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Sustainable farming and agriculture

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sustainable methods of agriculture

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Sustainable farming and agriculture

  1. 1. SUSTAINABLE FARMING AND AGRICULTURE B.BINITHA 14220002
  2. 2. Sustainable agriculture is the pratice of farming using principles of ecology ,the study of relationship between organisms and their environment. this form of agriculture enables us to produce healthful food without compromising future generations ability to do the same.
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES • To satisfy human food an fibre needs. • make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources an integrate where appropriate. • sustain the economic viability of farm operations. • enhances the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.
  4. 4. Benefits of sustainable agriculture primary benefits of sustainable agriculture are 1) environmental preservation sustainable farming produce crops and raise animals without relying on toxic chemical, pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified seeds, or practices that degrade soil, water or other natural resoures
  5. 5. 2) Protection of public health since sustainable crop farms avoid hazardous pesticides, they are able to grow fruits and vegetables that are safer for consumers, workers and surrounding communities. likewise sustainable livestock farmers an ranchers raise animals without dangerous practices like non-therapeutic antibiotic or arsenic based growth.
  6. 6. 3) Sustaining vibrant communities A critical component of sustainable agriculture is its ability to remain economically viable providing farmers, farm workers, food processors an others employed in the food system with a liveable wage an safe fair working condition.
  7. 7. 4) Upholding animal welfare sustainable farmers and ranchers treat animals with care an respect, implementing livestock husbandry practise that protect animals health and well being
  8. 8. TECHNIQUES OF SUSTAINABLE FARMING
  9. 9. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGMENT(IPM) IPM is a broad based approach that integrates sustainable practice for economic control of pests. It is a careful consideration of all available pest control techniques and subsequent integration of appropriate measures that discourages the development of pest population and keep pesticides to levels that reduce or minimise the risk to humans health and environment.
  10. 10. CROP ROTATION Sustainable practice of growing series of different types of crops in same area in sequential seasons . crop rotation gives various nutrients to soil, it also mitigates the build up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped and also improve soil structure and fertility.
  11. 11. BIOTECHNOLOGY Use of living systems or organisms to develop or make useful produts. Biotechnology can provide appropriate new tools for use in solution of specific problems in sustainable agriculture.
  12. 12. USE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS Organic waste are derived from animal matter or veg matter. The use of organic fertilizes in sustainable gardens and farms are quickly gaining popularity.
  13. 13. CONSERVATION TILLAGE conservations tillage is any method of soil ultivation that leaves the previous years crop residue on fields before and after planting the next crop.
  14. 14. THANK YOU

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