Barcelona Smart City Tour


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Discover why Barcelona is a Smart City pioneer, leading innovative and sustainable initiatives for a better
quality of life

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Barcelona Smart City Tour

  2. 2. Discover why Barcelona is a Smart City pioneer, leading innovative and sustainableinitiatives for a better quality of life
  3. 3. The tour covers the following key points of interest: 01 Orthogonal Bus Network faster and more efficient above-ground transportation 02 Tap & Go secure and convenient contactless payments 03 Barcelona Solar Thermal Ordinance Active systems to produce domestic hot water 04 Media-TIC Building example of Green Architecture 05 Underground Service Galleries easy access to service network 06 SIIUR project integral Solutions for Urban Infrastructures 07 Sensors for improvement of urban services new applications for a better urban quality of life 08 Biosphere Certification for Barcelona international sustainable tourist destination 09 Forum Solar Photovoltaic Installation an icon of local environmental friendly policies 10 Integral Waste Management Plant waste to energy treatment plant Districlima11 heating and cooling system 12 LIVE Barcelona Project the electric mobility plan for the city 13 Automated Waste Collection System a clean and efficient waste collection 14 Bicing bicycle sharing system E-Government15 for entrepreneurs, businesses and citizens
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  6. 6. Mayors and city leaders know that cities face tough times: econo-mic recession, aging population, increasing densification, climatechange, security threats, etc. Forward-looking cities are embracingthe transformation agenda, but it is difficult to find the evidenceneeded to properly evaluate options for major new initiatives.Barcelona is an active player in a community that is creating aninternational city protocol that will allow cities to improve perfor-mance in terms of environmental sustainability, economic competi-tiveness, quality of life and city services.In July 2012, over 200 participants, representing 33 cities, 20 majorbusinesses, 14 universities and 20 other organisations, convenedin Barcelona to learn about, discuss, and infuse life into the idea ofa City Protocol Society (CPS). CPS is a delivery-focused network ofglobal cities that, in partnership with industry, research agencies andother organisations, is developing common approaches and solutionsto help cities build a sustainable future. The official launch of the CPSat the November 2012 Smart City World Congress in Barcelona setsout the roadmap for the society to be fully operational in 2013.The CPS will produce:• Recommendations and technological Standards: industry-based standards, technologies and solutions which are standard on a City Protocol basis;• Recognized and certified projects and policies of reference for cities, tested in cities that can be used as examples for other cities.• Indicators.The CPS membership is open to all cities, businesses, researchagencies and organizations who are working to understand anddeliver change in cities throughout the world.
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  8. 8. ORTHOGONAL BUS NETWORK FASTEr AND MORE EFFICIENT ABOVE-GROUND TRANSPORTATIONThe new bus system is based on the orthogonal bus network, revealed asthe most efficient framework for above-ground urban public transportation.The differential characteristics of the new network belonging to a smart city are:• Routes which are as straight as the road layout allows• Adaptations of the infrastructure so as to boost the speed and regularity such as, for example, separate lanes.• Slight increase in the distance between stops, up to 350-400m• Advanced customer information systems, with different images compared with other bus lines.• Just one transfer between any point on the network for 95% of the journeys• Sustainability in terms of consumption and impact on the environmentThe new bus network will consist of a combination of 28 lines of high-serviceaxes: 17 are vertical (sea-mountain), 8 are horizontal (river Llobregat-riverBesòs) and 3 more radial and cross the others diagonallyThe first five lines of the new network, around 88.8 kilometres, were set inmotion in October 2012. The rest of the lines will be introduced progres-sively in 2013.This new orthogonal bus network is operated by Transports Metropolitansde Barcelona (TMB), which is committed to urban sustainable mobility. Thiscommitment is reflected in both the acquisition of new hybrid vehicles andthe conversion of diesel vehicles into hybrid vehicles, reducing emissions.The company also has part of its fleet powered by natural gas. Today, TMBwill have one of the cleanest surface public transport fleets in Europe.
