Great eLearning vs. Online Road Kill: How Can You Tell the Difference?
Great eLearning vs. Online Road Kill: How can you tell the difference? Brian BridgesDirector, California Learning Resource Network
Road Kill Slides and Links¡ http://brianbridges.org
Today’s Entrees¡ Who is eLearning & what models are they using?¡ What’s the difference between a quality online course and online roadkill?¡ How are schools blending instruction and which models are being implemented?
Dessert Possibilities¡ What processes and tools can I use to evaluate courses in alignment with our district goals?¡ How do I take an online course for a test drive and extract meaningful feedback?
Required reading for the revolution¡ Disrupting Class ¡ Clayton Christensen & Michael Horn¡ Classifying K-12 Blended Learning ¡ Heather Staker & Michael Horn¡ California eLearning Framework ¡ CCSESA
California Learning Resource Network Your one-stop source for Common Core or CA standards- aligned electronic learning resources
How are your studentsgoing to learn online?¡ Full-time virtual school¡ Blend online learning with classroom instruction
Classifying K-12Blended Learning May 2012Heather Staker & Michael Horn
Blended learning, V2Blended learning is a formal education program inwhich a student learns at least in part throughonline delivery of content and instruction withsome element of student control over time, place,path, and/or paceandat least in part at a supervised brick-and-mortarlocation away from home.
Blended Learning¡ Only 10% of students will join virtual schools.¡ Blended learning (blended/hybrid) will dominate¡ Four probable models
Four Blended Models¡ Rotation¡ Flex¡ Self-Blend¡ Enriched Virtual
Rotation¡ Students rotate on a fixed schedule between learning online in a one-to-one, self-paced environment and sitting in a classroom with a traditional face-to-face teacher.
Planning for eLearning¡ Initial Research ¡ Using iNACOL’s tool ¡ Research or discussion stage¡ Models Planned to Pilot or Implement ¡ Blended learning program ¡ Independent study ¡ Court Community Schools
How Administrators think online learning addresses district challenges.Benefits 2007 2011Eliminate costs associated with 14% 38%textbooksKeep kids engaged in school 34% 47%Provide classes in “hard to staff” areas 18% 26%Provide personalized instruction to 17% 27%studentsOffer academic remediation to students 23% 46%
Online Course Non-Consumers ¡ Orphan Courses ¡ College Credit ¡ AP anything ¡ World languages ¡ Summer School ¡ Independent ¡ Home School Study ¡ Credit Recovery
Why do schools eLearnand under whichconditions do things gobadly?
Keeping Pace Planning What is the educational goal? Who are the intended student groups? What are the capabilities and desires of your district?
Keeping Pace Planning 18 month planning process Ñ
Collect Data Ñ Assess your technology infrastructure Ñ Determine your students’ and teachers’ technology skills Ñ Research the availability of quality, standards-‐‑aligned resources Ñ Determine teacher professional development needed
Course Development Ñ Course development PD Ñ Research standards-‐‑based content Ñ Designing infrastructure Ñ Budgeting
Piloting Ñ Piloting select content Ñ Community outreach Ñ Course quality check Ñ Program evaluation
Planning forQuality¡ CLRN/University of California Partnership¡ CLRN-Certified Courses ¡ Content Standards: 80% ¡ iNACOL Standards: 80% ¡ 15 Power Standards
Online Courses¡ 75 reviewed ¡ Accelerate, Aventa, Class.com (Cambium), Compass Learning, e2020, K12.com, Odysseyware, Pearson, Plato, Thesys¡ In the Queue ¡ Advanced Academics, Apex, National University Virtual High School
Analysis of the 1st 72¡ 19 courses (26%) certified¡ 11 courses (20%) only missing D10¡ Most common problem ¡ Content standards alignment¡ 20 courses (36%)< 80% content standards ¡ Range from 34% met to 78% met
Common Core State Standardsor state content standardsDemonstrate, Practice, & Assess Quantity, Depth and Degree
Not everything you read on the Internet is true.Or why all educational resources should be vetted.
Virginia Textbook Scandal¡ Our Virginia: Past and Present ¡ 4th grade history text¡ Black soldiers fought for the South¡ 6K died at the Battle of Bull Run ¡ Actually, 22K¡ Hundreds of factual errors¡ Virginiaʼ’s review committee did not include any trained historians
Self- Reviewing Resources¡ Just like you do now for high school textbooks.
Standards for Online Courses ¡ Southern Regional Education Board ¡ iNACOL ¡ Texas Virtual School Network ¡ California Learning Resource Network
iNACOL/TxVSN/CLRNOnline Course Standards¡ Content¡ Instructional Design¡ Student Assessment¡ Technology¡ Course Evaluation and Support
Content¡ Content depth and breadth¡ Information literacy skills¡ Learning resources and materials¡ Communication process between teachers, parents, and students¡ Content accuracy and bias
Instructional Design¡ Course design and organization¡ Meaningful and authentic learning experiences¡ Multiple learning paths for students to master the content¡ Higher-order thinking skills¡ Instructor-student and student-student interactions; and supplemental tools and resources.
