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Intro to urban planning eng

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Intro to urban planning eng

  1. 1. Learning Session for UBMPSIntroduction to Urban Planning July 24, 2007 Dr. K. Nagayama Deputy Team Leader, JICA Study Team 1
  2. 2. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics1. What is required by “Urban Planning” ?2. What should “Urban Planning” address ?3. What process is needed for “Urban Planning” ?4. Some Notable Planning Agenda 2
  3. 3. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics1. What is required by “Urban Planning” ?2. What should “Urban Planning” address ?3. What process is needed for “Urban Planning” ?4. Some Notable Planning Agenda 3
  4. 4. Learning Session for UBMPSUrbanization….. 4
  5. 5. Learning Session for UBMPS How to manage “Urbanization”?• Rapid population increase is taking place in cities.• Rural-to-urban Migration is predominant.• Pull effect (Urban)+ Push effect (Rural) Urban “bright” or Urban “blight” ? Urban “bright” or Urban “blight” ?t ge men M ana t h G row 5
  6. 6. Learning Session for UBMPSPoverty alleviation is achallenging urban issue. 6
  7. 7. Learning Session for UBMPSPoverty alleviation is achallenging urban issue.• Poverty is related to “Employment, Education, Health, Housing, …….• Rural economy is a reason of “Being Poverty”.• Economic Trickle -down EffectPlanning Target vs. Political Target?Planning Target vs. Political Target? t ge men M ana t h G row 7
  8. 8. Learning Session for UBMPSEconomic Trickle -down Effect Income Level Peripheral Central Peripheral 8
  9. 9. Learning Session for UBMPSGrowth Management 9
  10. 10. Learning Session for UBMPSRedevelopment for Vitalization ofUrban Economy 10
  11. 11. Learning Session for UBMPSConceptual Structure ofthe National Development Mineral Resources-Agriculture-based based DevelopmentDevelopment Darkhan Hovd Erdenet Choybaisan Uliastay World City Undurkhaan Harhorm Ulaanbaatar Agriculture-based National Development Corridor Choir Development Reforestation Zuun Mineral Resources- based Development National Growth Corridor 11
  12. 12. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics1. What is required by “Urban Planning” ?2. What should “Urban Planning” address ?3. What process is needed for “Urban Planning” ?4. Some Notable Planning Agenda 12
  13. 13. Learning Session for UBMPS Four (4) Principles of Urban Planning1. Public Benefits first2. Priority to “Conservation”3. Keep moving with 4Es (Engineering, Education, Enforcement)4. Secure People’s “quality of life” 13
  14. 14. Learning Session for UBMPSCommon issues held by cities1.Lack of sufficient infrastructures and public service facilities2.Poor institutions for urban planning and growth management;3.Weak financial and tax basis of local governments;4.Less coordination and integration among locally available resources;5.Less autonomous motivations due to a centralized resource allocation system. 14
  15. 15. Learning Session for UBMPSFive Planning Issues• Issues: – Livability – Competitiveness – Bankability – Good Governance – Environmental Conservation 15
  16. 16. Learning Session for UBMPSKey Elements for Urban Planning Physical & Spatial Structure (hardware) Integrated Urban PlanInstitutional & Human ResoruceLegal Systems Development (software) (humanware) 16
  17. 17. Learning Session for UBMPSPlanning Elements for SustainableUrban Growth1 Economic System Social System 2 for Sustainable Growth for Equitable Growth 3 Environmental Conservation & Management Environmental Conservation & Management4 5Strategic Development Balanced Developmentof Leading Metropolitan Cities of Local Cities 17
  18. 18. Learning Session for UBMPS Key Factors/ Elements to Successful and Meaningful Master Plan (6) Ownership of An Institutional Plan Framework (2) Strong Local Leadership(7) Support of (5) Possibility (1) Local (3) Stakeholder Donors of Resource Enthusiasm Participation Mobilization Donor Coordination (4) Capacity Realistic Rationalized Building Planning and Plan & Planning Management Process Framework 18
  19. 19. Learning Session for UBMPSContents of Urban Master Plan1. Urban Planning Policy (Goals and Missions)2. Urban Land Use & Zoning3. Transport System & Structure4. Urban Infrastructure and Utilities5. Housing and Living Conditions6. Urban Environment and Disaster Management7. Urban Growth Management and Governance8. Financial Capacity Strengthening 19
  20. 20. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics1. What is required by “Urban Planning” ?2. What should “Urban Planning” address ?3. What process is needed for “Urban Planning” ?4. Some Notable Planning Agenda 20
