WebQuests: A Design Pattern Approach

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Workshop given at TIES 2009, Minneapolis, MN, December 13, 2009. Using a design patterns approach to identify higher level thinking tasks to create a WebQuest around.

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WebQuests: A Design Pattern Approach

  1. 1. WebQuests: A Design Patterns Approach Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University webquest.org/workshops/TIES2009
  2. 2. Welcome <ul><li>What do you teach? </li></ul><ul><li>What prior WebQuest experience do you have? </li></ul><ul><li>What fuzzy idea would you like to turn into a WebQuest? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Higher Order Thinking Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Design Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>QuestGarden </li></ul>
  4. 4. An Exercise
  5. 6. Summarize Design Decide Create Predict Analyze
  6. 7. So, how do we uncover the opportunities for higher level thinking in our content?
  7. 8. First…. <ul><li>Ask yourself, when do adults need to apply this content? </li></ul>
  8. 9. Second… <ul><li>Look for (or create) disequilibrium </li></ul>
  9. 11. Create Open ended thinking with many possible end points. Encourages surprisingness, originality while still working within the confines of a genre.
  10. 12. Create what???? <ul><li>Event </li></ul><ul><li>Transposition </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative </li></ul>
  11. 13. Creating an Event http://www.lubbockisd.org/Webquests/MeetImmigrants/index.htm A meeting of minds in which students act as if they were someone else
  12. 14. Creating an Event http://questgarden.com/01/66/9/070813071510/ A meeting of minds in which students act as if they were someone else
  13. 15. Creating an Event http://projects.edtech.sandi.net/hoover/amistad/ A re-enactment of a trial in which all sides of an issue are argued
  14. 16. Creating a Narrative To go behind the book and describe the setting of a work of literature http://questgarden.com/57/28/8/071113161036/
  15. 17. Creating a Narrative To go beyond a book and extend it to new chapters or in-between scenes http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/education/projects/webquests/shakespeare/
  16. 18. Creating a Narrative To write a diary or journal from a particular point of view http://teachers.eusd.k12.ca.us/mguerena/castewebquest/index.htm
  17. 19. Creating a Narrative To describe a journey and the places along the way as if you were there http://questgarden.com/63/99/1/080415075239/
  18. 20. Creating a Transposition http://coe.west.asu.edu/students/madams/webquest.htm Transpose something from one form to another
  19. 22. Practice Working in your team of four, come up with WebQuest ideas for the topic given that will engage higher level thinking
  20. 23. 6 Thinking Hats
  21. 24. Blue Hat <ul><li>is looking for higher-level thinking and fidelity to the WebQuest model. </li></ul><ul><li>will make sure that scaffolding and challenge are included. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Green Hat <ul><li>stands for creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>will look for unusual, surprising ideas to build a WebQuest around. </li></ul><ul><li>may suggest ideas that seem a little wacky. </li></ul>
  23. 26. Red Hat <ul><li>looks at problems using intuition, gut reaction, and emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>tries to think how other people will react emotionally to a WebQuest </li></ul><ul><li>wants to find a WebQuest idea that is fun for the students and the teacher </li></ul>
  24. 27. Black Hat <ul><li>looks at the learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>tries to assure that the WebQuest will actually achieve measurable objectives </li></ul><ul><li>will remind the group about the need to master basic skills and concepts and gain higher traditional test scores. </li></ul>
  25. 28. Can you have your students create… <ul><li>a trial or a party or a meeting that will engage them in learning the content </li></ul><ul><li>A transformation of an event to a poem, a story to a song, a painting to a play </li></ul><ul><li>A transposition of the setting or actors of a story </li></ul><ul><li>A story told from a different point of view </li></ul>
  26. 29. What did you come up with?
  27. 30. Design Solving a problem or creating a change to achieve a pre-determined end result while working within realistic constraints
  28. 31. Design what???? <ul><li>Physical object or space </li></ul><ul><li>Distillation </li></ul><ul><li>Event </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul>
  29. 32. Designing an object or space http://questgarden.com/58/39/5/071125090624/ Work within given constraints to meet the desired goal
  30. 33. Designing an object or space http://questgarden.com/58/68/0/071129072810/ Work within given constraints to meet the desired goal
  31. 34. Designing a distillation http://questgarden.com/63/14/1/080403063542/ Choose representative items to represent a large body of content
  32. 35. Designing a distillation http://questgarden.com/09/99/6/080210153854/ Choose representative items to represent a large body of content
  33. 36. Designing a distillation http://questgarden.com/00/33/5/070902213117 Choose representative items to represent a large body of content
  34. 37. Designing a distillation http://www.questgarden.com/59/82/3/080115195501/ Choose representative items to represent a large body of content
  35. 39. Practice Working in your team of four, come up with WebQuest ideas for the topic given that will engage higher level thinking
  36. 40. Can you have your students design… <ul><li>A physical space or object </li></ul><ul><li>A field guide </li></ul><ul><li>An exhibit or museum </li></ul><ul><li>A commemorative </li></ul>
  37. 41. What did you come up with?
  38. 42. Decide Make an informed choice from among several alternatives while taking competing ideas into account
  39. 43. Decide what???? <ul><li>Course of action </li></ul><ul><li>Personal stance </li></ul><ul><li>Ranking or rating </li></ul>
  40. 44. Deciding a Course of Action http://questgarden.com/53/74/2/070721171535/ Recommend a change of policy or procedure
  41. 45. Deciding a Course of Action http://www.questgarden.com/59/53/2/080103163228/ Recommend a change of policy or procedure
  42. 46. Deciding a Course of Action http://questgarden.com/54/88/3/070910191921/index.htm Recommend a change of policy or procedure
  43. 47. Deciding a Personal Stance http://questgarden.com/56/21/0/071015183645/ Examine an issue and decide how you feel about it personally
  44. 48. Deciding a Ranking http://www.questgarden.com/62/59/7/080318044044/ Look at a number of items and rank order them or pick one out based on defined criteria
  45. 49. Deciding a Ranking http://www.questgarden.com/63/75/3/080411135809/ Look at a number of items and rank order them or pick one out based on defined criteria
  46. 51. Practice Working in your team of four, come up with WebQuest ideas for the topic given that will engage higher level thinking
  47. 52. Can you have your students decide… <ul><li>On a recommendation to make to some group that has the power to change things? </li></ul><ul><li>On where they stand on a particular issue </li></ul><ul><li>On a ranking or rating to help choose a candidate? A purchase? </li></ul>
  48. 53. What did you come up with?
  49. 54. Click here for a PDF
  50. 55. WebQuests: A Design Patterns Approach Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University webquest.org/workshops/TIES2009

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