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Solid Waste


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Solid Waste

  2. 2. Instruction of Supreme court of India for SWM <ul><li>Waste should be disposable before putting in landfill . </li></ul><ul><li>Waste should be treated by eco friendly method. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste should be treated so it will not give adverse effect on human health & environment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Solid waste ? <ul><li>The material which is discarded after use is called as waste.such as paper,clothes,can,food scrap etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Solid Waste <ul><li>Municipal waste </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial waste </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital waste </li></ul><ul><li>Construction waste </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous waste </li></ul>
  5. 5.
  6. 6. What is EM? <ul><li>EM is the abbreviation of ‘Effective Microorganisms’, originated by Dr. Prof. Teruo Higa at the Ryukyus University, Okinawa, Japan in the early 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a consortium of selected microbes like Lactic Acid bacteria, Photosynthetic bacteria and yeast. </li></ul><ul><li>All these are mutually compatible with one another and co-exist in liquid culture below a pH of 3.5. </li></ul><ul><li>The microorganisms are not Genetically engineered, exotic or imported. They are produced in our factory in Kolkata. </li></ul><ul><li>All microbes are facultative. They exhibit both aerobic and anaerobic characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>They work in a wide range of temperatures, salinity and pH values. </li></ul><ul><li>Maple EM.1 is certified as an Organic input by ECOCERT, France and is now being used in over 126 Countries worldwide. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Co-Existence Power of EM.1 Phototrophic Bacteria Lactic Acid Bacteria Yeast
  8. 8. <ul><li>Natural way to clean nature: microbes grow naturally, not genetically modified/ imported/exotic </li></ul><ul><li>Low pathogenecity: suppression of pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Synergistic advantage of aerobic & anaerobic microbes </li></ul><ul><li>Suppression of harmful gases </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction or elimination in the use of harmful chemicals </li></ul>Salient features of EM
  9. 9. Pathogenic Microbes Beneficial Microbes Micro-Flora in Nature Neutral Microbes
  10. 10. EM increases Beneficial Microbes’ population EM Neutral group helps Beneficial microbes
  11. 11. <ul><li>AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>ANIMAL HUSBANDRY </li></ul><ul><li>AQUACULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>HOUSEHOLD </li></ul><ul><li>SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>EFFULENT TREATMENT </li></ul><ul><li>POULTRY </li></ul>EM APPLICATION AREAS
  12. 12. OBJECTIVES:- <ul><li>To manage waste naturally </li></ul><ul><li>To reuse/recycle/recover waste </li></ul><ul><li>To minimize the health hazard by safe handling </li></ul><ul><li>By Land Fill and/or By Composting </li></ul><ul><li>… lowest possible cost </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Reduction in composting time </li></ul><ul><li>Less land requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Better Quality of Compost </li></ul><ul><li>Less or No Turnings Required </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for treatment at source i.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in generation of gases </li></ul><ul><li>No Foul Odour </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of Fly/ Mosquito nuisance </li></ul>EM - Major Advantages
  14. 14. <ul><li>Kitchen waste composting </li></ul><ul><li> Compost used in kitchen gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Community composting </li></ul><ul><li> Compost used in neighborhood parks </li></ul><ul><li>… T reatment at Source </li></ul>Decentralized Approach
  15. 15. Kitchen waste composting <ul><li>EM applied on kitchen waste to convert it into compost. </li></ul><ul><li>Compost used in kitchen garden </li></ul><ul><li>Less waste load on service provider </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation at source </li></ul><ul><li>… resources back to nature </li></ul>Application Methods
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Close the lid tightly.
  18. 18. Drain garbage juice solution daily.
  19. 19. Smells like pickles !
  20. 20. Various Applications of EM compost and garbage juice
  21. 21. Community composting
  22. 22. Regular Dumping of Organic waste
  23. 23. compost
  24. 24. Houses on a street can use common compost bins
  25. 25. MARKET WASTE
  26. 26. Market waste composting
  27. 27. Market waste is easy to compost
  28. 28. <ul><li>Intermittent Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>EM sprayed on garbage collected at intermittent collection centers </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment time included in transport time </li></ul><ul><li>Volume reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in transport cost </li></ul>
  29. 29. The odor coming from city Garbage was a serious problem. The situation improved with EM spray.
  30. 30. Unloading container at Transfer Station
  31. 31. Waste Decomposition or stabilization (Centralized aerobic treatment)
  32. 32. Spraying of EM solution
  33. 33. EM Compost being carried by Farmers
  34. 34. EM- Compost Ready for Use After 45 days
  35. 35. BETTER QUALITY OF COMPOST <ul><li>Higher Nutrient and Micro-nutrient levels leading to better enrichment of soil and better yields </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to turn any barren land into cultivable land </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances Photosynthesis activity in plants </li></ul><ul><li>Protects plant roots from pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances plant immune mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Particularly in Rice cultivation, it reduces the methane generation, thus protecting the environment and the health of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>… . A perfect tool for Organic Farming </li></ul>
  36. 36. Suppression of Gases <ul><li>Reduction in fire hazards by suppression of methane generation </li></ul><ul><li>Better safety for workers </li></ul><ul><li>Much less odor due to Less H 2 S and other gases </li></ul><ul><li>… ..towards healthier environment </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>EM sprayed on garbage heaps just before land filling </li></ul><ul><li>No foul odor </li></ul><ul><li>Land converted into agricultural land </li></ul>Landfill treatment
  38. 38. A windrow of 6-7 ft height is best. The height shrinks with time.
  39. 39. Leachet Treatment <ul><li>No foul odor </li></ul><ul><li>Change in color </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse of water …. </li></ul>
  40. 40. EM application in leachate tank
  41. 41. Light colored and odorless EM treated leachate
  42. 42. Treated leachate for irrigations
  43. 43. BENEFITS OF USING EM IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT <ul><li>The benefits are: </li></ul><ul><li>Odor removal </li></ul><ul><li>EM effectively suppresses the harmful gases, such as ammonia and hydrogen sulphide, which are generated during degradation of organic matters in a solid waste. It has a very strong sterilizing effect to suppress harmful micro-organisms that are responsible for generating foul odor. It creates a very hygienic condition around the garbage dumping site. </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of fly population </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the reduction of the harmful gases and keeping good hygienic condition of garbage heaps, the files, which are usually attracted by it, are automatically reduced from the dumping site. </li></ul>
  44. 44. The benefits are : 3) Protection of environment and health of workers EM is a very eco-friendly solution, therefore, the currently used chemical solutions, which have a very hazardous side effect on environment and on the health of dumping site workers, can completely be eliminated. 4) High quality organic compost The solid waste, after treating with EM for a rapid degradation, can be used as a high quality compost in agro fields. It realizes the ideal recycling system in solid waste management/agriculture.
  45. 45. <ul><li>The benefits are : </li></ul><ul><li>5) Low cost application </li></ul><ul><li>Because EM is self propagating, the cost of the application for the huge garbage heaps, could be just a few hundreds rupees per day. It is a very cost effective as compared to the various chemical solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>EM microbes create strong anti-oxidation effects and prevent early corrosion of the facilities such as ageing of concrete wall and rusting of metal parts. Thus, it greatly minimizes the need of maintenance or parts replacement over a long period. </li></ul>
  46. 46. 7) EM can be used in existing garbage heaps or any other systems virtually as they stand. There is no need for any costly installations or modifications. 8) EM can be applied in every case of rotten garbage including compost pits in private homes and littered garbage on the streets, left over food in hotels, and programs designed to clean up the complete solid waste system. 9) EM removes bad odor from any kind of rotten garbage at a very fast pace.
  48. 48. THANK YOU!