Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Romantic Architecture2


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Romantic Architecture2

  1. 1. Romantic Architecture <ul><li>John Nash (1752-1835) </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Charles Barry (1795-1860) </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Garnier (1825-98) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Revival Architecture <ul><li>Nash, Royal Pavilion, Brighton </li></ul><ul><li>Seaside resort for prince regent, later King George IV </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic domes, minarets and screens </li></ul><ul><li>Onion domes and finials </li></ul><ul><li>Underlying the exotic façade is a cast iron skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Interior: palm-tree columns in cast iron </li></ul>
  3. 3. Royal Pavilion at Brighton, John Nash, 1815
  4. 8. Revival Architecture <ul><li>Barry and Pugin, Houses of Parliament, London </li></ul><ul><li>Old Houses of Parliament burned to the ground in 1834 </li></ul><ul><li>Competition held in 1835 to rebuild the Houses </li></ul><ul><li>Only styles allowed in the competition were Elizabethan Tudor and Gothic </li></ul><ul><li>97 entries, this was the winning entry </li></ul><ul><li>Ground plan is cruciform </li></ul><ul><li>Two main axes meet in an octagonal central lobby: House of Commons meets the House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Barry was a classicist, a regularity of the rhythms of the façade </li></ul><ul><li>Pugin was a medievalist: towers and decorative elements </li></ul><ul><li>Vast office complex: 1,100 rooms, 100 staircases, 2 miles of corridors, 8 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonized with other medieval buildings nearby, like Westminster Abbey </li></ul><ul><li>Big Ben, the clock tower, is like a medieval village clock </li></ul><ul><li>Placement of a detached tower is Italian in inspiration </li></ul>
  5. 9. Revival Architecture <ul><li>Garnier, The Opera, Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior: </li></ul><ul><li>Rich polychrome façade of colored marbles </li></ul><ul><li>Domed auditorium </li></ul><ul><li>Huge fly space for stage behind that </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate side entrance for the Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribers had a pendant entrance </li></ul><ul><li>General ticket holders entered front </li></ul><ul><li>Interior: </li></ul><ul><li>Iron used, but not in exposed places </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors on columns flicker with gas light, allowing ladies to check their hair before entering the great staircase </li></ul><ul><li>Auditorium made for the staircase, rather than the staircase for the auditorium </li></ul><ul><li>Auditorium as anti-climax </li></ul><ul><li>Garnier said the staircase IS the opera </li></ul><ul><li>Lower steps swell gently outward </li></ul><ul><li>Porch of the caryatids frames the finest seats </li></ul>
  6. 13. Beginnings of Modern Architecture <ul><li>Labrouste, Sainte-Genevieve Library, Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of load bearing masonry and iron construction </li></ul><ul><li>Arches and columns support roof independent of masonry walls </li></ul><ul><li>Iron construction balanced by itself </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute a cast-iron shaft for a column of granite </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow, rectangular ground plan wedged onto a long constricted site </li></ul><ul><li>1838, first library in Paris to be opened at night, illuminated with gas lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Had to be constructed of fire-proof materials </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior: </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous range of arches on tall, narrow piers </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior can be thought of as a cover for a book </li></ul><ul><li>First consistently exposed iron skeleton in a monumental public building </li></ul><ul><li>Arches on interior reflect arches on exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive and mechanical decoration on surface </li></ul><ul><li>Façade composed of 810 names of authors in chronological order from Moses to Berzelous, 1848, a Swedish chemist </li></ul>
  7. 14. Beginnings of Modern Architecture <ul><li>Labrouste, Sainte-Genevieve Library, Paris (continued) </li></ul><ul><li>Central name is Byzantine writer Psellus symbolizing the meeting of East and West </li></ul><ul><li>Façade as a monumental card catalogue, or Table of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Main portal: two flat Tuscan columns, surmounted by lamps that symbolize opening at night for the convenience of students and workers </li></ul><ul><li>Lamps around door look like bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Interior: </li></ul><ul><li>Single spine of cast iron down center </li></ul><ul><li>Spatially open, evenly lit in daytime and well-ventilated </li></ul><ul><li>Interior and exterior compliment each other </li></ul>
  8. 16. Beginnings of Modern Architecture <ul><li>Paxton, Crystal Palace, London </li></ul><ul><li>Competition to build a World’s Fair in London to be held in 1851 </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings to be temporary, economical, simple, and capable of rapid construction </li></ul><ul><li>245 designs submitted, none suitable </li></ul><ul><li>Paxton formulated this design in eight days, fulfilling all requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 39 weeks of prefabricated materials </li></ul><ul><li>1851 feet long, 18 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Free of internal walls </li></ul><ul><li>7,200 cast iron and wrought iron columns </li></ul><ul><li>900,000 square feet of sheet glass </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow cast iron columns act as drain pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Glass curtain walls </li></ul><ul><li>Portal bracing to counteract lateral forces of the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Paxton’s experience in greenhouses inspired the design </li></ul><ul><li>Burned in 1936 </li></ul>