Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australia

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Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australia

  1. 1. Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australiawarning: images of deceased personsProfessor Dennis FoleySchool of Humanities and Social ScienceThe University of Newcastle
  2. 2. 2October 19, 2012
  3. 3. 3October 19, 2012
  4. 4. Leader ship? 4What is it?Is it tradional, authorised – legitimate leadership?Is it opportunity realisation – illegitimate leadership?Is it community, political or individual?Or in our history is it all three? October 19, 2012
  5. 5. 5October 19, 2012
  6. 6. 6 Windradyn 1824 Died: March 21, 1829October 19, 2012
  7. 7. William Cooper1861-1941 7Yorta Yorta of CummeragunjaIn 1933 at the age of 72he moved to Melb. forliving on the reserve hewas ineligible for the oldaged pensionSet up the AustralianAboriginal League, helpedorganise the Day of Mourning October 19, 2012
  8. 8. 8l to r): William Ferguson, Jack Kinchella, Isaac Ingram, Doris Williams, Esther Ingram, Arthur Williams Jr, Phillip Ingram, LouisaAgnes Ingram with daughter Olive Ingram, and Jack Patten 26 January 1938 October 19, 2012
  9. 9. 9Vincent Lingiari1908- 21/1/1988 October 19, 2012
  10. 10. Pearl Gibbs Born 1901 Botany Bay 10 1930 unemployed workers camp 1933 organised pea-pickers strike 1937 begins working with Fergusen and Patten 1938 involved in "Day of Mourning" protest 1956 founder Aboriginal- Australian Fellowship 1954 - 57 first and only female member of the NSW Aborigines Welfare Board 1983 dies in Dubbo October 19, 2012
  11. 11. Chicka Dixon1928 – March 2010 11 October 19, 2012
  12. 12. 12 1967October 19, 2012
  13. 13. 13Billy Craigie Bertie WilliamsJohn Newfong Ambrose Golden-Brown October 19, 2012
  14. 14. 14October 19, 2012
  15. 15. Bobby Sykes 1516 August 1943 14 November 2010 October 19, 2012
  16. 16. Charles Kumantjayi Perkins 16 June 1936 – 19 October 2000 16October 19, 2012
  17. 17. Larissa Behrendt 17October 19, 2012
  18. 18. The Monthly - Whos Afraid of Marcia Langton? 18 October 19, 2012
  19. 19. Mr John Moriarty – modern entrepreneur 19October 19, 2012
  20. 20. Population approx 500,000 people 20Rural remote 90,000Middle class 160,000On or below the poverty line 250,000 (Helen Hughes ‘Lands of Shame’ 2007)Read : Tim Rouse Book review www.sisr.net/apo/rowse.pdfOctober 19, 2012
  21. 21. Table 1: Estimated Indigenous population, by state and territory, Australia, 30 June2010 21 Proportion of Proportion of Indigenous AustralianState or territory state or territory population Indigenous population (%) population (%)NSW 165,190 29.4 2.3Vic 36,734 6.5 0.7Qld 160,514 28.5 3.6WA 76,218 13.5 3.4SA 30,382 5.4 1.9Tas 20,086 3.6 4.0ACT 4,709 0.8 1.3NT 68,599 12.2 30.5Australia 562,681 100.0 2.6Source: Derived from ABS, 2009 [1], ABS, 2010 [3] October 19, 2012
  22. 22. Ancient enter prise 22 October 19, 2012
  23. 23. 23October 19, 2012
  24. 24. Aqua-culture industry 8,000 years oldLabour mobilisation – housing - provision food 24clothing etc for workersLarge scale harvest linked to productionSmoking = value added productContainerisation - woven basketsDistribution network – thousands of miles 1/3rd cont. October 19, 2012
  25. 25. Indigenous Australian 25Leadership entrepreneurship -enterprise = 8,000 years of historyLeadership & Enterprise participation is NOT un-Aboriginal October 19, 2012
  26. 26. 26Can Indigenous entrepreneursor Leaders be taught? … Or are they born? October 19, 2012
  27. 27. Do Indigenous we face dif fer ent 27challenges to that experienced bysettler society? October 19, 2012
  28. 28. The hurdles in the development ofleadership & entrepreneurship 28are:-RacismLow human capitalLow social capitalLack of financial capitalDiminishing cultural capital &Neo-liberal government policies –New Managerialism October 19, 2012
  29. 29. 29The future is all aboutcapacity building … … for both Indigenousand non-IndigenousOctober 19, 2012
  30. 30. 30So w hat wor kswithout r einventingthe w heel?October 19, 2012
  31. 31. 31 Community LeadershipOctober 19, 2012
  32. 32. Johnny Japangardi Miller and Peggy NampijinpaBrown Mt Theo Outstation 32
  33. 33. The Outstation focuses on young Warlpiri people 33started by Yuendumu Community in 1993 to address chronic petrol sniffing.The program has since broadened in nature and scope to provide a comprehensive program of youth development and leadership, diversion, respite, rehabilitation, and aftercare throughout the Warlpiri region the provision of cultural rehabilitation and strengthening of young people through the care of Warlpiri mentors and elders at the remote Outstation, 160km northwest of Yuendumu.Elders of the Yuendumu Community initiated the program, with additional support from local organisations October 19, 2012
  34. 34. W hats out there in education:-Indigenous Leadership Program – govt run 34-Aboriginal Indigenous Leadership Development (AILC) –has great potential-certificate level-Cape York Institute – Leadership Academy WTS-Individual State Programs, political, come and go withfunding - little outcome-Aurora Project UNSW – Native Title for CEO’s-Edith Cowan Uni and Australian Catholic Uni’s – realprograms with outcomes in tertiary ed.- Batchelor College and Charles Darwin Uni WTSchanging delivery and pedagogy looking at outcomes-Australian Centre for Indigenous Knowledges andEducation - pathways to build social, human, economicand identity capital. October 19, 2012
