Design Process


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Design Process

  1. 1. Housing Chapter 18 Developing A Design Plan Learning Objective: Students will analyze the first 5 steps of the design process and identify why planning is important in interior design. FCS Standard: Housing and Interior Design Standard 2
  2. 2. Good and Efficient Design Requires Planning  What happens when someone just jumps into decorating the interior of a room without adequate planning?  This chapter will cover the first 5 Steps of the Design Process.  And, you will think about what you have learned so far when developing a plan for interior design.
  3. 3. Step 1-Identify the Project  What is the design goal?-changing a bedroom into an office, un-clutter a living area, make a kitchen more user-friendly.  What is the space used for?  Who will use it?  What is the budget?  How long do they plan on living there?  What is the time frame?
  4. 4. Step 2-Assess Client Characteristics  Designers use one or more inventories: surveys that identify characteristics that will affect the design plan.  Can be a written questionnaire or an interview.  The person using the room most and the entire family need to be considered.
  5. 5. What’s included in a design inventory?  Lifestyle  Activities-will the room be a multipurpose room: (a room used for many things) or will it have one basic function?  Entertaining Preferences-Will there be entertaining-formal or informal? How many guests? What entertainment equipment will be in the room?  Hobbies-Do these require special storage needs? Do they have a collection?  Study and Work-Is there space to work?
  6. 6. Other considerations for a design inventory.  Preferred Atmosphere-Color preferences, modern or antique, rustic, traditional, formal, informal are all considerations. The room should also fit with the rest of the house.  Future Considerations-What future changes need to be considered? Will someone be moving, someone else moving in? A new addition to the family?  Inventories are also done for nonresidential projects-restaurants, medical offices, etc.
  7. 7. Step 3-Analyze the Environment  The Environment Inventory-this starts by assessing the outside of the house-it’s style might be used in the interior decorating.  Number and placement of rooms-could some spaces be converted?  Activity Zones-are they private, social, or service zones?  Storage Areas-pay attention to the number and sizes of closets. What needs to be stored?  Furniture and Accessories-what do they already have and want to use? Can it be reupholstered? What accessories are already there? Can they be relocated?
  8. 8. More on Environmental Inventories  Condition of backgrounds-what is the condition and appeal of the current flooring, walls, and window treatments?  Energy considerations-Are existing doors and windows tight? Does air circulate well?  Electrical and lighting-If in doubt, consult an electrician. Is the lighting adequate for the room? Upgrades may need to happen if adding lighting or appliances.  Safety-Is childproofing needed? Are there individuals with special needs that will use the home?  Traffic flow-does the furniture have enough clearance space (additional space furniture takes up when it’s in use)? Does the arrangement of the furniture create good traffic flow?
  9. 9. More on Step 3-Analyzing the Environment.  Develop Priorities-rating wants and needs in order of preference.  Measure Space and Furniture-  Make a scale drawing-with each square representing a given number of inches or centimeters. A common scale is ¼ in.= 1 foot.  Include permanent features, such as doorways, windows, built-in cabinets, fireplaces in the drawing.  Use the architectural symbols (pg 257).  Also mark the location of heating or cooling registers.  Measure furniture that will be used in design plan-draw the pieces on graph paper using the same scale and cut each out creating a silhouette that is labeled.  You can also use templates: cutout patterns of furniture and appliances that can be traced.  All of these measurements can be transferred to a computer software program to make the task more efficient and accurate.
  10. 10. The Last of Step 3-Analyzing the Environment.  Consider furniture needs-What furniture will be incorporated into the design plan? What is the best use of space? This doesn’t have to be a definite at this point.
  11. 11. Step 4-Develop a Preliminary Budget  A preliminary budget is an estimation of the total cost of the design project.  The budget for interior design can include many expenses-wall coverings, floor coverings, window treatments, upholstery fabric, furniture, lighting, etc. Additional money may be needed for plumbers, electricians, carpenters.  If a designer is used, their expense can be as high as $300 an hour.  When figuring a preliminary budget, a designer may include a contingency fee: an additional percentage of the total cost of a project. 20% is often used.  Estimating cost of some materials is a little tricky. Look to pgs. 402-403 for assistance.
  12. 12. Step 5: Compile a Design Resource File  Find resources from magazines, the internet, furniture and accessory catalogs, how-to books, even TV shows to get an idea of what you want.  Organize these clippings and photos into a design file-preferably room by room.  Take before and after pictures for comparisons.