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Open Access and New Forms of Publishing in Economics, Social Sciences and the Humanities

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Information Event organised by D-MTEC, D-GESS & ETH Bibliothek. ETH Zurich, 25 Nov 2013

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Open Access and New Forms of Publishing in Economics, Social Sciences and the Humanities

  1. 1. OPEN ACCESS AND NEW FORMS OF PUBLISHING IN ECONOMICS, SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THE HUMANITIES Information event organised by D-MTEC, D-GESS & ETH-Bibliothek ETH Zurich, 25 November 2013 Barbara Hirschmann, E-Publishing Office, ETH-Bibliothek 1
  2. 2. OPEN ACCESS: STATEMENTS, QUESTIONS AND FEARS «We are in the hands of the publishers.» (Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012) Why should I publish open access? How does peer review go together with With open access copyright is in danger. open access? Who pays for an open access publication? Who is responsible for quality control in open access publications? How can an open access publications reach a good reputation? «Es darf nicht zum Zwang werden, man sollte die Wahl haben.» (Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012) 2 «Ein Artikel muss im Web of Science zitiert werden, sonst ist es verlorene Literatur.» (Umfrage ETH-Bibliothek, 2012)
  3. 3. OPEN ACCESS What is Open Access? accessible without costs for the reader «Open access […] literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.» (Peter Suber, 2012) possibility to reuse 3 • • • • • • Download Copy Distribute Print Search …
  4. 4. TRADITIONAL PUBLICATION CYCLE Author (as recipient) Author (as producer) Library Publisher Bookseller / Library Supplier 4
  5. 5. TRADITIONAL PUBLICATION CYCLE Paid by taxpayer Author (as recipient) Author (as producer) peer review delivery Paid by taxpayer selection & acquistion 5 Library Publisher Bookseller / Library Supplier layout, copy-editing distribution
  6. 6. THE SERIALS CRISIS Annual US journal price increases compared to Consumer Price Index (CPI). Source: http://allenpress.com/system/files/pdfs/library/2012_AP_JPS.pdf 6
  7. 7. JOURNAL PRICES Impact Factor: 1.3 Journal of applied polymer science $ = $ Impact Factor: 31,2 Science $ = $ Impact Factor: 1.54 Journal of non-crystalline solids $ 7 $
  8. 8. JOURNAL PRICES Source: Bosch, Stephen and Kittie Henderson. «The Winds of Change. Periodicals Price Survey 2013.» Library Journal 21 July 2013. URL: http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2013/04/publishing/the-winds-of-change-periodicals-price-survey2013 [18.11.2013] 8
  9. 9. PROFIT MARGINS IN SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHING 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Source: http://de.slideshare.net/cirasella/open-access-which-side-are-you-on-oa-week-2013 [22.11.2013] 9
  10. 10. RESOURCES AND DOCUMENTS HELD BY THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEK Journals electronic format current, printed format Databases 14 600 5 380 145 Books, reference works e-Books 105 000 printed papers (monographs and 2 887 000 bound volumes) Dissertations, reports documents ETH E-Collection reports and microfiches 28 000 2 213 000 Maps incl. plans 403 000 … … … 11
  11. 11. USAGE OF PRODUCTS OF THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEK Usage of products ETH-Bibliothek 2001 – 2012 4,000,000 Loans (printed documents) 3,750,000 Document delivery 3,500,000 subito, FIZ 3,250,000 Accesses library website Accesses databases 3,000,000 Accesses licensed electronic journals 2,750,000 Accesses ETH E-Collection (PDF downloads) 2,500,000 Accesses e-books 2,250,000 2,000,000 1,750,000 1,500,000 1,250,000 1,000,000 750,000 500,000 250,000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 12
  12. 12. ACQUISITIONS BUDGET OF THE ETH-BIBLIOTHEK 9% 3% 14% journals (online and print) databases 13% 60% e-books monographs and serials other 13
  13. 13. OPEN ACCESS • A way out of the serials crisis? • A way out of library budget problems? • Solve copyright restriction problems? 14
  14. 14. OPEN ACCESS • • • • • • • • • • 15 Increased visibility and higher citation rates Fast, toll-free access to information Good findability via search engines All the benefits of digital documents Promotes international and interdisciplinary cooperation Greater research efficiency through early discussion of results Authors retain copyright Open access to publicly-funded research results Long-term document availability Benefits in networked, IT-supported work environments
