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When cities begin to think - What happens when buildings talk back?


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Presentation for UDIA National Congress 2014.
Imagine a world where the emerging 'Internet of Things' intersects with smart buildings and cities. Today, developers are faced with the rising expectations of people to be better connected and more efficient in their use of technology, yet buildings still remain one of the last bastions for technological change in our modern society. This insightful presentation will shine a torch on a world of possibilities in the use of technology in property and will highlight what lies ahead for those that are prepared to innovate and make a change.

Published in: Technology

When cities begin to think - What happens when buildings talk back?

  1. 1. When Cities begin to think What happens when buildings talk back? Wednesday March 26th Great Hall, Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre RISE UP! UDIA National Congress 2014
  2. 2. 2 technology property our journey this morning…
  3. 3. overview 3 technology insights smart buildings & cities cities that think
  4. 4. we are living in interesting times…
  5. 5. 5 urbanisation 60% of the world population will live in cities by 2030 Source: World Health Organisation (2014)
  6. 6. innovation is the new normal Source: WIPO Highest rate in 2 decades
  7. 7. 7 the world is becoming hyperconnected 7B people 5B are connected to some type of network
  8. 8. 8 disruption surrounds us new industries emerge. old industries are fading
  9. 9. what’s happening in the world of technology?
  10. 10. exponential growth 10 Source: Ray Kurzweil( by 2030
  11. 11. 11 big networks By 2017 the number of network connections will be nearly 19B (2.5 connections for each person on earth) By 2017 global Internet traffic will reach 1.4 Zettabytes annually Zettabyte (1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 Bytes) – one trillion Gigabytes Equivalent to 1.4 trillion gigabytes or 41 million DVD’s per hour Equivalent to all the movies ever made every 3 minutes Source: Cisco 2013-2017 Visual Networking Index
  12. 12. 12 what does all that data traffic look like? video
  13. 13. 13 big data 1000+ data points, 15Mb data per lap, real time analytics, predictive analysis
  14. 14. super computing 54.9 petaflops (a thousand trillion floating point operations per second)
  15. 15. nano computing 15 micro computing 1mm microprocessor, pressure sensor, memory, solar cell, wireless radio
  16. 16. 16 cloud computing 36% compound annual growth rate and a market size of US$200B+ per annum by 2016 Source: Gartner (February 2013)
  17. 17. 17 artificial intelligence 2029 robots will be smarter than humans within 15 years – Ray Kerzweil
  18. 18. 2005 2013 18 mobile growth 1.8B smartphones sold in 2013
  19. 19. 19 the internet of things 50B devices connected to the Internet by 2020 (Source: Cisco)
  20. 20. ingestible computing 1c cost of adding a microprocessor into a pill 20
  21. 21. 21 3D printing 2025 McKinsey & co. predict major disruption to global economy by 3D printing
  22. 22. 22 3D scanning 14min to capture 3D modelling data using handheld LiDAR CSIRO - Zebedee
  23. 23. world class examples drones $13B added to the economy in industries like deliveries, inspections, planning, agriculture
  24. 24. 24 autonomous vehicles 2017 adaptive cruise control, remote telemetry, vehicle to vehicle communications
  25. 25. 25 electric vehicles 20M electric vehicles on the road by 2020
  26. 26. 26 space tourism 5M tourists by 2030
  27. 27. Big Processing the history of 20 years in 2 sentences “The past decade was about new social and innovation models on the web. The next decade will be about applying them to the real world.” -  Chris Anderson (ex editor
  28. 28. so how does all of this relate to property?
  29. 29. Big Processing the intersection of technology & property smart buildings smart cities technology property
  30. 30. Big Processing what do we mean by smart? applying a holistic approach to the convergence of physical and information environments
  31. 31. what is a smart building?
  32. 32. 32 safer, more comfortable & productive for occupants and more operationally efficient for owners what is a smart building?
  33. 33. why An increase in efficiency, reduces operating costs. An increase in net operating income, increases asset value. 33
  34. 34. why Consumer expectations for technology in the home & workplace have risen. Developers are looking to differentiate & meet purchasers needs. 34
  35. 35. 35 why People are time poor and want to be efficient. People are looking for more rewarding and better experiences everywhere.
