Intro to urban planning mon

1,191 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,191
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 世界都市 森林再生 資源開発 国土軸 世界都市 国土開発軸 A reforestation exploitation of resources country axis world city Country development axis
  • We facilitate discussions in this manner in the stakeholder workshops. First, where are we now? This is important question to recognize the reality of the situation of their city. For this question, we, the consultant team provided diagnostic analysis and comparative advantages. The second question is where would we like to be? This calls for participants’ visioning their city in the future. This question is rather difficult to clearly answer. The third question is what issues do we need to address? Since the participants are facing some problems in their city lives, they can easily demonstrate their project ideas. However, the most difficult question is the next one: What action must we take to get there? At present, we are progressing up to the third question.
  • One of the major changes taking place today is the shift of government functions from the historic “provider” of public services to the “manager of providers” of public services . Taking into consideration the financial viability dominated by inherent characteristics of rail transit development versus government’s limited fiscal situation, URMAP recommended to adopt a PPP-based delivery system. In the system, public sector should share part of initial costs and remain responsible for overall project management, whilst private sector should share the remaining costs for completing the system, and operate and maintain the system after completion.   The basic rationale for this change is that when properly implemented, it results in significant benefits, in terms of improved performance and lower costs, to both the government and to the public being serviced. Essentially, it is a shift from a monopoly government provider to a competitive environment. PPP is a broader concept covering PFI, Privatization, Outsourcing, Concession, Joint Venture, Sales Leaseback, Wider Market Initiative , etc. However, what I am presenting is the concept more akin to PFI / Huviin sankhuujiltiin sanaachlaga/ in UK.
