Understanding VoIP - 1     TO DOWNLOAD THIS    PRESENTATION visit:     http://www.ideapoolonline.com                      ...
1. Components, Standards and Architectures The Big Picture                         http://www.ideapoolonline.com   2
 Major VoIP Components Terminals Packetized voice Soft switch Media server Gateway LAN WAN Standards and Protocol...
 Terminals       Features                          Description Protocols/Standards   SIP RFC3261, SDP, TCP/IP/UDP, RTP/RT...
 Packetized Voice                     http://www.ideapoolonline.com   5
 Soft Switches – SIP Servers/Call Managers                                http://www.ideapoolonline.com   6
 Softswitch: A programmable network switch that can process the signaling for all  types of packet protocols. Also calle...
 In Summary, the two main functions of a Softswitch are:1. Terminal Control2. Call Control                               ...
 Media Server or Content Server A computer appliance, ranging from an enterprise class machine with a dedicated  softwar...
 Gateways – Media Gateway Gateways are Protocol Converters Media Gateway converts traditional TDM  to RTP stream and vi...
 Gateways – Signaling Gateway Gateways are Protocol Converters Signaling Gateway converts SIP to SS7 and  vice versa. ...
 LANs and WANs LAN: In-building Ethernet: 10 – 1000Mbps Cabling: Cat5, Cat6e twisted pair MAC Address Power Over Eth...
 Key VoIP Standards IETF• RFC 3261 SIP• RFC 2327 SDP• RFC 1889 RTP• RFC 0768 UDP• RFC 0791 IP ITU-T• H.323: Historical•...
 Where Are We Going?  Broadband IP Dial Tone. IP-PSTN -Internet Protocol – Packet   Switch Telephone Network. - IP Pack...
2. VoIP Architectures and Implementation Choices Computer-Computer VoIP Over The Internet Requirements:  - Computer/Mobi...
 Skype and IM Proprietary technology  - Skype directory is based on Kazaa  - It uses P2P file sharing  - Good quality vo...
 Computer to Phone Broadband internet connection at one  end. POTs at other end. ITSP/VoIP Service provider in the  mi...
 Phone to Phone over the Internet Broadband internet connection at one  end. POTs at other end. ITSP/VoIP Service prov...
 Phone to Phone over the Internet ITSP either supplies the adapter or user  verifies compatible off-the-shelf adapter.B...
 Managed-IP Telephone Service Provider All IP end-to-end network. Radio Access Network could be wireless  - (WiMAX, Wi-...
3. VoIP for Businesses and Organizations VoIP-Enabled PBX PBX provides all VoIP functions.-Call management- Integrated g...
PBX Replacement Softswitch-General purpose hardware- Proprietary software- Standards-based- Additional applications:Mess...
Hosted PBX Softswitch at Service Provider-SIP messages over network- Customer configuration via web portal- IVR, ACD hos...
 IP Centrex Hosted softswitch service from the Phone  Company-Huge Centrex customer base Higher level of trust-Professi...
Open-sourced IP-PBX Software Free code updated by users Asterisk: One of the “Oldest”-IP PBX plus signaling server,  me...
 SO/HO IP Phone Features and Uses Small / home office All-in-one device-Fast processor, jitter buffer- Linux OS, browse...
