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Lecture demonstration slides for schools press conference-

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  1. 1. C opyreading - editing or correcting error made by the reporter. D uties of a C opyreader <ul><li>C ontent </li></ul>delete <ul><li>F orm </li></ul>delete Errors in fact Those contrary to law and good taste Opinion, unnecessary adjectives, editorializing statements in news Verbal deadwood, redundancy Technical terms, jargon in news Errors in gram mar, spelling, punctuation, usage, organization Errors in style Errors in unity, coherence, emphasis
  2. 2. A good copyreader is <ul><li>A ccurate </li></ul><ul><li>Checks, confirms, facts and figures, dates and time </li></ul><ul><li>Verifies names, sees totals tally </li></ul><ul><li>A master of detail, of broad knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>A master writer, a super reporter </li></ul><ul><li>Skillful in the use of words, sentences, paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Writes concisely </li></ul><ul><li>C areful, patient, creative, and can distinguish sound inference from editorializing </li></ul><ul><li>M eticulous </li></ul><ul><li>Willing to read long articles word for word </li></ul><ul><li>I n-the-know </li></ul><ul><li>One must know facts of the story </li></ul><ul><li>H igh sense of grammar and wide vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>C ritical eye </li></ul><ul><li>Can easily detect errors </li></ul><ul><li>T idy </li></ul><ul><li>Especially in making copyreader marks </li></ul><ul><li>r esourceful </li></ul><ul><li>For referencing of facts </li></ul><ul><li>K nowledgeable on appropriate symbols </li></ul>QUALITIES OF A GOOD COPYREADER These qualities are not developed overnight; these are attained through constant practice and learning from own mistakes. The talent in writing prospers when it is nurtured.
  3. 3. C ommonly- U sed S ymbols Copyreader and journalist understand a special language, made ,mostly of symbols, to represent certain actions on revising articles. Some of them are as follows: Caret Used to insert punctuation or words Underscore Used to capitalize certain words/letters Paragraph ¶ Used to form paragraphs Circle Used to spell abbreviated words Transpose To interchange the position of words/letters Sharp # Used to end the story ( triple) Sept. 16-17, 2006 bye good
  4. 4. Some Copyreading Examples <ul><li>Letters and word changes </li></ul>Punctuation Marks Numbers and Abbreviation Those b oys – close up space Pamp let – insert letter h h Avail of – insert word himself They call her Sibuyas Queen because…. (quotation mark) ” ” Mr. Valdez said “goodbye” (comma) , I’ll see you in Sept. (spell out) Doctor Jekyll (abbreviate) Give me 2 bananas (spell out)
  5. 5. You Are the sUnshine of my life Some Copyreading Examples Other forms of type Others … was not untrue (delete) Judgement (delete letter within the word) Developed our sskills (delete letter before/after the word) Meronbatayongmiryenda? (put space) Mayoyao , Philippines ( capitalize whole word) The quick brown dinosaur jumps over the lazy teacher. (indent or paragraph) The story is not over more (story unfinished) One girl came (ignore correction) stet
  6. 6. Headline Writing The news is basically a story, and like a typical story, news also have titles- the Headline. Headlines immediately suggest to the readers what the news is all about, so they may get interested with it. It also sets the mood of the reader towards the news; to alarm, to pacify, or to just inform the reader. Complex Monumental Terminated Witness Purchase Utilize Majority Reside Procure Proceed Contribute Request Endeavor Summon Category Prevaricate Incarcerate Inaugurate Facilitate Inundate Criticize Enumerate Conference Investigate Welcome Family Connect Silent Capture Reject Approve Customary Demise Exceedingly Expensive Police Simple Big Ended See Buy Use Most Live Get Go Givr Ask Try Call Class Lie Jail Start Help Flood Blast Cite Confab/gab Grill Hail Kin Link Mum Nab Nix Okay Usual Death Very Dear Cop Facilitate Concerning Conflagration Beverage Acquaint Proceed Proliferation Subsequently Edifice Currently Commence Help About Fire Drink Tell Go Spread Later Building Now Begin
  7. 7. A good Headline Checklist A Headline does have a purpose, and for it to be effective, it has to fulfill that purpose. To check whether a certain headline has achieved such, the following must be looked into: <ul><li>A headline: </li></ul><ul><li>Answers many W’s as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Should summarize the news story </li></ul><ul><li>Should catch attention </li></ul><ul><li>Should be grammatically correct </li></ul><ul><li>Is balanced, fair and in good taste </li></ul><ul><li>Is active rather than passive </li></ul><ul><li>Uses short familiar words </li></ul><ul><li>Uses only commonly accepted abbreviations </li></ul>Verbal Deadwoods and other Words to Avoid Verbal Deadwoods are words which unnecessarily repeat the same idea: Vague words are those which only arouse more questions in the part of the reader. “ repeat it all over again for the second time around” Tragedy- “What kind of tragedy? <ul><li>Some verbal Deadwoods </li></ul><ul><li>For the reason that-because </li></ul><ul><li>At the present time-now </li></ul><ul><li>Tendered is resignation-resigned </li></ul><ul><li>Affixed his signature-signed </li></ul><ul><li>Told his listeners-said </li></ul><ul><li>United in holy matrimony-married </li></ul><ul><li>Used for fuel purpose- fueled </li></ul><ul><li>Held a conference-met </li></ul><ul><li>In the immediate vicinity-near </li></ul><ul><li>Was able to make his escape-escaped </li></ul><ul><li>The words in italics should be omitted </li></ul><ul><li>Advance prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Fatal killing </li></ul><ul><li>Definitely decided </li></ul><ul><li>New recruits </li></ul><ul><li>Free gift </li></ul><ul><li>A period of two weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Past history </li></ul><ul><li>Final conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Dead body </li></ul><ul><li>Some vague words </li></ul><ul><li>Mishap- tragedy (fire, explosion, drowning), or accident (collision, fall from a building) </li></ul><ul><li>Rites- ceremony (wedding, mass) </li></ul><ul><li>Raps- legal action (suit for damages, libel, criminal case) </li></ul><ul><li>Docs- documents (deed of sale, certificate, treaty) </li></ul><ul><li>Area- community (neighborhood, village, town, city) </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Philippine Press Institute </li></ul>
  8. 8. Steps: Writing the Headline The proper headline can be written only after the entire news is finished. Here are the basic steps in writing headlines: Underline the keywords- what are the most important places, people and events in the story? Write the summary of the news using the key words- create a couple of statements using those underlined words. The sentences formed need not be perfect; just make it to a point that it will make some sense. Divide according to unit of thought- separate the whos, the whats and so on. Substitute simple & effective synonyms- remember that your readers are not scientists. Keep your words simple. See if they follow the rules of construction- observe proper tense, subject-verb agreement, etc. Other tips Don’t use the articles A, An, The- this only waste space. The Headline would still make sense even without them anyway. Use numbers only if important- don’t include the figure if there’s only 1 peso involved. Minimize punctuation- it is not a formal sentence, so perfect punctuation unnecessary. Use short familiar words Use only commonly used and accepted abbreviations- don’t use B.C. for Baguio City!
  9. 9. <ul><li>Lecture presentation </li></ul><ul><li>ROGER S. SEBASTIAN, master teacher 1 </li></ul><ul><li>NVGCHS </li></ul><ul><li>Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya </li></ul>