Housing Chapter 18
Developing A Design Plan
Learning Objective: Students will analyze the first 5
steps of the design process and identify why
planning is important in interior design.
FCS Standard: Housing and Interior Design
Good and Efficient Design
What happens when someone just jumps into
decorating the interior of a room without
This chapter will cover the first 5 Steps of the
And, you will think about what you have learned
so far when developing a plan for interior design.
Step 1-Identify the Project
What is the design goal?-changing a
bedroom into an office, un-clutter a living
area, make a kitchen more user-friendly.
What is the space used for?
Who will use it?
What is the budget?
How long do they plan on living there?
What is the time frame?
Step 2-Assess Client
Designers use one or more inventories:
surveys that identify characteristics that will
affect the design plan.
Can be a written questionnaire or an interview.
The person using the room most and the
entire family need to be considered.
What’s included in a design inventory?
Activities-will the room be a multipurpose
room: (a room used for many things) or will it
have one basic function?
Entertaining Preferences-Will there be
entertaining-formal or informal? How many
guests? What entertainment equipment will be
in the room?
Hobbies-Do these require special storage
needs? Do they have a collection?
Study and Work-Is there space to work?
Other considerations for a design
Preferred Atmosphere-Color preferences,
modern or antique, rustic, traditional, formal,
informal are all considerations. The room
should also fit with the rest of the house.
Future Considerations-What future changes
need to be considered? Will someone be
moving, someone else moving in? A new
addition to the family?
Inventories are also done for nonresidential
projects-restaurants, medical offices, etc.
Step 3-Analyze the Environment
The Environment Inventory-this starts by
assessing the outside of the house-it’s style
might be used in the interior decorating.
Number and placement of rooms-could some
spaces be converted?
Activity Zones-are they private, social, or service
Storage Areas-pay attention to the number and
sizes of closets. What needs to be stored?
Furniture and Accessories-what do they already
have and want to use? Can it be reupholstered?
What accessories are already there? Can they
More on Environmental Inventories
Condition of backgrounds-what is the condition and
appeal of the current flooring, walls, and window
Energy considerations-Are existing doors and windows
tight? Does air circulate well?
Electrical and lighting-If in doubt, consult an electrician.
Is the lighting adequate for the room? Upgrades may
need to happen if adding lighting or appliances.
Safety-Is childproofing needed? Are there individuals
with special needs that will use the home?
Traffic flow-does the furniture have enough clearance
space (additional space furniture takes up when it’s in
use)? Does the arrangement of the furniture create
good traffic flow?
More on Step 3-Analyzing the
Develop Priorities-rating wants and needs in order of preference.
Measure Space and Furniture-
Make a scale drawing-with each square representing a given
number of inches or centimeters. A common scale is ¼ in.= 1
Include permanent features, such as doorways, windows, built-in
cabinets, fireplaces in the drawing.
Use the architectural symbols (pg 257).
Also mark the location of heating or cooling registers.
Measure furniture that will be used in design plan-draw the pieces
on graph paper using the same scale and cut each out creating a
silhouette that is labeled.
You can also use templates: cutout patterns of furniture and
appliances that can be traced.
All of these measurements can be transferred to a computer
software program to make the task more efficient and accurate.
The Last of Step 3-Analyzing the
Consider furniture needs-What furniture will
be incorporated into the design plan? What is
the best use of space? This doesn’t have to
be a definite at this point.
Step 4-Develop a Preliminary Budget
A preliminary budget is an estimation of the total cost
of the design project.
The budget for interior design can include many
expenses-wall coverings, floor coverings, window
treatments, upholstery fabric, furniture, lighting, etc.
Additional money may be needed for plumbers,
If a designer is used, their expense can be as high as
$300 an hour.
When figuring a preliminary budget, a designer may
include a contingency fee: an additional percentage of
the total cost of a project. 20% is often used.
Estimating cost of some materials is a little tricky.
Look to pgs. 402-403 for assistance.
Step 5: Compile a Design Resource
Find resources from magazines, the internet,
furniture and accessory catalogs, how-to
books, even TV shows to get an idea of what
Organize these clippings and photos into a
design file-preferably room by room.
Take before and after pictures for