Drug abuse & control act 1970 ppt dra2


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Drug abuse & control act 1970 ppt dra2

  1. 1. ComprehensiveDrug Abuse Preventionand Control Act(Controlled SubstanceAct, 1970) BY SAKSHI DAHIYA MPHARM(DRA) 1ST SEM 1
  2. 2. Key points:-• “Federalization” or “nationalization” of drug control• This act forms the basis of federal government enforcement efforts. Defines a drug-dependent person. Established five categories of scheduled drugs (controlled substances). Provides for strict regulation of controlled substances 2
  3. 3. 1970 - Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act - consolidates previous drug laws and reduces penalties for marijuana possession. It also strengthens law enforcement by allowing police to conduct "no-knock" searchesThe Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) was formed to enforce the laws concerning narcotics and their distribution Created a stair-step schedule of controlled substances 3
  4. 4. What is a Drug?A drug may be anyingestive substancethat has a noticeableeffect upon the mind orbody. 4
  5. 5. This act divided substances withabuse potential into categoriesbased on the degree of their abusepotential and clinical usefulnessSchedules I, II, III, IV, V whichclassify psychoactive drugsaccording to degree ofpsychoactivity and abuse potential 5
  6. 6. Schedule I substances have high-abuse potential and no currently approved medicinal uses; they cannot be prescribed.Schedule II substances have high-abuse potential but are approved for medical uses and can be prescribed.Schedule I–V reflects the likelihood of abuse and clinical usefulness 6
  7. 7. Controlled Substance ActSchedule I - • heroin(MOST DANGEROUS) • LSDControlled •substances that have mescalineno established • peyotemedical usage, • methaqualonecannot be usedsafely, and have • psilocybingreat potential for • marijuanaabuse. This schedule • hashishincludes: • other specified hallucinogens 7
  8. 8. Controlled Substance ActSchedule II -Substances defined asdrugs with high abusepotential for which there • opiumis currently accepted • morphinepharmacological or • codeinemedical use. Most are • cocaineconsidered addictive. • PCPExamples: • other derivatives 8
  9. 9. Controlled Substance ActSchedule III -This schedule involveslower abuse potentialthan drugs in SchedulesI or II. They have an • Many drugsaccepted medical use, found inbut may lead to highlevel of psychological Schedule II,dependence or to but inmoderate or low physical derivative ordependence. Examples diluted form.include: 9
  10. 10. Controlled Substance ActSchedule IV -These have a relativelylow potential for abuse,are useful inestablished medical • depressantstreatments, and involve • minoronly limited risk of tranquilizerspsychological or • somephysical dependency. stimulantsExamples include: 10
  11. 11. Controlled Substance ActSchedule V -(Least Dangerous)Prescription drugs • Cough medicineswith low potential containing opium,for abuse and only morphine, orlimited possibility codeinefor psychological • Anti-diarrheticsor physical containing opium,dependence. morphine, orExamples: codeine. 11
  12. 12.  It is a United States federal law  requiresthe pharmaceutical industry to maintainphysical security and strict record keepingfor certain types of drugs.  The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation,possession, use and distribution of certainsubstances is regulated.This law is a consolidation of numerous lawsregulating the manufacture and distributionof narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids, andchemicals used in the illicit production ofcontrolled substances. The act also providesa mechanism for substances to be controlled,added to a schedule, decontrolled, removedfrom control, rescheduled, or transferredfrom one schedule to another. 12
  13. 13. Proceedings to add, delete, or change the schedule of a drug or other substance may be initiated by the  Drug Enforcement Administration  (DEA), the Department of Health and Human Service  (HHS)The DEA also may begin an investigation of a drug at any time based upon information received from law enforce -ment laboratories, state,local law enforcement andregulatory agencies, or 13
  14. 14. DEA(data) HHSAdministrator request drug to Assistant be controlled secretaryHealth HHSor not commissioner Evaluation from FDA NIDA 14
  15. 15. Once the DEA has collected thenecessary data, the Administrator of theDrug Enforcement Association, byauthority of the Attorney General,requests from the HHS a scientific andmedical evaluation and recommendation asto whether the drug or other substanceshould be controlled or removed fromcontrol. This request is sent to theAssistant Secretary of Health of theHHS,  Then, the HHS solicits informationfrom the Commissioner of the Food andDrug Administration and 15
  16. 16. and evaluations and recommendations from the National Institute on Drug Abuse,  and on occasion, from the scientific and medical community. The Assistant Secretary, by authority of the Secretary, compiles the information and transmits back to the DEA a medical and scientific evaluation regarding the drug or other substance, a recommendation as to whether the drug should be controlled, and in what schedule it should be placed. 16
  17. 17. Every schedule otherwise requires finding and specifying the "potential for abuse" before a substance can be placed in that schedule.[16]The specific classification of any given drug or other substance is usually a source of controversy, as is the purpose and effectiveness of the entire regulatory scheme."The term controlled substance means a drug or other substance, or immediate precursor, included in schedule I, II, III, IV, or V . The term does not include distilled spirits, wine, malt beverages, or tobacco, as those terms are defined or used in subtitle E of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986." 21 U.S.C. § 802(6) 17
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