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Final Visual Dictionary- Bearing


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Final Visual Dictionary- Bearing

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary Bearing Katherine Ginn Marie Allender 4/22/09
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper White polyolefin sheet material that is permeable to water vapor but not to liquid water or air to help prevent air leaks through cracks around windows and doors and gaps in the construction
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Ventilated to allow water vapor to escape and keep house cooler in summer by preventing buildup of solar heat conducted through the roofing and roof sheathing
  4. 4. Backhoe- Right Side, Width of Bucket 3’ piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a 2-part articulated arm
  5. 5. Batter Boards A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be in the excavation
  6. 6. Brick Arches- A form of construction in which masonry units span an opening by transferring vertical loads laterally to adjacent voussoirs and, thus, to the abutments. Left-Top: Segmental Arch with keystone (The voussoir located at the crown of the arch. Also called the key) Left-Bottom: Pointed Arch Right: Segmental Arch
  7. 7. Brick Bonds- Types Left- Flemish: Stretcher and Headers alternating within a course Right- Running: Stretchers (Most Common)
  8. 8. Top-Left: Header Top-Right: Rowlock Brick Positions Bottom-Left: Shiner Bottom-Right: Sailor Center: Stretcher/ Soldier
  9. 9. Brick Sizes Smaller Brick – Roman Brick – 3.5” x 1-5/8” x 11.5” Larger Brick – Modular Brick – 3.5” x 2.25” x 7.5”
  10. 10. Bulldozer A tractor-driven machine usually having a broad blunt horizontal blade used to push large quantities of soil, sand, or rubble during construction work
  11. 11. Brick Cladding EIFS Cladding
  12. 12. Shakes wood shakes – a wooden shingle that is made from split logs
  13. 13. Code Requirements Bedroom Window Window Measurements: IRB Requirements: Sill height: 20“ Sill Height: </= 44” Width: 31.5“ Width: 34.25” Height: 37.5“ Height: 24” Our window is on the 3rd floor and would not be considered a means of egress.
  14. 14. Code Requirements Stairs IRB: Riser Max= 7.75” Tread Max= 10” Actual: Riser= 7” tread= 10” Width=3’ Our Stairs meet code requirements .
  15. 15. Concrete Joints – Control Joint A control joint is an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.
  16. 16. Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint An isolation joint is a joint that isolates the concrete slab from other things around it to prevent from cracking under pressure.
  17. 17. Concrete Masonry Unit or CMU block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow coves, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; standard dimensions are 8’’ x 8’’ x 16’’
  18. 18. Decorative CMU’s
  19. 19. Exterior Flush Door Doors Exterior Panel Door
  20. 20. Doors- Transom and Sidelight Transom: the term given to a transverse beam or bar in a frame, or to the crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window above it Sidelight: A tall, narrow window alongside a door
  21. 21. Meter Electrical Components Transformer Box: electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current. Meter: box that measures the power usage of a building. Duplex Receptacle: Electrical wall outlet with space for two plugs. Service Head: the fitting that is placed on the service drop
  22. 22. Framing Elements 1- Anchor Bolt 4-Subflooring 7- Top Plate 2- Sill Plate 5- Sole Plate 3- Floor Joist 6-Stud
  23. 23. Framing Elements 8- Ceiling Joist 11- Sheathing 9- rafter 12- Stringer 10- Roof Decking
  24. 24. Framing Elements: Definitions 1) Anchor bolt – a bolt embedded in concrete for the purpose of fastening a building frame to a concrete or masonry foundation 2) Sill plate – strip of wood that lies immediately on top of a concrete or masonry foundation 3) Floor joist – closely spaced beams used to support a floor 4) Subflooring – the load-bearing surface beneath a finish floor 5) Sole plate – horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall 6) Stud – small, closely spaced parallel wall framing members 7) Top plate – horizontal member at the top of a stud wall 8) Ceiling joist – closely spaced beams used to support a ceiling 9) Rafter – framing member that runs up and down the slope of a steep roof 10) Roof decking – material used to span across beams or joists to create a roof surface 11) Sheathing – rough covering applied to outside of roof 12) Stringer – sloping wood or steel member that supports the treads of a stair
  25. 25. Front-End Loader a type of wheeled tractor that has a front mounted wide bucket connected to the end of two arms to scoop up dirt, sand, or gravel and move it from one place to another without pushing the material across the ground
  26. 26. Gypsum Board an interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
  27. 27. Heat Pump Air Handling Unit: Works like a refrigerator in reverse and will extract heat from outside air even though air is cool.