  36. 36. 36 why People and organisations are looking to achieve more sustainable outcomes. social, environmental, economic social environmental economic sustainable
  37. 37. 37 buildings are traditionally ‘dumb’ & our industry siloed
  38. 38. smart buildings require a holistic design approach solution design telco comms electrical mechanical fire hydraulic automationsecurity safety software specialist equipment architecture 38
  39. 39. there are a lot of technology ingredients… smart buildings require a mix of these 39 Foundation Systems Data Networks Telecommunications Services Power Networks Common Building Systems Access Control Systems Audio Visual Systems Digital Signage and Wayfinding systems Distributed Antenna Systems Energy Monitoring Systems Fire Alarm and Early Warning Systems (EWIS) Hydraulic Control Systems Intercom Systems Irrigation Systems Lighting Control systems Lift Control Systems Mechanical HVAC PayTV, Free to Air and Satellite TV Systems Power Management Systems Security Alarm Systems Video Surveillance Systems Specialist Systems Systems per specialist building types e.g. Airports, Libraries, Theatres etc. Specialist Software Systems Building Management Systems Building Information Management Systems Building/Home Automation Systems Facilities Management Systems Middleware Integration Systems Property Management Systems Room/Loading Dock Booking Systems Information Systems Analytics and Predictive Analysis Systems Building Intranets Content Management Systems Mapping Systems Marketing Websites Wayfinding Systems Mobile Applications Building systems, tenant info Optimal Technology Mix Define
  40. 40. 6 degrees of building smarts 40 connect sense display analyse predict automate DATA
  41. 41. 41 connect building networks
  42. 42. power, water, gas, temperature, humidity, volume, light, moisture, flow rate, depth, movement, occupancy, geo-location, CO2, CO, smoke etc. 42 sense building sensors
  43. 43. sensor granularity 43 I think I have a problem somewhere I know exactly where I have a problem
  44. 44. 44 display graphical user interface
  45. 45. 45 analyse (near) real time reporting
  46. 46. predict predictive analysis tools 46 NABERS Rating Forecast
  47. 47. building automation if this… then that automate 47
  48. 48. SF Public Utility Building Leading US Intelligent Office Building. Top 10 AIA Green Buildings. LEED Platinum 13 Level 277,000 sq feet. $146M •  Solar PV cells (7% of needs) •  Blackwater treatment plant •  Wind turbines •  Daylight harvesting •  Floor cooling distribution •  Automatic shading •  Automatic ventilation •  Lobby video screen •  Energy monitoring •  Extensive submetering •  Real time monitoring •  Building dashboards •  Fault detection & diagnosis 48
  49. 49. Forté – Docklands, Victoria World’s tallest timber apartment building. GBCA 5 Star Green Star 22% less carbon emissions over 50 years compared to concrete-steel. •  Fibre to the Premise •  Ultra High speed Internet •  Integrated Comms Net. •  IP Video Intercom •  Lobby Video Screen •  Energy monitoring •  Smart meters •  Circuit level meters •  Monitor Power •  Monitor hot/cold water •  Monitor rainwater •  Monitor timber •  All off over-ride 49
  50. 50. Bullitt Center, Seattle NJ World’s Greenest Commercial Office Building. LEED Platinum Design to Living Building Standards 6 Level 50,000 sq feet. Net Zero Energy Net Zero Water Use •  575 Solar PV cells •  Composting sewage system •  Reduced toxic materials •  Automatic shading •  Automatic ventilation •  Ground heat exchange •  Lobby video screen •  Energy monitoring •  Smart meters •  Real time monitoring •  Fault detection & diagnosis •  WiFi in common areas 50
  51. 51. what is a smart city?
  52. 52. smart cities A holistic approach to creating next generation cities of the 21st century 52 Def. Based upon the foundations of good urban planning, economic competitiveness, environmental engineering, technology infrastructures and sustainable practices. best practice A holistic approach that balances: people centric, social and community initiatives that makes use of various technology capabilities.
