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Hrd 830-1


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Hrd 830-1

  1. 1. Ethics Training Michael Smith HRD 830 – Fall Semester Clemson University
  2. 2. <ul><li>Understand the history and relevance of ethics in the work place </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the benefits of ethics training </li></ul><ul><li>Assist others with ethical decision making </li></ul>Goals
  3. 3. <ul><li>Ethics in the work place has existed since the introduction of the work place </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis hit business Ethics in recent history </li></ul><ul><li>1960’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Company’s became too focused on bottom line profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company commitments to employees and society drifted apart </li></ul></ul>History
  4. 4. History <ul><li>1970’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rift continues to increase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee vs. Employer mentality introduced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1980’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bribes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial mismanagement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2000’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of privacy </li></ul></ul>*Ethics Resource Center [ERC], 2008
  5. 5. <ul><li>Studies show that employers who offer and empower their employees benefit from improvement in productivity and bottom line results* </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of ethics training are visible in other company’s such as Google </li></ul>Why Do Anything? *Williams Institute for Ethics and Management, The, 2008.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Only 1% of Googlers observed misconduct* </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics Resource Center [ERC] Survey shows national average = 56%** </li></ul><ul><li>69% of our class has observed misconduct </li></ul>Why Do Anything? *Great Place to Work Institute, 2008 **ERC, 2007
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ethics can not be taught! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics doesn’t need to be taught </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>99.9% of people have an ethical base* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different types of Ethics can be taught </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical decision making can be taught </li></ul>*Perry, 1994 Teaching Ethics
  8. 8. <ul><li>Five Different Ethics Approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Utilitarian Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good vs. Evil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rights Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals have certain protected Rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Justice Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requires fairness and discourages favoritism </li></ul></ul></ul>Teaching Ethics *Valesquez, Andre, Shanks, Meyer, 1997
  9. 9. <ul><li>Five Different Ethics Approaches (Cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Common Good Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Society’s Rights to safety, health care and environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Virtue Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Going beyond the “good” decision to the “best” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advancing societies development and character </li></ul></ul></ul>Teaching Ethics *Valesquez, Andre, Shanks, Meyer, 1997
  10. 10. <ul><li>Basic Decision Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Define the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Identify alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) Evaluate the alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4) Make the decision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5) Implement the decision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6) Evaluate the decision </li></ul></ul>*Ethics Resource Center [ERC], 2008 Teaching Ethics
  11. 11. <ul><li>PLUS Method of Decision Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as a filter during certain points of decision making process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>P olicies – is it consistent with my organizations policies, procedures and guidelines? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>L egal- is it acceptable under the applicable laws and regulations? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U niversal – does it conform to universal principles/values my organization has adopted? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S elf – does it satisfy my personal definition of right, good and fair? </li></ul></ul></ul>*Ethics Resource Center [ERC], 2008 Teaching Ethics
  12. 12. <ul><li>Job Aid Wallet Decision Card </li></ul>Teaching Ethics <ul><li>Six Steps to Ethical Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>-Step 1: Define the problem PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Identify alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Evaluate the alternatives PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Implement the decision </li></ul><ul><li>Step 6: Evaluate the decision PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Our Universal Principles and Values </li></ul><ul><li>-E – Empathy – understanding the thoughts and needs of others </li></ul><ul><li>P – Patience – taking the time to understand before we act </li></ul><ul><li>I – Integrity – honesty and truth in all situations </li></ul><ul><li>C – Courage – doing what is right even when it is difficult </li></ul>Wallet Card Six Steps Company Principles and/or Beliefs
  13. 13. <ul><li>We must prevent the downward spiral of business ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics training assists employees and employers in recognizing ethical dilemmas </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ethical decision making methods similar to the PLUS method, what is important is that one of them is utilized </li></ul>Conclusion