  28. 28. Heat Pump Compressor/ Condenser: Return air enters through the base of the unit, where it is filtered. From there, a fan forces the air through the elements heated by gas flames and through a cooling coil at the top of the unit.
  29. 29. Advantage and Disadvantage of Heat Pumps • HEAT PUMPS PAY THEIR OWN WAY Heat pump models are available at a nominal additional cost. In many locales, the payback is realized in just a few months. The following information can help you determine if a Heat Pump makes sense for you. • Air source heat pumps perform much better in mild temperate. In climates with extended periods of freezing temperatures, air-source heat pumps have large limitations, compelling users to use electric or gas heaters.
  30. 30. Insulation- reduces heat flow through the assembly of a building
  31. 31. Lintel- A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
  32. 32. Mortar Joint- flush This Mortar joint was troweled and it was on the chimney of a house. Size= 3/8” Mortar Type: M
  33. 33. Mortar Joints- Concave This Mortar joint was tooled and it is on the side of Coldwater Creek Clothing store. Size= 3/8” Mortar Type: M
  34. 34. Oriented Strand Board a building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. How it’s made: Long wood particles that are compressed and glued into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger and stiffer than other wood panels.
  35. 35. Plumbing Left – Lavatory – requires 1-½” drain pipe Right – Water closet – requires 3” drain pipe
  36. 36. Plumbing continued Bottom Left – Plumbing Roof Vent – **** Top Center – Kitchen drop-in sink Bottom Right – Bathtub prior to Gypsum board installation
  37. 37. Plywood panels are made up of thin wood veneers glued together. The grain on the front and back face veneers runs in the same direction, while the grain in one or more interior crossbands runs in the perpendicular direction. There is always an odd number of layers in plywood, which equalizes the effects of moisture movement. Veneer is a thin layer, sheet, or facing.
  38. 38. Radiant Barrier
  39. 39. This #4 rebar is ½” in diameter. Rebar The deformations rolled into the surface of rebar help it to bond tightly to concrete
  40. 40. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof to help bring it away from the building Downspout – a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level Splash block – small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of the downspout
  41. 41. Underlayment – a layer of waterproof material such as tar paper between roof Shingle – a small unit sheathing and of water-resistant roofing to help keep material nailed in water from getting overlapping fashion into the building. with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight; to apply Steep Roof Materials shingles
  42. 42. Metal Panel Roof Today’s metal panel roof, like the one shown in our picture, is typically made of galvanized steel Steep Roof Materials continued
  43. 43. Gable Roof Hip Roof Gambrel Roof Steep Roof Shapes
  44. 44. Steep Roof Terms
  45. 45. Steep Roof Terms - Definitions • Ridge – the level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof • Valley – trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes • Fascia – the exposed vertical surface of an eave • Eave – horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof • Rake – sloping edge of a steep roof • Soffit – undersurface of a horizontal building element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang
  46. 46. Coursed Ashlar Random Rubble Stone
  47. 47. Vapor Retarder – a continuous sheet, as nearly seamless as possible, of plastic sheathing or some other material that is highly resistant to water vapor. The effect of the vapor retarder is to diminish the flow of air and vapor through the building assembly, preventing the moisture from reaching the point in the assembly where it would condense. It is installed on the warmer side of the insulation layer (warm-in-winter).
  48. 48. Waterproofing The application of one or more layers of membrane that act as a barrier between the water and the building structure, preventing the passage of water. A building or structure needs waterproofing as concrete itself will not be watertight on its own. OURS IS LOOSLEY LAID.
  49. 49. Weep Hole A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
  50. 50. Welded Wire Fabric a grid of steel rods that are welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab
  51. 51. Window - Sliding The stable construction allows sliding windows to be designed in an almost unlimited range of sizes and proportions. This window was found in a habitat for Humanity house and is being used because they are cheap and easy to install.
  52. 52. Window – Single Hung Has one moving track that slides up and down. This window was found in an apartment complex and is used because it is cheap and easy to install.
  53. 53. Window - Awning Awning windows can be broad but are not usually very tall. This window was found on the bottom floor of Parker Hall and was used so the window can be in open position during rainstorms.
  54. 54. The End!