Laws of the Game For Valley United Soccer Club travel soccer refs


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training on the FIFA/USSF youth soccer Laws of the Game as modified for the MN Youth Soccer Assn (MYSA) for travel soccer refs. Valley United Soccer Club is the travel soccer club in Apple Valley, MN. See for more info.

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Laws of the Game For Valley United Soccer Club travel soccer refs

  1. 1. The Laws of the Game for Valley United Soccer Club Travel players and coaches
  2. 2. Laws of the Game <ul><li>All league and tournament games have refs </li></ul><ul><li>FIFA Laws of the Games </li></ul><ul><li>MYSA modifications </li></ul><ul><li> for youth soccer </li></ul><ul><li>Some tournaments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rules differ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read the rules! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Law 1 – The Field of Play <ul><li>Full-size fields for U13 and older </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller fields for small-sided games – U9/U10 and U11/U12 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Law 1 – The Field of Play
  5. 5. Law 1 – The Field of Play <ul><li>Refs need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure goals are anchored </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure there is nothing dangerous on the field </li></ul><ul><li>Walk the field when you first arrive </li></ul>
  6. 6. Law 2 – The Ball <ul><li>Size 3 for U9/U10 </li></ul><ul><li>Size 4 for U11/U12 </li></ul><ul><li>Size 5 for U13 and older </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in good condition </li></ul><ul><li>Ball properly inflated </li></ul>
  7. 7. Law 3 – Number of Players <ul><li>11v11 for U13 and older </li></ul><ul><li>8v8 for U11/U12 </li></ul><ul><li>6v6 for U9/U10 </li></ul><ul><li>Each team must have an identified keeper </li></ul>
  8. 8. Law 3 – Number of Players <ul><li>Substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Only with Ref’s permission </li></ul><ul><li>Own throw-in; Opponents throw-in if they are subbing </li></ul><ul><li>Goal kick – either team </li></ul><ul><li>Injury – either team </li></ul><ul><li>After goal scored </li></ul><ul><li>Half </li></ul><ul><li>U9/U10/U11/U12 – sub at any stoppage </li></ul>
  9. 9. Law 3 – Number of Players <ul><li>Substitutions – New 2010 Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonial restart (restart with whistle) if the restart needs to be held up for the substitution to complete. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Law 3 – Number of Players <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>All subbing is at Ref’s discretion </li></ul><ul><li>Coach must ask for sub </li></ul><ul><li>No subs on corners or free kicks </li></ul><ul><li>There are no “time outs”! </li></ul><ul><li>If one team is short players, the other team may elect to play short or play at full strength </li></ul>
  11. 11. Law 4 – Players Equipment <ul><li>Shin guards are only mandatory gear </li></ul><ul><li>Uniforms must match </li></ul><ul><li>Cleats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No metal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No spikes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No toe-cleats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soft gloves, hats allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Jerseys must be visible (worn over any cold weather gear </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate optional gear is allowed at the ref’s discretion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Safety first </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve flow of game </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce the Laws of the Game </li></ul><ul><li>In charge from when you arrive at the field until you leave </li></ul>
  13. 13. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Pre-game </li></ul><ul><li>Check in both teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check shin guards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check cleats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check rosters and player/coach passes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any additional instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coin toss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winner chooses side to defend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other team kicks off </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Law 5 - Referees
  15. 15. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Whistle to stop play </li></ul><ul><li>Point (signal) to place of restart </li></ul><ul><li>No whistle needed to start play except “ceremonial restarts” (kick-off or free kick when a delay is needed) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Law 5 - Referees
