Telemedicine: An opportunity in Healthcare in India


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Telemedicine, despite being an old subject, is presently receiving a huge push from government to address the healthcare inadequacy in India. The speciality health infrastructure is a need of the hour and presents an opportunity for telecom vendors, healthcare providers and policy makers to provide healthcare to masses.

This document identifies the opportunity in telemedicine and indicates the efforts so far.

Published in: Business
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  • Sources of data and information - Independent survey of Telemedicine technical staff at Madhya Pradesh – Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal and Madhya Pradesh Science and Technology Centre, BhopalReferences –Telemedicine definition - market - global $10bn, India $500mn, report summary -,1,1,0,1148447890698.htmlTelemedicine future - Overview (Analysis) - Telemedicine overview (Planning Commission of India - Report) Telemedicine Network India - is Telemedicine - Commission on Telemedicine - allocation for special initiatives - Presentation on Telemedicine - on healthcare - for the other India -
  • Telemedicine: An opportunity in Healthcare in India

    1. 1. Telemedicine: An opportunity in Healthcare<br />Amit Bhargava<br />Feb 2010<br />
    2. 2. Executive Summary<br />India with its vast population, of which 70% are poor and often live in difficult to reach and inhospitable terrain, along with inadequate healthcare network faces a daunting challenge of providing quality healthcare to its citizens. Here, the average per capita spend on healthcare is one of the lowest in the world and various healthcare indicators are also lower than the global average.<br />In order to provide quality and affordable healthcare to all, Telemedicine – the use of telecommunications to improve patients health status by exchanging medical information from one site to another, has provided an impetus to the government’s vision of quality health for all by helping in delivering quality healthcare and in controlling the spiralling medical costs. With Telemedicine, more than 300,000 people have already benefited.<br />Telemedicine in India has a market of more than $500mn and has been implemented in places far and wide under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model. As the reach of Telemedicine increases, the market for medical diagnostic, healthcare providers, drug manufactures, telecom equipment manufacturers, software vendors is bound to increase.<br />Telemedicine, however is not a panacea for Indian healthcare problems. It is instead a great facilitator in bridging the healthcare divide, representing an early opportunity in the sector which has 5.2% share in the Indian GDP. The future for Telemedicine at the moment looks promising with governmental backing and private initiative. An early move by private enterprise in PPP is highly recommended in the sector.<br />
    3. 3. Telemedicine in India<br />Stakeholders in a Telemedicine Network<br />The Market Opportunity<br />Current Challenges, Future drivers and Risks<br />Conclusion<br />
    4. 4. Indian Healthcare is city centric<br />The Indian healthcare services are highly skewed in favour of urban population, which is 28% of Indian population<br />Population deprived of primary health care – 700+ million <br />Specialist healthcare providers in urban areas – 70% <br />Allopathic doctors available per 1000 of population – 0.6<br />Doctors available per 1000 of urban population – 2.97<br />Doctors available per 1000 of rural population – 0.50<br />Relative cost of setting a 100 bed primary care hospital to a tertiary care super-speciality hospital – 1/10<br />Spend on healthcare as % of GDP – 5.2<br />Governmental spend on healthcare as % of GDP – 0.9<br />
    5. 5. Telemedicine in India<br />11th Five-Year plan allocates priority for providing accessible health care to rural population using existing fibre optic and satellite infrastructure<br />With the help of IT, satellite and fibre optic network, Telemedicine provides specialized healthcare to remote corners of country<br />Telemedicine as a practice has been adopted by both – private and public sector healthcare providers<br />Public healthcare network using Telemedicine consists of 42 super-specialty hospitals with 8 mobile vans and 200 rural and remote hospitals<br />300,000 people have benefitted from the Telemedicine network<br />Telemedicine at present is mainly used for non-invasive and non-surgical diagnosis and treatment<br />Telemedicine is making healthcare financially viable to non-insured and poor people<br />
    6. 6. Key growth drivers of Telemedicine in India<br /><ul><li>Low cost and wide reach over satellite or fibre optic bandwidth
    7. 7. Lack of disease management framework
    8. 8. Lack of healthcare facilities in far-off regions
    9. 9. Reduced technology cost and availability of qualified technical personnel
    10. 10. Shortage of qualified medical professionals
    11. 11. Increased governmental focus on healthcare for all
    12. 12. Urban-Rural divide causing disparity in medical facilities
    13. 13. Dedicated satellite for health communications from ISRO
    14. 14. Growth of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) as a sector
    15. 15. National Telemedicine Grid to connect practitioners and institutions
    16. 16. PPP model for development of healthcare infrastructure</li></li></ul><li>Telemedicine in India<br />Stakeholders in a Telemedicine Network<br />The Market Opportunity<br />Current Challenges, Future drivers and Risks<br />Conclusion<br />
    17. 17. Key Players in the Telemedicine Ecosystem<br /><ul><li>Ministry of Health, Government of India (GoI)