  • Here, I will touch on the VFM maximization by PPP. Obviously, VFM implies the value of public services against the tax money input . More specifically, VFM is measured as the difference of probable total public spending between the two implementation cases under conventional public initiative and PPP. The former public spending is measured as Public Sector Comparators - PSC in terms of Net Present Value, including risk cost, repair / renewal cost, operation / maintenance cost, and construction cost. Whilst, the latter public spending is measured as Life Cycle Cost - LCC in terms of Net present Value, including project formation cost and total service charges. The difference between PSC and LCC is VFM. According to the experiences in UK, average 15 to 17 percent of VFM was produced from the application of PFI.
  • Intro to urban planning mon

    1. 1. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Õîò òºëºâëºëò òàíèëöóóëãà 2007 îíû 7-ð ñàðûí 24 Äîêòîð. Ê. Íàãàÿìà ÆÀÉÊÀ-ãèéí ñóäàëãààíû áàãèéí äýä àõëàãч 1
    2. 2. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñýäâ¿¿ä1. “Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä þó øààðäëàãòàé âý ?2. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ?3. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð ¿éë àæèëëàãààíóóä øààðäëàãàòàé âý ?4. Òºëºâëºëòºíä îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ çàðèì àñóóäëóóä 2
    3. 3. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñýäâ¿¿ä1. “Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä þó øààðäëàãòàé âý ?2. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ?3. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð ¿éë àæèëëàãààíóóä øààðäëàãàòàé âý ?4. Òºëºâëºëòºíä îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ çàðèì àñóóäëóóä 3
    4. 4. Learning Session for UBMPSÕîòæèëò….. 4
    5. 5. Learning Session for UBMPS”Õîòæèëò”-ûã õýðõýí çîõèöóóëàõ âý ? Õîòûí õ¿í àì õóðäàöòàé ºñºí íýìýãäýæ áàéíà. Îðîí íóòãààñ òºâ ð¿¿ ч èãëýñýí øèëæèëò õºäºë㺺í äàâàìãàéëæ áàéíà. Òàòàõ íºëººëºë ( Òºâ ñóóðèí)+ Ò¿ëõýõ íºëººëºë ( Îðîí íóòàã)Õîòæèëò““ Ãýðýë ãýãýý” ýñâýë õîòæèëò““ Õîòæèëò Ãýðýë ãýãýý” ýñâýë õîòæ èëòÃàìøèã” ?Ãàìøèã” ? íò æ ìå å í ìåí òèé ªñºë 5
    6. 6. Learning Session for UBMPSßäóóðëûã áóóðóóëàõ íü õîòæèëòûí ч óõàë àñóóäàë. 6
    7. 7. Learning Session for UBMPSßäóóðëûã áóóðóóëàõ íü õîòæèëòûí чóõàë àñóóäàë. ßäóóðàë íü “ Àæèë ýðõëýëò, Áîëîâñðîë, Ýð¿¿ë ìýíä, îðîí ñóóö...” ãýõ ìýò îëîí õ¿ч èí ç¿éëòýé õîëáîîòîé ”ßäóó áàéãàà”-ãèéí øàëòãààí íü îðîí íóòãèéí ýäèéí çàñãèéí áàéäàë þì. Ýäèéí çàñãèéí íºëººëºõ íºëººÒºëºâëºëòèéí Çîðèëò Vs Óëñ òºðèéí çîðèëò ?Òºëºâëºëòèéí Çîðèëò Vs Óëñ òºðèéí çîðèëò ? æ ìåíò í ìåíå òèé ªñºë 7