  17. 17. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Advantage: </li></ul><ul><li>Offending team cannot benefit from committing an offence. </li></ul><ul><li>Ref may delay call to see if fouled team will benefit from a non-call </li></ul><ul><li>If advantage does not develop, then make the call </li></ul>
  18. 18. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Stop play for a serious injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop play for a head injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue play until out of play for minor injury away from play. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your judgment… Safety First!!!!! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Mistakes: </li></ul><ul><li>Refs make mistakes! </li></ul><ul><li>Ref may correct mistake before ball is put back in play </li></ul><ul><li>Once the ball is in play… the call stands. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Refs need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Loud whistles! </li></ul><ul><li>Use your outside voice! </li></ul><ul><li>Whistle, hand-signal and announce all calls </li></ul><ul><li>You may briefly explain any call or situation to a player or coach </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite to coaches and players </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a coach if you need help with a fan or (opposing) coach </li></ul>
  21. 21. Law 5 - Referees <ul><li>Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t loudly challenge refs </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite to refs </li></ul><ul><li>If ref asks for help with fan or opposing coach, please help them </li></ul><ul><li>It’s only a game! </li></ul><ul><li>If you have an issue with a ref, contact your age group director. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Law 6 – Assistant Referees <ul><li>In 3 ref system call: </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in and out of play </li></ul><ul><li>Offside </li></ul><ul><li>Nearby fouls </li></ul>
  23. 23. Law 7 – Duration of Game <ul><li>Two equal halves </li></ul><ul><li>U17+ – 45 min halves </li></ul><ul><li>U15/U16 – 40 min </li></ul><ul><li>U13/U14 – 35 min </li></ul><ul><li>U11/U12 – 30 min </li></ul><ul><li>U9/U10 – 25 min </li></ul>
  24. 24. Law 7 – Duration of Game <ul><li>Refs need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten time for excessive heat (and/or give mid-half water breaks) </li></ul><ul><li>Respond if asked for amount of time remaining </li></ul>
  25. 25. Law 8 – Start of Play <ul><li>Ball on center mark </li></ul><ul><li>One team on each side of half-way line </li></ul><ul><li>Non-kicking team outside of center circle </li></ul><ul><li>Play starts with whistle </li></ul><ul><li>Ball must move forward </li></ul>
  26. 26. Law 9 – Ball In and Out of Play <ul><li>Only D is out of play </li></ul>
  27. 27. Law 10 – Method of Scoring
  28. 28. Law 10 – Method of Scoring
  29. 29. Law 11 - Offside <ul><li>Offside position – attacking player without ball closer to goal than both the ball and 2 defensive players </li></ul><ul><li>Not in an offside position if – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In own half </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even with 2 nd to last defender </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Law 11 - Offside <ul><li>Offside violation – at the moment a teammate plays the ball, player in offside position becomes actively involved in play by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receiving the ball; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interfering with play or an opponent, or; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaining an advantage from being in the offside position </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Law 11 - Offside <ul><li>Indirect free kick to other team from spot violation occurred </li></ul><ul><li>No violation if ball received from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw-in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corner kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal kick </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Law 11 - Offside <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Offside can only be judged from a position even with the 2 nd to last defender </li></ul><ul><li>Offside position player must be materially involved in the play </li></ul><ul><li>Correct term is “offside”. There is no “offsides” nor “onside”. </li></ul><ul><li>A defender deliberately leaving the field to create an offside situation is considered to be on their goal line. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Law 11 - Offside #10 is in offside position when #11 sends pass and is materially Involved in the play by receiving, Or being the only offensive player Who can receive, the ball.
