The Gilded Age <ul><li>Period after Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Poor presidential leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Immigr...
Poor leadership <ul><li>Very few presidents during this period did anything to make life better. </li></ul><ul><li>They fo...
Immigrant arrive to U.S. <ul><li>Immigrants after the Civil War arrived mostly from Eastern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>They...
City life <ul><li>Immigrants were working long hours and for very few wages.  Would you work for a dollar a day? </li></ul...
Living conditions <ul><li>Living conditions in the cities were very bad. </li></ul><ul><li>Living spaces were overcrowded ...
Labor Unions <ul><li>The Knights of Labor-anyone could join </li></ul><ul><li>Haymarket Riot-someone threw a pipe bomb and...
Labor Unions <ul><li>The American Federation of Labor replaced the Knights of Labor.  </li></ul><ul><li>It is more organiz...
Government reaction to labor unions <ul><li>During the Gilded Age, the government DID NOT care about workers needs or conc...
Robber Barons <ul><li>Not only was government corrupt, but you have the rise of big businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>The 4 ke...
Terms of industrialization <ul><li>Monopoly-this is when one person has complete control of an industry. </li></ul><ul><li...
Horizontal integration <ul><li>This was a business practice used the the industrialist.  It is when similar companies merg...
Vertical Integration <ul><li>Also a business practice of the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>It is when one company takes ov...
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Ga ppt

  1. 1. The Gilded Age <ul><li>Period after Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Poor presidential leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants arrive </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption in politics </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez Faire and Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Unions </li></ul>
  2. 2. Poor leadership <ul><li>Very few presidents during this period did anything to make life better. </li></ul><ul><li>They followed a laissez faire attitude. This means “hands-off” by the government. The government just did not do much to regulate any industries. </li></ul><ul><li>People also believed in Social Darwinism-survival of the fittest. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immigrant arrive to U.S. <ul><li>Immigrants after the Civil War arrived mostly from Eastern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>They were not use to a democratic type of government. </li></ul><ul><li>They arrived at Ellis Island in N.Y. and Angel Island in California. </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone welcomed the immigrants, they were called Nativist. </li></ul>
  4. 4. City life <ul><li>Immigrants were working long hours and for very few wages. Would you work for a dollar a day? </li></ul><ul><li>Working conditions were very unsafe and there was child labor, as young as 10 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Addams-she was the founder of Hull House in Chicago. She tried to help immigrants. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Living conditions <ul><li>Living conditions in the cities were very bad. </li></ul><ul><li>Living spaces were overcrowded and run down. </li></ul><ul><li>There were open sewers and crowded streets. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no regulations in place for safety. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Labor Unions <ul><li>The Knights of Labor-anyone could join </li></ul><ul><li>Haymarket Riot-someone threw a pipe bomb and killed many people. The KOL were blamed. This labor union will disappear. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Labor Unions <ul><li>The American Federation of Labor replaced the Knights of Labor. </li></ul><ul><li>It is more organized. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950 it merged with another union, and today the AFL/CIO is one of the largest labor unions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Government reaction to labor unions <ul><li>During the Gilded Age, the government DID NOT care about workers needs or concerns. </li></ul><ul><li>They were forced to get back to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Those politicians wanted money and needed people working. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Robber Barons <ul><li>Not only was government corrupt, but you have the rise of big businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>The 4 key robber barons were: </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie-Steel industry </li></ul><ul><li>John D. Rockefeller-Oil industry </li></ul><ul><li>J.P. Morgan-Bank industry </li></ul><ul><li>C. Vanderbilt-Railroads </li></ul>
  10. 10. Terms of industrialization <ul><li>Monopoly-this is when one person has complete control of an industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Trust-this was the practice of fixing prices. So everything cost the same. This is against the law today. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Horizontal integration <ul><li>This was a business practice used the the industrialist. It is when similar companies merge together. Can you think of similar companies that could merge and be one big company? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vertical Integration <ul><li>Also a business practice of the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>It is when one company takes over another company. They do not have to be the same type of company. </li></ul>

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