Impact of Different Education system in Pakistan


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Department of Economics, Federal Urdu University Arts, Science & Technology, Islamabad

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Impact of Different Education system in Pakistan

  1. 2. Introduction & Literature Review Hassan Ahmed M. Sc. (Economics) 3 rd Semester IMPACT OF DEFFERENT EDUCATION SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN
  2. 3. <ul><li>IMPACT OF DIFFERENT EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  3. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Importance of Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education is a vital investment for human and economic development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a universally accepted fact that education is considered the most powerful instrument. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It unlocks the door to awareness and informed choices. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><ul><li>Raises the productivity, efficiency of individuals and produces skilled manpower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the UNESCO education means to achieve his goals and targets in life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In United Kingdom, who can read a paragraph of Holy Bible were called literate persons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18 th century, reading and translation is treated as higher education levels. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Importance of education in Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? (Al-Zumr, 09) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the saying of Last Prophet (P.B.U.H.) for the sake of Knowledge you can travel to the longest distance like Arabia from China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Al-Hadith) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Negligence of Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In a ideological country like Pakistan, education has never been given the due importance as per requirement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Millennium Development Goal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GOAL 2: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Mode of EDUCATION…??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education mode is like that in which we studied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More or less 26 mode of education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madrassah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Adopted System </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Structure of the System </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madrassah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A’adadiah (six-seven) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutawasittah (Eight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A’amah (Matric) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>O’olah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saniah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Khasah (Intermediate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salisah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ra’bia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Structure of the System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A’aliah (Bachelors) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Khamisah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sadisah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A’alimiah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sabiah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saminah (Doore Hadees) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takhasus </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Structure of the System </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public/Private </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-primary ( kachi , or nursery) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary (grades one to five) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle (grades six to eight) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary (grades nine and ten, culminating in matriculation/O-level) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Structure of the System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher Secondary or Intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to an F.A. diploma in arts or F.Sc. Science/A-level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University programs leading to undergraduate and advanced degrees </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>What is DIFFERENCE…??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examination system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-Curricular activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alignment </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>What is IMPACT…??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enormous impact on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defence etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Some Ratios GDP % : Year GDP % 2002-03 1.7 2003-04 2.20 2004-05 2.12 2005-06 2.40 2006-07 2.42 2007-08 2.49 2008-09 1.25
  15. 16. Pakistan`s Rankings Literacy rate 54.4% Educational number on 176 countries 153 Educational number on 57 Islamic countries 40 In SAARAC 4
  16. 17. LITERATURE REVIEW <ul><li>Choices, Inc., (1997), The Miseducation of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some educational institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy rate is very low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1960 public expenditure on education was only 1.1% of GNP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1990 figure had been risen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational structure organized in five levels, </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>D. Shah., (2003), Decentralization Policies and Strategies in Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All education conference held in 1947 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>genius of our people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1973 constitution: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote unity & observation of the Islamic moral standard. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote backward areas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free education. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><ul><ul><li>On merit basis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enable people of different areas through education. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation of women in national life. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>also discuss the structure, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>universal primary education in 2015. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><ul><li>Z. Mueen Nasir & H. Nazir., Education & Earnings in Pakistan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss the role of education & its impact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public sector expenditures => poor performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People go abroad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Launched many program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low level of educational attainment => less educated & unskilled manpower </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Finally, </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison among teaching </li></ul><ul><li>methods of </li></ul><ul><li>Private & Public sector. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Thank You!