  34. 34. Law 11 - Offside
  35. 35. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>7 Direct free kick fouls: </li></ul><ul><li>kicks or attempts to kick, </li></ul><ul><li>trips or attempts to trip, </li></ul><ul><li>jumps at, </li></ul><ul><li>charges at, </li></ul><ul><li>strikes or attempts to strike, </li></ul><ul><li>Pushes, or; </li></ul><ul><li>Tackles …an opponent </li></ul>
  36. 36. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>But only if: </li></ul><ul><li>Careless (foul) </li></ul><ul><li>Reckless (caution - Yellow) </li></ul><ul><li>with Excessive Force (send off - Red) </li></ul>
  37. 37. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>3 more direct free kick fouls: </li></ul><ul><li>holds an opponent </li></ul><ul><li>spits at an opponent </li></ul><ul><li>handles the ball intentionally (except keeper in own penalty area) </li></ul><ul><li>Taken where offence occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty kick - if any of the 10 fouls occur in the penalty area. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>4 Indirect free kick fouls - if keeper, in penalty area, commits any of four offences: </li></ul><ul><li>holds ball (hands) more than six seconds </li></ul><ul><li>handles ball again after releasing it, before it touched another player </li></ul><ul><li>handles ball intentionally kicked to him by team-mate </li></ul><ul><li>handles ball directly from teammate’s throw-in </li></ul>
  39. 39. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>4 more Indirect free kick fouls for all players: </li></ul><ul><li>dangerous play </li></ul><ul><li>Impedes opponent’s progress </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents keeper from releasing ball from his hands </li></ul><ul><li>commits any other offence, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or send off a player </li></ul>
  40. 40. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>Yellow card for a caution </li></ul><ul><li>Red card for a send-off </li></ul>
  41. 41. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>7 & 7 – 7 cautions </li></ul><ul><li>unsporting behavior </li></ul><ul><li>dissent </li></ul><ul><li>persistent infringement of Laws </li></ul><ul><li>delaying the restart of play </li></ul><ul><li>failure to respect the required distance on restart (corner kick, free kick or throw-in) </li></ul><ul><li>entering field without referee’s permission </li></ul><ul><li>deliberately leaving field without ref’s permission </li></ul>
  42. 42. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>7 & 7 – 7 send-offs </li></ul><ul><li>serious foul play </li></ul><ul><li>violent conduct </li></ul><ul><li>spitting at opponent or any other person </li></ul><ul><li>denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling ball </li></ul><ul><li>denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by a free kick or a penalty kick offence </li></ul><ul><li>using offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures </li></ul><ul><li>receiving a second caution in same match </li></ul>
  43. 43. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct <ul><li>Refs need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>10 direct-kick, 8 indirect-kick fouls </li></ul><ul><li>Use caution/send-off (yellow/red) sparingly, but as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Foul calls at the discretion of ref (and caution/send-off) </li></ul><ul><li>Foul call delayed (or not made) if fouled team maintains an advantage (Advantage Rule) </li></ul>
  44. 44. Law 13 – Free Kicks <ul><li>The kicker may score goal from a direct free kick (Major infraction). </li></ul><ul><li>Goal may not be scored from an indirect free kick (All other infractions). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless the ball is played or touched by another player of either team. </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Law 14 – Penalty Kick <ul><li>Direct Free Kick resulting from a player inside own penalty area intentionally committing any of the ten major (direct free kick) offenses </li></ul>
  46. 46. Law 14 – Penalty Kick <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Any on-field player may kick or be keeper </li></ul><ul><li>All players except kicker outside of penalty area and penalty arc </li></ul><ul><li>Keeper on goal line until ball is kicked (may jump or move side-to-side) </li></ul><ul><li>Ball is live after kick </li></ul>
  47. 47. Law 14 – Penalty Kick <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Offense infraction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If score – retake kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If miss – IFK </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defense infraction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If score – goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If miss – retake kick </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Law 15 – Throw-In <ul><li>Restart after ball has passed entirely over the touchline </li></ul><ul><li>All or part of both feet off field </li></ul><ul><li>Ball brought back behind head, then released in front of body </li></ul><ul><li>Both feet on ground when released </li></ul><ul><li>Violations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot lifted – throw-in to other team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrower plays ball again – IFK to other team </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. Law 15 – Throw-In <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Re-take throw if ball does not enter field </li></ul><ul><li>Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>The thrower is always open after the throw </li></ul>
