Smallwoodlandmanagemen Bs 12110


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Updated 1.21.10 for 1.26.10 class in Andover

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  • “ Approximately 800,000 acres of non-industrial private forest (NIPF) land is in parcels of less than 20 acres – and the number of these smaller parcels is quickly growing.” (2001, Beyond the Suburbs )
  • Both booklets are available for downloading on-line: Backyard Woods: Beyond the Suburbs:
  • Get family involved, owners (parents?), kids, grandparents, anyone that will use, appreciate, and be involved with management. Discuss constraints (land/financial/family) anything that might impact your ability to manage the land. Use part of the worksheet in BS pg 9 as homework? In class worksheet?
  • From Beyond the Suburbs, pg 9 FYI from Beyond the Suburbs, pg 43, “…80 percent to 90 percent of soil compaction is caused in the first pass…if you drive you car over your lawn once, it has done much the same damage as driving over the same area several hundred times.”
  • Their property in the large landscape Working as a group ie: neighbors, home own associations, neighborhood associations, wood coops, etc… to work together and create more opportunities Go to the Google link and type in an audience member’s phone number this will take them quickly to a satellite map! Photo: random MapQuest Arial photo of N. Rochester. Point – It’s easy to find on-line resources that show your property and can help you and your neighbors get a better idea of the RESOURCE as a whole, not just YOUR property. May open-up management options. Connectivity – Beyond the Suburbs, pg 4, “the extent and means by which various resources connect.” Examples: migratory songbirds & red-shoulder hawk
  • Landscape inventory: Soil test (test kits in back) Plant hardiness zone Next Slide: Vegetation, trees, flowers, plants
  • Must also get a good assessment of the vegetative cover. This to consider: Forest types – tree cover Water features/hydrology Wildlife needs – Food, shelter, water, space Special places, features that are important to you Access – roads, management, recreation, etc
  • Make sure your plan is in writing! Review it at least every 10 years Include your family in your plan writing (goal setting, management activities, etc) Consider how the land will be passed on from generation to generation if that is a concern for you
  • Backyard Woods tips sheet 1
  • Examples of plan writing resources that might be available to these landowners: DNR Project Plan DNR Comprehensive Plan DNR Stewardship Plan (great than 20 acres) SWCD Plan NRCS EQUIP plan BW Ten-Year Activity Plan Covenant Farms Several Examples of plans are on the back table. Please have a look during the break.
  • Backyard Woods Tip Sheet 6
  • Wildlife needs: Food, Water, Shelter, Space
  • Pictures: 1) deer taken from IN the house & 2) deer browse in a native hardwood stand Discussion: artificially feed wildlife… Birds – little harm, likely OK. Deer – eat more (more $$$), can seriously over browse forest and cause much damage Turkeys - ??? Be careful about this choice and think the benefits and consequences clearly. Maybe a better choice is providing natural food…
  • Native plants that are great for wildlife: wild grape, mixed oak stand (thinned)
  • If your property doesn’t have natural water features consider putting some in around the house… Water, even a small bird bath, can scientifically increase the wildlife that visits your property. Running water, such as this small waterfall/pond can increase the wildlife even more substantially and attract more birds and other animals. CAUTION: Aquatic invasive species!!!!
  • You may not be able to offer all the space individual species need but your neighborhood may. Consider working with your neighbors to provide all the things animals need: Food, shelter, water, space across the landscape and ensuring easy access to animals. Realize roads may break-up, walls, fences, etc may break-up wildlife corridors and restrict wildlife movement.
  • There are many classes, and much literature about invasive species, but they can be a huge problem, so they’re definitely something to consider. Also, please plant natives! To avoid additional problems!
  • Thinned hardwood stand with nice regen.
  • Backyard Woods Plant Trees 10 (great resource for planting trees) Planting goals may include: Aesthetics Soil stability Wildlife habitat Tree diversity Planting consideration Cost Site moisture Soil characteristics Tree protection Regeneration type
  • Plantings: Will likely need some kind of site preparation (weed control) SWCD and DNR both have seedling sales. May need to place orders in the fall for spring pick-up. Will likely need mechanical protection from herbivore (tree shelter) For best results water (if possible) Direct seeding may be an option Rochester class: Arbor Day on Friday, will be giving out trees. Natural Regeneration Seed Stump or root sprouts May need site prep before or after a harvest to help regen Tree regeneration can be costly and time consuming. Wildlife species will change depending on the age and species of trees on property – so expect change over time.
  • Beyond the Suburbs, page 18-21 nice summary
  • Backyards Woods Generate Wood Products 12 Great if YOU want to try and generate your own wood products…
  • TSI = Timber Stand Improvement Great picture & resource on Beyond the Suburbs pg 22-23
  • Potential options for logging on small lands.
  • Potential options for logging on small lands.
  • Potential options for logging on small lands.
  • Morel mushroom, apple, maple syruping Common types of non-timber forest products: Food Medicinals Decoratives Handicrafts Good worksheet Backyard Woods Grow & Collect Special Forest Products 11
  • Backyard Woods Prune Your Trees 9
  • Many different reasons you may want to trim your trees… Christmas trees Plantations (walnut, pine) Yard trees…
  • Trim in late winter when tree is doormat and disease transfer is minimized.
  • Management Options ( from Beyond the Suburbs, pg 29-35 ):
  • Backyard Woods, Tip sheet 7
  • Vegetation Management Creating buffer zones Exclude or limit domesticated animals and pets (cattle, dogs & cats – catching birds, etc) can put bells on animals Restrict off-road vehicles (ATV) Wildlife habitat additions (nesting boxes, bird houses, feeding stations)
  • Beyond the Suburbs (pgs 36-42): Prairie Establishment (seed source) Maintenance (fire or mow) Pasture Crops (food plots?)
  • Backyard Woods tip sheet 3
  • Backyard Woods Pg 13 Family Activity
  • Backyard Woods Tip sheet 2 & 4
  • Smallwoodlandmanagemen Bs 12110