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  10. 10. TAP & GO SECURE AND CONVENIENT CONTACTLESS PAYMENTSThe Tap and Go Barcelona project allows contactless payments using NFC(Near Field Communications) technology. It is included in a range of strategicinitiatives aligned with the Barcelona Mobile World Capital over the 2012 -2018 period.The NFC technology allows fast, contactless payments to be made securelyand conveniently: you wave your card close to the payment terminal whichregisters the transaction, without having to do anything else, unless the va-lue of the purchase is over 20 euros, in which case you will have to enter yourPIN. It makes transactions a lot easier for traders and for customers too, asthey don’t have to carry any cash with them.La Caixa, the bank that collaborates with the initiative, supports the use ofthis technology by covering all card customers against possible fraudulentuse. It was the first bank to opt for a comprehensive launch of contactlesspayment systems in a city, having adapted shop payment terminals, pay-ment cards and several cashpoints. La Caixa already has 550 cashpoints inservice in Barcelona that have been adapted to NFC as well as 16,000 shoppayment terminals. A total of 750,000 contactless cards have been issuedso far.The first services to introduce the Tap & Go project are 3 municipal markets(Santa Caterina, La Concepció and La Llibertat) and is expected to extend itto all of them by 2013. The spread of NFC technology terminals should en-able payments to be made in the near future through mobile phones in othermunicipal services such as taxis and public transport, cultural amenities,sports centres and the Zoo.
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  12. 12. BARCELONA SOLAR THERMAL ORDINANCE ACTIVE SYSTEMS TO PRODUCE DOMESTIC HOT WATERBarcelona’s Solar Thermal Ordinance regulates the introduction of activesystems to capture and use low temperature solar energy (solar thermal col-lectors) in order to produce domestic hot water in buildings and constructionsin the city, regardless of whether they are public or privately owned.The Ordinance was approved in July 1999 and entered into effect in August2000 thanks to the political will of the local administration to promote solarthermal energy in Barcelona. The text was later revised in February 2006 toincorporate various amendments.It affects newly built, rehabilitated and fully reformed buildings and thoseseeking to implement a change of use, with a forecasted large consumptionof hot water, such as hotels, gyms, swimming pools, hospitals, etc.The Hotel Diagonal Barcelona (Silken Group), situated close to Agbar Tower,has a solar thermal installation on the roof and it is a good example of archi-tectural integration of renewable energy systems.The Ordinance was the first regulation of this type to be adopted in a largeEuropean city and it has been used by other municipalities as a basis fordrafting their own regulations. The monitoring and assessment of the deve-lopment of the Ordinance is carried out by the Barcelona Energy Agency.
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  14. 14. MEDIA-TIC BUILDING Example of Green ArchitectureThe MEDIA-TIC building is a good example of the new smart and sustainablearchitecture in Barcelona, which uses the latest technology.Officially inaugurated in September 2010, it is designed to be a communica-tions hub and meeting point for businesses, R&D centres and institutionsin the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as wellas for the media and audio-visual sectors. It hosts the following companiesand institutions: Barcelona Digital Technological Centre, Cibernarium (a digi-tal training centre for companies and professionals), the Open University ofCatalonia (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya), among others.A highly personal creation of the Cloud-9 architect’s office, the MEDIA-TICbuilding is in the shape of a cube and is formed by large iron beams coveredin a plastic coating of inflatable bubbles, which offer glimpses of the fluores-cent structure of the building. The attractive covering also has a functionalutility as a way of regulating light and temperature, primarily preventing 114tons of CO2 a year from escaping from the building, and offering a 20% savingon climate control.Every facade of the Media-TIC is different: from the outside, they reveal partsof their interior spaces and give a diverse plasticity, while from the inside theyoffer spectacular views. The translucent and innovative covering, ETFE (Ethy-lene Tetrafluor Ethylene), recently approved as a construction material, is initself an innovation in Spanish building: it acts as an external covering and amobile sunscreen that helps light to penetrate and affords heat savings. TheETFE skin is activated using pneumatic mechanisms thanks to “luxometer”sensors that automatically and independently activate the chamber inflationand deflation devices according to how much solar energy there is. Theseluxometers are energy independent.
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  16. 16. UNDERGROUND GALLERIES Easy access to service networkWhen the 22@Barcelona plan was approved, the infrastructure network inthe Poblenou industrial area was clearly insufficient. For this reason, theproject created a new Special Infrastructure Plan for urban improvementson 37 kms of streets in 22@Barcelona, the innovation district, with highlycompetitive utility infrastructures.The Infrastructure Plan brings investments of more than 200 million euros ina new model of urbanization and underground infrastructures: a modern net-work of energy, telecommunications, district heating and pneumatic wastecollection systems. The design of these new networks gives priority to energyefficiency and responsible management of natural resources.One of the improvements in urban services brought by the new Infrastruc-ture Plan is a system of underground service galleries interconnecting theblocks. From the departure points of the system (central stations of the sys-tem, such as power stations, pneumatic waste collection plants or stationsfor heating, ventilation and air conditioning) the core network distributes allthese services throughout the district. From there, service galleries crossthe core network taking the services to a technical room in each block fromwhere services are distributed to the different buildings in the block.These underground galleries enable service networks to be repaired or im-proved without street excavation (saving time, money and annoyances toneighbours) and an easy installation of fibre-optic telecommunications net-works, electricity network, district heating and pneumatic waste collectionsystems.
