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Solid waste Management Technology by KPK using EM & Bookish

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Solid waste Management for handling Biodegradable material

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Solid waste Management Technology by KPK using EM & Bookish

  1. 1. PRESENTATION ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WITH EFFECTIVE MICRO-ORGANISM TECHNOLOGY TO KITCHEN WASTE Presented by: KIRAN.P.KULKARNI on 17/10/2012 M/s PRAGATHI ENTERPRISES, GF2,Elegant embassy, Ramaraolay out BSK3rd Stage,KatteriguppaB’lore-85. PH:9886132414,08026695036 1
  2. 2. From: GREEN FARM INNOVATORS 2
  3. 3. Recommendations of Supreme court of India for SWM wide gazette no-6481 dated 25th sep 2000  Waste should be stabilized before putting in landfill.  Waste should be treated by eco friendly method using Microbial Culture.  Waste should be treated by composting , anaerobic digestion so that it will not give adverse effect on human health & environment 3
  4. 4. Environmental Impact of Land Filling  Untreated solid waste will lead to the formation of leachate which will flow into underground water & contaminate the surrounding area.  The land fill site will become unfit for plantation.  If the solid waste is treated with effective microbes we can prevent the above mentioned ill effect to a large extent. 4
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  6. 6. Dump Site before filling with Solid Waste 6
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  8. 8. Dried trees in the Land fill site & good trees outside the Land fill site 8
  9. 9. What is Solid waste ?  The material which is discarded after use is called as waste.such as paper,clothes,can,food scrap etc. 9
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  11. 11. What is EM?    EM is the abbreviation of ‘Effective Microorganisms’, originated by Dr. Prof. Teruo Higa at the Ryukyus University, Okinawa, Japan in the early 1980s. It is a consortium of selected microbes like Lactic Acid bacteria, Photosynthetic bacteria and yeast. All these are mutually compatible with one another and co-exist in liquid culture below a pH of 3.5. The microorganisms are not Genetically engineered, exotic or imported. They are produced in our factory in Kolkata.  All microbes are facultative. They exhibit both aerobic and anaerobic characteristics.  They work in a wide range of temperatures, salinity and pH values.  Maple EM.1 is certified as an Organic input by ECOCERT, France and is now being used in over 126 Countries worldwide. 11 
  12. 12. Phototrophic Bacteria Co-Existence Power of EM.1 Yeast Lactic Acid Bacteria 12
  13. 13. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Natural way to clean nature: microbes grow naturally, not genetically modified/ imported/exotic Low pathogenecity: suppression of pathogens Synergistic advantage of aerobic & anaerobic microbes Suppression of harmful gases Reduction or elimination in the use of harmful chemicals 13
  14. 14. Micro-Flora in Nature Neutral Microbes Pathogenic Microbes Beneficial Microbes 14
  15. 15. EM increases Beneficial Microbes’ population Neutral group helps Beneficial microbes EM 15
  16. 16. OBJECTIVES:   To manage waste naturally To reuse/recycle/recover waste To minimize the health hazard by safe handling By Land Fill and/or By Composting … ..at lowest possible cost 16
  17. 17. • • • • • • • • • Reduction in composting time Less land requirement Better Quality of Compost Less or No Turnings Required Potential for treatment at source i.e. Decentralized Approach Reduction in generation of gases No Foul Odour Reduction of Fly/ Mosquito nuisance 17
  18. 18. Kitchen waste composting Compost used in kitchen gardens Community composting Compost used in neighborhood parks …Treatment at Source From: GREEN FARM INNOVATORS 18
  19. 19. Kitchen waste composting EM applied on kitchen waste to convert it into compost in the form of Bokashi powder. • Compost used in kitchen garden • Less waste load on service provider • Segregation at source …resources back to nature 19
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  24. 24. Close the lid tightly. 24
  25. 25. Drain garbage juice solution daily. 25
  26. 26. Smells like pickles ! 26
  27. 27. Various Applications of EM compost and garbage juice 27
  28. 28. Community composting 28
  29. 29. Regular Dumping of Organic waste 29
  30. 30. Houses on a street can use common compost bins 30
  31. 31. MARKET WASTE 31
  32. 32. Market waste is easy to compost 32