  15. 15. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Open Access – The Green Road Author (as recipient) Author (as producer) Peer Review Publication in Repository delivery Library selection & acquistion 16 Publisher Bookseller / Library Supplier layout, copy-editing distribution
  16. 16. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Usage of products ETH-Bibliothek 2001 – 2012 4,000,000 Loans (printed documents) 3,750,000 Document delivery 3,500,000 subito, FIZ 3,250,000 Accesses library website Accesses databases 3,000,000 Accesses licensed electronic journals 2,750,000 Accesses ETH E-Collection (PDF downloads) 2,500,000 Accesses e-books 2,250,000 2,000,000 1,750,000 1,500,000 1,250,000 1,000,000 750,000 500,000 250,000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 17
  17. 17. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Self-Archiving in Open Access repositories Institutional Repository Disciplinary Repository OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories) 18
  18. 18. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD 19
  19. 19. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD 20
  20. 20. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Persistent Identifier Free of charge Disciplinary collection 21
  21. 21. OPEN ACCESS – THE GREEN ROAD Persistent Identifier (DOI) Long term archiving Free of charge Up-to-date download statistics Metadata transfer to E-Citations When publishing in ETH E-Collection you comply with Open Access mandates of ETH Zurich, SNSF, and the European Commission! 22
  22. 22. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Publishing in Open Access Journals • Quality Control (Peer Review) • Different funding mechanisms • • 23 Article Processing Charges Author retains Copyright (standard licence: CC-BY)
  23. 23. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Open Access – The Golden Road 1. Choose a Journal List of OA Journals with impact factor: http://labs.biblioteca.uoc.edu/test/doaj/ 2. Avoid publishing with predatory OA Publishers: – – 24 Beall’s List: http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/ OASPA: Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
  24. 24. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Funding $ 0,- $ 1140,- $ 2500,- • Research Funds • ETH Zurich memberships • Open Access Option («Hybrid Journals»): Not financed by ETH Zurich! e.g. Springer Open Choice, Elsevier Sponsored Articles, Wiley Online Open, …. 25
  25. 25. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Correlation of APCs with Journal’s Impact Factor Source: Theo Andrew (2012): Gold Open Access: Counting the Costs, http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue70/andrew. 26
  26. 26. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Source: Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-124 27
  27. 27. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% Delayed OA 10.00% Hybrid OA 8.00% In full immediate OA journals 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: based on Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-124 28
  28. 28. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD Source: Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012, 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-124 29
  29. 29. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD New Publishing Models: Megajournals Source: Davis, Phil: The Rise and Fall of PLOS ONE’s Impact Factor (2012 = 3.730). The scholarly kitchen. URL: http://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2013/06/20/the-rise-andfall-of-plos-ones-impact-factor-2012-3-730/ 30
  30. 30. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD New Publishing Models 31
  31. 31. OPEN ACCESS – THE GOLDEN ROAD • • Publication of the submitted version as “Discussion Paper” within 3 weeks Review by • • • • • 32 invited referees (classic peer review) Registered readers (open assessment) Published or rejected as “Journal Article” Discussion Paper with all comments remains accessible to the public Journal included in SSCI since 2012
  32. 32. OPEN ACCESS IN THE HUMANITIES • «Delayed Open Access»: Open Access to Publisher Backlists (books / journals) e.g. retro.seals.ch • Pilot projects with Open Access Book Publishing • Research funder initiatives (DFG, Wellcome Trust, Austrian Science Fund) 33