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  18. 18. SIIUR PROJECT Integral Solution for Urban InfrastructuresThe SIIUR project (Integral Solution for Urban Infrastructures) is an exampleof innovative urban living lab, installed in Barcelona thanks to the Urban LabInitiative. The project is coordinated by Barcelona Digital Technology Cen-tre and the consortium is made up of Arelsa, Circutor, E-controls, Prysmian,Santa&Cole, SECE and Semai Lighting.SIIUR project is an innovative integration of urban infrastructure and ser-vices to manage cities in a more efficient, friendly and intelligent way. Thegoal is to better satisfy the needs of citizens and institutions, improve energyefficiency and reduce pollution and energy consumption.The high cost of operation and maintenance of street lighting is not only aneconomic problem but also an environmental concern. The application ofmeasures such as control of lighting zones, regulation of the hours of light-ing, improvements in facilities and an electrical analysis of the position oflamps results in costs savings of up to 40%.Street lamps in the SIIUR project are equipped with LED technology to reducecost and pollution. Lamps include sensors that process environmental infor-mation and detect presence, temperature, humidity, noise and pollution. Theselights are connected to a Street Lighting Cabinet that centralizes all communi-cations and services (such as Fibre-optic cabling to the Home, Wi-Fi or Electri-cal Vehicle recharging stations), and sends the information to a central controlcentre. This new lighting system is located in Passatge Mas de Roda, with twomain objectives: to test new more efficient lighting systems and to integratetechnological features to develop a real Smart City environment.SIIUR has been awarded in the Living Labs Global Award 2011, from amongmore than 245 proposals, and proposed to develop an intelligent and sus-tainable lighting solutions in Eindhoven.
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  20. 20. SENSORS FOR URBAN SERVICES New applications for a better urban quality of lifeBarcelona has been working for the last years in several pilot projects toinstall sensors in the city and to create platforms that allow the share ofinformation and give it the proper use to citizens, city managers, businessesand professionals. Furthermore, there are different formats of sensors, data-bases, new applications and designs generated both by public administrationand private firms.The city had to bring order to the many municipal information systems and tointegrate other information systems from the private sector. Moreover, therewas an interest to offer the city itself as an urban lab for testing and simula-ting applications developed by innovative start-up companies.Barcelona is creating an efficient and smart service delivery platform forcitizens and municipal workers. This platform has a common data warehousewhere the different sensors systems store their information. This system hasbeen built through a public-private partnership model, developing a norma-lized model based on well-known standards.The deployment of sensors in Barcelona has been coordinated by the City Coun-cil and the firms Abertis, Cisco and Indra, with the participation of companiessuch as Libelium, Urbiotica, Worldsensing, Bitcarrier or Zolertia, among others.The different pilot projects cover many applications to improve managementof urban services. Some examples are sensors in solid waste containers (toreport loading data to adjust schedules or routes), street sensors (occupancyof parking spaces and loading areas) for environmental control (air and noisepollution), humidity (for irrigation in public parks), urban metering (of gas, wa-ter or power) and traffic flows (to control and manage traffic automatically). · ·
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  22. 22. BIOSPHERECERTIFICATION FOR BARCELONA International sustainable tourist destinationBarcelona is the first city in the world to receive the ‘Biosphere World ClassDestination’ certification. This certification, awarded by the ResponsibleTourism Institute (ITR, affiliated to UNESCO and the World Tourism Organiza-tion UNWTO), recognises the city of Barcelona and the Barcelona Tourism Con-sortium’s environmental management and positions the city as a sustainabletourist destination, which proves the city’s commitment to economic, social,cultural and environmental values.This recognition represents the fulfilment of one of the targets of the City of Bar-celona Strategic Tourism Plan 2010-2015 and, together with the implementationof the Responsible Tourism System, helps position Barcelona as a high-quality,innovative and responsible tourist destination. The Biosphere recognition posi-tions the city as a leading tourist destination of quality, innovative in responsibilityand sustainability, which translates into specific actions such as corporate socialresponsibility, quality of service or proper environmental management.The certification was officially presented during the Global Sustainable Tour-ism Council (GSTC) Annual Meeting on 29th June 2011. This organisation, aUnited Nations Foundation, works to promote sustainable tourism.In line with sustainable tourism, a group of companies and institutions fromthe Forum Area of the city (hotels, convention centre, shopping centre andfoundations) have recently created the Barcelona Forum District (BFD) thathighlights the social, environmental and cultural commitment of its membersand their common values and objectives in these matters.