    8. 8. Learning Session for UBMPSÝäèéí çàñãèéí íºëººëºõ íºëººÎðëîãûí ò¿âøèíÇàõûí Òºâèéí Çàõûí 8
    9. 9. Learning Session for UBMPSªñºëòèéí ìåíåæìåíò 9
    10. 10. Learning Session for UBMPSÕîòûí ýäèéí çàñãèéã ñàéæðóóëàõ äàõèí òºëºâëºëò 10
    11. 11. Learning Session for UBMPS ¯íäýñíèé õºãæëèéí ¯çýë áàðèìòëàëûí á¿òýö Áàéãàëèéí íººöºäÕÀÀ-ä ñóóðèëñàí ò¿øèãëýñýíÕºãæèë õºãæèë Darkhan Hovd Erdenet Choybaisan Uliastay Äýëõèéí õîò Undurkhaan Harhorm Ulaanbaatar ÕÀÀ-ä ñóóðèëñàí ¯íäýñíèé õºãæëèéí ãàðö Choir Õºãæèë Äàõèí Zuun îéæóóëàëò Áàéãàëèéí íººöºä ò¿øèãëýñýí õºãæèë ¯íäýñíèé ºñºëòèéí ãàðö 11
    12. 12. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñýäâ¿¿ä1. “Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä þó øààðäëàãòàé âý ?2. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò” –íä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ?3. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð ¿éë àæèëëàãààíóóä øààðäëàãàòàé âý ?4. Òºëºâëºëòºíä îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ çàðèì àñóóäëóóä 12
    13. 13. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîò òºëºâëºëòèéí 4 çàðч èì Îëîí íèéòèéí Àøèã òóñûã íýí òýðã¿¿íä òàâèõ ”Õàäãàëàõ-õàìãààëàõ” -ûã îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ ĺðâºí “ E” ãèéí çàðч ìûã áàðèìòëàõ ( Èíæ ч ëýë, èíåð Áîëîâñðîë, Àëáàäëàãà Èðãýäèéí “ Àìüäðàëûí íºõöëèéã “ -ûã ñàéæðóóëàõ 13
    14. 14. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîòóóäàä ò¿ãýýìýë òîõèîëääîã àñóóäëóóä1. Äýä á¿òýö áà íèéòèéí ¿éëч èëãýýíèé áàéãóóëàìæóóäûí õ¿ðýëöýý õàíãàìæ õÿçãààðëàãäìàë2. Õîò áàéãóóëàëòûí áîëîí ºñºëòèéí ìåíåæìåíòèéí Ýðõ ç¿éí îðч èí ñóë3. Îðîí íóòãèéí òàòâàðûí áîëîí Ñàíõ¿¿ãèéí ч àäàâõè ñóë4. Îðîí íóòàã äàõ áîëîëöîîò ýõ ¿¿ñâýð¿¿äèéí àøèãëàëòûí óÿëäàà áîëîí Çîõèöóóëãûí äóòàãäàë5. Òºâëºðñºí òºñºâ õóâààðèëàõ òîãòîëöîîíîîñ ¿¿äñýí Áèå äààñàí áàéäëûí õîìñäîë 14
    15. 15. Learning Session for UBMPSÒºëºâëºëòèéí 5 àñóóäëóóä Àñóóäëóóä: – Àìüäðàõ íºõöºë – ªðñºëäºõ чàäâàð – Áàíêíû ¿éëчèëãýý – Ñàéí çàñàãëàë – Õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îðчèíû õàìãààëàëò 15
    16. 16. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîò òºëºâëºëòèéí ¿íäñýí á¿ðäýë õýñã¿¿ä Áîäèò & áóñàä á¿òö¿¿ä (Òåõíèê õàíãàìæ) Õîòûí õºãæëèéí òºëºâëºãººÝðõ ç¿éí & Õóóëèéí Õ¿íèé íººöèéí Õºãæèë òîãòîëöîî (Ïðîãðàì õàíãàìæ) (Õ¿íèé íººöèéí õàíãàìæ 16 )
