No questions on the test are on the American Revolution – I wanted to cover it briefly because we did not have a live session on it.
Failed due to Cadillos – Military Rulers, Little Experience with representative government, and uneducated populace.
Chantel did not put which lesson it was in the Announcements so I have no CLUE!? Please make sure you put it in here _________.
Unit 2 test review
Unit 2 Test Review 3/2<br />*Reminder the Test is open for Re-Takes.<br />*Reminder: Use the chapter summaries, and writing guides.<br />
How to Prepare for your Test<br />Complete the Student Guides from the lessons in Unit 2 (print them out!)<br />Complete all the Unit 2 Checkpoints and Quizzes!!<br />Read the Study GuideI pushed out at the beginning of this session.<br />This is an OPEN NOTE TEST!!<br />ASK QUESTIONS!!<br />
The Test<br />Unit 2 Test – PART I - Worth 51 Points<br />There are 17 multiple choice questions<br />You have unlimited time to take the exam<br />You may RETAKE the exam for a higher score<br />It is DUE by Sunday, March 6th at midnight<br /><ul><li>Unit 2 Test – PART II – Worth 20 Points
3.) Important Persons Glogster Poster</li></ul>YOU ONLY NEED TO COMPLETE ONE OF THESE OPTIONS. SUBMIT THE COMPLETED ASSIGNMENT TO THE UNIT 2 TEST PART 2 DROPBOX.<br />
The Scientific Revolution<br />What was the Scientific Revolution?<br />What Spurred the Scientific Revolution?<br />
Ptolemy vs Copernicus<br />Geocentric – The Earth is the Center of the Universe<br />Heliocentric Theory - The Sun is the Center of the Universe<br />
Galileo Galilee<br />Designed New Scientific devices<br />Thermometer<br />Telescope<br />Confirmed Copernicus’ Theory<br />Silenced by the Church<br />The Inquisition condemned Galileo in 1633 because his teachings clashed with the Bible, which read: "God fixed the earth upon its foundation, not to be moved forever." Galileo was rehabilitated after 359 years. <br />In 1992 of Galileo, the Italian astronomer persecuted by the Church for teaching that the Earth revolved around the sun.<br />
Sir Isaac Newton<br />Devloped the “Theory of Universal Gravity”<br />Discovered White light was comprised of multiple spectrums of light<br />Developed Calculus<br />The Principia<br />Laws of Motion<br />First law (the law of inertia): A body in motion will stay in motion, and a body at rest will remain at rest, unless acted on by a force.<br />Second law: The force of an object is equal to its mass times its acceleration.<br />Third law: For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.<br />* Proved the universe follows a set of predictable rules.<br />
The Enlightenment<br />Locke - It is the government's job to protect the natural rights of life, liberty, and property.<br />Montesquieu - 3 Branches of Government – Judicial, Legislative, Executive. Influenced the U.S. Constitution<br />Voltaire - God had made the universe then left it to run on its own, Kings “should” be governed by Reason<br />Hobbes – Humans are naturally violent and Selfish<br />Rousseau– Humans are naturally Good and Society Corrupts them<br />
American Revolution Causes<br />Britain’s Debt: Fixes?<br />Taxes:<br />Sugar Act of 1764<br />Stamp Act of 1765<br />Proclamation of 1763<br />No Representation in Parliament<br />Boston Massacre<br />Intolerable Acts<br />Mass. Militia and the British Regulars fire upon each other on Lexington Green<br />
The New America<br />Articles of Confederation – <br />Passed in 1781<br />WEAK central government<br />No power to…<br />Collect taxes, force states to follow federal law, establish an army, print money<br />Much confusion among states – no unity or uniformity<br />
The U.S. Constitution<br />Power is shared between federal and state governments <br />Separation of Powers – Who originally came up with this idea?<br />Checks and Balances system<br />What type of legislature did the Constitution create? How many parts?<br />It established a government based on a document reflecting the will of the people<br />
RobespierreReign of Terror<br />Robespierre – Ruled with the Council of Public Safety in 1793<br />Reign of Terror – <br />300,000 arrested; 17,000 executed<br />Robespierre eventually executed<br />
France Under Napoleon Bonaparte<br />Set up tax collection system<br />Est. a national bank<br />Fired corrupt officials<br />Set up public schools<br />Restored power to Cath. Church<br />Napoleonic code: uniform set of laws<br />
Napoleon in Power<br />Appointed to lead French Army in 1796 by the Directory<br />1798 – Mediterranean Campaign (Defeat which Napoleon glorifies)<br />1799 Coup De Ta – Napoleon in Power<br />1804 Napoleon the Emperor<br />Meanwhile European Coalitions form to crush the Revolution<br />Britain sole hope of Europe<br />1807 Peninsula Disaster<br />1810 Russia Campaign falls apart – Napoleon’s most serious Defeat<br />1813 Napoleon exiled to Elba<br />1814 100 Days – and Defeat at Waterloo<br />
Revolutions in Latin America<br />Haiti<br />Leader - Toussaint-Louverture<br />Haiti was the first Latin American colony to gain its independence.<br />Toussaint was a former slave.<br />France regained control of Haiti, but eventually gave up the colony.<br />Mexico<br />Leader - Father Hidalgo<br />Against Spain – Gritto de Dolores<br />Fails Mob vs Wealthy Mestizos<br />Executed in 1811<br />Why Revolutions fail?<br />
Nationalism Unites!<br />Italy –<br />Divided into small principalities<br />Young Italy 1831–<br />Giuseppe Mazzini – Pushes for Italian Rule of Italians; More Power for the People, Unification<br />Giuseppe Garibaldi – Eventually Unites Italy under King Victor Emmanuel<br />
Nationalism Unites!<br />Germany – <br />Otto Von Bismarck – Chancellor of Prussia in 1862<br />German Choice – Prussia or Austria?<br />Prussia forces war upon Austria<br />Using Railroads and new weaponry they defeat Austria<br />Bismarck Rules with an Iron Fist <br />Bismarck teases war with France – <br />Militarism draws other kingdoms to Prussia creating a united Germany<br />
Good Luck on the Test<br />Remember to take full advantage of this PPT, The Chapter Summaries, and the Part 2 Writing Guide.<br />