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Understanding VoIP - 1

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Understanding VoIP - 1

  1. 1. Understanding VoIP - 1 TO DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION visit: http://www.ideapoolonline.com 1
  2. 2. 1. Components, Standards and Architectures The Big Picture http://www.ideapoolonline.com 2
  3. 3.  Major VoIP Components Terminals Packetized voice Soft switch Media server Gateway LAN WAN Standards and Protocols http://www.ideapoolonline.com 3
  4. 4.  Terminals Features Description Protocols/Standards SIP RFC3261, SDP, TCP/IP/UDP, RTP/RTCP, HTTP, ARP/RARP, ICMP, DNS, DHCP, PPPoE, TFTP, NTP, STUN. Network Interfaces Dual switched 10/1000Mbps ports with integrated PoE Voice codec G.711 a/u (64kbps), G.729A/B(8kbps) Telephony Features Hold, Transfer, Forward, 3-way Conference, Call Waiting, Multiple SIP Accounts, etc. QoS Layer 2 (802.1Q, 802.1p) and Layer 3 (ToS, DiffServ, MPLS) QoS Advance Voice Silence Suppression, Jitter Buffer, Voice Quality Features Activation Detection, Packet Loss Concealment Operating System Linux Example Grandstream, Dlink, Cisco, X-Lite, etc. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 4
  5. 5.  Packetized Voice http://www.ideapoolonline.com 5
  6. 6.  Soft Switches – SIP Servers/Call Managers http://www.ideapoolonline.com 6
  7. 7.  Softswitch: A programmable network switch that can process the signaling for all types of packet protocols. Also called SIP Server, SIP Proxy, Call Manager, VoIP Switch, Call Agent, IP Centrex, Hosted PBX, User Agent, Gatekeeper (H.323). According to International Softswitch Consortium, a softswitch should be able to:1. Control connection services for a media gateway and / or native IP endpoints2. Select processes that can be applied to a call.3. Providing routing for a call within the network based on signaling and customer database information.4. Transfer the control of the call to another element .5. Interface to and support management functions such as provisioning, fault, billing, etc. The switching technology in a softswitch is in software (hence the name) rather than in the hardware as with traditional switching center technology. This software programmability allows it to support IP telephony protocols (H.323, SIP, MEGACO, etc.). Examples of Softswitch: Asterisk, 3CX, Volcatel, etc. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 7
  8. 8.  In Summary, the two main functions of a Softswitch are:1. Terminal Control2. Call Control • Registration: Authentication, directory entry Terminal • Admission: Permission to make / receive Control calls • Status: Call disposition • Call Signaling: Address resolution, setup, tear down Call Control • Call routing • Call accounting • Call detail record http://www.ideapoolonline.com 8
  9. 9.  Media Server or Content Server A computer appliance, ranging from an enterprise class machine with a dedicated software application providing contents such as voice, video, music, text, graphics. Two interesting types of media/content:1. Integrated Messaging2. Video Server Integrated Messaging  Other Media• Voicemail, Email, Fax • Web pages• Text-to-speech, speech-to-text • Digital right management• Web-style user interface • Music • Google earth Video Server • Countless applications• Basic Cable• Video on Demand: Movie “rentals”• Pay-per-view, IPTV• PVR functionality• Game Server http://www.ideapoolonline.com 9
  10. 10.  Gateways – Media Gateway Gateways are Protocol Converters Media Gateway converts traditional TDM to RTP stream and vise versa. TDM belongs to the PSTN world. RTP belongs to the IP world. Media and Signaling gateway could be a single device or a separate device. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 10
  11. 11.  Gateways – Signaling Gateway Gateways are Protocol Converters Signaling Gateway converts SIP to SS7 and vice versa. SIP belongs to the IP world. SS7 belongs to the traditional PSTN world. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 11
  12. 12.  LANs and WANs LAN: In-building Ethernet: 10 – 1000Mbps Cabling: Cat5, Cat6e twisted pair MAC Address Power Over EthernetWAN: Between buildings IP Addresses Access: DSL, Cable, T1, Fiber, Microwave Network Protocol: IP, Frame relay, ATM Carrier Ethernet http://www.ideapoolonline.com 12
  13. 13.  Key VoIP Standards IETF• RFC 3261 SIP• RFC 2327 SDP• RFC 1889 RTP• RFC 0768 UDP• RFC 0791 IP ITU-T• H.323: Historical• G.700: Voice coding - G.711: 64kbps “PCM” - Many others at lower rates IEEE802.3 TIA Cable Categories http://www.ideapoolonline.com 13
  14. 14.  Where Are We Going?  Broadband IP Dial Tone. IP-PSTN -Internet Protocol – Packet Switch Telephone Network. - IP Packet to any other point > 1Mbps  Carrier Ethernet http://www.ideapoolonline.com 14