  53. 53. a framework for smart cities 53 Goals People Ecosystems Soft Infrastructures City Systems Hard Infrastructures Wealth Health Choice Independence Opportunity Sustainability Safety Others… Residents, Retailers, Shoppers, Workers, Innovators, Artists, Tourists Public Sector Council Emergency Services Schools Others Third Sector Charities Social Enterprises Not-for-profits Others Community Family & Social Cultural & Religious Neighborhoods Others Private Sector Employers Retailers SMEs Others Leadership & Governance Innovation Forums Networks & Community Organisations Transport & Utilities Network Information & Communications Technology Spaces and Buildings Transport Services Health Culture Economy City Admin Utilities Social Care Education Other Source: redesigned from
  54. 54. top down, bottom up design DESIGN
  55. 55. top down approach
  56. 56. Songdo, South Korea Songdo International Business District (SIBD) is a new Smart City built from scratch on 610 ha of reclaimed land along Incheon's waterfront, 65 km southwest of Seoul, South Korea and connected to Incheon International Airport. •  US$35B private development. •  Developed by Gale International. •  80,000 apartments. •  4.6M sqm commercial •  930K sqm retail •  All major buildings beyond LEED. •  High speed networks. •  Smart rubbish disposal system. •  Smart buildings. •  Smart transport system. 56
  57. 57. Masdar City, Abu Dhabi Located in Abu Dhabi, UAE, Masdar city aims to be the worlds first Carbon neutral city. •  6 sq Km development. •  Provides a hub for clean tech development. •  Offers an open technology platform that gives partner companies an opportunity to develop, test and validate a range of new technologies. •  10MW solar plant. •  Smart transport. •  Smart grid. •  Smart waste system. •  City sensors •  Sustainable materials. •  Passive thermal control. •  Electric vehicles. •  High speed communications. 57
  58. 58. Louisville Kentucky– Fibre City Aims to create data connected city that drives innovation. •  Creating a world-leading gigabit-capable network across the city •  Targeted commercial corridors, as well as in residential areas •  Foster innovation •  Drive job creation •  Stimulate economic growth •  Provide free or heavily- discounted gigabit 100MB (minimum) internet service to traditionally underserviced areas. •  Deliver gigabit internet service at prices comparable to other gigabit fiber communities across the US. 58
  59. 59. bottom up approach
  60. 60. Barcelona City Aim’s to become a world reference for Smart Cities. Barcelona is working to merge urban planning, ecology, and information technology to ensure the benefits of technology reach every neighborhood and improve the lives of citizens. •  Smart Lighting: remote control LED street lighting. •  Smart Energy: Deployed more than 19,500 smart meters •  Smart Water: Remote irrigation control for the City’s green spaces & 77 fountains •  District Heating & Cooling •  Smart Transportation: Orthogonal bus routes •  Zero Emissions Mobility: Foster electric vehicle & electric charging •  Open Government & open data portal. 60
  61. 61. Amsterdam Amsterdam Smart City (ASC) is a unique partnership between businesses, authorities, research institutions and the people of Amsterdam. 5 Key Themes: •  Living •  Working •  Mobility •  Public Facilities •  Mobile Data 3 distinct regions •  Niuw West, Zuidoost, IJburg Over 24 Projects including: •  Smart Society •  Free WiFi •  Apps for Amsterdam •  Climate Street •  EV Charging •  Fuel Cell technology •  Fibre to the Home •  Smart Grid •  Smart Parking •  Smart Traffic Management •  Smart Home •  WeGo Car Sharing •  See 61
  62. 62. NYC OpenData One of the leading open government data programs in the world. Open.NY.Gov provides open access to user-Friendly Federal, State and Local Data sources. •  Mandated openness for all Gov departments •  In NY over 9000 data sets, maps, charts and views. •  Financial Data •  Transport •  Food & beverage •  Retail •  Legal •  Health •  Jobs •  Infrastructures •  Economic Development •  Innovation •  Developer Tools •  Hackathons •  Develop Apps 62
  63. 63. A huge number of mobile apps Have been developed around the world to help citizens of cities. Helps the community to feel more connected on topics such as: •  Citizen Reporting •  Economic Development •  Environment •  Health/Human Services •  Local Government Services •  Property/Neighborhoods •  Public Safety •  Recreation/Entertainment •  Transportation Examples •  Citizens Connect •  See-Click-Fix •  Jobs around me •  What’s on •  Waste Services •  Community Gardening •  Public Webcams empowering the community 63
  64. 64. cities that think
  65. 65. where does this lead to at a city level? êmore sensors êmore data êbetter insights êmore knowledge better building management more informed urban planning & design improved building design improved environmental engineering more sustainable outcomes
  66. 66. 66 urban analysis with data video
  67. 67. less speculation more knowledge less ê more ê I think? I know!
  68. 68. Rio de Janeiro Centro de Operacoes Rio is a state-of-the-art intelligent operations center, where managers monitor dozens of data feeds. Information is monitored in real time on •  weather •  traffic •  fire •  police •  medical services •  30 state departments •  Private utilities •  Public transport •  Private transport •  CCTV cameras •  drones 68
  69. 69. Pacific Controls, Dubai Pacific Controls is one of the worlds largest Building Network operations centres. Provides end-to-end managed application services and solutions for machine-to- machine (M2M) and Internet of Things applications, providing services for: •  machine and device data platforms •  end-to-end managed service delivery, and •  IT infrastructure integration •  Airport automation •  Commercial automation •  Home Automation •  National security •  Life safety •  Fire monitoring •  Lift monitoring •  Over 60,000 buildings connected. 69
  70. 70. The capabilities of smart devices will be 20% common and 80% individual. 70 what about me?
  71. 71. 71 we are entering into a world of hyperconnectivity video
  72. 72. But how this will work will come down to us. Ultimately, we should be the programmers. Buildings and cities will only ever be as smart as the inputs we put into them. …so let’s start the conversation… eventually cities will begin to think… 72
  73. 73. thank you @BruceDuyshart 73 Smarter Buildings. Better Experiences.