Drain garbage juice solution (liquid fertilizer) daily. The liquid collected should be used within the same day of the collection
When the garbage smells like pickles, it is ready to use for flowers and vegetables in a garden.
Solid waste Management Technology by KPK using EM & Bookish
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WITH
EFFECTIVE MICRO-ORGANISM TECHNOLOGY
TO KITCHEN WASTE
M/s PRAGATHI ENTERPRISES,
GF2,Elegant embassy, Ramaraolay out
Recommendations of Supreme court of
India for SWM wide gazette no-6481
dated 25th sep 2000
Waste should be stabilized before putting
Waste should be treated by eco friendly
method using Microbial Culture.
Waste should be treated by composting ,
anaerobic digestion so that it will not give
adverse effect on human health &
Environmental Impact of Land Filling
Untreated solid waste will lead to the
formation of leachate which will flow into
underground water & contaminate the
The land fill site will become unfit for
If the solid waste is treated with effective
microbes we can prevent the above
mentioned ill effect to a large extent.
What is EM?
EM is the abbreviation of ‘Effective
Microorganisms’, originated by Dr. Prof.
Teruo Higa at the Ryukyus University,
Okinawa, Japan in the early 1980s.
It is a consortium of selected microbes
like Lactic Acid bacteria, Photosynthetic
bacteria and yeast.
All these are mutually compatible with
one another and co-exist in liquid
culture below a pH of 3.5.
The microorganisms are not Genetically
engineered, exotic or imported. They are
produced in our factory in Kolkata.
All microbes are facultative. They exhibit
both aerobic and anaerobic characteristics.
They work in a wide range of temperatures,
salinity and pH values.
Maple EM.1 is certified as an Organic input
by ECOCERT, France and is now being used
in over 126 Countries worldwide.
Power of EM.1
Lactic Acid Bacteria
Natural way to clean nature: microbes grow
naturally, not genetically modified/ imported/exotic
Low pathogenecity: suppression of pathogens
Synergistic advantage of aerobic & anaerobic
Suppression of harmful gases
Reduction or elimination in the use of harmful
EM increases Beneficial Microbes’
Neutral group helps
To manage waste naturally
To reuse/recycle/recover waste
To minimize the health hazard by
By Land Fill and/or By
… ..at lowest possible
Reduction in composting time
Less land requirement
Better Quality of Compost
Less or No Turnings Required
Potential for treatment at source i.e.
Reduction in generation of gases
No Foul Odour
Reduction of Fly/ Mosquito nuisance
Kitchen waste composting
Compost used in kitchen gardens
Compost used in neighborhood parks
…Treatment at Source
From: GREEN FARM INNOVATORS
Kitchen waste composting
EM applied on kitchen waste to convert it into compost in
the form of Bokashi powder.
• Compost used in kitchen garden
• Less waste load on service provider
• Segregation at source
…resources back to nature
BETTER QUALITY OF COMPOST
• Higher Nutrient and Micro-nutrient levels leading to
better enrichment of soil and better yields
• Ability to turn any barren land into cultivable land
• Enhances Photosynthesis activity in plants
• Protects plant roots from pathogens
• Enhances plant immune mechanism
• Particularly in Rice cultivation, it reduces the
methane generation, thus protecting the environment and
the health of farmers
…. A perfect tool for Organic Farming
Suppression of Gases
• Reduction in fire hazards by
suppression of methane generation
• Better safety for workers
• Much less odor due to Less H S and
…..towards healthier environment
EM sprayed on garbage heaps just before
No foul odor
Land converted into agricultural
A windrow of 6-7 ft height is best.
The height shrinks with time.
No foul odor
Change in color
Reduction in pollutants
Reuse of water….
Light colored and odorless
EM treated leachate
BENEFITS OF USING EM IN SOLID WASTE
The benefits are:
1) Odor removal
EM effectively suppresses the harmful gases, such as ammonia
and hydrogen sulphide, which are generated during degradation
of organic matters in a solid waste. It has a very strong sterilizing
effect to suppress harmful micro-organisms that are responsible
for generating foul odor. It creates a very hygienic condition
around the garbage dumping site.
2) Decline of fly population
Because of the reduction of the harmful gases and keeping good
hygienic condition of garbage heaps, the files, which are usually
attracted by it, are automatically reduced from the dumping site.
The benefits are:
Protection of environment and health of workers
EM is a very eco-friendly solution, therefore, the currently used
chemical solutions, which have a very hazardous side effect on
environment and on the health of dumping site workers, can
completely be eliminated.
High quality organic compost
The solid waste, after treating with EM for a rapid degradation, can
be used as a high quality compost in agro fields. It realizes the
ideal recycling system in solid waste management/agriculture.
The benefits are :
Low cost application
Because EM is self propagating, the cost of the application for the
huge garbage heaps, could be just a few hundreds rupees per day.
It is a very cost effective as compared to the various chemical
6) Easy Maintenance
EM microbes create strong anti-oxidation effects and prevent early
corrosion of the facilities such as ageing of concrete wall and
rusting of metal parts. Thus, it greatly minimizes the need of
maintenance or parts replacement over a long period.
7) EM can be used in existing garbage heaps or any other systems
virtually as they stand. There is no need for any costly
installations or modifications.
8) EM can be applied in every case of rotten garbage including
compost pits in private homes and littered garbage on the
streets, left over food in hotels, and programs designed to clean
up the complete solid waste system.
9) EM removes bad odor from any kind of rotten garbage at a very
LET’S COLLECTIVELY PROTECT
GREEN FARM INNOVATORS
No.984/13,8th Main, Girinagar 2nd