A Sentence Fragment is not a
Missing a subject or verb
Does not make a complete thought.
These are Fragments
• Took the books.
• My mom and dad.
• A puppy crying in Matt’s backyard.
Completing the Fragments
Carlos took the books.
Now we know who took the books.
My mom and dad bought a new car.
Now we know what my mom and dad bought
A puppy is crying in Matt’s backyard.
Now the sentence has a complete verb.
Sometimes a writer makes a
fragment look like a complete
The writer starts the fragment
with a capital letter and ends it
period, but the fragment is still
a fragment.It does not express
A run-on is two or more
sentences put together
without the correct
punctuation or capitalization.
A reader cannot tell where one
sentence ends and the next
Rafael is watching television
his sister is going skating.
• This is a run-on sentence.
• It is two sentences put together.
• One sentence tells about Rafael.
• The other sentence tells about his
• There is no punctuation between the
two sentences, and there is no capital
letter to show where the second
How can we rewrite the
Write two sentences:
• Rafael is watching television. His sister is
Use a comma and conjunction to connect
• Rafael is watching television, but his
sister is going skating.
Coordinating Conjunctions: Used with a
comma to combine two sentences