  50. 50. Law 16 – Goal Kick <ul><li>Restart after ball passed entirely over goal line, last touched by the attacking team </li></ul><ul><li>Ball placed inside goal area </li></ul><ul><li>Defending team outside of goal area </li></ul><ul><li>Ball must be kicked out of penalty area </li></ul><ul><li>Violation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Played before leaving penalty area - rekick </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Law 16 – Goal Kick <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Any number of offensive players may be in the penalty area </li></ul><ul><li>Younger players may have trouble kicking out of the PA </li></ul><ul><li>Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Unless your keeper has a strong leg, keep extra players back </li></ul><ul><li>Keepers should learn to take goal kicks </li></ul>
  52. 52. Law 17 – Corner Kick <ul><li>Restart play after ball has passed entirely over the goal line and was last touched by the defending team. </li></ul><ul><li>Ball placed inside the corner arc, or within 1 yd of the corner </li></ul>
  53. 53. Law 17 – Corner Kick <ul><li>Refs need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for pushing in the PA before the kick </li></ul><ul><li>No offside violation on ball received directly from CK </li></ul><ul><li>Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Practice corner kicks! </li></ul>
  54. 54. Laws 13-17 – Restarts <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot score an own goal directly from any restart </li></ul><ul><li>If ball goes in own goal, restart as if the goal was not there </li></ul>
  55. 55. Law 18 – Common Sense! <ul><li>Soccer is a GAME! </li></ul>
  56. 56. Rules for Overtime <ul><li>League games – no overtime, games tied after regulation remain a tie </li></ul><ul><li>Districts/States: Teams tied after regulation – two 5-min periods of overtime. </li></ul><ul><li>For darkness or weather, referee may before the overtime starts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce overtime to one 5-min period, or: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>go directly to a Shoot-Out. </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Rules for Overtime <ul><li>2 5-min periods </li></ul><ul><li>Both are played – not “sudden death” </li></ul><ul><li>Start with coin toss </li></ul><ul><li>Switch sides between periods </li></ul><ul><li>If tied after 10 min, go to shoot-out </li></ul>
  58. 58. Rules for Shoot-Out <ul><li>Ref chooses goal to shoot on. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams must have the same number of players on the field (if one team has more players on the field, they must remove players to equalize). </li></ul><ul><li>Coin toss – winner takes the first kick. </li></ul><ul><li>Each team provides 5 kickers. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams alternate kicking. </li></ul><ul><li>Keepers may kick. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Rules for Shoot-Out <ul><li>Only players on field at end of overtime may kick. </li></ul><ul><li>Any player on the field may play keeper. </li></ul><ul><li>The keeper can be changed at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>If one team mathematically wins (other team can’t score enough goals) then the game ends. </li></ul><ul><li>If tied after 5 kicks per team, continue in the same order until one team wins. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Rules for Shoot-Out <ul><li>Whichever team scores the most, wins. </li></ul><ul><li>All field players except the kicker and 2 keepers must stay in the center circle during the shoot-out. </li></ul><ul><li>If the game must be called for darkness or weather during the shoot-out, the result will be decided by coin toss. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Rules for Taking the Shot <ul><li>One shooting player at the penalty mark </li></ul><ul><li>One keeper on the goal line </li></ul><ul><li>Shooter places the ball at the penalty mark </li></ul><ul><li>Ref assures both players are in place </li></ul><ul><li>Keeper may not leave the goal line until the shooter makes contact with the ball </li></ul><ul><li>Shooter may not shoot until the ref blows the whistle </li></ul>
  62. 62. Rules for Taking the Shot <ul><li>Center ref stands at side of penalty area even with penalty mark </li></ul><ul><li>lead AR at the goal line (where goal area intersects goal line) </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd AR in the center circle with remaining shooters </li></ul>
  63. 63. Rules for Taking the Shot <ul><li>Infraction by shooter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If shot is in goal – retake shot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If shot misses – next team shoots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infraction by keeper: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If shot is in goal – goal counts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If shot misses – retake shot </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Rules for Shoot-Out <ul><li>Refs and Coaches need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>Many playoff games go to shoot-out… be prepared! </li></ul><ul><li>See for more info. </li></ul><ul><li>See for general info. </li></ul>