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Ball Tech On Demand: Level Up Your Lavender Game

SLIDES FROM WEBINAR: Ball Tech On Demand is here to help you level up your lavender game! Over the course of this vpresentation, Darwin Perennials’ and Kieft Seed’s Chris Fifo takes us through the history of lavender and the different types commonly produced and then drills into how to select the best type for your specific product needs, pot size and market. He’ll spend some quality time on production – all the way from seed and URC stages through to finishing the crop – including ways he’s found common pitfalls in all stages. We’ll close with some variety specific info since there have been many new lavenders introduced in recent years, as well as how to use a grower-friendly scheduling chart that’s available from Darwin and Kieft.

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Ball Tech On Demand: Level Up Your Lavender Game

  1. 1. Level Up Your Lavender Game Chris Fifo, Darwin Perennials & Kieft Seed Moderated by Bill Calkins, Ball Tech On Demand
  2. 2. Lavender is Everywhere • Many, many varieties available for a vast number of markets and uses. • How do I know which varieties are right for me? • How do I know which varieties to select for my market? National Garden Bureau declares 2020 to be the Year of the Lavender
  3. 3. Lavender History • Origins more than 2500 years ago in the Mediterranean and Middle East regions. • Lavender from the Latin ‘lavare’ meaning to wash. • Ancient uses: o Bath salts o Aphrodesiac o Mumification o Insecticide o Medicinal Thought to have been first cultivated by the Shakers in England
  4. 4. Lavender Types and Varieties English Lavenders (angusifolia) Spanish Lavenders (stoechas) SuperBlue Ellagance Blue Spear Avignon Early Blue Lavance Many, many more Bandera Anouk series Luxurious Primavera Many, many more • Classic lavender look and smell • Seed and vegetative selections • Varieties suitable early spring through fall • Generally hardy/semi-hardy • More of a piney lavender scent • Extremely showy • Cool season flowering • Seed and vegetative selections • Not cold hardy
  5. 5. Lavender-production • Use rooting hormone. 500ppm basal dip or 250ppm KIBA drip down spray. • Spray with ‘Pagaent’ fungicide day 1 or 2. • Too much mist in propagation leads to quick deterioration of tissue.  2 days of medium mist to rehydrate cuttings.  Greatly reduced mist day 3-10. Allow media to dry slightly.  Low salts under mist  Move to high humidity/no water on leaves if not rooted by day 10.  Well drained media. Plenty (25%?) ‘plug grade’ perlite  Saturated media is a death sentence!  70-72F media temperature  A pinch or trim in the liner can be beneficial URC: Seed: • Easy to germinate. Warm (72-75) and wet. No cover. • Avoid soft growth in plug tray. • Transplant on time.
  6. 6. • Preventative fungicides for fusarium and botrytis are beneficial. • Keep foliage dry. Good air flow. • Avoid fertilizer high in ammonium or phosphorous. • High light-Outdoor production is ideal where possible • 2500ppm B-9 PGR spray can tone nicely. • Spanish Lavenders: grow cool at 50-55F • English Lavenders: must be grown warmer above 60F Lavender-Finishing
  7. 7. Choosing the Right Variety Size Positioning Varieties Quarts High Volume, Economical inputs, ideal for rack programs Ellagance, Lavance, SuperBlue, Blue Spear, Avignon Early Blue, Bandera 4"-5" Decco, Urns, Bowls High Impulse, Gift Item, High Impact, High Volume Ellagance, Lavance, SuperBlue, Bandera, Luxurious. Blue Spear, Avignon Early Blue, Primavera Gallons Affordable impact for patio or garden specimen. Ellagance, Lavance, SuperBlue, Anouk, Avignon Early Blue, Blue Spear, Primavera 8 Inch Decorative addition to porch and patio SuperBlue, Anouk, Primavera 2 Gal/Decco Pots Ultimate statement item. Tree form, Large specimen Anouk series. Primavera has potential.
  8. 8. Season long, frost to frost lavender program • Keep it fresh! • Transition through the seasons with different varieties. • Choosing the correct varieties for early, mid, and late season.
  9. 9. Lavender ‘Grosso’-Highest oil content lavender