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  24. 24. FORUM SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATION AN icon of local environmental friendly policiesThe Forum Solar Photovoltaic Installation was inaugurated in 2004, on theoccasion of the organisation of the Universal Forum of Cultures, an event pro-moting global dialogue on contemporary human challenges, which involvedthe urban development of part of the Barcelona’s coastal area.It is installed on the prolongation of the Forum Esplanade, a bit further outtowards the sea, at the entrance to the new Marina. The installation provideda good deal of the electrical energy and became a reference element on theBarcelona coastline and a monument to ecological commitment.It is a south-facing, 4,500 m2 oblique surface mounted on four reinforcedconcrete pillars; a huge pergola receives the sun’s radiation and simulta-neously produces energy and shade. The total peak power of the solar panelis 1,100 kWp and it is based on silicon mono-crystalline cells. In the areathere is a sailing school also covered with solar panels.In 2009, the City of Barcelona through its Barcelona Energy Agency assignedthe rights for the operation and maintenance of the solar panel to TERSA,among other solar facilities. Currently, the management covers a total of 36solar installations.TERSA is a public company specialized in the selection, treatment, control,management and recycling of solid urban waste, with the commitment and as-surance of continuous improvement in environmental management activities.
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  26. 26. INTEGRAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANT Waste to Energy Treatment plantThis metropolitan facility is managed by the public enterprise Tractament iSelecció de Residus S.A. (TERSA). This company has two public sharehol-ders: Barcelona City Council (58%) and Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (42%).This integral installation comprises a Mechanical and Biological Treatmentplant (also called Ecoparc) followed by a Waste to Energy plant, with a globalcapacity of 400,000 tonnes per year. This plant is the main example of theCatalan Model of Waste Treatment and its best practices and technologies.The installation receives the municipal waste fraction not selected in origin.First of all, it is treated in the mechanical and biological treatment plant. Themain goal in this phase is separating recoverable materials such as paper,glass, different plastics, ferrous metals and organic matter.The rest of this first treatment goes automatically to the Energy Recoveryplant, where this municipal waste is burned in three furnaces with a capacityof 15 tonnes per hour. This process generates electrical energy and steam tothe cooling and heating network managed by Districlima S.A.General information about Waste to Energy plant:· Municipal Solid Waste treated: 350,000 t/year· Electrical energy produced: 175,000 MWh/year· Steam to heating and cooling network: 15 t/h
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  28. 28. DISTRICLIMA Heating and Cooling SystemDistriclima was set up in 2002 to implement, for the first time in Spain, adistrict heating and cooling network for use in heating, air conditioning andsanitary hot water. The project was initially located in an urban remodelledarea of Barcelona: Forum.The project encompassed the design, construction and later use, over a 25-year concession, of the Forum’s production station and energy distributionnetwork. In 2005, a second stage started with the amplification of the net-work to the 22@ Innovation District.Main environmental advantages of Districlima: Residual energy sources aregenerally used (urban solid waste or others) in high performance energy equip-ment, thus minimising fossil origin primary energy consumption; reductionof greenhouse effect gas emission as it is a more efficient energy solution;significant reduction of refrigerant losses into the atmosphere compared withconventional systems; Noise and vibration reduction in buildings connectedto the system and null visual impact as the system ensures that roofs andfacades remain completely unobstructed.The system also brings economic advantages (mostly by savings in billsand maintenance costs), in safety (guarantee of safety, continuity of sup-ply, permanent supervision, elimination of risk of legionnaire’s disease), andadvantages of use to the customer (Districlima is more flexible, reliable, andsimple than traditional supply).In 2011, Districlima prevented the emission of 10,961 tonnes of CO2, whichis equivalent to avoiding 5.5 million urban car journeys or planting 548,000trees (3.7 times the number of trees in the city of Barcelona)
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  30. 30. LIVE BARCELONA PROJECT the electric mobility plan for the cityLIVE Barcelona (Logistics for the Implementation of the Electric Vehicle)is an open public-private platform that promotes the use of electric vehiclesin the city as an opportunity to position Barcelona as a centre of innovationin electric mobility on a worldwide scale. To achieve these objectives, LIVEBarcelona coordinates the initiatives for the development of electric mobi-lity, it has created an information centre for the public and companies andpromotes participation in events and European consortiums.It is promoted by the Government of Spain, the Government of Catalonia,Barcelona City Council, and the firms ENDESA, SEAT and SIEMENS.Today the city has about 240 public recharging stations. The goal is thatevery citizen has a station accessible within 5 minutes from home. This pu-blic network of recharging points is an example of an innovative infrastruc-ture and creates new business opportunities. It responds to an open model:some vendors implement different technologies.The first Fast Charge Station for electric vehicles installed in Spain is locatedin Carrer Lope de Vega 125 (close to the crossing with Avda. Diagonal). Thisstation is operated by Endesa Cepsa. Pure electric vehicles already in themarket, such as Nissan Leaf, can be charged at this station in less than 10minutes.Mobec Hotels is a unique and innovative electric mobility initiative. The pro-ject consists of the installation of a network of charging stations for six vehi-cles in front of the hotels of Barcelona participating in the project, which willhave six rental two-wheel electric vehicles available for the hotel’s guests.