  33. 33. OPEN ACCESS @ ETH ZURICH The Open Access Movement & ETH 2002 Budapest Open Access Initiative 2003 Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Scientific Knowledge 2006 ETH Zurich signs Berlin Declaration 2008 ETH Zurich adopts Open Access Policy 34
  34. 34. OPEN ACCESS @ ETH ZURICH ETH Zurich Open Access Policy (2008) “The ETH Zurich requires of staff and postgraduate students to post electronic copies of any research papers that have been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal (post-prints), theses and other scientific research output (monographs, reports, proceedings, videos etc.), to be made freely available as soon as possible into the institutional repository ETH E-Collection, if there are no legal objections. The ETH Zurich expects authors where possible, to retain their copyright. For detailed information see the rules of the ETH ECollection.” “The ETH Zurich encourages their researchers to publish in a suitable Open Access journal where one exists and will cover a part of the publication costs.” www.library.ethz.ch/open-access 35
  35. 35. OPEN ACCESS IN THE EU Open Access in FP 7 • • • • FP7: Open-Access pilot Grant agreements in seven areas contain special clause 39 «Open Access» Articles originating from these projects must be deposited to an online repository latest 6 / 12 months after publication (sciences / social sciences & humanities) Article Processing Charges are eligible (limited to duration of project) Open Access in Horizon 2020 • • • 36 From OA pilot in FP7 to OA mandate in Horizon 2020 Possibility for funding of Article Processing Charges after project ends Pilot for Open Research Data
  36. 36. OPEN ACCESS @ SNSF Swiss National Science Foundation • requires its grant recipients to self-archive their publications in peer-reviewed journals on an open-access repository • offers researchers the opportunity to claim publication fees for articles in open-access journals of up to CHF 3’000 as project costs 37
  37. 37. OPEN ACCESS MANDATES International Developments Great Britain • Research Councils UK: direct funding to Universities for financing APCs from 2013 United States: • NIH to withhold grant money to enforce OA policy 38
  38. 38. OPEN ACCESS MANDATES Quelle: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/news/2012-12-12-JULIET-Upgrade.html [17.12.2012] 39
  39. 39. COPYRIGHT – SELF-ARCHIVING • Self-Archiving • What is allowed? • How do I retain my rights? 40
  40. 40. COPYRIGHT – SELF-ARCHIVING “ETH Zurich requires of staff and postgraduate students to post electronic copies of any research papers [ …] into the institutional repository ETH E-Collection, if there are no legal objections.” • Publishers usually allow some sort of self-archiving • Where to look it up? • Copyright Transfer Agreement • SHERPA/RoMEO Database 41
  41. 41. Which format? • Usually Postprint (= author’s manuscript after peer review) When? • Possible embargos between 2 and 24 months Where? • Author’s website • Institutional repository • Disciplinary repository 42
  42. 42. COPYRIGHT- SELF-ARCHIVING “The ETH Zurich expects authors where possible, to retain their copyright.” What does this mean? • Read the publication agreement with great care • Transferring copyright doesn’t have to be all or nothing • Publishing agreements are negotiable • Use the SPARC author addendum 43
  43. 43. COPYRIGHT - LICENSING Creative Commons Licences CC BY: Creative Commons Attribution Licence CC BY NC: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence 44
  44. 44. THE FUTURE OF PUBLISHING A Vision for the future? Björn Brembs, Professor of Neurobiology, University of Regensburg Is a publishing system without journals feasible? • Peer Review? • Prestige? • Impact Factor? Source: http://de.slideshare.net/brembs/some-technical-hurdles-towards-open-science 45
  45. 45. CHALLENGES REMAIN… • Open Access publishing is developing steadily, but slowly • The financial aspects of Gold Open Access are not solved • • • • 46 Can financial savings be achieved? Who will finance additional costs during the “transition period” Can the power of the big publishers be cut down? Green Open Access probably not to become a standard if it does not come with strong enforcement mechanisms
  46. 46. CONTACTS www.library.ethz.ch/open-access http://e-collection.library.ethz.ch e-publishing@library.ethz.ch 47

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