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Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards
• Introduction to Data Centre
• Standards and Certification
• Topology Standard : EPI and UTI
• Topology Standard : Best Practice
• Engine Generator Rating : UTI
• Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI
• Safety, Security and Fire Suppression
• Data Centre Infrastructure Management
• Question, Answer, Feedback
Agenda
Facilitator
Facilitator Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet
Academic
Qualification
MSc in Communication Engineering
PGD in Development Planning
BSc in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Professional
Certification
Accredited Tier Designer [ATD]
PRINCE2 Practitioner [P2P]
Certified Data Centre Specialist [CDCS]
Certified TIA-942 Design Consultant [CTDC]
Foil ID : 2250
Certificate ID : GR634042118KE
Certificate ID: 5720940.20549575
Certificate ID: 5867871.20609664
Career History Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited
Assistant Director, BTRC | Junior Consultant, BTRC
Project Engineer, RAK Pharmaceuticals Limited
February 1, 2016 – Present
Aug 20, 2008 – Jan 31, 2016
May 1, 2008 – Aug 19, 2008
Focus Area ICT Policy and Regulation Internet Data Centre (IDC) Business Development
What is a Data Centre
Video Demonstration
Standards and Certification
Standard →
↓ Guideline
UpTime
[USA]
EPI based on
TIA-942 [USA]
BICSI based on
TIA-942 [USA]
SS-507
[Singapore]
EN-50600
[Europe]
Type of
Conformity
Tier : I - IV Rated : 1 - 4 Class : 0 - 4 Pass / Fail Class : 1 - 4
Availability of
Standard
Yes Yes (Paid) Yes Yes Yes
Certification Available Available Not Available Available Available
Scope of
Topology
Tier Standard
Electrical
Mechanical
Distribution
OS Standard
Other Element
Electrical
Mechanical
Distribution
Architectural
Telecom
Site Location
Safety-Security
Efficiency
Electrical
Mechanical
Distribution
Architectural
Telecom
Site Location
Safety-Security
Electrical
Mechanical
Distribution
Architectural
Telecom
Site Location
Safety-Security
Electrical
Mechanical
Distribution
Architectural
Telecom
Site Location
Safety-Security
Efficiency
Incorporation Commercial Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit
Accreditation No ANSI (TIA-942) ANSI Spring EN-CENELEC
Training Event Yes Yes Yes No No
Auditor UpTime Only Multiple ORG N/A Multiple ORG N/A
Topology Standard : EPI and UTI
Rated 1 Rated 2 Rated 3 Rated 4
Active Capacity Components
to Support the IT Load
N N + 1 N + 1 N + N
Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active
Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes
Fault Tolerance No No No Yes
Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes
Continuous Cooling No No No No
Tier I Tier II Tier III Tier IV
Active Capacity Components
to Support the IT Load
N N + 1 N + 1
N
After Any Failure
Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active
Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes
Fault Tolerance No No No Yes
Compartmentalization No No No Yes
Continuous Cooling No No No Yes
Topology Standard : Best Practice
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Active Capacity Components
to Support the IT Load
N N + 1 N + 1 N + N
Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active + 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active
Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes
Fault Tolerance No No No Yes
Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes
Continuous Cooling No No
No [Average < 5 KW]
Yes [Average > 5 KW]
Yes
Site Selection EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS
Civil / Structural EPI EPI EPI EPI
Architectural EPI EPI EPI EPI
MMR and Structured Cabling EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP
Safety, Security, Fire Code AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI
Efficiency [PUE, WUE, SUE, DCIE] TGG TGG TGG TGG
Engine Generator Rating : UTI
EPI requires Engine Generator to be Prime with Nameplate Capacity
Tier Topology : Misconception
Raised Floor is
Mandatory for
both EPI and UTI
YES / NO
Without Utility
Power Supply We
Can Acquire Tier
Certification
YES / NO
Tier III IDC with
Average Per Rack
Power Density is
more than 4 KW,
What Auditor will
Ask in TCCF
IDC with Isolated
Parallel Bus
System for
DRUPS, Can We
Acquire Tier IV
from UTI in TCDD
Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI
Compliance
Standard
Validation and Audit
Rated-4 and
Tier-IV
Design
‘Fault Tolerant’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-4 and Tier-IV conformity. It
requires to ensure that every capacity component in either of their
distribution path can run on the full-load operation of the facility. Hence,
capacity component as well as distribution path can tolerate a fault anywhere
in the system while the facility is having planned down-time / maintenance
without disrupting ICT capabilities to end-user.
It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However,
Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of
this scope. Software tools for remote operation is required.
Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to
be physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery,
chiller plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 2
(two) hour fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire
suppression and cooling is allowed along with manual fail-over switching of
electrical-power.
Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI
Compliance
Standard
Validation and Audit
Rated-3
and Tier-III
Facility
‘Concurrent Maintainability’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-3 and Tier-III
conformity. It requires to ensure that every capacity component as well as their
distribution path can be removed / replaced / serviced on a planned basis
without disrupting the ICT capabilities to the end-user.
It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However,
Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of this
scope. Manual fail-over switching of electrical-power is allowed.
Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to be
physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery, chiller
plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 1 (one) hour
fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire suppression
and cooling is allowed as well.
Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI
Compliance
Standard
Validation and Audit
Site Selection
Requirement
1. Ground Floor should be high-enough to sustain any flash flood based on
50 (fifty) years of flood history
2. Distance from Air-Port should be 8 Km / 5 miles
3. Distance from Rail-Station should be 0.8 Km / 0.5 miles
4. Within 3,050 m / 10,000 feet from the sea-level
5. Capability to Handle Seismic Activity of Zone-2 (Gazipur)
6. Away from Chemical Plant and Power Generation Plant
Metallurgical, Structural, Civil, Architectural and MEP Requirement
Security and Risk Management
Video Demonstration
Fire Suppression System
Video Demonstration
DCIM and Facility Monitoring
Video Demonstration
Technology Selection & Options
Electrical and Power System
Static UPS (Modular / Stand Alone) with
DG, AVR, PFI, Battery Bank, Synchronize
Dynamic Rotary UPS
Flywheel UPS backed by Static UPS
Mechanical and HVAC System
Water Cooled Water Chiller
Air Cooled Water Chiller
Precision Air Condition
Technology Selection & Options
Access Control System
Plum Vein + PIN + Access ID
Finger Vein + PIN + Access ID
Irish / Finger Print + PIN + Access ID
Fire Suppression System
NOVEC 1230 + VESDA + Heat-Smoke
INERGEN + VESDA + Heat-Smoke
NAF / Water Mist, VESDA, Heat-Smoke
Technology Selection & Options
Power Distribution System
Continuous Bus Way + Cast Resin BBT
Continuous Bus Way + Sandwich BBT
Cast Resin / Sandwich BBT (both use)
Cold Air and Hot Air Separation
Slab Floor, Chimney Return
Any Slab, Smart Aisle (Rack Sensing)
Containment, Room Return
Any (Raised / Slab) Slab, Aisle (Hot /
Cold) Containment, Room Return
Design Misconception
What is the Right
Sequence:
Rack Door-Lock
Data Hall Access
Man Trap [2 Factor]
Data Hall Turnstile
Without Utility
Power Supply We
Can Acquire Tier
Certification
YES / NO
Rated 3 requires
Dual Utility
Power Source
YES / NO
TIA-942 awards
Certification to
DC Facility
YES / NO
Question, Answer, Feedback

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Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards

  • 1. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards
  • 2. • Introduction to Data Centre • Standards and Certification • Topology Standard : EPI and UTI • Topology Standard : Best Practice • Engine Generator Rating : UTI • Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI • Safety, Security and Fire Suppression • Data Centre Infrastructure Management • Question, Answer, Feedback Agenda
  • 3. Facilitator Facilitator Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet Academic Qualification MSc in Communication Engineering PGD in Development Planning BSc in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Professional Certification Accredited Tier Designer [ATD] PRINCE2 Practitioner [P2P] Certified Data Centre Specialist [CDCS] Certified TIA-942 Design Consultant [CTDC] Foil ID : 2250 Certificate ID : GR634042118KE Certificate ID: 5720940.20549575 Certificate ID: 5867871.20609664 Career History Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited Assistant Director, BTRC | Junior Consultant, BTRC Project Engineer, RAK Pharmaceuticals Limited February 1, 2016 – Present Aug 20, 2008 – Jan 31, 2016 May 1, 2008 – Aug 19, 2008 Focus Area ICT Policy and Regulation Internet Data Centre (IDC) Business Development
  • 4. What is a Data Centre Video Demonstration
  • 5. Standards and Certification Standard → ↓ Guideline UpTime [USA] EPI based on TIA-942 [USA] BICSI based on TIA-942 [USA] SS-507 [Singapore] EN-50600 [Europe] Type of Conformity Tier : I - IV Rated : 1 - 4 Class : 0 - 4 Pass / Fail Class : 1 - 4 Availability of Standard Yes Yes (Paid) Yes Yes Yes Certification Available Available Not Available Available Available Scope of Topology Tier Standard Electrical Mechanical Distribution OS Standard Other Element Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Efficiency Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Efficiency Incorporation Commercial Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit Accreditation No ANSI (TIA-942) ANSI Spring EN-CENELEC Training Event Yes Yes Yes No No Auditor UpTime Only Multiple ORG N/A Multiple ORG N/A
