). Change in access after digitization: ethnographic collections in Wikipedia ▶ Comparative analysis of the access to heritage collections at the National Museum of World Cultures in the Netherlands before and after publication on Wikimedia ▶ Access to collections increased substantially online (156’000 onsite visitors vs. over 1.5 mio. online views per year) ▶ There is a «long tail» in both mediums, but this broadens online: 8% of objects were exhibited onsite; 11% of available objects were used in Wikipedia articles Ausblick
  33. 33. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Einführung ins Kategorien-System von Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Categories ▶ Einführung hinsichtlich Vorlagen («Templates») auf Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Templates ▶ Anleitung für das Einfügen von Bildern in Wikipedia: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilfe:Bilder ▶ Wikipedia-Starthilfe: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Starthilfe Weiterführende Informationen
  34. 34. Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Kontakt Berner Fachhochschule E-Government-Institut Beat Estermann beat.estermann@bfh.ch 031 848 34 38

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