    17. 17. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîòûí òîãòâîðòîé ºñºëòèéí Òºëºâëºëòèéí á¿ðäýë õýñã¿¿ä1 Òîãòâîðòîé ºñºëòèéã Òýíöâýðòýé ºñºëòèéã õàíãàõ 2 õàíãàõÝäèéí çàñãèéí Íèéãìèéí òîãòîëöîî òîãòîëöîî 3 Õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îðчч èíûõàìãààëàë áà Õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îð èíû õàìãààëàë áà Ìåíåæìåíò Ìåíåæìåíò4 5 Òýðã¿¿ëýõ òîì õîòóóäûí Îðîí íóòãèéí õîòóóäûí Ñòðàòåãè Õºãæèë Òýíöâýðòýé õºãæèë 17
    18. 18. Learning Session for UBMPS ¯ ä¿íòýé áà Îíîâчòîé Åðºíõèé Òºëºâëºãººíèé ¿íäñýí ð Õ¿чèí ç¿éë¿¿ä/Á¿ðäýë õýñã¿¿ä (6) Õºòºëáºð Õóóëü ýðõ ç¿éí Õý ãæ¿¿ë¿ý ðý ã÷èä îðчèí (2) Îðîí íóòèéí õ¿чòýé ìàíëàéëàë (7) (5) Ýõ ¿¿ñâýð (1) Îðîí íóòãèéí (3) Õóâü àøèãëàõ õ¿ðòýãñýäèéíÕàíäèâëàãчèä Õ¿чèí чàðìàéëò áîëîëöîî îðîëöîî ûí äýìæëýã Õàíäèâëàãчèäûí çîõèöóóëàëò (4) чàäàâõè Îíîâчòîé òºëºâëºãºº Òºëºâëºëòèéí áîëîí á¿ðä¿¿ëýõ ìåíåæìåíòèéí áà Òºëºâëºëòèéí áîäèò îðчèí ¿éë ÿ âö 18
    19. 19. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîòûí Åðºíõèé Òºëºâëºãººíèé Àãóóëãà1. Õîò òºëºâëºëòèéí áîäëîãî ( Çîðèëòóóä áà ¯¿ðã¿¿ä)2. Õîòûí Ãàçàð Àøèãëàëò áà á¿ñч ëýë3. Òýýâðèéí òîãòîëöîî áà á¿òýö4. Õîòûí äýä á¿òýö áà Áàéãóóëàìæóóä5. Îðîí ñóóöíû áîëîí Àìüäðàëûí íºõöºë6. Õîòûí õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îðч èí áà Ãàìøèãèéí ìåíåæìåíò7. Õîòûí ºñºëòèéí ìåíåæìåíò áà Çàñàãëàë8. Ñàíõ¿¿ãèéí ч àäàâõèéã äýýøë¿¿ëýõ 19
    20. 20. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñýäâ¿¿ä1. “Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä þó øààðäëàãаòàé âý ?2. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò” –íä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ?3. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð ¿éë àæèëëàãààíóóä øààðäëàãàòàé âý ?4. Òºëºâëºëòºíä îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ çàðèì àñóóäëóóä 20
    21. 21. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñòðàòåãè Òºëºâëºëòèéí ¿éë ÿâö1. Áèä îäîî ÿìàð ò¿âøèíä ÿâíà âý ? ( Îäîîãèéí áàéäëûí ä¿í øèíæèëãýý , Õàðüöàíãóé äàâóó òàëóóä)2. Áèä ÿìàð ò¿âøèíä õ¿ðýõèéã çîðüæ áàéãàà âý ? (Èðýýä¿éí òºëºâ)3. Áèä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ? (Òºñºë/ Õºòºëáºð áîëîâñðóóëàëò)4. Çîðèëãîäîî õ¿ðýõèéí òóëä þóã õèéâýë çîõèõ âý ? (Àч õîëáîãäëîîð íü ýðýìáëýõ, Õºòºëáºðèéã õýðýãæ¿¿ëýõ) 21
    22. 22. Learning Session for UBMPS Òºëºâëºëòèéí ¿éë ÿâöûí îíîâч òîé áàéäàë Áîäèò Áîäèò ¿íýëãýý ¿íýëãýý ÑÂÎÒ Õýòèéí Õýòèéí¿íýëãýý Òºëºâ Òºëºâ Õºòºëáºð Õºòºëáºð Èðýýä¿éí ýðýëòèéí òºëºâ Õºãæëèéí öàð À чõîëáîãäëîîð À õîëáîãäëîîð õ¿ðýý ýðýìáëýë ýðýìáëýë Çàðäëûí òîîöîî ¯// à-íû ¯ à-íû Çàðäàë- ¿ð àøãèéí òºëºâëºãºº òºëºâëºãºº ¿íýëãýý Ñàíõ¿¿ãèéí õóâààðèëàëò 22
