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Trends in Scholarly Publishing


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Trends in Scholarly Publishing

  1. 1. TRENDS IN SCHOLARLY PUBLISHINGETH ZurichInformation Event organised by ETH-Bibliothek and VMI5 February 2013Dr. Arlette PiguetBarbara HirschmannETH-Bibliothek1
  2. 2.
  3. 3. RESOURCES AND DOCUMENTS HELD BY THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEKCollections: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Engineering Sciences, Natural Sciencesand Mathematics, System-oriented Natural Sciences, Management and SocialSciencesJournals electronic format 13 900 current, printed format 5 330Databases 149Books, reference works e-Books 86 000 printed papers (monographs and 2 838 000 bound volumes)Dissertations, reports documents ETH E-Collection 25 800 reports und microfiches 2 213 000Maps incl. plans 402 000… … …3
  4. 4. ACQUISITIONS BUDGET OF THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEK 3% 9% 14% journals (online and print) databases 13% 60% e-books monographs and serials other4
  5. 5. JOURNAL PRICES Impact Journal of applied polymer science Factor: 1.3 $ $ = Impact Factor: Science 31,2 $ = $ Impact Factor: Journal of non-crystalline solids 1.54 $ $5
  6. 6. THE SERIALS CRISISAnnual US journal price increases compared to Consumer Price Index (CPI).Source: 6
  7. 7. USAGE OF PRODUCTS OF THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEK40000003500000 Loans (printed documents)3000000 Document delivery2500000 Accesses databases Accesses licensed electronic journals2000000 Accesses ETH E-Collection1500000 Accesses e-books1000000 500000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 7
  9. 9. OPEN ACCESS: STATEMENTS, QUESTIONS AND FIERS «We are in the hands of the publishers.» Why should I publish open access? (Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012) How works peer review with open access? With open access copyright is in danger. Who pays for an open access publication?Who is responsible for quality control foropen access publications? How can an open access publications reach a suitable reputation?«Es darf nicht zum Zwang werden, mansollte die Wahl haben.»(Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012) «Ein Artikel muss im Web of Science zitiert werden, sonst ist es verlorene Literatur.» (Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012) 9
  10. 10. OPEN ACCESSWhat is Open Access? accessible without costs for the reader «Open access […] literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.» (Peter Suber, 2012) • Download • Copy • Distribute possibility to reuse • Print • Search • …10
  11. 11. OPEN ACCESSTraditional Publication Cycle Author Author (as recipient) (as producer) Library Publisher Bookseller / Library Supplier11
  12. 12. OPEN ACCESSTraditional Publication Cycle Paid by taxpayer Author Author (as recipient) (as producer) peer review deliveryPaid by taxpayer Library Publisher layout, copy-editing selection & acquistion Bookseller distribution / Library Supplier12
  13. 13. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROADOpen Access – The Green Road Author Author (as recipient) (as producer) Peer Review delivery Publication in Repository layout, copy-editing Library Publisher selection & acquistion Bookseller distribution / Library Supplier13
  14. 14. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROADSelf-Archiving in Open Access repositories Institutional Disciplinary • Physics Repository Repository • Mathematics • Computer Science • Quantitative Biology • Quantitative Finance • Statistics OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories)14
  16. 16. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Persistent Identifier Version control Free of charge16
  17. 17. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Persistent Identifier (DOI) Long term archiving Free of charge Up-to-date download statistics Metadata transfer to E-CitationsWhen publishing in ETH E-Collection you comply with Open Access mandatesof ETH Zurich, SNSF, and the European Commission!17
  18. 18. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADPublishing in Open Access Journals• Quality Control (Peer Review)• Different funding mechanisms • Article Processing Charges• Author retains Copyright (standard licence: CC-BY)18
  19. 19. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADOpen Access – The Golden Road1. Choose a Journal2. Avoid publishing with predatory OA Publishers: – Beall’s List: – OASPA: Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association19
  20. 20. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADFunding $ 500,- $ 800,- $ 1760,-• Research Funds• ETH Zurich memberships• Open Access Option («Hybrid Journals»): Not financed by ETH Zurich! e.g. Springer Open Choice, Elsevier Sponsored Articles, Wiley Online Open, ….20