  21. 21. Learning Session for UBMPS Strategic Planning Process1. Where are we now? (Diagnostic Analysis, Comparative advantages)2. Where would we like to be? (Future Visions)3. What issues do we need to address? (Formuationo of Projects/Programs)4. What action must we take to get there? (Prioritization, Implementation Programming) 21
  22. 22. Learning Session for UBMPS Rationales of Planning Process Status Status Analysi Analysi ss Visioning VisioningSWOTAnalysi s Programmin Future Demand Programmin Forecast g g Development Prioritization Prioritization Framework Cost Estimate Action Action Planning Planning Cost-Benefit Analysis Financial Scheduling 22
  23. 23. Learning Session for UBMPS Strategic Planning Approach… 2. Visioning 3. Strategy Building Vision Strategic Path1. Status Analysis Present Situation 2015 2030 23
  24. 24. Learning Session for UBMPS Stakeholders Workshops Leader’s City InitiationConceptualization lessons View-exchange Group Presentation 24
  25. 25. Learning Session for UBMPS Setting of Planning Goals For up-lifting people’s quality of life More smooth More smooth Livable Housing Livable Housingpeople’s mobility people’s mobility Ulaanbaatar Ulaanbaatar !! Urban Visions Urban Visions Help the poor !! Help the poor Environment- Environment- conscious !! conscious 25
  26. 26. Learning Session for UBMPS Issues and Measures of Urban Planning Planning Issues UrbanIssues of Urban Planning1. Create “Livable City” for All Public Transport System2. Achieve sustainable and Land Use Zoning competitive economic growth Road Transport Network3. Strengthen the municipal Industries, Business, financing capacity Tourism & FRI Inducement4. Assure Environmental ICT and Urban Utilities Conservation New Taxation and Laws5. Prepare legal Framework for Growth Management & Alleviation of Environmental Good Governance Pollution 26
  27. 27. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics1. What is required by “Urban Planning” ?2. What should “Urban Planning” address ?3. What process is needed for “Urban Planning” ?4. Some Notable Planning Agenda 27
  28. 28. Learning Session for UBMPSDemand-Supply Gap Fulfillment Service Capacity/Volume Supply Schedule A Supply Schedule B Shortage/Congestion Over-supply/Investment Risk Demand Curve 2007 2015 2020 2030 28
  29. 29. Learning Session for UBMPS Public Transport Modal Hierarchy Applicable Modes and Systems 60,000+CAPACITY (Persons/hr/Lane) 50,000 Mass Rapid Transit 40,000 30,000 Light Rail 20,000 Transit Bus Priority 10,000 Tramway Bus in Monorail Mixed Traffic 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 29 OPERATING SPEED (km/hr)
  30. 30. Learning Session for UBMPS Multimodal Cargo Transport and Unit Load System Unit Unit Unit Factory B Factory B Factory C Truck in Unit Truck in Unit Station Railway in Unit Port / Airport Airplane in Unit Port / Airport Railway in Unit Truck in Unit Station Unit Unit Truck in Unit Customer BCustomer A 30
  31. 31. Learning Session for UBMPS The Global Trend of Containerization, Globalization & Standardization Packaged in Standardized Units Container Each Cargo ItemStandardized International Transport Transported as UnitVessel Train Truck 31 Airplane
  32. 32. Learning Session for UBMPS What is PPP?• Establish partnership with commercial market, Government & communities →   From Vertical Relation to Horizontal Relation• Facilitate business sector’s participation →   Deepen Communication with Stakeholders of Development• Re-define government’s roles for social and economic development →   Adopt new positive “Social Welfare Policy ” 32
  33. 33. Learning Session for UBMPSGovernment’s functions shifting fromproviding public services itself towardsbecoming a “manager of the providers” …. PPP PPP Concept Part of Capital PFI Investment Privatization Joint Venture Overall Management Outsourcing Sales Leaseback Part of Capital Concession Investment Wider Market Operation & Initiative Maintenance u P % 01 i r P % 01 0 0 33
  34. 34. Learning Session for UBMPSVFM Maximization by PPP Conventional Public Initiative PPP NPV VFMPublic Spending Risk Cost Repair/Renewal Cost Project Formation Cost Total Payment for Operation/Maintenance Service Charges Cost Construction Cost 34
  35. 35. Learning Session for UBMPS How to promote it ? Mongolia MongoliaMongolian Gov. Partnership Private Sector Improve Investment Money, Environment through Deregulation Technology & Dialogue Human ResourceJapanese Gov. Partnership Private Sector Japan Japan 35
  36. 36. Learning Session for UBMPSLet’s remind four (4) principles of Urban Planning …• Public Benefits first• Priority to “Conservation”• Keep moving with 4Es (Engineering, Education, Enforcement)• Secure People’s “quality of life” Thank you .. 36
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