  33. 33. Intermittent Treatment on garbage collected • EM sprayed collection centers at intermittent 1. Treatment time included in transport time 2. Volume reduction 3. Reduction in transport cost 33
  34. 34. The odor coming from city Garbage was a serious problem. The situation improved with EM spray. 34
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  36. 36. EM Demo at Belgaum Dump Yard 36
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  42. 42. After Effects of Land filling 42
  43. 43. Demo at Anjanapura Dump Yard 43
  44. 44. Demo @ Anjanapura Dump Yard 44
  45. 45. Demo at Annaiyappa Kere 45
  46. 46. Jaynagar MLA Shri.Vijaykumar 46
  47. 47. Demo to Director Municipal Administration 47
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  49. 49. Waste Decomposition or stabilization (Centralized aerobic treatment) 49
  50. 50. Spraying of EM solution 50
  51. 51. EM Compost being carried by Farmers 51
  52. 52. EM- Compost Ready for Use After 45-60 days 52
  53. 53. BETTER QUALITY OF COMPOST • Higher Nutrient and Micro-nutrient levels leading to better enrichment of soil and better yields • Ability to turn any barren land into cultivable land • Enhances Photosynthesis activity in plants • Protects plant roots from pathogens • Enhances plant immune mechanism • Particularly in Rice cultivation, it reduces the methane generation, thus protecting the environment and the health of farmers …. A perfect tool for Organic Farming 53
  54. 54. Suppression of Gases • Reduction in fire hazards by suppression of methane generation • Better safety for workers • Much less odor due to Less H S and 2 other gases …..towards healthier environment 54
  55. 55. Landfill treatment EM sprayed on garbage heaps just before land filling • • No foul odor Land converted into agricultural land 55
  56. 56. A windrow of 6-7 ft height is best. The height shrinks with time. 56
  57. 57. Leachet Treatment No foul odor Change in color  Reduction in pollutants Reuse of water…. 57
  58. 58. EM application in leachate tank 58
  59. 59. Light colored and odorless EM treated leachate 59
  60. 60. BENEFITS OF USING EM IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT The benefits are: 1) Odor removal EM effectively suppresses the harmful gases, such as ammonia and hydrogen sulphide, which are generated during degradation of organic matters in a solid waste. It has a very strong sterilizing effect to suppress harmful micro-organisms that are responsible for generating foul odor. It creates a very hygienic condition around the garbage dumping site. 2) Decline of fly population Because of the reduction of the harmful gases and keeping good hygienic condition of garbage heaps, the files, which are usually attracted by it, are automatically reduced from the dumping site. 60
  61. 61. The benefits are: 3) Protection of environment and health of workers EM is a very eco-friendly solution, therefore, the currently used chemical solutions, which have a very hazardous side effect on environment and on the health of dumping site workers, can completely be eliminated. 4) High quality organic compost The solid waste, after treating with EM for a rapid degradation, can be used as a high quality compost in agro fields. It realizes the ideal recycling system in solid waste management/agriculture. 61
  62. 62. The benefits are : 5) Low cost application Because EM is self propagating, the cost of the application for the huge garbage heaps, could be just a few hundreds rupees per day. It is a very cost effective as compared to the various chemical solutions. 6) Easy Maintenance EM microbes create strong anti-oxidation effects and prevent early corrosion of the facilities such as ageing of concrete wall and rusting of metal parts. Thus, it greatly minimizes the need of maintenance or parts replacement over a long period. 62
  63. 63. 7) EM can be used in existing garbage heaps or any other systems virtually as they stand. There is no need for any costly installations or modifications. 8) EM can be applied in every case of rotten garbage including compost pits in private homes and littered garbage on the streets, left over food in hotels, and programs designed to clean up the complete solid waste system. 9) EM removes bad odor from any kind of rotten garbage at a very fast pace. 63
  64. 64. LET’S COLLECTIVELY PROTECT THE ENVIRIONMENT With Maple EM.1 GREEN FARM INNOVATORS No.984/13,8th Main, Girinagar 2nd Phase, B’lore-85. PH:9886132414,9886446886 64
  65. 65. THANK YOU! 65

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