  10. 10. Early: Avignon Early Blue English, Seed • Earliest flowering English Lavender. • Seed propagated • Cool season lavender. Grows and bulks up well at temperatures where other English Lavender stall. • Season starter lavender • Very easy to germinate and grow • Testimonial “Early Blue Kicks *** for early sales” • Zone 6 Markets: • February-March South • March-May North • February-April West
  11. 11. Markets: • February-May South • April-May North • March-June West • First professional quality L. stoechas from seed. • Heavily branched and flowering. • Compact habit at 8”-10”. • Uniform flowering for easily scheduled bench runs. • Perfect for deco pots, mixed bowls. • First year flowering Early: Bandera Spanish, Seed
  12. 12. • Most popular Spanish Lavender series. • Container plant north, excellent garden performance south. • Very showy in novelty containers, deco pots, urns. • Early season lavender. • Requires a ‘cool’ treatment for full flowering Markets: • March-May South • April-May North • March-June West Early: Anouk Spanish, vegetative
  13. 13. • Early flowering – 10 hr photoperiod • Later, warmer season lavender that Early Blue • Novelty colors as well as purple • Fleuroselect winners • 10-12 weeks to finish with proper ADT • Zone 5b Markets: • April-May South • May-June North • April-June West Mid: Ellagance English, seed
  14. 14. • Seed lavender that hits a lower price point. • Larger and taller spikes than any other seed lavender. • Upright and extremely branched. • Zone 6 hardy. • Impressive impact in high volume quart programs, though also suitable for gallons. • Can be used in a ‘mini’ program. • Being researched for use indoors. • 11-12 weeks to finish at proper ADT and photoperiod. Zone 6 Markets: • April-May South • April-June North • March-May West* Mid: Blue Spear English, seed
  15. 15. • Extremely fragrant and showy. Large, deep blue flowers • Excellent winter hardiness to zone 5 • Top performer at the Chicago Botanic Gardens 7 year trial • Suitable for quarts, 1G, designer containers, combinations • Earlier and much stronger flowering than the competition. • 10 weeks to finish for spring/early summer • 8 weeks to finish for fall • Zone 5 Markets: • April-May South, Southwest • May-September North • Suitable for fall sales Mid to late: SuperBlue English, vegetative
  16. 16. Mid to late: English Lavance Deep Purple Seed Annet Vegetative Markets: • August-October South, Southwest • July-September North • Suitable for fall sales Stand up well to the heat of summer production for fall sales Zone 5
  17. 17. A Lavender for ALL seasons Lavender Primavera Spanish, vegetative Photo 8/14/18 1.5g planted 5/3/18 No vern North Carolina trial planted wk16. Photo 7/2/19 Lavandula stoechas • No cooling or vern • Flowers winter in NL • Summer flowers in IL, NC, PA A truly unique, game-changer of a Spanish Lavender
  18. 18. Taken from in front of my house outside Chicago 7/9/20 Have had 2 weeks straight of 90F temperatures. Game-Changer Lavender stoechas ‘Primavera’ September 6
  19. 19. January February March April May June July August September October November December Weeks to Finish (gallon) Anouk/Bright Luxorious 9-11 Bandera Series 12-14 Primavera Avignon Early Blue 10-11 Blue Spear 10-12 Lavance Deep Purple 11-12 Ellangance series 10-12 SuperBlue 10-11 Anouk/Bright Luxorious 9-10 Bandera 12-13 Primavera Avignon Early Blue 9-10 Blue Spear 9-10 Lavance Deep Purple 10-11 Ellangance series 10-11 SuperBlue 8-10 Anouk/Bright Luxorious 9-11 Bandera 12-14 Primavera Avignon Early Blue 9-11 Blue Spear 10-12 Lavance Deep Purple 10-12 Ellangance series 10-12 SuperBlue 9-11 Southern Lavender Program West, Northwest Lavender Program Northern/Canadian Lavender Program Lavender Regional Scheduling Tool
  20. 20. THANK YOU!
  21. 21. Greenhouse Tech Team A closed Facebook Group moderated by Ball Tech On Demand More than 1000 members around the world! • 20+ Searchable Topics • Ask an Expert • Post questions & pics - get answers fast SEARCH: Greenhouse Tech Team in Facebook Answer a few qualifying questions – JOIN THE COMMUNITY!

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