    18. 18. Department of Information Technology, GoI
    19. 19. State Government, which manages hospitals in district and remote places
    20. 20. Satellite bandwidth provider – ISRO
    21. 21. Medical Education provider – AIIMS, SGPGI, Medical Colleges across India
    22. 22. Healthcare providers - Apollo Hospitals, AIIMS, Asian Heart Foundation, NarayanaHrudalya, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, District hospitals
    23. 23. Telemedicine software provider – C-DAC, Televital, Apollo Telemedicine Networking Foundation
    24. 24. Medical equipment providers – Wipro GE Healthcare, Siemens, Philips
    25. 25. Telecommunications equipment providers – VTEL, Cisco, Ericson
    26. 26. Videoconferencing equipment provider – Polycom, SONY</li></li></ul><li>A Typical Telemedicine Setup<br />Patient console<br />Connectivity cloud<br />Patient console<br />Typical cost of setting up a patient console <br /><ul><li>In public sector </li></ul>Rs. 150,000 – 250,000<br /><ul><li>In private sector</li></ul>Rs. 150,000 – 500,000<br />Costs of setting up each console vary because <br /><ul><li>Requirement of a dedicated infrastructure such as Telemedicine room may or may not exist
    27. 27. Varying local cost factors
    28. 28. Ability of public bodies to subsidize the input cost
    29. 29. As a policy ISRO provides free satellite bandwidth for Telemedicine</li></ul>Specialist console<br />(Telemedicine setup adapted from “Telemedicine in India: Initiatives and Perspective”<br />B.S.Bedi, Senior Director, Department of IT)<br />
    30. 30. Telemedicine in India<br />Stakeholders in a Telemedicine Network<br />The Market Opportunity<br />Current Challenges, Future drivers and Risks<br />Conclusion<br />
    31. 31. The Opportunity and Trends<br /><ul><li>To achieve 2 bed, 1 doctor and 2.3 nurse per 1000 of population by 2025 the healthcare infrastructure in India needs huge investment - $86bn
    32. 32. With CAGR of 19% from 2005, global market opportunity for Telemedicine by 2015 stands at - $18bn
    33. 33. The Indian Telemedicine market potential in 2007 - $500mn
    34. 34. Revenue from Indian Telemedicine market in 2007 - $50mn
    35. 35. Telemedicine provides multiplier effect on ancillary industries creating new opportunities for
    36. 36. Medical consumables
    37. 37. Medical equipments
    38. 38. Drugs
    39. 39. Medical technology</li></li></ul><li>Status check on Telemedicine implementation<br /><ul><li>ISRO’s Telemedicine network has touched more than 300,000 people
    40. 40. Various state governments under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) have begun implementing Telemedicine network
    41. 41. States such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Chattisgarh, Rajasthan and Kerala have all district covered under Telemedicine network
    42. 42. States such as Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, J&K, Punjab including North East states have taken to Telemedicine in big way.
    43. 43. Under NRHM, government has allocated a budget of Rs. 10 million per annum for each state to increase Telemedicine nodes at district level.
    44. 44. Telemedicine network under the eHealth initiatives has been put to use to provide Continual Medical Education (CME) for doctors and nurses
    45. 45. Large companies such as ONGC have adopted Telemedicine for their remote operations.</li></li></ul><li>Telemedicine in India<br />Stakeholders in a Telemedicine Network<br />The Market Opportunity<br />Current Challenges, Future drivers and Risks<br />Conclusion<br />
    46. 46. Drivers and Risks<br /><ul><li>Factors aiding Telemedicine adoption
    47. 47. With increased disposable income, lifestyle changes are leading to more chronic ailments putting further pressure on healthcare infrastructure
    48. 48. Telemedicine provisioning is a competitive advantage for healthcare providers
    49. 49. Availability of affordable technology to aid penetration far and wide
    50. 50. Shortage of trained healthcare professionals forcing better management of healthcare resources
    51. 51. Increasing ageing population that is unable to reach for consultation
    52. 52. Factors constraining adoption of Telemedicine
    53. 53. Policy issues about the CME of doctors at Medical Colleges
    54. 54. Lack of trained manpower to support Telemedicine
    55. 55. Interoperability of various software and hardware systems
    56. 56. 100% uplink and bandwidth availability in remote areas</li></li></ul><li>Telemedicine in India<br />Stakeholders in a Telemedicine Network<br />The Market Opportunity<br />Current Challenges, Future drivers and Risks<br />Conclusion<br />
    57. 57. Technology is making tremendous impact on healthcare<br />Healthcare in India is in the midst of a major market transition and technology is definitely making a tremendous impact on the way healthcare is delivered. Telemedicine, despite being in practice from a very long time in forms such as health consultation over telephone, has recently seen lot of action and development.<br />Government has long realised that given the constraints, it is difficult to reach everyone to provide quality healthcare. The PPP model in Telemedicine is helping in delivering quality healthcare to wider set of citizens who earlier could not be reached. The development in various fields including telecommunications, Information Technology have further aided in providing healthcare to the poor and the needy, which in turn is creating new market opportunities for the market players.<br />The urban population has always had the benefit of specialist healthcare, Telemedicine is fulfilling the promise for rural population as well. <br />