Frankenwein - Wine In Franconia

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A short overview of the wine industry on Franconia, Germany (history, characteristics).

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Frankenwein - Wine In Franconia

  1. 1. Frankenwein A short overview of wine in Franconia Sources: http://www.lwg.bayern.de/weinbau/weinbau_franken/ Alexander von Halem www.barockschloss.de http://zeilitzheim.blogspot.com/ http://vonhalem.blogspot.com/ http://twitter.com/barockschloss http://www.flickr.com/photos/barockschloss/
  2. 2. Topics • Geography / terroir • A short history of wine in Franconia • The wine industry in Franconia today • Where the journey is going...
  3. 3. Geography / terroir • 15,000 acres of vineyards (6,000 ha.) • almost 7,000 wine growers • Located centrally in Germany
  4. 4. Geography Climate • Frost-free vegetation period 160 - 190 days • Sunshine 1,600 - 1,750 hrs p.a. • Annual avg. temperature 8.5 - 9.0° Celsius • Precipitation 500 - 600 mm • Continental climate characterized by severe winter frosts, frost damage in Spring (May frost), hot dry periods in summer and early autumn frost
  5. 5. Geology Franconian Triassic Keuper Muschelkalk Buntsandstein
  6. 6. Character of the Wine: Franconian soils and climate produce earthy, robust wines with fresh acidity. Usually drier wines than in other parts of Germany.
  7. 7. History • No record of roman influence on Franconian viticulture. • 8th century - Benedictine nuns (Kleinochsenfurt, Kitzingen) • 770 Abbey Fulda - documentation • 777 Charlemagne supports wine industry • 12th-16th century - peak (40,000 ha), largest coherent wine region in Europe
  8. 8. History • 17th century - decline (Thirty Years‘ War, climate change --> beer) • 18th century - revival (16,500 ha.) • 19th century - second considerable decline (secularization, Napoleon, taxes, 10,500 ha.)
  9. 9. History • 1900 - third decline (peronospora, Oidium, Reblaus, WWII)
  10. 10. History • 1922 last vine cleared in Zeilitzheim... • 1959 only 2,360 ha. wine left • 60s, 70s - start of reconstruction (official advisory, reparcelling, support of producers‘ groups, modern means of production) • Today: 7,000 wine-growing businesses cultivate 6,000 ha. of producing vineyards. total annual turnover of approx. 150 - 200 million Euros
  11. 11. Bocksbeutel • Bottleform protected in EU since 1989 • Sign of quality • „Qualitätswein“ 70+ Oechsle (Kabinett)
  12. 12. Frankenwein today • Structure • Quality • Marketing
  13. 13. Structure • Direct Marketing („Selbstvermarkter“) • The „Big Three“ • Cooperatives
  14. 14. Structure Wine growers 3 % 1 % 14 % 14 % 68 % under 0.5 ha. 0.5 - 1 ha 1 - 5 ha. 5 - 10 ha. 10+ ha. under 0.5 0.5 - 1 ha 1 - 5 ha. 5 - 10 ha. 10+ ha. Total ha. Number of 4524 955 956 170 59 6664 wineries
  15. 15. Structure „Selbstvermarkter“ „Weinerlebnisse“ Weinfeste Essential for tourism! Preservation of the cultural landscape
  16. 16. Structure The Big Three • Staatlicher Hofkeller • Bürgerspital • Juliusspital
  17. 17. Structure Producers‘ Cooperatives • 5 main cooperatives: • Winzergemeinschaft Franken (GWF) • WG Nordheim • WG Thüngersheim • WG Randersacker • Winzerkeller Sommerach
  18. 18. Structure Producers‘ Cooperatives • Coops were essential during the rebuilding period after WWII. Reparcelling. • Principle of broad dispersal of property. • Cooperatives guarantee landscape preservation. Steep inclines... • Cooperatives ensure stable structure of wine economy. • Problems of mass production and low quality (1980s) have been solved.
  19. 19. Structure • 50% of the wine is sold in 80 km radius, another 33% in 250 km radius • Direct marketing is significant (approx. 1,200 estates)
  20. 20. Structure Grape Varieties red 20 % • Traditionally a white-wine region. • Red wine on the rise in the 1990s. white 80 % • Red grape varieties now back in gradual decline.
  21. 21. Structure Grape Varieties 5 %3 % 13 % 6 % 24 % 15 % 16 % 41 % 7 % 9 % 28 % 32 % White Red Müller Thurgau Silvaner Bacchus Kerner Spätburgunder Domina Schwarzriesling Riesling Scheurebe Portugieser Dornfelder Regent
  22. 22. Grape Varieties • Müller Thurgau 40% but on the decline. • Silvaner and Riesling record a considerable increase. • Bacchus popular, especially among female wine drinkers. • Weißer / Grauer Burgunder on the rise in premium sector. • Domina has surpassed Blauer Spätburgunder in volume. • Dornfelder popular due to its intense color. • Regent growing in popularity due to resistance to diseases.
  23. 23. Quality • Reduction of output / regulation • Qualitätsweinprüfung“ • 12 commissions, 72 testers • 12,000 - 14,000 wines tested each year (Rejection ratio on avg. 12%) • „Winepyramid“
  24. 24. Quality Categories QbA Qualitätswein Qualitätswein mit Prädikat Kabinett Spätlese Auslese Beerenauslese Eiswein Trockenbeerenauslese Tafelwein Deutscher Tafelwein Deutscher Landwein
  25. 25. Quality / Marketing „Qualitätspyramide“ • Neues Franken: fresh wines without too much complexity • Klassisches Franken: authentic, typical Franconian wines, served with dinner. • Grosses Franken: unique, typical terroir wines, niche.
  26. 26. Marketing Silvaner Year • 350 years Silvaner in Franken • 200 events
  27. 27. Marketing Winetourism • Gästeführer Weinerlebnis Franken • Weindozenten • Certified wine festivals • Architecture
  28. 28. Marketing Winetourism - architecture • Vinotheken • Iphofen • Nordheim (Divino) • Wineries • Hirn: Hundertwasser
  29. 29. Where are we going? • Franken well established internationally, especially with dry white wines. • Silvaner as the most characteristic grape variety. • Wine & Tourism • QUALITY!
  30. 30. Alexander von Halem www.barockschloss.de http://zeilitzheim.blogspot.com/ http://vonhalem.blogspot.com/ http://twitter.com/barockschloss http://www.flickr.com/photos/barockschloss/

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