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  32. 32. AUTOMATED WASTECOLLECTION SYSTEM a clean and efficient waste collectionThe pneumatic and selective waste collection system minimizes noise pol-lution from the traditional waste collection methods and improves quality ofurban spaces as waste containers disappear from the streets.The first pneumatic waste collection system was installed in Barcelona in1992, in the Olympic Village District as part of the city’s renovation for the1992 Olympic Games. After this first installation the city developed a Direc-tor Plan in 2002 to regulate the deployment of the system and the location ofthe collection stations, which was later completed in 2006 with a technicalplanning for future growth. In the 22@Barcelona District, the waste collec-tion system has been operational since 2006.The system consists of a network of fixed collection points strategicallydistributed, where the users deposit their waste allowing the separation ofwaste fractions. The drop-off points (either inside the new buildings or inthe streets) collect the three basic waste fractions (organic waste, inorganicwaste and paper).The drop-off points are connected via a vacuum network through the pipesinstalled under the streets and transported to the collection plant, where ahydraulic press compacts the waste to reduce its volume (resulting in lesstraffic and noise).The entire network is cabled through a communication network to control thestate of the infrastructure and to measure if waste containers are empty ornot to optimize collection routes of trucks.
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  34. 34. BICING bicycle sharing systemBicing is the name of a community bicycle programme of the city of Barce-lona created in March 2007.It aims to make available to citizens bicycles for commuting within the city,with an economical and sustainable transportation mode. Its purpose is tofacilitate short daily trips but not for tourism or recreational use.Users must acquire a yearly membership. The system has a 6,000 bicyclesand network of more than 400 stations to lend and return the bicycles distri-buted throughout the city. Most stations are situated next to public transportstops or public parking to facilitate and promote intermodality.Since the start, the service has registered more than 50 million uses and has120,000 registered users.Related with this service, a new initiative is underway: the iBicing, to provideall Bicing users with a tool that allows them to find out the location and theavailability of their nearest stations, whenever and wherever they need aBicing bike.This is a city-mobility street service based on user localisation, which takesadvantage of the GPS technology incorporated into the latest generation ofmobile phones. The iBicing application enables users to consult their nearestBicing station and find out in real time the availability of bikes and parkingspaces, via an iPhone device or Symbian mobile phones.
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  36. 36. E-GOVERNMENT for entrepreneurs, businesses and citizensBarcelona is pioneer in many projects and e-government initiatives, applying newtechnologies to improve public services, access, efficiency and transparency.Some of these initiatives are:The professional folder: Barcelona is the first city in Spain to allow profes-sionals to complete online procedures on behalf of their clients (payments, out-standing debts, property and vehicle-related formalities, fines and penalties).Professionals apply for permission through the portal and the system keepstrack of the progress of procedures at all times. On the business side, BarcelonaActiva (the Local Development Agency) has also several programmes in placeaccessible on line, including entrepreneurial support and procedures for incor-poration of firms in 48h.Open Data BCN: the portal includes public data owned by the City Council, madeaccessible to the public in open and standard digital formats in an easy andclear structure. The portal includes more than 300 categories of data in 5 basicareas: territory, population, urban environment, economy and administration.The initiative tries to increase transparency of the City Council, identify informa-tion of common interest, support private initiatives for better developing servicesof public interest and support the initiative of openness of public data.Quiosc PuntBCN: the city has kiosks for attention to citizens similar to auto-matic teller machines. These kiosks try to improve the attention given fromthe eleven Offices for public attention (OACs, in local acronym) that receive anaverage of 4,500 daily users. These kiosks are located in different points of thecity (shopping centres, libraries, civic centres and at the entrance of the 11 OACs),and allow citizens to solve most of the administrative procedures (60% of thetotal). This initiative increases the hours of service to the public. Services andprocedures provided from the kiosks are also available on line.
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