IEEE-PSES Presentation: IP Testing

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Ingress Protection (IP) Codes are marked on products to inform the consumer and the inspection authority to what level of “ingress” the product is rated = what level of protection from foreign objects and moisture the product enclosure provides. Many International Product Safety Standards require a specific minimum IP rating to insure that the product enclosure provides sufficient protection according to the intended environment in which the product will be used. For example: indoor use only, protected outdoor use, exposed outdoor use, submersion, etc.
Each “IP Code” correlates to a specific test program. By understanding the IP Codes and which IP Code is required for your product, you may then determine the specific environmental tests specified for compliance. This information is critical to know PRIOR to the product design to insure a 1st time compliant product.

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IEEE-PSES Presentation: IP Testing

  1. 1. Ingress Protection Testing & IP Codes
  2. 2. Ingress Protection Testing & IP Codes The Standard
  3. 3. Ingress Protection The Standard IEC60529 Edition 2.1 Reference Standard
  4. 4. IP Codes The “Code” Defines the Requirements 54 IPX7 IP1 IP X 68 IP43 IP IP22
  5. 5. IP Codes What is Required for Your Product? 54 IPX7 IP1 IP X 68 IP43 IP IP22
  6. 6. IP Codes Required Code: Intent = Code based on n environment product will be used End-product standard specified n Marketing specified – competitor n Customer specified n
  7. 7. st IP Codes – 1 Numeral (0 – 6) Protection from Solid Foreign Objects
  8. 8. IP Codes – 1st Numeral = 50.0 mm diameter 1 = 12.5 mm diameter 2 = 2.5 mm diameter 3 = 1.0 mm diameter 4 5 Dust-Protected 6 Dust-Tight
  9. 9. nd IP Codes – 2 Numeral (0 – 8) Protection from Ingress of Water
  10. 10. IP Codes – 2nd Numeral 1 Dripping Water: Vertical Dripping Water: 15° Tilt 2 3 Spraying Water 4 Splashing Water (Continued on next slide)
  11. 11. IP Codes – 2nd Numeral (Continued) 5 Jetting Water 6 Powerful Jetting Water 7 Temporary Immersion 8 Continuous Immersion
  12. 12. Ingress Protection Testing & IP Codes The Tests
  13. 13. IP Codes – 1st Numeral = 50.0 mm diameter @ 50N 1 = 12.5 mm diameter @ 30N 2 = 2.5 mm diameter @ 3N 3 = 1.0 mm diameter @ 1N 4 5 Dust-Protected 6 Dust-Tight
  14. 14. Accessibility Tests IP1X – IP4X
  15. 15. Dust Test Chamber IP5X & IP6X Talcum powder in n suspension in chamber Vacuum Line: To sample n for negative pressure and/or air flow Test Time: 8 hours or 80 n volumes of air IP5X: Some talcum inside n IP6X: NO talcum inside n
  16. 16. IP Codes – 2nd Numeral 1 Dripping Water: Vertical Dripping Water: 15° Tilt 2 3 Spraying Water 4 Splashing Water (Continued on next slide)
  17. 17. IP Codes – 2nd Numeral (Continued) 5 Jetting Water 6 Powerful Jetting Water 7 Temporary Immersion 8 Continuous Immersion
  18. 18. Drip Box Test IPX1 & IPX2 IPX1: Sample @ 1 RPM n & 100 mm eccentricity IPX2: Sample @ 15° Tilt n with 2.5 min. in each direction of tilt Flow Rate: 1 mm/min. n or 3 mm/min. Test Time: 10 min. n Drip Height: 200 mm n
  19. 19. Drip Box – Nozzle Profile IPX1 & IPX2 20 x 20 mm grid pattern
  20. 20. Oscillating Spray Test IPX3 & IPX4 IPX3: 120° arc n IPX4: Near 360° arc n Flow Rate: 0.07 L/min n per spray tube hole Test Time: 10 min. n Spray Tubes: 200 mm – n 1600 mm radius, max. 200 mm to sample
  21. 21. Oscillating Spray Test IPX3 & IPX4
  22. 22. Hand Held Spray Test Alternate: IPX3 & IPX4 IPX3: 120° arc n IPX4: Near 360° arc n Flow Rate: 10.0 L/min n Test Time: 1 min/m3, n min. 5 min. Alternate method n must be permitted by end product standard
  23. 23. Jet Nozzle Test System IPX5 & IPX6 IPX5: 6.3 mm nozzle n : 12.5 L/min. IPX6: 12.5 mm nozzle n : 100 L/min. Test Time: 3 min. n Test Distance n : 2.5 – 3 meters
  24. 24. Water Supply System WTR-01 IPX6 = 100 L/min. n requires pump & tank All IP water tests = n require water temp at room temp for 24 hours
  25. 25. Immersion Tests IPX7 & IPX8 IPX7: Temporary Immersion n : Lowest point = 1000 mm below water : Highest point = 150 mm below water IPX8: Continuous Immersion n Test Time: 30 min. n
  26. 26. FREE IP Testing Summary leave me your card or send an e-mail to: billb@productsafeT.com
  27. 27. Presented by Bill Bisenius – President, NCE/NCT billb@productsafeT.com Educated Design & Development, Inc. www.productsafeT.com Product Safety Consulting, Test Equipment & Training Services from People Who Know Product Safety

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