    23. 23. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñòðàòåãè òºëºâëºëòèéí àðãàч ëàë… 2. Õýòèéí òºëºâ 3. Ñòðàòåãè á¿ðä¿¿ëýëò Òºëºâ Ñòðàòåãèéí ÿâö1. Áîäèò áàéäëûí¿íýëãýý Îäîîãèéí áàéäà ë 2015 2030 23
    24. 24. Learning Session for UBMPS Îðîëöîãч òàëóóäûí óóëçàëòóóä äàðãûí Õîòûí ñàíààчëàãàÅðºíõèé îéëãîëòºãºõ ñóðãàëòóóä ¯çýë áîäëûí ñîëèëöîî Õýñýãчèëñýí èëòãýë¿¿ä 24
    25. 25. Learning Session for UBMPS Òºëºâëºëòèéí çîðèëòóóäûã òîãòîîõ íü Èðãýäèéí àìüäðàëûí чàíàðûã äýýøë¿¿ëýõýä Èðãý äèéí Èðãýäèéí чèãëýñýíèë¿¿ ÷ºëººòý éé Àìüäðàõ íºõöºë Àìüäðàõ íºõöºë èë¿¿ ÷ºëººòý õºäºë㺺í !! ñàéòàé îðîí ñóóö ñàéòàé îðîí ñóóö õºäºë㺺í Óëààíáààòàð õîòûí Óëààíáààòàð õîòûí Õýòèéí òºëºâ Õýòèéí òºëºâ ß äóóñòòóñëàõ !! ßäóóñò òóñëàõ Õ¿ðý ý ííáóé Õ¿ðýëý áóé ý ëý îðччèíä ýëòý é!! îðèíä ý ý é ý ëòý 25
    26. 26. Learning Session for UBMPS Õîò òºëºâëºëòèéí àñóóäëóóä áà àðãà õýìæýýí¿¿äÕîò òºëºâëºëòèéí àðãà õýìæýýí¿¿ä Õîò òºëºâëºëòèéí àñóóäëóóä 1. Îðøèí ñóóãчèä àìüäðàõ “ Òàâ Íèéòèéí òýýâðèéí òîãòîëöîî òóõòàé Õîò” -ã áèé áîëãîõ 2. Òîãòâîðòîé áà ºðñºëäºõ Ãàçàð àøèãëàëòûí á¿ñчëýë á¿ñ чàäâàðòàé ýäèéí çàñàãò õ¿ðýõ Çàì òýýâðèéí ñ¿ëæýý 3. Õîòûí ñàíõ¿¿ãèéí чàäàâõûã ¯éëäâýðëýë,Áèçíåñ, àÿëàë æóóë ëàë, óóëч õºðºí㺠îðóóëàëòûã äýìæèõ äýýøë¿¿ëýõ 4. Õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îðчíû îð Èíæèíåðèéí áàéãóóëàìæ õàìãààëëûã õàíãàõ Øèíý òàòâàð áà Õóóëü 5. ªñºëòèéí Ìåíåæìåíò áà Ñàéí çàñàãëàëä чèãëýñýí Ýðõ ç¿éí Õ¿ðýýëýí áóé îðчèíû áîõèðäëûã îð îðчèíã áýëäýõ îð áóóðóóëàõ 26
    27. 27. Learning Session for UBMPS Ñýäâ¿¿ä1. “Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä þó øààðäëàãòàé âý ?2. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð àñóóäëóóäûã àâч ¿çýõ âý ?3. ”Õîò òºëºâëºëò”-íä ÿìàð ¿éë àæèëëàãààíóóä øààðäëàãàòàé âý ?4. Òºëºâëºëòºíä îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ çàðèì àñóóäëóóä 27
    28. 28. Learning Session for UBMPS Ýðýëò-íèéë¿¿ëýëòèéí çºðººã àðèëãàõ íü¯éëчèëãýýíèé Íèéë¿¿ëýëòèéíÁàãòààìæ / ýçýëõ¿¿í õóâààðü A Íèéë¿¿ëýëòèéí õóâààðü B Äóòàãäàë Õýò íèéë¿¿ëýëò/Õºðºí㺠îðóóëàëòûí ýðñäýë Ýðýëòèéí ìóðóé 2007 2015 2020 2030 28
    29. 29. Learning Session for UBMPS Íèéòèéí òýýâðèéí õýðýãëýýíèé ¿å Applicable Modes and øàò 60,000+ Systems 50,000Õ¿÷èí ÷àäàë ( Õ¿í/ /Øóãàì Çîðч èãч îëíîîð 40,000 òýýâýðëýõ öàã Õýðýãñýë/ 30,000 Ìåòðî... Õºíãºí Òºìºð 20,000 çàìûí òýýâýð Àâòîáóñ Õîëèìîã Òýðã¿¿ëýõ 10,000 á¿ðýëäýõ¿¿íò çàì Äàõ Àâòîºóñ Òðàìâàé Ìîíîðýéë 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 ¯éë÷èëãýýíèé õóðä (km/öàã 29