  15. 15. 2. VoIP Architectures and Implementation Choices Computer-Computer VoIP Over The Internet Requirements: - Computer/Mobile Phone/PDA, …… - Internet Access. - Software: Skype, Nimbuzz, IM, ……. - Directory, call setup/control. - Sound card and headset or USB phone. - Operating system: IP/UDP protocol stack. Considerations: - Free (with internet connection) - Interoperability: Standard? - Less user-friendly than PSTN. - Variable quality of voice http://www.ideapoolonline.com 15
  16. 16.  Skype and IM Proprietary technology - Skype directory is based on Kazaa - It uses P2P file sharing - Good quality voice: Uses 15kbps codec Works through NATs - Communications encrypted - Your computer could relay traffic Good HMI – Human Machine Interface Yahoo, Google, MSN, AOL, Nimbuzz. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 16
  17. 17.  Computer to Phone Broadband internet connection at one end. POTs at other end. ITSP/VoIP Service provider in the middle. Variable voice quality. E1 connection to circuit-switch PSTN. Possibly ISP is different from the ITSP. ITSP is located offshore. Softphone required to connect to the ITSP using SIP protocol. Example of softphone: X-Lite, 3CX, etc. Example of ITSP: Skype, Belgacom, etc. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 17
  18. 18.  Phone to Phone over the Internet Broadband internet connection at one end. POTs at other end. ITSP/VoIP Service provider in the middle. Variable voice quality. E1 connection to circuit-switch PSTN. Possibly, ISP is different from the ITSP. ITSP is located offshore. IP phone is required to connect to the ITSP using SIP protocol. Example of IP phone: Grandstream, Cisco, Dlink, etc. Example of ITSP: Skype, Belgacom, etc. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 18
  19. 19.  Phone to Phone over the Internet ITSP either supplies the adapter or user verifies compatible off-the-shelf adapter.Broadband internet connection at one end. POTs at other end. ITSP/VoIP Service provider in the middle. Variable voice quality. E1 connection to circuit-switch PSTN. Possibly, ISP is different from the ITSP. ITSP is located offshore. POTs connects to the adapter using the FXS/FXO port. The adapter acts as FX to VoIP gateway. Example of ITSP: Skype, Belgacom, etc. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 19
  20. 20.  Managed-IP Telephone Service Provider All IP end-to-end network. Radio Access Network could be wireless - (WiMAX, Wi-Fi, LTE), cable or fibre. End-to-end Carrier Ethernet Network. IP network QoS methods. Voice quality is guarantee. E1 connection to circuit switched PSTN. ISP and ITSP – same company. Provider connects with upstream ISP for long distance call termination and www. Provider supplies the adapter and modem. Example: ipNX http://www.ideapoolonline.com 20
  21. 21. 3. VoIP for Businesses and Organizations VoIP-Enabled PBX PBX provides all VoIP functions.-Call management- Integrated gateway- Integrated voicemail Supports VoIP and traditional phones-Phased implementation of VoIP in-building. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 21
  22. 22. PBX Replacement Softswitch-General purpose hardware- Proprietary software- Standards-based- Additional applications:Messaging, conferencing, IVR, IM,presence. Availability and Survivability-Redundancy and failover- Distributed Call managers- Distributed call control tables- UPS in closets http://www.ideapoolonline.com 22
  23. 23. Hosted PBX Softswitch at Service Provider-SIP messages over network- Customer configuration via web portal- IVR, ACD hosting too Strategic Advantages-Professional implementation- Scalability, flexibility- Security, reliability Financial advantages-Lease vs. buy: capital, maintenance- Reduce staffing Disadvantages-Lack of control- Feature set? Capacity? http://www.ideapoolonline.com 23
  24. 24.  IP Centrex Hosted softswitch service from the Phone Company-Huge Centrex customer base Higher level of trust-Professionalism, longevity Multilocation benefits-Uniform services, support Bundled services-Access circuit plus telephony Seamless services-Home-to-office VPN, telephony Features and pricing-Per user, per month- Local number, DID- Desktop, web collaboration http://www.ideapoolonline.com 24
  25. 25. Open-sourced IP-PBX Software Free code updated by users Asterisk: One of the “Oldest”-IP PBX plus signaling server, media gateway, analog/TDM PBX, IVR, messaging server Supported commercially-30 – 50% cost of proprietary- Asterisk (Digium)- sipX, SIPfoundry (Pingtel)- Others: vovida, Freeswitch Disadvantages-May be difficult to implement- Requires skilled technicians- Lack of management/support tools http://www.ideapoolonline.com 25
  26. 26.  SO/HO IP Phone Features and Uses Small / home office All-in-one device-Fast processor, jitter buffer- Linux OS, browser, software- SIP, MGCP- Ethernet switch, PoE, PPPoE- Bluetooth- Router, DHCP, NAT, firewall- VPN, QoS support Dialing features – dial by:- Phone number, SIP address, IP address, directory, voice recognition, softkeys, presence/location notice,……. http://www.ideapoolonline.com 26

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