Art is not only in Paintings but Art is also present in
the Architectural design of a structures like The Dome of
Florence Cathedral, Saint Paul’s Cathedral, Falling Water,
Notre-Dame –du-Haut, Weisman Art Museum and Lloyd’s
The Dome of
Axonometric section of the dome of Florence
Cathedral, Height of dome slightly over 100
ft (30.48 m), diameter138 ft. (42.06 m).
Filippo Brunelleschi , Dome of Florence Cathedral, 1420-1436,
100' high (35.5 m), 459' diameter (140 m).
There were several issues that where present when the time came to build the
dome. The main issue was that it was too wide for there to be wooden frames
that could hold the keystone in place for the octagonal drum that was already
constructed. This is were the art of Brunelleschi came in, he proposed to
build the dome as light as possible and not heavy like it was originally done.
What he did was something that was never done before, he build the dome
with two shells. The first shell was build eight primary ribs that would be the
outside shell and the second shell was build of two smaller ribs in between the
primary ribs. The second shell of ribs were reinforced with horizontal frames.
The horizontal frames worked almost like belts that reinforced the structure
and kept it form breaking out in a horizontal direction. What further
emphasizes the brilliance of Brunelleschi’s architectural and engineering
designs is that there were no historic structures that were ever build this was,
so in other words, he invented this great technique. Furthermore Brunelleschi
also designed the small little dome like structures that can be seen in the
picture. I believe that they were build to also support the large dome. Critics
seem to see a classical style to these domes, so he in a way fit together the
gothic style of the church and the classical style of the smaller domes in a
SAINT PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
Christopher Wren, western facade of Saint Paul’s Cathedral,
1675-1710, 518ft (158m) x 246ft (75m)x 365ft (111m).
During the seventeen century in
England the Baroque style had a
great influence in architectural
design of structures. What
makes Saint Paul’s Cathedral so
great is the it is a creation of
multiple styles. It is build with
the combinations of the Italian
and French Baroque style, along
with the style of the
Renaissance and Gothic style.
The dome of the Cathedral is an
example of where the
Renaissance style can be seen.
The side towers are somewhat
similar to gothic tower style
they actually are Baroque.
Falling Water a great architectural design that is
integrated with nature. Designed by Wright, who
was influence by Japanese Architecture had the
idea of building the structure with space. The
design of this structure is great, the chimney was
made to represent the rock in the area, the color
of the structure which is light brown fist in with
the surrounding of the trees. What makes this
structure a completely part of nature is the fact
that it is build above a water fall. The house
seems to almost come out form the ground.
Another style that is seen in the structure is the
Prairie style, this style is illustrated with the glass
walls which are seen in the picture. The glass
walls give the house an even more natural look
and a part of nature by allowing us to see nature
through the house.
Frank Lloyd Wright, Falling water, 1936.
Le Corbusier, Notre-Dame-du- Haut, 1950-1954, 40'x40'x30‘.
The structure presented here is a
pilgrim chapel in France. It is
designed with a style know as the
New Brutalism. In this style the
material used is concrete, however,
the concrete is not smoothed out
but it is left rough and unfinished.
Here both the walls which are
made of concrete with a rough
texture. The roof is also concrete
and also left rough. An interesting
aspect of the roof is that it is not
flat or build in a triangular shape
but it is rather slanted and seem
to hand on one corner of the
building. Also, the windows are
not large but rather small to create
beams of light to the inside.
WEISMAN ART MUSEUM
Frank O. Gehry, Fredrick R. Weisman Art
This structure is located on the campus of the
University of Minnesota, designed by Gehry.
What makes this stricture architectural design
appealing is that it has two faces to it one side is
made of square panels with red brick to
integrate with the campus. The other face is the
one with a more interesting design. Gehry’s
found attractive the union of sculptural and
architectural forms, he wanted the museum to
come out from the ground ,which reminds me
almost like Falling Water. However, there is no
relation between Gehry and wright. The second
face which looks away from the campus is
made of steel sheets. These sheets in my
opinion make the building look like a mirror.
As seen in the picture the suns reflection almost
converts the building into a lamp that gives of
light. The steel sheets and geometric shapes
give the building a futuristic look.
Schematic section of the Lloyd’s Building
Richard Rogers, Lloyd’s Building,1986.
Richard Rogers Architectural design was based on the creation of an
atrium. The atrium was used in Roman and Etruscan house. This
design to the building allowed all the floors to be connected in a way.
What’s interesting of this building is that there is an abundance of
space. This was done by building the elevators, stair ways and
bathrooms on the sides of the building. Unlike most tall building
where engine rooms are at the bottom at the top of the building as
seen in the top left picture there are box like structures, these hold
engines, tanks and other that keep the structure working. I think that
Rogers made a great design especially with the glass work and steel
seen through out the structure.