    1. 1. Small Woodland Management By Angela Gupta, U of MN Extension Barb Spears, TWF Consulting, LLC
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is Small Woodland Management </li></ul><ul><li>Your Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing & Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Your Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Considerations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introductions <ul><li>Your name </li></ul><ul><li>How much land you own & where </li></ul><ul><li>Why you’re here </li></ul><ul><li>What you’re hoping to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Do kids use your woods? </li></ul>
    4. 4. Resources <ul><li>Resource List </li></ul>
    5. 5. Goal Setting Photo by Pingu1963
    6. 6. Goal Setting <ul><li>Get family involved! </li></ul>
    7. 7. Goal Setting <ul><li>General Guidelines to Consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage native species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discourage invasive species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid construction damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember your neighbors </li></ul></ul>Dennis Haugen
    8. 8. Goal Setting - Homework
    9. 9. Assessing & Inventory Connectivity
    10. 10. Assessing & Inventory Photo by USDA’s Plant Hardiness Zones
    11. 11. Assessing & Inventory Community Forestry Resource Center, IATP
    12. 12. Assessing & Inventory Special Forest Products Peggy Castillo
    13. 13. Your Plan <ul><li>Develop your own land management plan! Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your inventory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your management objectives </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Your Plan
    15. 15. Your Plan DNR Project Plan SWCD Tree Farm DNR
    16. 16. Management: Wildlife
    17. 17. Management: Wildlife <ul><li>Wildlife will come when they have: </li></ul>Photo by Steve and Dave Maslowski, NACD Photo by Just Us 3 WATER SHELTER Photo by poeticallychallanged FOOD Photo by esagor SPACE
    18. 18. Management: Wildlife - Food <ul><li>Feed or not to Feed: birds, deer, etc </li></ul>Photo by ricmcarthur = Photo by orthinoloco
    19. 19. Management: Wildlife - Food <ul><li>Plant wildlife friendly native trees and shrubs - no need to artificially feed. </li></ul>Photo by esagor Photo by birderboy
    20. 20. Management: Wildlife – Shelter Photo by Joy Weese Moll Photo by Dennis Haugen
    21. 21. Management: Wildlife - Water
    22. 22. Management: Wildlife - Water Photo by tassiesim Photo by TopTechWriter.US
    23. 23. Management: Wildlife - Space Photo by Robert Crum
    24. 24. Management: Healthy Woodlands <ul><li>Invasive species = HUGE problem </li></ul>Photo by esagor Photo by esagor Photo by jnthnhys
    25. 25. Management: Healthy Woodlands <ul><li>Invasive Insects… </li></ul>Photo by michiganlakefronts
    26. 26. Management: Healthy Woodlands <ul><li>Maintain a healthy stand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase species diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase age diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase stand vigor </li></ul></ul>Photo by esgaor
    27. 27. Management: Regeneration <ul><li>Select trees right for your property </li></ul><ul><li>Planting goals </li></ul><ul><li>Planting considerations </li></ul>Photo by esagor
    28. 28. Management: <ul><li>Plantings </li></ul><ul><li>Natural regeneration </li></ul>Photo by esagor
    29. 29. Management: Harvesting & Marketing <ul><li>Reasons to harvest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$$$ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change species composition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert to a different land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve forest health and vigor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create vistas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear trails </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Management: Harvesting & Marketing
    31. 31. Management: Harvesting & Marketing <ul><li>Timber Sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How will the trees be cut? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will the trees be moved from the forest to the landing? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will trees be removed from property? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the forest impacts? </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Management: TSI
    33. 33. Management: Harvesting & Marketing Photo by Barb Spears
    34. 34. Management: Harvesting & Marketing Photo by esagor
    35. 35. Management: Harvesting & Marketing Photo by Barb Spears
    36. 36. Management: Special Forest Products Photo by MNgilen Photo by gargoylesoftware Photo by Martin LaBar
    37. 37. Management: Trimming
    38. 38. Management: Trimming Photo by Muddy (home again) Photo by liljulier
    39. 39. Management: Trimming Image from Backyard Woods
    40. 40. Management: Trimming <ul><li>Things to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time of year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons for pruning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul>Imagine from Backyard Woods
    41. 41. Management: Hydrology <ul><li>Creation of wetland </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancement </li></ul>Photo by Partners for Fish and Wildlife
    42. 42. Management: Hydrology
    43. 43. Management: Hydrology Photo by drplokta
    44. 44. Management: Open Lands Photo by esagor
    45. 45. Management: Homesite
    46. 46. Management: Homesite
    47. 47. Safety
    48. 48. Legal Considerations <ul><li>Licensed operators </li></ul><ul><li>Utility lines </li></ul><ul><li>Call before you dig ( Gopher One Call) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>800-252-1166 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land transfer/estate planning </li></ul>
    49. 49. <ul><li>Angela Gupta, U of MN Extension 507-280-2869, [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Barb Spears, Consulting Forester 651-328-0463, [email_address] </li></ul>