Published on

Presentation from Day 1 of a two Saturday class on PBL and Decision Making.

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. EDTEC 700 Using Problem-Based Learning to Enhance Decision-Making Skills Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Distinguish among problem-based, project-based and traditional learning </li></ul><ul><li>Design a complete problem-based lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Teach decision-making skills in the context of authentic problems </li></ul>
  3. 3. Logistics: Wikispaces
  4. 4. Self-Introductions <ul><li>Who do you teach or design for? </li></ul><ul><li>What experience do you have with problem-based learning either as a learner or a teacher? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Experiencing PBL <ul><li>Divide into groups of 5 or 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Read the provided link </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on what the problem is </li></ul>
  6. 6. Getting
  7. 7. Log in to our Wikispace
  8. 8. Steps in PBL <ul><li>Determine whether a problem exists. </li></ul><ul><li>Create an exact statement of the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify information needed to understand the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Gather information and organize it. </li></ul><ul><li>Generate possible solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on a solution. </li></ul><ul><li>Present the solution. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on & evaluate. </li></ul>Finkle and Torp, 1995
  9. 9. 1. Determine whether a problem exists <ul><li>List what you know </li></ul><ul><li>Look for… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injustice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unhappiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… any deviations from the ideal </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 2. Create an exact statement of the problem <ul><li>What are the gaps between what exists and what should exist? </li></ul>
  11. 11. 3. Identify information needed to understand the problem <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul><ul><li>Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 4. Gather information and organize it <ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul>
  13. 13. 5. Generate possible solutions <ul><li>Quantity over quality at first </li></ul><ul><li>Piggyback </li></ul><ul><li>Think metaphorically </li></ul><ul><li>Think positive </li></ul>
  14. 14. 6. Decide on a solution <ul><li>Weigh and consider all choices </li></ul><ul><li>Combine choices if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to justify your choice </li></ul>
  15. 15. 7. Present the solution <ul><li>Be… </li></ul><ul><li>Organized </li></ul><ul><li>Pithy </li></ul><ul><li>Complete </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive </li></ul>
  16. 16. 8. Reflect, evaluate, revise <ul><li>If you can implement the solution, do so and gather data on its effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>If implementation (by you) is not possible, return to your solution after some time and revisit it. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Traditional Learning Problem-based Learning Project-based Learning Exercise 2
  18. 18. PMI Technique <ul><li>Make a list of aspects of the choice to be made. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark each one as Plus, Minus or Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Total up the number of items in each column </li></ul>http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
  19. 19. PMI Technique http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_05. htm
  20. 20. Grid Analysis <ul><li>Create a table of important aspects of the decision (columns) and the things you’re choosing among (rows) </li></ul><ul><li>Give a score for each choice for each aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Weight the scores and calculate the sums. </li></ul>http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
  21. 21. Grid Analysis http://www. mindtools .com/pages/article/newTED_03. htm
  22. 22. Finding Problems to Learn from <ul><li>Start with outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself: where is this skill or knowledge applied in the world? </li></ul><ul><li>Find or fabricate a situation in which something is not optimal that requires that skill/knowledge. </li></ul>