The Grand Boulevard Initiative Menlo Park Walk the Talk Forum6:00 pm Open House6:30 pm Welcome by Menlo Park Mayor Kirsten Keith6:40 pm Introduction to Healthy Communities and the Grand Boulevard Initiative Guiding Principles by Jean Fraser, Chief of the San Mateo County Health System7:00 pm A Presentation on Green Transportation and Connectivity by Jessica Ter Schure, Principal of NelsonNygaard7:30 pm Q & A Panel Discussion7:50 pm Group Discussions8:15 pm Closing Comments8:30 pm Meeting Ends
Grand Boulevard Initiative Healthy By Design Jean Fraser Chief, San Mateo County Health System January 26, 2012
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1985No Data <10% 10%–14% *BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person, BRFSS
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1991No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 5 *BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person, BRFSS
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1997No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20% *BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person, BRFSS
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 2003<10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% *BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person, BRFSS
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 2009<10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30% *BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person, BRFSS
If we do nothing …Our children will be thefirst generation who will not live as long as their parents
Your advocacy for a walkable, bikable, livable San MateoCounty will help determine the health of your children and the planet
Grand Boulevard Initiative Menlo Park Walk the Talk byJessica ter Schure, Principal at Nelson/Nygaard January 26, 2012
Overview• Why care about smarter growth and walkable communities?• What can we do to help our community realize the benefits of smarter growth?
Obesity Trends 1985 2010 <10% 20-24% >30%No Data <10% 10%–14% Source: Center for Disease Control
Mode Split & ObesityExcerpted from Evaluating Public Transportation Health Benefits, by Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, for The American Public TransportationAssociation, June 2010.
US County Traffic Fatality RatesExcerpted from Evaluating Public Transportation Health Benefits, by Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, for The American Public TransportationAssociation, June 2010. (Source: Ewing, Schieber and Zegeer, 2003)
Speeds and Degree of Pedestrian Injury Source: US and UK Departments of Transportation, 1999
Leading Causes of Potential Years of Life Lost Excerpted from Evaluating Public Transportation Health Benefits, by Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, for The American Public Transportation Association, June 2010. (Source: NCIPC, 2009)
Green Exercise• Short periods of outdoor exercise = – More self esteem – Better mood – Particular self esteem improvement in young and mentally illBarton J and Pretty J. 2010. What is the Best Dose of Nature and Green Exercise for Improving Mental Health? A Multi-Study Analysis. EnvironmentalScience and Technology DOI: 10.1021/es903183r
Reduced Stress, Increased Trust • Oxytocin: the “cuddle chemical” • Lowers blood pressure and other stress-related responses General Plan Update • Increases positive social behavior such as friendliness • Creates trust, generosity and empathy.
More Walking = Safer Walking 20 15Relative Risk Index Walking 10 Bicycling 5 0 0% 5% 10% 15% Journey to Work Share Image source: Peter Jacobsen
Consumer Choice?• Most communities’ zoning and street design codes have made it illegal to create walkable neighborhoods General Plan• Walkable neighborhoods are Update undersupplied• Housing consumers will pay a premium for walkable neighborhoods Image source: RFF Press
12 Code Obstacles1. Parking and Traffic Code2. Building Code3. Uniform Fire Code4. Clean Water Act5. Fair Housing Act6. State Schools Codes7. Congestion Management Program8. Zoning & Subdivision Codes: Design and Parking9. Road Design Code10. Street Typologies and Transportation Performance Measures11. Impact Fees12. Environmental Compliance
Conventional Transportation Mitigation• Reduce density• Widen roadways• Add parking lots• Find a more isolated location with less existing traffic congestion
Suite of Policies / Programs• Locate right development in the right locations• Mix uses• Improve streetscape (Complete Streets)• Manage parking• Use transportation demand management strategies • Unbundled parking • Subsidize transit passes • Parking cash-out • Carsharing/Bikesharing • Carpooling • Telecommuting/Alternative schedules• Preserve neighborhoods
Conventional DevelopmentGrand Boulevard Initiative Shop SchoolP P PTT TTTTTT TT T T P P Work Play P
Mixed Use, Park Once District Grand Boulevard Initiative Work Shop SchoolPlay P T T Results: • <½ the parking • <½ the land
Transit Oriented Development Grand Boulevard Initiative Work Shop Live SchoolPlay
Consumer Choice• Walk Score (www.walkscore.com)• Scale • 0 = no walkability • 100 = high walkability • (Santa Cruz/El Camino = 97)• Impact on housing value• “One point of Walk Score is worth as much as $3,000” Image source: Walk Score
Commute Mode Share by County Drive Alone Rate Carpool Public Transportation Walking90%80% 77% 76% 76% 74% 70% 70%70% 66% 67%60%50% 39%40% 32%30%20% 15% 12% 12% 11% 11% 11% 11% 10% 9% 9% 10%10% 8% 7% 8% 3% 5% 2% 3% 2% 3% 3% 2% 3% 2% 2% 3% 0% Alameda Contra Costa Maring County Napa County San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma County County County County County County Source: American Community Survey, 2009, C08301
Menlo Park Residents’ Commute to Work Taxi, Work Other from Walk Palo Alto Menlo Park 1% Bicycle 5% Home 7% 9% Bus Taxi, Other Work from 2% Caltrain/ Walk 1% Home BART 3% 8% 4% Carpool Bicycle 6% Drive Alone 8% 67% Bus 1%Caltrain/ Bicycle WalkTaxi, Other Work from 2% Bus 3% 2% Home BART 5% Caltrain/ 2% 4% BART 4% Carpool Drive Alone Carpool 10% 9% 66% Drive Alone 75% Redwood City Source: American Community Survey 2010 (Estimates)
The “Silver Tsunami” Image source: National Institutes of Health
A Range of Affordability and Choice for All Ages AARP: “71% of older households want to be within walking distance of transit.”
