How can education mediate the success of Indigenous leaders, managers andadministrators in community development and business opportunities?The story of the Ch’nook Initiative Wise Practices in Indigenous Community Development Symposium The Banff Centre September 2012 March 16th, 2012 Lethbridge, Alberta 1
The Challenge Marginalized - Low employment participation rates - Limited economic infrastructure2010 Statistics• Average unemployment rate for British Columbia’s youth was 13.4% - Aboriginal youth faced higher incidences of unemployment at 21.4%• Over 20% of the prime working-age (25-54) Aboriginal population in the province did not have a high school credential compared with 7.6 % of the non-Aboriginal population• 51.6 % of Aboriginal youth have not attained a high school diploma compared with 33.0 % of non- Aboriginal youth• These trends has been exacerbated by shortfalls in federal funding levels for post-secondary Aboriginal students which have been capped since 1996 BCStats 2011
The OpportunityAboriginal Youth• the youngest and fastest-growing segment of Canada’s population• their share of the labour force will triple over the next 20 years• those who complete high school are twice as likely to be employed, while those who earn university degrees triple their earning potential• graduates bring business knowledge and capacity back to their communities
Why Ch’nook?“Our elders teach us to consider the future of our children and grandchildren asa guide for our day-to-day activities. This lesson leads to one very clearimplication. We must provide educational opportunities that build the skillsneeded to participate in all aspects of tomorrow’s world.Ch’nook is focused on one very critical part of this skill building... developingthe leadership and management skills needed to achieve business successand economic independence.”Dr. Jo-ann Archibald (Q’um Q’um Xiiem)Ch’nook Advisory Council Member (former)
About Ch’nookBackground• founded in 2002 by Dr. John Claxton• funded and housed in the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia Ch’nook Name The name Ch’nook was chosen as a reminder of the Chinook jargon (pronounced Ch’nook) used in earlier times as the language of tradeMissionCh’nook’s mission is to promote business, management and entrepreneurship as viable careerpaths for Aboriginal students in order to contribute to creating a sustainable and self-sufficienteconomic future for First Nation communities in British Columbia and across Canada.
About Ch’nook Ch’nook’s logo represents the values that guide our mission to contribute to creating a sustainable and self-sufficient economic future for First Nation communities in British Columbia and across Canada.• the passing of knowledge from generation to generation or from elders to youth; from educational institution to student;• interaction of past students with future students;• the passing on of skills and confidence;• a circle of giving back to the community;• a continuous exchange of ideas;• a progression to towards future success;• unity and harmony in business and community partnerships; and,• a never ending cycle of Ch’nook’s dedication and energy to Indigenous Business education.
About Ch’nookGoals• Developing an Aboriginal cultural, knowledge and teaching and learning context for all individuals participating in Ch’nook’s activities.• Creating proactive linkages and opportunities for dialogue and collaboration between Aboriginal leaders and business professionals, University faculty, corporate leaders, students and First Nation communities.
About Ch’nook Ch’nook’s Three PillarsSenior Aboriginal Leaders, Post Secondary Students and High School Students • AMP - work with Senior Aboriginal leaders to educate and inspire them in delivering their vision to create and manage internationally competitive, locally responsive and sustainable economic strategies for the future. • Indigenous Business Network - provide access to a wide range of business education resources, networking, mentoring and internship opportunities to support post-secondary Aboriginal business students in their efforts to be successful at completing their business degrees. • Cousins - generate awareness with Aboriginal high school students of the benefits that can be achieved through pursuing business education studies for themselves and their communities.
