Group 4 role of l2 input

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Group 4 role of l2 input

  1. 1. The Role Of L2 Input In Second Language Acquisition / Learning Group 4: Phun Bandith Lecturer: Meas Sopheak Nguon Neardey Subject : AL401 Institute of Foreign Languages, Department of English Class: E4.5, 2010-2011
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>By Bandith: </li></ul><ul><li>- What is L2 input ? </li></ul><ul><li>- Type of input </li></ul><ul><li>- Input for students </li></ul><ul><li>- How target learners get L2 input? </li></ul><ul><li>By Neardey: </li></ul><ul><li>- Input hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>- Input for teacher </li></ul><ul><li>- What teacher should do? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is L2 Input? <ul><li>Input is defined as “the linguistic forms (morphemes, words, utterances)—the streams of speech in the air—directed at the non-native speaker” (Long, 1983, p.127) </li></ul><ul><li>Individual hears or receives and from which he or she can learn. (Richards J. C. & Schmidt R. 2002): </li></ul><ul><li>Target language spoken by the teacher which is heard by the learners (Gass, 1997) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Type of Input <ul><li>Conscious and unconscious (Wang, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Three forms of input: written, verbal and non-linguistic </li></ul><ul><li>Output of teacher is input for students </li></ul><ul><li>Output of students is input for teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction another type of input </li></ul>
  5. 5. Input for Students <ul><li>Tool to improve their language learning </li></ul><ul><li>Boosting their learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Independence learners </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with partner </li></ul><ul><li>Improve social communication </li></ul>
  6. 6. How target learners get ‘L2 Input’ <ul><ul><li>At school: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading and listening materials… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside classroom: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mass media (Radio, Television…) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Native speaker… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distance learning program </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Input Hypothesis <ul><li>“ Human acquires language in only way – by understanding messages, or by receiving comprehensible input.” (Krashen,1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensible input (i+1): input that slightly above the learner’s competence (Krashen,1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Learners improve and progress along the ‘the natural order’ when they receive L2 comprehensible input </li></ul>
  8. 9. Input for Teacher <ul><li>Tool to improve students’ knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to students as input for student </li></ul><ul><li>Output from students enable teacher to know about his/her students (level, understanding) </li></ul>
  9. 10. What teacher should do? <ul><li>Providing opportunities for students to talk </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simplification of Language: Rough-tune </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language modification </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. What teacher should do? (con’t) <ul><li>Teacher’s input should be: - Comprehensible - Interesting - Sufficient quantity - Authentic </li></ul>
  11. 12. References <ul><li>Gass, S. (1997). Input, interaction and the second language learner. Mahwah , NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. </li></ul><ul><li>Krashen, S. D. (1985). The input hypothesis: Issues and implications. New York: Longman. </li></ul><ul><li>Mitchell, R. & Myles, F. (2004). Second language theories (2 nd ed.). London, Great Britain: Hodder Arnold. </li></ul><ul><li>Richards, J. C. & Schmidt, R. (2002). Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics. Harlow: Pearson Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Wang, X. (2010, May). Features of input of second language acquisition. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1 (3), 282-284. </li></ul><ul><li>Xu, F. (2010). The Role of Input and Interaction in Second Language Acquisition. Journal of Cross-Cultural Communication, 6(1), 11-17. </li></ul>
  12. 13. THANK FOR YOUR ATTENTION Qs & As

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