Generation Y – 80 Million Strong and Seeking a Car-Free Style Lifestyle Young professionals between the ages of 20- 35 are the most mobile people in America, and they are flocking to urban centers.
California GHG Emissions by Sector (2008) Agriculture Forestry 6% 0% High GWP Recycling and Waste 3% 2% Industrial Transportation 19% 37% Commercial and Residentia 9% Electric Power 24% Source: California Air Resources Board Greenhouse Gas Inventory, 2008
California GHG Emissions by Sector (2008) High GWP 3% Agriculture Recycling and Waste 6% 1% Forestry 0% Industrial 19% Passenger Transportation Vehicles Heavy Duty Commercial and 38% 27% Trucks Residentia 7% 9% Ships & Electric Power Commercial 24% Boats Rail 1% 1% Aviation (Intrastate) Unspecified 1% 1% Source: California Air Resources Board Greenhouse Gas Inventory, 2008
Complete Streets = Streets for Everyone• Unique; respond to community context• Independent of age, ability, mode of transportation• Improve safety• Encourage walking and bicycling for health• Can lower transportation costs for families• Foster strong communities
Parking Management• Utilize existing parking more efficiently• Share parking facilities• Use transportation demand management strategies• Price it right• Reinvest part of the revenue in the district
Menlo Park El Camino Real/ Downtown Specific Plan• Visioning process 2007-08• Community outreach 2009• Draft Specific Plan April 2010– Downtown parking– Phasing of Downtown public space elements– Building height– Bicycle improvements
Specific Plan Guiding Principles 1. Maintain a village character unique to Menlo Park. 2. Provide greater east-west, town-wide connectivity. 3. Improve circulation and streetscape conditions on El Camino Real. 4. Ensure that El Camino Real development is sensitive to and compatible with adjacent neighborhoods. 5. Revitalize underutilized parcels and buildings. 6. Activate the train station area. 7. Protect and enhance pedestrian amenities on Santa Cruz Avenue. 8. Expand shopping, dining and neighborhood services to ensure a vibrant downtown. 9. Provide residential opportunities in the Vision Plan Area. 10. Provide plaza and park spaces. 11. Provide an integrated, safe and well-designed pedestrian and bicycle network. 12. Develop parking strategies and facilities that meet the commercial and residential needs of the community.
Q & A Panel Session with:Jean Fraser, Chief of the San Mateo County Health SystemJessica ter Schure, Principal of NelsonNygaardCorinne Goodrich, San Mateo County Transit DistrictKatie Ferrick, Vice Chair of Menlo Park Planning Commission
Group Agreements1. Speak Respectfully- Listen to understand, ask questions, be open to discussion, try to be open to different perspectives even if you don’t agree2. Speak One at a Time- We want to be able to get to everyone and answer questions. Please help us do so by completing a card and submitting to the facilitator and speaking one at a time3. Share the Stage- Notice when some are talking more than others. Make room for those quieter to ask questions and participate4. Speak from your Own Experience- We may each have different perspectives on topic. Speak from this place, speak from your experience, check assumptions, and ask for clarification whenever needed.5. Allow facilitator to guide the process6. Technology Off/Silent
Group Discussion Questions1. Where do you see yourself in 10 years and why? Where do you see your children in 10 years and why? Where do you see Menlo Park in 10 years and why? What needs to happen today in order to provide for future generations?2. How would YOU improve El Camino Real and the adjacent downtowns and neighborhoods? Do you have examples of what works well in other places that could be applied to the Grand Boulevard?3. How do you get around your neighborhood, city, county, and region? Are there different types of transportation modes that you would like to use but cannot? Why? What needs to happen in order to make your trips safer and more efficient?4. What age demographic do you fall within? Do you agree with the need to plan for changing demographics? For your age demographic, what do you want or need more of in your community? (in terms of land uses and transportation)5. What are the key elements of a ‘healthy’ community? Which of these could be pursued more along El Camino or in your downtown?