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Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards

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Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards
Presented by
Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet
Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited

Published in: Internet
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Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards

  1. 1. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards
  2. 2. • Introduction to Data Centre • Standards and Certification • Topology Standard : EPI and UTI • Topology Standard : Best Practice • Engine Generator Rating : UTI • Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI • Safety, Security and Fire Suppression • Data Centre Infrastructure Management • Question, Answer, Feedback Agenda
  3. 3. Facilitator Facilitator Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet Academic Qualification MSc in Communication Engineering PGD in Development Planning BSc in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Professional Certification Accredited Tier Designer [ATD] PRINCE2 Practitioner [P2P] Certified Data Centre Specialist [CDCS] Certified TIA-942 Design Consultant [CTDC] Foil ID : 2250 Certificate ID : GR634042118KE Certificate ID: 5720940.20549575 Certificate ID: 5867871.20609664 Career History Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited Assistant Director, BTRC | Junior Consultant, BTRC Project Engineer, RAK Pharmaceuticals Limited February 1, 2016 – Present Aug 20, 2008 – Jan 31, 2016 May 1, 2008 – Aug 19, 2008 Focus Area ICT Policy and Regulation Internet Data Centre (IDC) Business Development
  4. 4. What is a Data Centre Video Demonstration
  5. 5. Standards and Certification Standard → ↓ Guideline UpTime [USA] EPI based on TIA-942 [USA] BICSI based on TIA-942 [USA] SS-507 [Singapore] EN-50600 [Europe] Type of Conformity Tier : I - IV Rated : 1 - 4 Class : 0 - 4 Pass / Fail Class : 1 - 4 Availability of Standard Yes Yes (Paid) Yes Yes Yes Certification Available Available Not Available Available Available Scope of Topology Tier Standard Electrical Mechanical Distribution OS Standard Other Element Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Efficiency Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Electrical Mechanical Distribution Architectural Telecom Site Location Safety-Security Efficiency Incorporation Commercial Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit Non-Profit Accreditation No ANSI (TIA-942) ANSI Spring EN-CENELEC Training Event Yes Yes Yes No No Auditor UpTime Only Multiple ORG N/A Multiple ORG N/A
  6. 6. Topology Standard : EPI and UTI Rated 1 Rated 2 Rated 3 Rated 4 Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N + N Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes Continuous Cooling No No No No Tier I Tier II Tier III Tier IV Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N After Any Failure Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active and 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No No Yes Continuous Cooling No No No Yes
  7. 7. Topology Standard : Best Practice Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Active Capacity Components to Support the IT Load N N + 1 N + 1 N + N Distribution Paths 1 1 1 Active + 1 Alternate 2 Simultaneously Active Concurrently Maintainable No No Yes Yes Fault Tolerance No No No Yes Compartmentalization No No Yes Yes Continuous Cooling No No No [Average < 5 KW] Yes [Average > 5 KW] Yes Site Selection EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS EPI, OS Civil / Structural EPI EPI EPI EPI Architectural EPI EPI EPI EPI MMR and Structured Cabling EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP EPI, IBP Safety, Security, Fire Code AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI AHJ, EPI Efficiency [PUE, WUE, SUE, DCIE] TGG TGG TGG TGG
  8. 8. Engine Generator Rating : UTI EPI requires Engine Generator to be Prime with Nameplate Capacity
  9. 9. Tier Topology : Misconception Raised Floor is Mandatory for both EPI and UTI YES / NO Without Utility Power Supply We Can Acquire Tier Certification YES / NO Tier III IDC with Average Per Rack Power Density is more than 4 KW, What Auditor will Ask in TCCF IDC with Isolated Parallel Bus System for DRUPS, Can We Acquire Tier IV from UTI in TCDD
  10. 10. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Rated-4 and Tier-IV Design ‘Fault Tolerant’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-4 and Tier-IV conformity. It requires to ensure that every capacity component in either of their distribution path can run on the full-load operation of the facility. Hence, capacity component as well as distribution path can tolerate a fault anywhere in the system while the facility is having planned down-time / maintenance without disrupting ICT capabilities to end-user. It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However, Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of this scope. Software tools for remote operation is required. Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to be physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery, chiller plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 2 (two) hour fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire suppression and cooling is allowed along with manual fail-over switching of electrical-power.
  11. 11. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Rated-3 and Tier-III Facility ‘Concurrent Maintainability’ is the philosophy behind the Rated-3 and Tier-III conformity. It requires to ensure that every capacity component as well as their distribution path can be removed / replaced / serviced on a planned basis without disrupting the ICT capabilities to the end-user. It applies to all active and passive components of MEP infrastructure. However, Architecture-Civil, Fire Suppression and Safety-Security provisions are out of this scope. Manual fail-over switching of electrical-power is allowed. Furthermore, it requires that each distribution path for power, cooling, ICT to be physically separated. Specifically transformer, generator, UPS, battery, chiller plant, carrier room / meet-me room and rack-space should remain 1 (one) hour fire-separated from each other. Additionally, no sharing of PDU, fire suppression and cooling is allowed as well.
  12. 12. Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI Compliance Standard Validation and Audit Site Selection Requirement 1. Ground Floor should be high-enough to sustain any flash flood based on 50 (fifty) years of flood history 2. Distance from Air-Port should be 8 Km / 5 miles 3. Distance from Rail-Station should be 0.8 Km / 0.5 miles 4. Within 3,050 m / 10,000 feet from the sea-level 5. Capability to Handle Seismic Activity of Zone-2 (Gazipur) 6. Away from Chemical Plant and Power Generation Plant Metallurgical, Structural, Civil, Architectural and MEP Requirement
  13. 13. Security and Risk Management Video Demonstration
  14. 14. Fire Suppression System Video Demonstration
  15. 15. DCIM and Facility Monitoring Video Demonstration
  16. 16. Technology Selection & Options Electrical and Power System Static UPS (Modular / Stand Alone) with DG, AVR, PFI, Battery Bank, Synchronize Dynamic Rotary UPS Flywheel UPS backed by Static UPS Mechanical and HVAC System Water Cooled Water Chiller Air Cooled Water Chiller Precision Air Condition
  17. 17. Technology Selection & Options Access Control System Plum Vein + PIN + Access ID Finger Vein + PIN + Access ID Irish / Finger Print + PIN + Access ID Fire Suppression System NOVEC 1230 + VESDA + Heat-Smoke INERGEN + VESDA + Heat-Smoke NAF / Water Mist, VESDA, Heat-Smoke
  18. 18. Technology Selection & Options Power Distribution System Continuous Bus Way + Cast Resin BBT Continuous Bus Way + Sandwich BBT Cast Resin / Sandwich BBT (both use) Cold Air and Hot Air Separation Slab Floor, Chimney Return Any Slab, Smart Aisle (Rack Sensing) Containment, Room Return Any (Raised / Slab) Slab, Aisle (Hot / Cold) Containment, Room Return
  19. 19. Design Misconception What is the Right Sequence: Rack Door-Lock Data Hall Access Man Trap [2 Factor] Data Hall Turnstile Without Utility Power Supply We Can Acquire Tier Certification YES / NO Rated 3 requires Dual Utility Power Source YES / NO TIA-942 awards Certification to DC Facility YES / NO
  20. 20. Question, Answer, Feedback

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