Asteroids and Comets: (Near Earth Objects, or NEOs)   Mitigating Impact Risks & Stepping Stones to a Sustainable Space Pro...
Q: Where did NEOs come from? A: The very birth of our Solar System!
 
Q: Where are NEOs today? A: Everywhere!
> 1,000,000 Total by  ~2020 > 300,000 Tunguska or larger
 
Q: Have NEOs shaped life on Earth? A: Yes! The evolution of our biota was uniquely impacted by NEOs.
 
Q: Could this happen again? A: Yes! Take a look… (thank you Carter Emmart, Hayden Planetarium)
 
Now that’s something to think about!
Risk Corridor for Apophis Case study: Apophis, 2029-2036
2020 - Risk Corridors Other NEOs of Concern
Q: Have we visited NEOs? A: Yes! With robotics…
NEAR-Shoemaker (Eros)
Hayabusa (Itokawa)
Deep Impact (Tempel 1 Comet)
Q: Could humans visit NEOs? A: Yes! Here is a way it could work…
Design for a human mission to a NEO
Popular Science, November 2007 … which was picked up by the popular media…
… and somewhat creatively misinterpreted!
Q: Can we Mitigate the threat posed by NEOs? A: Yes! Here is a way it could work…
Hollywood: Not how it would work
Kinetic Impact Pushes the asteroid via direct impact Orbit Determination Determining which NEOs are threatening Gravity Tr...
Kinetic Impactor: Assisting Gravity Tractoring
DigitalSpace/B612 Visualization of GT/Kinetic Impactor
<ul><li>Who will issue warnings to evacuate a predicted impact point?  </li></ul><ul><li>Based on what information?  </li>...
Q: Could we use resources on NEOs to support exploration and settlement of the solar system? A: Perhaps!
From the fanciful
Vehicle on virtual lunar terrain, excavating volume To the seriously studied
To the imagined
<ul><li>#1 “Refueling Stations” for propulsion & human consumables </li></ul><ul><li>Lowers launch mass of vehicles </li><...
Thank you NASA and B612 Foundation for funding this work. DigitalSpace’s NEO Mission Simulations: http://www.digitalspace....
Thank you for your attention! Contact:  [email_address] Source: www.grinningplanet.com
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Bruce Damer's talk on Asteroids and Comets: Mitigating Impact Risks & Stepping Stones to a Sustainable Space Program (IEET workshop, 2008)

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Bruce Damer's talk on Asteroids and Comets: Mitigating Impact Risks & Stepping Stones to a Sustainable Space Program (IEET workshop, 2008)

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Bruce Damer's talk on Asteroids and Comets: Mitigating Impact Risks & Stepping Stones to a Sustainable Space Program (IEET workshop, 2008)

  1. 1. Asteroids and Comets: (Near Earth Objects, or NEOs) Mitigating Impact Risks & Stepping Stones to a Sustainable Space Program Bruce Damer, DigitalSpace IEET Seminar, 14 Nov, 2008
  2. 2. Q: Where did NEOs come from? A: The very birth of our Solar System!
  3. 4. Q: Where are NEOs today? A: Everywhere!
  4. 5. > 1,000,000 Total by ~2020 > 300,000 Tunguska or larger
  5. 7. Q: Have NEOs shaped life on Earth? A: Yes! The evolution of our biota was uniquely impacted by NEOs.
  6. 9. Q: Could this happen again? A: Yes! Take a look… (thank you Carter Emmart, Hayden Planetarium)
  7. 11. Now that’s something to think about!
  8. 12. Risk Corridor for Apophis Case study: Apophis, 2029-2036
  9. 13. 2020 - Risk Corridors Other NEOs of Concern
  10. 14. Q: Have we visited NEOs? A: Yes! With robotics…
  11. 15. NEAR-Shoemaker (Eros)
  12. 16. Hayabusa (Itokawa)
  13. 17. Deep Impact (Tempel 1 Comet)
  14. 18. Q: Could humans visit NEOs? A: Yes! Here is a way it could work…
  15. 19. Design for a human mission to a NEO
  16. 20. Popular Science, November 2007 … which was picked up by the popular media…
  17. 21. … and somewhat creatively misinterpreted!
  18. 22. Q: Can we Mitigate the threat posed by NEOs? A: Yes! Here is a way it could work…
  19. 23. Hollywood: Not how it would work
  20. 24. Kinetic Impact Pushes the asteroid via direct impact Orbit Determination Determining which NEOs are threatening Gravity Tractor Pulls the asteroid using mutual gravity as a tow-rope B612 Foundation 2008 Research Project
  21. 25. Kinetic Impactor: Assisting Gravity Tractoring
  22. 26. DigitalSpace/B612 Visualization of GT/Kinetic Impactor
  23. 27. <ul><li>Who will issue warnings to evacuate a predicted impact point? </li></ul><ul><li>Based on what information? </li></ul><ul><li>How will the public react if there are conflicting predictions? </li></ul><ul><li>What deflection technologies exist and who approves their use? </li></ul><ul><li>Who accepts liability if an asteroid deflection doesn’t work? </li></ul><ul><li>Who decides that it’s acceptable to temporarily increase the risk to some people in order to eliminate it for everyone? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the biggest asteroid we can safely decide to ignore? </li></ul><ul><li>Who pays to deflect an asteroid? </li></ul><ul><li>What does such a mission cost? </li></ul><ul><li>Who should deflect an incoming asteroid? </li></ul><ul><li>Will two space agencies decide to take conflicting actions? </li></ul>Critical Questions
  24. 28. Q: Could we use resources on NEOs to support exploration and settlement of the solar system? A: Perhaps!
  25. 29. From the fanciful
  26. 30. Vehicle on virtual lunar terrain, excavating volume To the seriously studied
  27. 31. To the imagined
  28. 32. <ul><li>#1 “Refueling Stations” for propulsion & human consumables </li></ul><ul><li>Lowers launch mass of vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Increases safety, sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>NEOs as viable biospheres? </li></ul><ul><li>We are all made of NEO-stuff! (apologies to C. Sagan!) </li></ul><ul><li>Who can stake a claim? </li></ul><ul><li>If NEOs are brought into Low Earth Orbit, who is threatened, who benefits? </li></ul>Benefits from Capturing & Mining NEOs
  29. 33. Thank you NASA and B612 Foundation for funding this work. DigitalSpace’s NEO Mission Simulations: http://www.digitalspace.com NASA Near Earth Object Program: http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov B612 Foundation: http://www.b612foundation.org
  30. 34. Thank you for your attention! Contact: [email_address] Source: www.grinningplanet.com

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