  21. 21. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Correlation of APCs with Journal’s Impact Factor Source: Theo Andrew (2012): Gold Open Access: Counting the Costs,
  22. 22. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Source: Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-12422
  23. 23. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% Delayed OA 10.00% Hybrid OA 8.00% In full immediate OA journals 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: based on Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-12423
  24. 24. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Source: Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-12424
  25. 25. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADCurrent Developments• Great Britain • Research Councils UK: direct funding to Universities for financing APCs from 2013• European Union • Horizon 2020: Possibility for funding of Article Processing Charges after project ends25
  26. 26. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADNew Publishing Models: Megajournals Source: MacCallum CJ (2011) Why ONE Is More Than 5. PLoS Biol 9(12): e1001235. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.100123526
  27. 27. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROADNew Publishing Models27
  28. 28. OPEN ACCESS MANDATESThe Open Access Movement & ETH2002 Budapest Open Access Initiative2003 Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Scientific Knowledge2006 ETH Zurich signs Berlin Declaration2008 ETH Zurich adopts Open Access Policy28
  29. 29. OPEN ACCESS MANDATESETH Zurich Open Access Policy (2008) “The ETH Zurich requires of staff and postgraduate students to post electronic copies of any research papers that have been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal (post-prints), theses and other scientific research output (monographs, reports, proceedings, videos etc.), to be made freely available as soon as possible into the institutional repository ETH E-Collection, if there are no legal objections. The ETH Zurich expects authors where possible, to retain their copyright. For detailed information see the rules of the ETH E- Collection.” “The ETH Zurich encourages their researchers to publish in a suitable Open Access journal where one exists and will cover a part of the publication costs.”
  30. 30. OPEN ACCESS MANDATESOpen Access in EU-funded projects• FP7: Open-Access pilot• Grant agreements in seven areas contain special clause 39 «Open Access»• Articles originating from these projects must be deposited to an online repository latest 6 / 12 months after publication (sciences / social sciences & humanities)• Article Processing Charges are eligible (limited to duration of project)30
  31. 31. OPEN ACCESS MANDATESOpen Access Mandates – Current DevelopmentsEuropean Union: • from OA pilot in FP7 to OA mandate in Horizon 2020United States: • NIH to withhold grant money to enforce OA policy31
  32. 32. OPEN ACCESS MANDATES Quelle: [17.12.2012]32
  33. 33. COPYRIGHT• Self-Archiving • What is allowed? • How do I retain my rights?33
  34. 34. COPYRIGHT “ETH Zurich requires of staff and postgraduate students to post electronic copies of any research papers [¨…] into the institutional repository ETH E-Collection, if there are no legal objections.”• Publishers usually allow some sort of self-archiving• Where to look it up? • Copyright Transfer Agreement • SHERPA/RoMEO Database34
  35. 35. Which format? • Usually Postprint (= author’s manuscript after peer review) When? • Possible embargos between 2 and 24 months Where? • Author’s website • Institutional repository • Disciplinary repository35
  36. 36. COPYRIGHT “The ETH Zurich expects authors where possible, to retain their copyright.”What does this mean?• Read the publication agreement with great care• Transferring copyright doesn’t have to be all or nothing• Publishing agreements are negotiable• Use the SPARC author addendum36
  37. 37. COPYRIGHTWhat does it mean for Preprints? Preprint Copyright Transfer Agreement Publisher’s Platform Postprint Publisher’s PDF37
  38. 38. THE FUTURE OF PUBLISHINGA Vision for the future? Björn Brembs, Professor of Neurobiology, University of Regensburg Is a publishing system without journals feasible? • Peer Review? • Prestige? • Impact Factor? Source:
  39. 39. THE FUTURE OF PUBLISHINGOverlay Journals The «Episciences Project» (ArXiv Overlay Journals) “It’s a global vision of how the research community should work: we want to offer an alternative to traditional mathematics journals.” Jean-Pierre Demailly, Université de Grenoble39
  40. 40. CHALLENGES REMAIN…• Open Access publishing is developing steadily, but slowly• The financial aspects of Gold Open Access are not solved • Can financial savings be achieved? • Who will finance additional costs during the “transition period” • Can the power of the big publishers be cut down?• Green Open Access probably not to become a standard if it does not come with strong enforcement mechanisms40
  41. 41. CONTACTS e-publishing@library.ethz.ch41