Glycogen 2003

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Glycogen 2003

  1. 1. Name: George
  2. 2. Elements <ul><li>Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul>
  3. 3. Structure <ul><li>Glycogen is made up of two or more glucose subunits held by an alpha 1-4 linkage </li></ul>
  4. 4. Functional Groups <ul><li>Carbonyl groups (>C=O) </li></ul><ul><li>Hydroxyl groups (--OH) </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the location of the carbonyl group, the glucose subunits are either aldose (aldehyde sugar) or ketose (ketone sugar). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Functions of Compounds <ul><li>Hydroxyl – Is polar as a result of the electronegative oxygen atom obtaining electrons. Attracts water molecules to dissolve organic compounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbonyl – Ketones and Aldehydes may be structural isomers with different properties. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organic Compound <ul><li>Glycogen is a CARBOHYDRATE </li></ul><ul><li>It is a polysaccharide </li></ul>
  7. 7. Functions of Family <ul><li>Carbohydrates serve as an energy source for the cell – starch and glycogen are stored in cells for when glucose supplies are low </li></ul><ul><li>Other polysaccharides, such as cellulose and chitin, serve as building material – they form the cell wall in plant cells and the exoskeleton in arthropods, respectively. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Functions of Glycogen <ul><li>Glycogen is stored in the liver/muscle cells. Hydrolysis of the glycogen releases glucose when the demand for sugar increases and then burned for calories, providing energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Glycogen helps maintain homeostasis by releasing sugar into the blood stream if needed. If there is too much sugar in the blood, some of the glucose can be converted back to glycogen to save for later. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reasons we’re good parents (and uncle) <ul><li>1. We have healthy liver cells and strong muscle cells for the glycogen to survive in </li></ul><ul><li>2. We eat healthy as well so the glycogen can release good sugar when we need it </li></ul><ul><li>3. We constantly need glycogen so we return the favor by paying constant attention to it. </li></ul>

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