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The Public Cloud - From Greed & Pollution to Green IT Solutions

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The Public Cloud - From Greed & Pollution to Green IT Solutions

  1. 1. The Public CloudThe Public Cloud From Greed & Pollution toFrom Greed & Pollution to “Green IT Solutions”“Green IT Solutions”
  2. 2. Greed, Waste, PollutionGreed, Waste, Pollution • ““Buy-and-hire” attitude, service contractsBuy-and-hire” attitude, service contracts • Low Utilization: Unused CPU cycles, RAMLow Utilization: Unused CPU cycles, RAM • Server sprawl:Server sprawl: Inefficient storageInefficient storage//configurationconfiguration • IT as gatekeeper of the “network fiefdom”IT as gatekeeper of the “network fiefdom” • Repeated work, duplicated appsRepeated work, duplicated apps functionalityfunctionality
  3. 3. What is Green IT?What is Green IT? • Sustainable TechnologySustainable Technology • Renewable EnergiesRenewable Energies • Changes in Policy & StrategyChanges in Policy & Strategy • A marketing buzzword (unfortunately)A marketing buzzword (unfortunately)
  4. 4. A Green IT FrameworkA Green IT Framework
  5. 5. • Stop using so much electricity!?!Stop using so much electricity!?!
  6. 6. StrategiesStrategies • Power meteringPower metering • Smartgrids, Footprinting & Self-regulationSmartgrids, Footprinting & Self-regulation • Incentives and subsidiesIncentives and subsidies • TelecommutingTelecommuting
  7. 7. ProductsProducts • Google PowerMeterGoogle PowerMeter • NightWatchmanNightWatchman • AgileWavesAgileWaves • Remote Monitoring (VNC, WakeOnLAN)Remote Monitoring (VNC, WakeOnLAN)
  8. 8. Google PowerMeterGoogle PowerMeter
  9. 9. NightWatchmanNightWatchman
  10. 10. AgilewavesAgilewaves
  11. 11. Wake on LANWake on LAN
  12. 12. InfrastructureInfrastructure • Private .vs. Public CloudPrivate .vs. Public Cloud • Follow the Sun (IaaS)Follow the Sun (IaaS) • FoIlow the Wind (IaaS)FoIlow the Wind (IaaS) • Hydro-cooledHydro-cooled • Cow-powered?!?Cow-powered?!?
  13. 13. Public .vs. Private CloudsPublic .vs. Private Clouds • InternetInternet • Open SourceOpen Source • Storage is managedStorage is managed by third partyby third party • Public CompaniesPublic Companies (IPO)(IPO) • Files/ContentFiles/Content (i.e. CDN)(i.e. CDN) • Supported by PublicSupported by Public (i.e. taxpayer) funds(i.e. taxpayer) funds • IntranetIntranet • ProprietaryProprietary • Storage is managedStorage is managed internallyinternally • Private companiesPrivate companies • Sensitive DataSensitive Data (i.e. Hospitals)(i.e. Hospitals) • Supported by a BusinessSupported by a Business ModelModel Public Private
  14. 14. Why should Government care?Why should Government care? • World energy needs outpacing productionWorld energy needs outpacing production • ICT is both part of the problem and a keyICT is both part of the problem and a key to the solutionto the solution • IT (private) Sector reduced emissions byIT (private) Sector reduced emissions by 32 million metric tons since 2007,32 million metric tons since 2007, Government increased by 14 metric tonsGovernment increased by 14 metric tons • By 2015, does Government want to get leftBy 2015, does Government want to get left behind?behind?
  15. 15. We’re Screwed!We’re Screwed! • World Energy ConsumptionWorld Energy Consumption (TW)
  16. 16. Reinforce Preconceptions Through Clipart!Reinforce Preconceptions Through Clipart! • Coal • Oil • Gas • Hydro • Tidal • Solar • Wind • Geothermal • Nuclear • Biofuels Non-renewables Partially renewable, negative impact Renewables
  17. 17. Depressing Energy Consumption ChartDepressing Energy Consumption Chart
  18. 18. Case Study: JapanCase Study: Japan • Cloud Computing trials in 6Cloud Computing trials in 6 prefectures, 2008-2011prefectures, 2008-2011 • Kanagawa ordered 2.47Kanagawa ordered 2.47 Billion Yen worth ofBillion Yen worth of • Estimated 30% savingsEstimated 30% savings • All 1800 depts.All 1800 depts. as early as 2015as early as 2015
  19. 19. • Cloud computing innovation center wasCloud computing innovation center was launched in Yangpu District, Shanghai onlaunched in Yangpu District, Shanghai on Oct. 26, 2010Oct. 26, 2010 • By end of 2015, overBy end of 2015, over 300 upstream &300 upstream & downstreamdownstream enterprises inenterprises in industry to gatherindustry to gather • Output value ofOutput value of ~15 billion yuan~15 billion yuan Case Study: ChinaCase Study: China
  20. 20. Government DepartmentsGovernment Departments • Environment Canada • National Energy Board • Natural Resources Canada • AUCC (Universities) • Industry Canada • Infrastructure Canada • NSERC • CRC • NRC!!! • ACOA • Enterprise NB
  21. 21. GreenIT @ NRC?GreenIT @ NRC? • Upgrading servers and buildingsUpgrading servers and buildings • ~168 KwH saved per year already~168 KwH saved per year already • Could lead creation of a true “Public Cloud”Could lead creation of a true “Public Cloud” in New Brunswick, for small-to-mid sizedin New Brunswick, for small-to-mid sized businessesbusinesses with:with: – ACOAACOA – Enterprise NBEnterprise NB – Others?Others?
  22. 22. GreenStar NetworkGreenStar Network
  23. 23. Green IT SoluionsGreen IT Soluions • VirtualizationVirtualization • ““Green” Public Cloud for SMEsGreen” Public Cloud for SMEs • Telecommuting & VideoconferencingTelecommuting & Videoconferencing • Reuse apps, skillsReuse apps, skills • Recycle hardware, share cyclesRecycle hardware, share cycles
  24. 24. DiscussionDiscussion • Lights/Screens/CC alwaLights/Screens/CC alwaysys onon • NRC’s internal wiki: Green ideas pageNRC’s internal wiki: Green ideas page • GreenITers and similar public forumsGreenITers and similar public forums • Move projects forwardMove projects forward

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