  • 6. Topology Standard : EPI and UTI Rated 1 Rated 2 Rated 3 Rated 4 Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N + N Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes Continuous Cooling No No No No Tier I Tier II Tier III Tier IV Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N After Any Failure Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No No Yes Continuous Cooling No No No Yes
  • 7. Topology Standard : Best Practice Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N + N Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active + 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes Continuous Cooling No No No [Average < 5 KW] Yes [Average > 5 KW] Yes Site Selection EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS Civil / Structural EPI EPI EPI EPI Architectural EPI EPI EPI EPI MMR and Structured Cabling EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP Safety, Security, Fire Code AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI Efficiency [PUE, WUE, SUE, DCIE] TGG TGG TGG TGG
  • 8. Engine Generator Rating : UTI EPI requires Engine Generator to be Prime with Nameplate Capacity
  • 9. Tier Topology : Misconception Raised Floor is Mandatory for both EPI and UTI YES / NO Without Utility Power Supply We Can Acquire Tier Certification YES / NO Tier III IDC with Average Per Rack Power Density is more than 4 KW, What Auditor will Ask in TCCF IDC with Isolated Parallel Bus System for DRUPS, Can We Acquire Tier IV from UTI in TCDD
  • 10. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Rated-4 and Tier-IV Design ‘Fault Tolerant’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-4 and Tier-IV conformity. It requires to ensure that every capacity component in either of their distribution path can run on the full-load operation of the facility. Hence, capacity component as well as distribution path can tolerate a fault anywhere in the system while the facility is having planned down-time / maintenance without disrupting ICT capabilities to end-user. It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However, Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of this scope. Software tools for remote operation is required. Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to be physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery, chiller plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 2 (two) hour fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire suppression and cooling is allowed along with manual fail-over switching of electrical-power.
  • 11. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Rated-3 and Tier-III Facility ‘Concurrent Maintainability’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-3 and Tier-III conformity. It requires to ensure that every capacity component as well as their distribution path can be removed / replaced / serviced on a planned basis without disrupting the ICT capabilities to the end-user. It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However, Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of this scope. Manual fail-over switching of electrical-power is allowed. Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to be physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery, chiller plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 1 (one) hour fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire suppression and cooling is allowed as well.
  • 12. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Site Selection Requirement 1. Ground Floor should be high-enough to sustain any flash flood based on 50 (fifty) years of flood history 2. Distance from Air-Port should be 8 Km / 5 miles 3. Distance from Rail-Station should be 0.8 Km / 0.5 miles 4. Within 3,050 m / 10,000 feet from the sea-level 5. Capability to Handle Seismic Activity of Zone-2 (Gazipur) 6. Away from Chemical Plant and Power Generation Plant Metallurgical, Structural, Civil, Architectural and MEP Requirement
  • 13. Security and Risk Management Video Demonstration
  • 15. DCIM and Facility Monitoring Video Demonstration
  • 16. Technology Selection & Options Electrical and Power System Static UPS (Modular / Stand Alone) with DG, AVR, PFI, Battery Bank, Synchronize Dynamic Rotary UPS Flywheel UPS backed by Static UPS Mechanical and HVAC System Water Cooled Water Chiller Air Cooled Water Chiller Precision Air Condition
  • 17. Technology Selection & Options Access Control System Plum Vein + PIN + Access ID Finger Vein + PIN + Access ID Irish / Finger Print + PIN + Access ID Fire Suppression System NOVEC 1230 + VESDA + Heat-Smoke INERGEN + VESDA + Heat-Smoke NAF / Water Mist, VESDA, Heat-Smoke
  • 18. Technology Selection & Options Power Distribution System Continuous Bus Way + Cast Resin BBT Continuous Bus Way + Sandwich BBT Cast Resin / Sandwich BBT (both use) Cold Air and Hot Air Separation Slab Floor, Chimney Return Any Slab, Smart Aisle (Rack Sensing) Containment, Room Return Any (Raised / Slab) Slab, Aisle (Hot / Cold) Containment, Room Return
  • 19. Design Misconception What is the Right Sequence: Rack Door-Lock Data Hall Access Man Trap [2 Factor] Data Hall Turnstile Without Utility Power Supply We Can Acquire Tier Certification YES / NO Rated 3 requires Dual Utility Power Source YES / NO TIA-942 awards Certification to DC Facility YES / NO