  35. 35. W hats out there in 35entrepreneur ship education:-•Swinburne - Master Entrep.•Master of Applied Innovation &Entrepreneurship Uni Adelaide (Online)•Bach Bus (Entrep.) RMIT•Bach Commerce Entrep – Curtin•Murdoch undergrad major Entrep Innovation•QUT•And a sprinkling of majors around ourTAFE’s and Uni’sOctober 19, 2012
  36. 36. 36Noel Pearson &Chris SaraAccountabilityGovernanceTransparencyOctober 19, 2012
  37. 37. 37Apart from the AILC thereis nothing in Australiatargeting minorityentrepreneurshipLeadership training, theyare all mainstream ….… I looked overseas October 19, 2012
  38. 38. 2009 United nationsEconomic For um r epor ted 38entrepreneurship has never beenmore important than it is today inthis time of financial crises …innovation and entrepreneurshipprovide a way forward for solvingthe global challenges of the 21stcentury … Entrepreneurshipeducation can be a societalchange agent, a great enabler … October 19, 2012
  39. 39. 39 FinancialOctober 19, 2012 literacy
  40. 40. result 40Steve MariottiAfter earning his bachelors in businesseconomics and M.B.A from the University ofMichigan he moved to New York. In 198 mugged for$10 by a gang of teenagers, which lead him to workwith youth in the New York Public School System in1982. best known pioneering work in youth at-riskeducation - initially founded The South BronxEntrepreneurial Education Program with limitedsuccess. in 1987 he founded the Network forTeaching Entrepreneurship, gives at-risk youth low-income backgrounds opportunities to receiveentrepreneurial education while attending highschool. October 19, 2012
  41. 41. NFTEMission 41The Network for Teaching Entrepreneurships mission is to provideprograms that inspire young people from low-income communities to stayin school, to recognize business opportunities and to plan for successfulfutures.HistoryFounded in New York City in 1987 by Steve Mariotti, a formerentrepreneur turned high school math teacher in the South Bronx, NFTEbegan as a program to prevent dropouts and improve academicperformance among students who were at risk of failing or quittingschool.Combining his business background with his desire to teach at-riskstudents, Steve discovered that when young people from low-incomecommunities are given the opportunity to learn about entrepreneurship,their innate "street smarts" can easily develop into "academic smarts"and "business smarts." Through entrepreneurship, young people discoverthat what they are learning in the classroom is relevant to the real world.To date, NFTE has worked with nearly 450,000 young people from low-income communities in programs across the U.S. and around the world. October 19, 2012
  42. 42. 42October 19, 2012
  43. 43. 43October 19, 2012
  44. 44. Ahikaa Vision 44Ahikaa programmes embody afusion of the internationallyacclaimed NFTE entrepreneurshipeducation programmes with theentrepreneurial traditions ofPolynesia and tikanga of NewZealand MaoriUnder the guardianship ofEntrepreneurship New ZealandTrust, the Ahikaa vision includes:October 19, 2012
  45. 45. Empowering families, whanau, hapu, iwi and 45communities to utilise and develop theirresourcesProviding youth and families/whanau withunderstanding and tools to foster economicsustainabilityEnabling full participation in local economiesLinking with international networks and gainingglobal opportunitiesPromoting rangatiratanga as the practicalimplementation of our individual and grouppotential October 19, 2012
  46. 46. PhilosophyWe believe that within every person lies many 46talents; gifts that sometimes we need help todiscover so that we can go on to achieve ourpotentialThrough entrepreneurship education, the NFTEcurriculum and teaching philosophy helps peoplebuild skills and unlock their entrepreneurialcreativity.  Students’ learning experiences aresupported by a comprehensive and internationallyaccredited curriculum, specialist teachertraining, and supportAHIKAA provides a range of learning materials, ahands-on practice-based curriculum, excitingentrepreneurial activities, and ongoingstudent/alumni and teacher developmentopportunities inside and outside the formal October 19, 2012learning environment
  47. 47. 47 NSW Indigenous Chamber of Commerce Deb BarwickOctober 19, 2012
  48. 48. The Indigenous Business Network 48 South East QueenslandNeil WillmettOctober 19, 2012
  49. 49. 49 Pilbara Aboriginal Chamber Of Commerce IncPilbara Aboriginal Contractors Association Inc October 19, 2012
  50. 50. 50October 19, 2012
  51. 51. Natalie Walker 51CEO, AIMSCOctober 19, 2012
  52. 52. AIMSC (pronounced am-see) is the 52 Australian Indigenous Minority Supplier Councilprovides a direct business-2-business purchasing link between corporate Australia, government agencies and Indigenous-owned businesses Australian Indigenous Minority Supplier Council Suite 706, Level 7 50 Clarence Street Sydney NSW 2000 Tel: (02) 8239 9900 October 19, 2012 Fax: (02) 9279 2762
  53. 53. 53October 19, 2012
  54. 54. Why my interest? 54 October 19, 2012
  55. 55. 55We will never achieve self- determinationUntil we have financial independence!October 19, 2012
  56. 56. 56October 19, 2012

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