Kids as Deciders

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How to find opportunities for decision-making in the standard, static K-12 curriculum. How to scaffold decision-making skills in ways that generalize to life outside of school.

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Kids as Deciders

  1. 1. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  2. 2. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  3. 7. Summarize Design Decide Create Predict
  4. 8. Adult life is full of decisions
  5. 9. Adult life is full of decisions
  6. 10. Adult life is full of decisions
  7. 11. Adult life is full of decisions
  8. 12. Adult life is full of decisions
  9. 13. Adult life is full of decisions
  10. 14. Decisions we allow kids to make <ul><li>Which book would you like to do your report on? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want to be the record-keeper, the spokesperson or the artist? </li></ul><ul><li>Color the sky with whatever crayon you like </li></ul>
  11. 15. A decision I have to make…
  12. 17. First…. <ul><li>Ask yourself, when do adults need to apply this content? </li></ul>
  13. 18. Second… <ul><li>Look for (or create) disequilibrium </li></ul>
  14. 19. Strategy 1: Create an Opportunity <ul><li>Identify (or make up) an opportunity for action that requires choosing from among alternatives . </li></ul>
  15. 20. Strategy 2: Recommend a Solution <ul><li>Identify a real problem over which there is strong disagreement and decide on what to recommend . </li></ul>
  16. 21. Strategy 3: Change the Situation <ul><li>Change the situation to create new problems that someone needs to decide how to respond to . </li></ul>
  17. 22. Create an Opportunity
  18. 23. Create an Opportunity
  19. 24. Create an Opportunity
  20. 25. Recommend a Solution
  21. 26. Change the Situation
  22. 27. To summarize, look for one of these: <ul><li>Opportunity for improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to an existing problem </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to a new situation </li></ul><ul><li>… and pick situations that require learning what you need them to learn. </li></ul>
  23. 30. Teaching decision-making skills <ul><li>Should occur in context, not isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Should provide reusable techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately should be internalized by repeated practice </li></ul>
  24. 31. Don’t just flip a coin…
  25. 32. PMI Technique <ul><li>Make a list of aspects of the choice to be made. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark each one as Plus, Minus or Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Optionally, put a number from 1 to 10 to indicate how important each aspect is </li></ul><ul><li>Total up the number of items in each column </li></ul>http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_05.htm
  26. 33. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting
  27. 34. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper
  28. 35. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one Won’t be ready for Spring Break If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper It may break again in 18 months or less We could get a new one immediately
  29. 36. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one Won’t be ready for Spring Break Repairman says LCD is better than plasma If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper It may break again in 18 months or less We could get a new one immediately
  30. 37. Bernie’s Plasma TV Should I go ahead and have the set repaired? Plus Minus Interesting Less expensive than replacing it with a new one (+5) Won’t be ready for Spring Break (-3) Repairman says LCD is better than plasma If it lasts 3 years, the replacement will be bigger, better and cheaper (+7) It may break again in 18 months or less (-4) We could get a new one immediately (-4) 12 -11
  31. 38. Another technique: Decision Trees <ul><li>Useful for decisions more complicated than yes/no. </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks down big decisions into a series of smaller ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to evaluate the end points to see which path is best. </li></ul>
  32. 39. Bernie’s Plasma Decision Tree $1800 $2400 $800 7/10 10/10 10/10
  33. 40. Other Techniques to Try <ul><li>Pareto Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Grid Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Force Field Analysis </li></ul>
  34. 41. A Great Resource http://www.mindtools.com
  35. 42. <ul><li>A practice problem… </li></ul>
  36. 44. What shall we do? <ul><li>First, count off by 6’s. </li></ul>
  37. 45. 6 Thinking Hats
  38. 46. 1. Blue Hat <ul><li>Hat worn by people chairing meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Pays attention to the process and directs the other hats to pitch in </li></ul>
  39. 47. 2. White Hat <ul><li>focus on the data available. </li></ul><ul><li>look at the information you have, and see </li></ul><ul><li>look for gaps in your knowledge, and either try to fill them or take account of them. </li></ul>
  40. 48. 3. Green Hat <ul><li>stands for creativity. This is where you can develop creative solutions to a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>freewheeling way of thinking, in which there is little criticism of ideas. </li></ul>
  41. 49. 4. Red Hat <ul><li>looks at problems using intuition, gut reaction, and emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>tries to think how other people will react emotionally. </li></ul><ul><li>tries to understand the responses of people who do not fully know your reasoning. </li></ul>
  42. 50. 5. Yellow Hat <ul><li>the optimistic viewpoint that helps you to see all the benefits of the decision and the value in it. </li></ul><ul><li>helps you to keep going when everything looks gloomy and difficult. </li></ul>
  43. 51. 6. Black Hat <ul><li>looks at all the bad points of the decision. </li></ul><ul><li>tries to see why it might not work. </li></ul><ul><li>highlights the weak points in a plan. </li></ul>
  44. 52. <ul><li>You have 7 minutes to decide on what we should do </li></ul>
  45. 53. <ul><li>Time’s up! </li></ul>
  46. 54. In conclusion… <ul><li>Look for decisions your kids can make as part of learning what they need to learn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create an opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend a solution to an existing problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scaffold that decision-making experience by providing techniques that they can use outside of class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PMI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six Thinking Hats </li></ul></ul>
  47. 55. Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University Webquest.org/workshops/decider

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