Indonesia ina002 1366765311

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Indonesia ina002 1366765311

  1. 1. Greening The Network Yogi Rizkian Bahar Head of Power System Design TELKOMSEL Bali, 24 April 2013 1
  2. 2. TODAY’S WORLD ENERGY ISSUES • Emission of Fossil Energy (Global Warming Issue) • Unbalanced Fossil Energy Supply and Demand • Scarcity and Limitation of Fossil Energy Reserves • Pros and Cons of Nuclear Power 2
  3. 3. Indonesia Fossil Energy Reserves No NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES (FOSSIL ENERGY) RESERVE PRODUCTION PER YEAR RESERVE TO PRODUCTION RATIO 4.0 billion barrels 347 million barrels 11 years 1 Oil 2 Gas 104.71 TSCF 3212 BSCF 32 years 3 Coal 28 billion tons 329 million tons 85 years Note: - The Reserves-to-production ratio (RPR or R/P) is the remaining amount of a non-renewable resource, expressed in years - TSCF = Trillion Standard Cubic Feet - BSCF = Billion Standard Cubic Feet Source: KESDM (Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources) 3
  4. 4. Indonesia Carbon Emission 4
  5. 5. NATIONAL COMMITMENT TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GASSES President Commitment in G-20 Pittsburgh and COP15 to reduce greenhouse gasses (GHG) emission by 2020 and Presidential Regulation Number 61 Year 2011 concerning on National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Domestic efforts 26% 41% (767 Mton) Forestry, Agriculture 680 Mton Energi 30 Mton Waste 48 Mton Industry &Transportation 9 Mton Domestic efforts and international support Through new renewable energy development and energy conservation implementation in all sectors 5 Source: KESDM
  6. 6. National Renewable Energy Sources NO RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES RESOURCES (SD) INSTALLED CAPACITY (KT) RATIO KT/SD (%) 1 2 3 4 5 = 4/3 1 Hydro power 75,670 MW 5,705.29 MW 7.54 2 Geothermal 29,038 MW 1,189 MW 4.00 3 Mini/Micro Hydro 769.69 MW 217.89 MW 28.31 4 Biomass (al: Biogas) 49,810 MW 1,618.40 MW 3.25 5 Solar 4.80 kWh/m2/day 13.5 MWp - 6 Wind 3 – 6 m/s 1.87 MW - Source: KESDM (Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources) Note: Telkomsel total solarcell BTS (Macro) installed capacity: 2.1 MWp 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Reducing Energy Consumption by Adopting Green Technology Macro Micro Pico Femto 8 Architecture of Energy Efficiency Analysis
  9. 9. Solarcell: deployment Micohydro: deployment Fuelcell : deployment Genset biomass/biofuel : deployment Solar cooling: design,trial & potential deployment Solarcell: deployment Microhydro: deployment Genset biomass/biofuel : deployment Solarcell: deployment Microhydro: deployment Genset biomass/biofuel : deployment Energy storage: feasibility study Magnetic generator: feasibility study Solarcell: deployment Microhydro: deployment Genset biomass/biofuel : deployment Solar cooling: potential deployment Magnetic generator: potential deployment Energy storage: potential deployment 9
  10. 10. Target Architecture Network Evolution & Transformation of Power Facilities DRIVERS (from Strategic Plan, Assessment, Market Trend, Technology Plan) ENVIRONMEN T TELKOMSEL • • • High quantity off-grid sites and unrealiable PLN grid (Sumatera, Kalimantan, East Indonesia) Primary energies costs increase and fuel delivery costs are expensive for remote sites High potential New Renewable Energy (NRE) e.g Solar, hydro, geothermal, biofuel, and biomass Adopt new, more efficient technologies to reduce TCO Renewable energies developing & deployment: photovoltaic, wind, micro hydro & fuel cell system Reliable network and quality of service • Monitoring and control tools for energy efficiency purposes • Thermal/Cooling system management (hot/cold aisle, displacement, free cooling, hot spot management) • Power systems optimization • Implement hybrid renewable energy (solar/wind) • Implement microhydro power plant • Introducing Fuel Cell solution for offgrid site • Feasibility study for Biofuel/Biomass to replace diesel. • Feasibility study for energy storage, magnetic generator. 10
  11. 11. TELKOMSEL GREEN POWER FIGURES 1000 120 893 900 700 663 600 80 563 kilo tCO2 Site 100 773 800 473 500 60 393 400 323 300 40 263 220 199 200 164 137 80 100 1 0 0 4 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 2 7 7 7 14 7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 24 7 36 68 51 110 88 135 7 7 7 7 7 7 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 20 2020 0 0 2003 2006 2007 Solarcell Microhydro • total installed solarcell (Macro BTS) : 2,1 MWp • total installed microhydro : 82 kW • total installed fuelcell : 22 kW • total pico solar-powered BTS : 3688 sites 2014 Fuelcell Total tCO2 Reduce greenhouse gas : 3,000 ton CO2 11
  12. 12. OR (Optional) One line diagram: solarcell system Site: Liukang Tupabiring-Sulsel 12
  13. 13. Telkomsel Solarcell Green Powered BTS Site Ganting Apan Site Air Pinang Site Alafan Site Pulau Kampai Site Pulau Babi Site Pulau Lamun Pulau pinang Sarang Baung Site Hilimbosi Site TanjungBatu Lamang o Site Lakhene Site Bawoziono Maratua Site Kuala Bangka Site SungaiBoh Gn Mumbun Kondur/Mata air Pulau Numbing Kebun Nyiur Site LanjakBadau Gn Pagar Site Siak Gasib Site Sekunau Site Nyabu Kasi a Site Vega Site Tanjung Aru Site Serawai Site BukitMandeh Site Melayu Baru Sipora Site Airupas Pongok Site Sungai Laur Site Tumbang Senamang Gn Halat Gn Sesubang Site Bastem Selat nasik Tompira Baruppu Site Suoh P.Tongkeng, Kep.Seribu Site Enggano Site Marabatuan Liukang Tupabiring Site Karimun Jawa Site Bawean Tambak Site Sapeken Pasimasunggu Timur Pasimaranu Bade (Mappi) Pasilamben a Marunggela Baranus a Atedei Rep. Apui Loang Wulandoni Tenatek e Naikliu Eilogo Caturmukti GMN PWU EID Hariff Ponu Besikam a
  14. 14. Microhydro SUMPUR KUDUS • capacity : 10 kW • community : 0.9 kW • position : Sijunjung - Sumbar • demography: +/- 7.5hr from Padang • operational : Aug’12 14
  15. 15. MATTERS OF CONCERN • Need for National RET (Renewable Energy Technology) standardization. • Limited data and information about ready-to-beimplemented RES (Renewable Energy Source) • Need for fiscal incentives for using RET • CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) simplification procedures to attain CER (Certified Energy Reduction) credits. 15
  16. 16. THANK YOU  16

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