Colonies: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
l. The people in these colonies came primarily for
2. They made their own clothes and grew their own food.
3. Massachusetts was the major New England port for shipbuilding.
4. Life expectancy was greater than in England.
5. Literacy rates were high
6. Rock soil which made large skill farming almost impossible
7. First written constitution in the western hemisphere
8. Came mostly in family groups
TRIANGLE TRADE AFFECTED THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLONIAL
GOVERNMENT IN THAT SLAVE SHIPS FROM ENGLAND WENT TO WEST
AFRICA TO GET SLAVES. THEY PAID FOR THE SLAVES WITH RUM. MONEY
FROM THE SALE OF SLAVES WAS USED TO BUY MOLASSES. THIS CAME
BACK TO NEW ENGLAND WHERE IT WAS MADE INTO RUM.
•Great thinker like
• Fertile soil
• Dutch gave us the
concept of Santa
Claus, Easter eggs,
bowling and ice
•Assortment of ethnic
• Served as the
distribution center for
•Came for religious
• Most politically
THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT USHERED IN A NEW WAY OF THINKING. THE OLD WAY
THAT THINGS USED TO BE DONE WAS CHALLENGED BY WRITERS LIKE ISAAC NEWTON
AND JOHN LOCKE. THEIR IDEAS WENT FURTHER THAN JUST THE SPIRITUAL. LOCKE
EVEN SAID THAT PEOPLE HAD THE RIGHT TO CHANGE A GOVERNMENT IF THE
GOVERNMENT DID NOT PROTECT THEIR BASIC RIGHTS. PEOPLE BEGAN TO QUESTION
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. MONTESQUIEU SAID THAT POWER SHOULD NOT BE IN THE
HANDS OF A FEW AND THAT POWER SHOULD BE SEPARATED INTO 3 GROUPS,
EXECUTIVE, JUDICIAL, AND LEGISLATIVE.
People in America read these ideas. Religious leaders became less strict. New political attitudes were created by these new ideas. A direct effect
of the Age of Enlightenment can be found in the opening of the Declaration of Independence. The opening is an application of John Lock’s ideas.
THE SOUTHERN COLONIES
Maryland, Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina and
These people came to make money.
I Because they had large plantations they needed
workers to work the land which led to bringing of
large number of slaves to work for them. James
Oglethorpe tried to develop Georgia as a utopian
Cash crop plantation
They were not as healthy-many
died from typhoid, malaria,
Usually did not come with
families, single men.
• The Age of Awakening was a major rebellion against the
strict teaching of the church. The new faiths that came out of
the Age of Awakening were much more democratic. No one
denomination dominated an area. There was greater
equality and more tolerance about differences. More and
more new Protestant denominations were formed. During
this time people saw themselves as being more capable of
taking care of themselves. Another effect of the Great
Awakening was the growth of the notion of state rule as a
contract with the people This was the first major event that
all the colonies could share.