Ch’nookMediating the success of Indigenous leaders, managers and administrators in community development and business opportunities. 11
Mediating CommunitiesMediating Communities• increasing collaboration between all communities• securing funding that can benefit all communities in supporting efforts to build Aboriginal business, leadership and managerial capacity• developing community partnerships and educational initiatives that enable Aboriginal communities to participate more fully in regional economic development opportunities• increasing Aboriginal presence and influence in business and educational communities• promoting respect and understanding for Aboriginal identity, culture, values and knowledge 12
Mediating CommunitiesBridging Indigenous Communities and BusinessCommunities• promoting business, management and leadership training required for high value positions in Indigenous and regional Business communities• identify talent and ability and providing opportunities for additional capacity building• promoting the skills and capacities that enable Indigenous communities to be equal partners in regional economic development opportunities 13
Advanced Management Program Chnook Advanced Management Certificate Program (AMP) targets Aboriginal participants individuals who have five or more years of work experience and a strong desire to engage in business activities• delivers the skills and competencies required for developing entrepreneurship and business success – Aboriginal values, entrepreneurship, accounting, human resources, financial management, marketing, operations, business strategy and planning, communications and Aboriginal business leadership• sessions are led by distinguished Aboriginal leaders and/or senior faculty members from the Sauder School of Business• AMP program involves 150+ hours of classroom instruction and provides thorough coverage of business foundation skills 14
Advanced Management ProgramAdvanced Management Certificate Program (AMP) of the North• Encana is championing the design and delivery of an Advanced Management Certificate Program in the North East of British Columbia• program content and delivery – will be designed through consultation and collaboration with Indigenous communities in the North East – will incorporate regional Indigenous values, culture and knowledge – will be responsive to the economic realities of the North East of British Columbia• Ch’nook will partner with Northern Lights College to deliver the program• sessions will be led by regional Aboriginal business leaders and senior faculty members from northern academic institutions such as University of Northern British Columbia 15
Mediating CommunitiesBridging Aboriginal Student Communities andEducational Communities• engaging business schools in colleges and universities to promote more opportunities for Aboriginal students to participate• developing relevant Aboriginal perspectives and content that complements traditional business and management studies in home institutions• supporting increased retention and completion by post-secondary Aboriginal business and management students• create and support an extended network of Aboriginal business and management students 16
Ch’nook Business Education AccordCh’nook conceived of and guided the signing of the Ch’nook Aboriginal BusinessEducation Accord by 25 universities and colleges in for British Columbia. British Columbia Institute of Technology Royal Roads University Camosun College Selkirk College Capilano University Simon Fraser University College of New Caledonia Thompson Rivers University College of The Rockies Trinity Western University Douglas College University of British Columbia /Okanagan Kwantlen Polytechnic University University of British Columbia /Vancouver Langara College University of The Fraser Valley North Island College University of Northern British Columbia Northern Lights College University of Victoria Nicola Valley Institute of Technology Vancouver Community College Northwest Community College Vancouver Island University Okanagan College 17
Indigenous Business Education Network Indigenous Business NetworkAll full-time and part-time Aboriginal business students in BritishColumbia are invited to join Ch’nook’s Indigenous Business EducationNetwork to receive weekly updates regarding scholarships, events,jobs, financial support, tutor support, and other Network basedopportunities. 18
Mediating CommunitiesBridging Indigenous and Educational Communities• enhancing community outreach• promoting respect and understanding for Aboriginal identity, culture and knowledge• working to increase Aboriginal high school applications to post-secondary business and management programs in British Columbia• strengthen the linkages between regional post- secondary institutions and Aboriginal communities• helping business schools across the province be responsive, respectful and receptive to Aboriginal learners and communities 19
