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Presentation on Learning Opportunities for the Persons with Disabilities

  1. Presentation on Learning Opportunities for the Persons with Disabilities Presented by Vashkar Bhattacharjee
  2. DISABILITY DATA • According to WHO report 2011, 15%people have some form of disability in Bangladesh. • According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics’ (BBS) Household Income Expenditure Survey HIES2010 data from the new sub-modules on disability shows that the net percentage of population suffering from any type of disability is about 9.07%, of which 9.63% is in rural and 7.49% is in urban areas. • BBS’s another report on Sample Vital Registration System (SVRS) 2010 has evident in crude disability rate per thousand populations was 10.18 with 11.47 for male and 8.84 for female. Crude disability rate by locality and sex. • Ministry of Social Welfare has been conducting in a special census by which 1.5milion Plus people with Disability already registered.
  3. ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE IN CRPD Article 9  To enable persons with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others, to the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communications, including information and communications technologies and systems, and to other facilities and services open or provided to the public, both in urban and in rural areas…
  4. EDUCATION SYSTEM Education for Children with Disabilities:  In Bangladesh, there are three alternatives education system regarding the academic provision of Children with Disability, i.e Special, Integrated, and Inclusive educational systems.  Besides, these education programs home based education program and distance education program is also practiced.  Government has a number of educational institutions for children with disabilities . Also there a number of schools for the children with disabilities run by NGOs and private sector. Ministry of Social Welfare also runs schools for children with disabilities in 64 districts. Although education policy 2010 has specifically stated about children with disabilities in article 21, 22, 23 and section 18, all the schools are not fully inclusive yet and the teachers are also not capacitated to handle children with disabilities properly.  Lake of Technology used effect in the education of Children with Disabilities.
  5. ICT SKILLS  People with Disabilities are accessing ICT’s through skill Development.  ICT based employment are created.
  6. TECHNOLOGY INCLUSION  The government has taking initiatives to make the 24,000 websites of the government offices accessible for person with disabilities by following the standard of W3C 2.0 and has an initiative to develop a web accessibility policy. In this regard Access to Information (A2I) program of the Prime Minister’s Office has been working with relevant ministries and department.  The first Bangla “Text To Speech (TTS)”has been developed by which visual impaired people can easily use Bangla in accessing computer information. As the TTS voice is not up to the mark, further development is required. But the visual impaired people can read the Bangla websites and newspapers as well as write Bangla with this software. This open source software has been localized in Bangla by local experts led by person with disability.  Also informally some technologically advanced group of youths have been working on the development of money indicator apps for using in android phones so that person with disabilities can easily identify the currency.  The mobile proliferation in Bangladesh has led to innovative uses by the people who have hearing disability. They are using the SMS based communication by recording sign language messages and sending them via Multimedia Short Text Messages. The mobile companies have the opportunity to assist persons with disabilities by ensuring accessibility such as introducing low cost voice and text based SMS.
  7. WEB ACCESSIBILITY  Web accessibility refers to the inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent access to websites by people with disabilities. When sites are correctly designed, developed and edited, all users have equal access to information and functionality.  Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are part of a series of Web accessibility guidelines published by the Web accessibility Initiatives (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web.  The current version, WCAG 2.0 is the widely used standard all over the world.
  8. TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS FOR ADAPTIVE TECHNOLOGY  Assistive technology software such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and onscreen keyboards are available as either proprietary of open source products.  Open source software is software whose source code is available for modification or enhancement by anyone.  Open source Toolkit:  NVDA,  AMIS,  Digital Braille,  Refreshable Braille display,  Screen reading software,  Mobile phone accessibility,  Android phone accessibility,  Screen magnifier,  Text based mobile communication for speech and hearing disability.
  9. ACCESS TO INFORMATION PROGRAM (A2I) PRODUCTION OF MULTIMEDIA DIGITAL TALKING BOOK PROJECT 1. YPSA Provide the production of Multimedia Digital talking book of 33 Primary School books up to class Five . 2. All trainees will be able to access the Multimedia DAISY Books 3. Improved communication skill in English 4. These text book uploaded on the National E-Content repository (Jatio e-tothokosh)
  10. INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING  Training workshop on “Inclusive Publishing” was conducted during 15 to 17 September 2014 at the BASIS Auditorium, Dhaka. This program was conducted by the DAISY Consortium with support from WIPO and Accessible Books Consortium. The partner organizations from Bangladesh were Access to Information program, Prime Minister Office (A2I), Government of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services (BASIS) and YPSA. Education Minister Mr. Nurul Islam Nahid handover the certificates to the trainees in the closing ceremony at the Prime Minister’s Office on 18th September.
  11. WHAT IS ACCESSIBLE BOOKS Accessible Books which can access by all in terms of disability or any other limitation.  Unicode Text and Accessible E-Book  Daisy Multimedia Books  Digital Braille  Honorable prime Minister of Bangladesh has distributed accessible books to the students with visual Disability.