Student Assessment¡ Alignment between the course goals and activities and its assessment strategies¡ Insure that there are adequate and appropriate methods to assess students¡ Assure that students are constantly aware of their progress.
Technology¡ Course architecture¡ User interface¡ Accessibility¡ Interoperability
Course Evaluation andSupport¡ Evaluating course effectiveness¡ Accreditation¡ Teacher and Student preparation and support
Are Teachers andStudents Prepared?¡ Virtual courses are not f2f¡ Teaching & learning differ
Online Vs. f2f¡ The Chronicle of Higher Education¡ 51K students from 2004-2009¡ 8% gap in completion (f2f/virtual)¡ Online students more likely to drop-out
Structure & isolation ¡ Navigating online interfaces (students & staff) ¡ Time management issues (students) ¡ Technical support needed ¡ Extensive training in online-teaching methods (teachers)
Instructor Preparation¡ E5: Professional development about the online course delivery system is offered by the provider to assure effective use of the courseware and various instructional media available.
Instructor Preparation¡ E7: Teachers have been provided professional development in the behavioral, social, and when necessary, emotional, aspects of the learning environment.
Instructor Preparation¡ E8: Instructor professional development includes the support and use of a variety of communication modes to stimulate student engagement online.
Instructor Support¡ E9: The provider assures that instructors are provided support, as needed, to ensure their effectiveness and success in meeting the needs of online students.
Student Preparation¡ E10: Students are offered an orientation for taking an online course before starting the coursework.
Feedback Questions:Educator¡ Would you recommend this course to others?¡ To what extent does this online course meet your overall expectations?¡ To what extent does this course engage and maintain student interest?¡ To what extent did the online course generally enable students to meet course objectives?
Feedback Questions:Educator¡ To what extent does the online course need to be supplemented with face-to-face instruction and student support?¡ To what extent was ongoing and periodic student performance assessment accessible online for you?¡ Please list the major strengths or specific improvements needed.
Feedback: Students¡ Course procedures were clearly posted.¡ Necessary information and materials received on time.¡ Instructions were clear for all materials & activities.¡ Assignment and test grades were provided in a timely manner.¡ Instructor feedback was timely and frequent.¡ Students are offered an orientation
Feedback: Students¡ Course was well organized.¡ Activities supported course goals.¡ Course provided opportunities for students to learn from each other.¡ There were frequent tests and quizzes that reflected course content.¡ Discussion groups were generally well organized.¡ Course is appropriate for an online environment.
Right Process/ Wrong People ¡ CCSC TTSC ¡ Survey of Online Credit Recovery Programs ¡ August 2010
Describe the SelectionProcess¡ Vendor demonstrations¡ Committee review¡ Open bid to vendors¡ UC approved¡ Cost
The Need for Multiple Filters• CLRN• Self-review of content and course standards• Customer feedback
Have you taken the course for a test drive?¡ Would you buy a car sight unseen?¡ Would you sit in the passenger seat? ¡ Then why rely solely on a provider demonstration?
Course Test Drive¡ Fully functioning demo¡ Student and Teacher accounts
Play as a student¡ Participate in several units, spread across the course¡ Be a great student¡ Be a struggling student
Be a teacher¡ Access the LMS¡ Can you add content / projects?¡ Check for student progress ¡ Formative & summative assessments
Course Test Drive¡ Is the course engaging?¡ Does teach beyond Knowledge and Comprehensive¡ Text based vs. multi-media
Laying the foundationfor future high-qualitycoursesYou don’t enter the online revolution withthe courses you want. You enter it with the courses you have.
What should weexpect from great online courses?
What is not a greatonline course¡ Class 1: Read, self-assess, self-grade, take multiple choice test, repeat¡ Class 2: Watch lecture, complete worksheets, take a multiple choice test, repeat¡ Moving a textbook online is not a foundation for a great course.
Your course should be beMer than the worst teacher at your school
Expect moreA great online course should not look like a textbook.
High-quality course¡ Stimulating lectures ¡ Writing¡ Just-in-time reading ¡ Students create, evaluate, and analyze. ¡ Active learning ¡ Variety of assessment¡ Engaging activities that types go beyond knowledge and comprehension
Make use of themedium¡ Rich media ¡ Lecture clips, video demonstrations and clips, variety of multi-media, simulations,¡ Ease of use ¡ LMS helps inform instruction. Students/teachers always know where they are.
Make use of themedium¡ Multiple learning paths ¡ Teacher is informed of problems. Students are provided alternative lessons.¡ Engaging ¡ Active learning, online discussions, writing & analyzing, authentic activities