Regional PartnersThrough collaborating with Regional Partners, Ch’nook ensures that our provincial footprint isamplified by strong local presence that is relevant and responsive to BC’s First Nationcommunities. North Interior Blueberry River First Nation Burns Lake Band Regional Partners Canim Lake Band Carrier Nation Adams Lake Band Fort McMurray First Nations Cooks Ferry Indian Band Fort Nelson First Nation Lilwat Nation Gitanyow Band Lower Nicola Band Haida Old MassetIskut First Nation Lytton First Nation Kispiox Band Nlakapamux Nation Kitasoo Nation Thompson Rivers University Okanagan Indian Band Kitselas Band School of Business Seton Lake Band Lake Babine First Nation University of Northern BC Skeetchestn Indian Band Lax Kwalaams Band School of Business UBC Okanagan Soda Creek Band Nicola Valley Institute of Technology Nisgaa Nation St. Marys Band College of New Caledonia Selkirk College Nisgaa, Gingolx Band Northern Lights College College of the Rockies Stlatlimx Nation Nisgaa, Gitwinksihlkw Northwest Community College Okanogan College Tkemlups Band Nishga, Laxgaltsap Band Upper Nicola Band Prophet River First Nation Westbank First Nation Skidegate Band Xeni Gwetin First Nations Haida Gwaii Tahltan Nation Tsimshian First Nation West Moberly First NationWetsuweten First Nation Xatsull First Nation Chawathil First Nation Ahousaht Cheam Band Cowichan Tribes Hwlitsum First Nation Danaxdaxw First Nation In-Shuck-ch Nation Ditidaht First Nation Katzie First Nation Homalco First Nation University of British Columbia Matsqui First Nation Hupacasath First Nation Sauder School of Business Musqueam First Nation Huu-ay-aht First Nation Penelakut Tribe K’ómoks First Nation Capilano University Simon Fraser University Sechelt First Nation Namghis Band Vancouver Island University Skowkale First Nation NuchalnuthFirst Nation School of Business Rest of Canada Langara College BC Institute of Technology Soowahlie First Nation Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations Algonquins of Pikwakanagan Vancouver Community College Camosun College Squamish Nation Sliammon First Nation North Island College Gwichin Nation Kwatlen Polytechnical University Trinity Western University Squiala First Nation Snuneymuxw First Nation University of Victoria Heart Lake Band University of the Fraser Valley Sto:lo First Nation Tsartlip First Nation Royal Roads University Ojibway Nation Douglas College Stsailes Wei Wai Kum First Nation Saulteau First Nation Tsleil Waututh Nation Heiltsuk Nation Six Nations Kiahoose Nation Waywayseecappo First Nation Tsawataineuk First Nation Michipicoten First Nation Muscowpetung First Nation Island Cree Nation Lower Mainland Metis Nation 20
Ch’nook CousinsCh’nook works with high schools across British Columbia to promoteawareness of post-secondary business education to Aboriginal high schoolstudents. • the Cousins initiative provides workshops for Aboriginal high school students at various locations across British Columbia • delivered in collaboration with the 25 post-secondary Aboriginal Business Accord partners in British Columbia • introduces Aboriginal high school students to entrepreneurship and management as viable career options • emphasizes the importance of a good secondary and post-secondary education • promotes an understanding of how Aboriginal values can be applied within the scope of business studies • Chnook Scholars are provided with an opportunity to participate in the Cousins initiatives as mentors and role models to Aboriginal high school students 21
Mediating CommunitiesBridging Student Communities with Business Communities• managing Aboriginal business and management students’ transitions to the labour market• working to identify and promote career trajectories in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal companies and corporations• capacity building that enables Aboriginal employees to develop the additional skills and capabilities to continue to progress in their careers• introduce Aboriginal business and management students to industry sectors that they may not be able to access in their communities – i.e. banking, finance, consulting, etc.• provide Aboriginal business and management students with to provide participants with an opportunity to expand their view on international trade and business and to enhance their knowledge of global business practices 22
Mentoring and InternshipsMentors are drawn from leading Canadian and British ColumbiaInternship Organizations Scholar Mentor and based corporations. Career Mentoring • mentors come from a variety of organizations and roles • mentor Aboriginal scholars on possible career paths and employment opportunities • mentoring meetings are organized to coincide with annual Gatherings Ch’nook Internships • provides Ch’nook Scholars with an opportunity to learn from business leaders • interns are provided with travel and Tazo Consulting accommodation assistance to facilitate a successful internship experience 23
Indigenous Business Trek London - 2011Ch’nook Scholars met with Canadian corporations and industry professionals tolearn about the business, understand the dynamics of an international careerin business and gain insights into the organizations day-to-day operations. 24
Indigenous Business Trek – Ethiopia 2012The ARC Initiative - EthiopiaCh’nook Scholars worked with Sauder faculty to help teachentrepreneurship to Ethiopians – they developed inter-culturalcommunication skills, teaching and facilitation skills and confidence inparticipating in international travel. 25
Key Success FactorsCh’nook’s Key Success Factors• over ten years of experience• strong focus on collaboration and partnership• vibrant network of Ch’nook alumni and partners who share our values and goals and are looking for ways to give back to their communities• Ch’nook Indigenous Business Accord in British Columbia• Regional Partner institutions 26
"Education will unleash not only the human potential, but the economic potential,especially for First Nations. More importantly, its about our people achieving theirpotential - and they will.” National Chief Shawn Atleo 27
Ch’nook Contacts Ch’nook InitiativeRick ColbourneAssistant Dean, Indigenous BusinessDirector – Ch’nook Sauder School of BusinessEmail: email@example.com University of British ColumbiaTel: 604-822-4349Mobile: 604-721-4354 441-2053 Main MallFax. 604-827-4417 Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z2 32