    30. 30. Learning Session for UBMPS Îëîí çàãâàðò àч àà òýýâýðëýëò áà Íýãæýýð 纺âºðëºõ òîãòîëöîî Íýãæ Íýãæ Íýãæ A¯éëäâýð B¯éëäâýð C¯éëäâýð Àчààíû ìàøèíä / Àчààíû ìàøèíä / íýãæ Âîêçàë íýãæ Òºìºð çàìààð/ íýãæ Áîîìò/ Íèñýõ áóóäàë Àãààðààð /íýãæ Áîîìò/ Íèñýõ áóóäàë Òºìºð çàìààð/ íýãæ Àчààíû ìàøèíä / Âîêçàë íýãæ Íýãæ Íýãæ Àчààíû ìàøèíä / B Õýðýãëýãч íýãæA Õýðýãëýãч 30
    31. 31. Learning Session for UBMPS Êîíòåéíåð, Äàÿàðøèë & Ñòàíäàðòчèëàëûí Äýëõèéí Õàíäëàãà Ñòàíäàðò íýãæ äýõ ñàâëàëò Êîíòåéíåð Àчààíû íýãæ Á¿ðÎëîí óëñûí ñòàíäàðò òýýâýðëýëò Íýãæýýð òýýâýðëýãäýíý Óñàí îíãîö Ãàëò Àчààíû Îíãîö òýðýã 31
    32. 32. Learning Session for UBMPS PPP ãýæ ÿìàð îéëãîëò âý ? Àðèëæààíû çàõ çýýë, Çàñàãëàë áà Îëîí íèéòèéí ò¿íøëýëèéã áèé áîëãîõ →   Õàðèëöààíû áîñîî чèãëýëýýñ Õºíäëºí чèãëýëä øèëæèõ Áèçíåñ ñåêòîðûí îðîëöîîã äýìæèõ →   Õºãæèëä õóâü îðóóëàãч òàëóóäûí õàðèëöààã ã¿íçãèéð¿¿ëýõ Íèéãýì ýäèéí çàñãèéí õºãæ äýõ Çàñãèéí ãàçðûí ¿¿ðãèéã èë äàõèí òîäîðõîéëîõ →   “ Íèéãìèéí Áàÿëàãûí Áîäëîãî” –ã øèíýýð áèé áîëãîõ 32
    33. 33. Learning Session for UBMPSÇàñãèéí ãàçà𠺺𺺠íèéãìèéí ¿éëч èëãýý ¿ç¿¿ëäýã áàéäëààñàà“ ¯éëч èëãýý ¿ç¿¿ëýãч äèéã çîõèöóóëäàã “ õýâ øèíæ èäøèëæ áàéíà…. èæ PPP PPP îéëãîëò Õºðºí㺠PFI Îðóóëàëòûí çàðèì Õàìòûí õýñýã Õóâüч ëàë ¿éëäâýð Åðºíõèé Àóòñîîðñèíã Ë èçèíãèéí óäèðäëàãà Áóöààí òºëºëò Õºíãºëºëò¿¿ä í éè001è íî ëÎ Çàõ çýýëèéí ºðãºí âý%í0éèâó Õ àãàë ÷àà àñ àãàë ÷àà àñ Õºðºí㺠Öàð õ¿ðýýòýé %òé í Îðóóëàëòûí ñàíààч ëàãà í í çàðèì õýñýã õ 1 0 ¯ àæèëëàãàà éë 33
    34. 34. Learning Session for UBMPS Òºð îëîí íèéòèéí îðîëöîîòîéãîîð ̺íãºí ¿íýëãýýã íýìýãä¿¿ëýõ Îëîí íèéòèéí ̺íãºí ñàíààчëàãà PPP ¿íýëãýýÍèéòèéí çàðäàë Áîäèò öýâýð ¿íýëãýý Ýðñäëèéí çàðäàë Òºñºë áîëîâñðóóëàõ Çàñâàð/ çàðäàë Øèíýчëýëèéí çàðäàë Øèíý ¯ ºæèëëàãààíû éë çàðäàë ¯éë èëãýýíéè éëч òºëáºðò ºãñºí íèéò Òºëáºð Áàðèëãûí çàðäàë 34
    35. 35. Learning Session for UBMPS ¯¿íèéã õýðõýí äýìæèõ âý ? Ìîíãîë óëñ Ìîíãîë óëñÌîíãîë óëñûí Ç/ Ã. Õàìòûí àæèëëàãàà Õóâèéí õýâøèë Õàðèëöàí ÿðèàíû ̺í㺠çàìààð Õºðºí㺠Һðèéí ñàíõ¿¿,Òåõíîëîã îðóóëàëòûí îðчèíã îð çîõèöóóëàëòûã è & Õ¿íèé íººö ñàéæðóóëàõ ñààðóóëàõ Õàìòûíßïîí óëñûí Ç/ à àæèëëàãàà Õóâèéí õýâøèë ßïîí óëñ ßïîí óëñ 35
    36. 36. Learning Session for UBMPSÕîò òºëºâëºëòèéí 4 çàðчìûã äàõèí ñàíúÿ … Îëîí íèéòèéí Àøèã òóñûã íýí òýðã¿¿íä òàâèõ ”Õàäãàëàõ-õàìãààëàõ” -ûã îíöãîéëîí àíõààðàõ ĺðâºí “ E” ãèéí çàðч ìûã áàðèìòëàõ ( Èíæ ч ëýë, èíåð Áîëîâñðîë, Àëáàäëàãà Èðãýäèéí “ Àìüäðàëûí íºõöëèéã “ -ûã ñàéæðóóëàõ Áàÿðëàëàà .. 36

    ×